Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 2, Issue 1, Apr 2013, Pages 35 - 44

Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2013.1.035-044
Copyright © 2013 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Effects of sewage sludge on the yield of plants in the rotation system of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato

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Ozyazici,M., 2013. Effects of sewage sludge on the yield of plants in the rotation system of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato. Eurasian J Soil Sci 2(1):35 - 44.
,& Ozyazici,M. Effects of sewage sludge on the yield of plants in the rotation system of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.1.035-044
, and ,Ozyazici,M. "Effects of sewage sludge on the yield of plants in the rotation system of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.1.035-044
, and ,Ozyazici,M. "Effects of sewage sludge on the yield of plants in the rotation system of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.1.035-044
MA,Ozyazici "Effects of sewage sludge on the yield of plants in the rotation system of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.1.035-044
Ozyazici,Mehmet Effects of sewage sludge on the yield of plants in the rotation system of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.1.035-044

How to cite

Ozyazici, M., A.2013. Effects of sewage sludge on the yield of plants in the rotation system of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 2(1): 35 - 44.

Author information

Mehmet Ozyazici , Siirt University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Siirt, Turkey Siirt, Turkey

Publication information

Issue published online: 15 Apr 2013
Article first published online : 11 Mar 2013
Manuscript Accepted : 10 Mar 2013
Manuscript Received: 05 Jan 2013

Abstract

This research was carried to determine the effects of sewage sludge applications on the yield and yield components of plants under crop rotation system. The field experiments were conducted in the Bafra Plain, located in the north region of Turkey. In this research, the “wheat-white head cabbage-tomato” crop rotation systems have been examined and the same crop rotation has been repeated in two separate years and field trials have been established. Seven treatments were compared: a control without application of sludge nor nitrogen fertilization, a treatment without sludge, but nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization, applied at before sowing of wheat and five treatments where, respectively 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 tons sludge ha-1. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with three replications. The results showed that all the yield components of wheat and yield of white head cabbage and tomato increased significantly with increasing rates of sewage sludge as compared to control. As a result, 20 t ha-1 of sewage sludge application could be recommended the suitable dose for the rotation of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato in soil and climatic conditions of Bafra Plain.

Keywords

Sewage sludge, tomato, wheat, white head cabbage

Corresponding author

References

Aggelides, S.M., Londra, P.A., 2000. Effects of compost produced from town wastes and sewage sludge on the physical properties of a loamy and a clay soil Bioresource Technology 71, 253-259.

Ailincăi, C., Jităreanu, G., Ailincăi, D., Balan, A., 2010. Influence of some organic residues on wheat and maize yield and eroded soil fertility. Cercetări agronomice in Moldova Vol. XLIII, No. 1 (141).

Akdeniz, H., Yılmaz, I., Bozkurt, M.A., Keskin, B., 2006. The effects of sewage sludge and nitrogen applications on grain sorghum grown (Sorghum vulgare L.) in Van-Turkey. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 15(1), 19-26.

Al Zoubi, M.M., Arslan, A., Abdelgawad, G., Pejon, N., Tabbaa, M., Jouzdan, O., 2008. The effect of sewage sludge on productivity of a crop rotation of wheat, maize and vetch) and heavy metals accumulation in soil and plant in Aleppo governorate. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences 3(4), 618-625.

Alcantara, S., Pérez, D.V., Almeida, R.A., Silva, G.M., Polidoro, J.C., Bettiol, W., 2009. Chemical changes and heavy metal partitioning in an oxisol cultivated with maize (Zea mays L.) after 5 years disposal of a domestic and an Industrial sewage sludge. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 203, 3-16.

Al–Mustafa, W.A., El–Shall, A.A., Abdallah, A.E., Modaihsh, A.S., 1995. Response of wheat to sewage sludge applied under two different moisture regimes. Experimental Agriculture 31, 355-9.

Angın, İ., Yağanoğlu, A.V., 2009. Application of sewage sludge as a soil physical and chemical amendment. Ekoloji 19(73), 39-47.

Angın, İ., Yağanoğlu, A.V. , 2011. Effects of sewage sludge application on some physical and chemical properties of a soil affected by wind erosion. Journal of Agricultural Science Technology 13, 757-768.

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Antolın, M.C., Pascual, I., Garcıa, C., Polo, A., Sanchez-Diaz, M., 2005. Growth, yield and solute content of barley in soils treated with sewage sludge under semiarid Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Research 94, 224-237.

Arcak, S., Türkmen, C., Karaca, A., Erdoğan, E., 2000. A Study on potential agricultural use of sewage sludge of Ankara wastewater treatment plant. Proceeding of International Symposium on Desertification, 13-17 June 2000, Konya.

Azam, F., Lodhi, A., 2001. Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to application of nitrogen fertilizer and sewage sludge. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 4, 1083-1086.

Barbarick, K.A., Ippolito, J.A., Westfall, D.G., 1998. Extractable trace elements in the soil profile after years of biosolids application. Journal of Environmental Quality 27, 801-805.

Benitez, E., Romero, M., Gomez, M., Gallardolaro, F., Nogales, R., 2001. Biosolid and biosolid ash as sources of heavy metals in plant-soil system. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 132, 75-87.

Bilgin, N., Eyüpoğlu, H., Üstün, H., 2004. İkinci kademe arıtım yapan kentsel nitelikli atıksu arıtma tesislerinden çıkan arıtma çamurlarının (biyokatıların) tarım alanlarında kullanılma olanakları. T.C. Tarım ve Köyişleri Bakanlığı Köy Hizmetleri Genel Müdürlüğü APK Dairesi Başkanlığı Toprak ve Su Kaynakları Araştırma Şube Müdürlüğü, Toprak ve Su Kaynakları Araştırma Sonuç Raporları 2003, Yayın No: 124, s.202-220, Ankara.

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Bozkurt, M.A., Yarilgaç, T., 2003. The effects of sewage sludge applications on the yield, growth, nutrition and heavy metal accumulation in apple trees growing in dry conditions. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 27, 285-292.

Bozkurt, M.A., Yılmaz, İ., Çimrin, K.M., 2001. Kentsel arıtma çamurunun kışlık arpada azot kaynağı olarak kullanılması. Ankara Üniver. Zir. Fak. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(1), 105-110.

Brofas, G., Michopoulas, P., Alifragis, D., 2000. Sewage sludge as an amendment for calcareous bauxite mine spoils reclamation. Journal of Environmental Quality 29, 811-816.

Casado-Vela, J., Sellés, S., Diaz-Crespo, C., Navarro-Pedreno, J., Mataix-Beneyto, J., Gomez, I., 2007. Effect of composted sewage sludge application to soil on sweet pepper crop (Capsicum annuum var. annuum) grown under two exploitation regimes. Waste Management 27, 1509-1518.

Casado-Vela, J., Sellés, S., Navarro-Pedreno, J., Bustamante, M.A., Mataix-Beneyto, J., Gomez, I., 2006. Evaluation of composted sewage sludge as nutritional source for horticultural soils. Waste Management 26, 946-952.

Chatha, T.H., Haya, R., Latif, I., 2002. Influence of sewage sludge and organic manures application on wheat yield and heavy metal availability. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 1, 79-81.

Cogger, C.G., Bary, A.I., Fransen, S.C., Sullivan, D.M., 2001. Seven years of biosolids versus inorganic nitrogen applications to tall fescue. Journal of Environmental Quality 30, 2188-2194.

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Dursan, A., Turkmen, O., Turan, M., Şensoy, S., Cirka, M., 2005. Effect of sewage sludge on seed emergence, development and mineral contents of pepper (Capsicum annuum) seedling. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 4, 299-304.

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El-Dewiny, C.Y., Moursy, Kh.S., El-Aila, H.I., 2006. Effect of organic matter on the release and availability of phosphorus and their effects on spinach and radish plants. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 2(3), 103-108.

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Abstract

This research was carried to determine the effects of sewage sludge applications on the yield and yield components of plants under crop rotation system. The field experiments were conducted in the Bafra Plain, located in the north region of Turkey. In this research, the “wheat-white head cabbage-tomato” crop rotation systems have been examined and the same crop rotation has been repeated in two separate years and field trials have been established. Seven treatments were compared: a control without application of sludge nor nitrogen fertilization, a treatment without sludge, but nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization, applied at before sowing of wheat and five treatments where, respectively 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 tons sludge ha-1. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with three replications. The results showed that all the yield components of wheat and yield of white head cabbage and tomato increased significantly with increasing rates of sewage sludge as compared to control. As a result, 20 t ha-1 of sewage sludge application could be recommended the suitable dose for the rotation of wheat-white head cabbage-tomato in soil and climatic conditions of Bafra Plain.

Keywords: Sewage sludge, tomato, wheat, white head cabbage

References

Aggelides, S.M., Londra, P.A., 2000. Effects of compost produced from town wastes and sewage sludge on the physical properties of a loamy and a clay soil Bioresource Technology 71, 253-259.

Ailincăi, C., Jităreanu, G., Ailincăi, D., Balan, A., 2010. Influence of some organic residues on wheat and maize yield and eroded soil fertility. Cercetări agronomice in Moldova Vol. XLIII, No. 1 (141).

Akdeniz, H., Yılmaz, I., Bozkurt, M.A., Keskin, B., 2006. The effects of sewage sludge and nitrogen applications on grain sorghum grown (Sorghum vulgare L.) in Van-Turkey. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 15(1), 19-26.

Al Zoubi, M.M., Arslan, A., Abdelgawad, G., Pejon, N., Tabbaa, M., Jouzdan, O., 2008. The effect of sewage sludge on productivity of a crop rotation of wheat, maize and vetch) and heavy metals accumulation in soil and plant in Aleppo governorate. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences 3(4), 618-625.

Alcantara, S., Pérez, D.V., Almeida, R.A., Silva, G.M., Polidoro, J.C., Bettiol, W., 2009. Chemical changes and heavy metal partitioning in an oxisol cultivated with maize (Zea mays L.) after 5 years disposal of a domestic and an Industrial sewage sludge. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 203, 3-16.

Al–Mustafa, W.A., El–Shall, A.A., Abdallah, A.E., Modaihsh, A.S., 1995. Response of wheat to sewage sludge applied under two different moisture regimes. Experimental Agriculture 31, 355-9.

Angın, İ., Yağanoğlu, A.V., 2009. Application of sewage sludge as a soil physical and chemical amendment. Ekoloji 19(73), 39-47.

Angın, İ., Yağanoğlu, A.V. , 2011. Effects of sewage sludge application on some physical and chemical properties of a soil affected by wind erosion. Journal of Agricultural Science Technology 13, 757-768.

Anonymous, 2010. Evsel ve kentsel arıtma çamurlarının toprakta kullanılmasına dair yönetmelik. Resmi Gazete, 03 Ağustos 2010, Sayı: 27661.

Antolın, M.C., Pascual, I., Garcıa, C., Polo, A., Sanchez-Diaz, M., 2005. Growth, yield and solute content of barley in soils treated with sewage sludge under semiarid Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Research 94, 224-237.

Arcak, S., Türkmen, C., Karaca, A., Erdoğan, E., 2000. A Study on potential agricultural use of sewage sludge of Ankara wastewater treatment plant. Proceeding of International Symposium on Desertification, 13-17 June 2000, Konya.

Azam, F., Lodhi, A., 2001. Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to application of nitrogen fertilizer and sewage sludge. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 4, 1083-1086.

Barbarick, K.A., Ippolito, J.A., Westfall, D.G., 1998. Extractable trace elements in the soil profile after years of biosolids application. Journal of Environmental Quality 27, 801-805.

Benitez, E., Romero, M., Gomez, M., Gallardolaro, F., Nogales, R., 2001. Biosolid and biosolid ash as sources of heavy metals in plant-soil system. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 132, 75-87.

Bilgin, N., Eyüpoğlu, H., Üstün, H., 2004. İkinci kademe arıtım yapan kentsel nitelikli atıksu arıtma tesislerinden çıkan arıtma çamurlarının (biyokatıların) tarım alanlarında kullanılma olanakları. T.C. Tarım ve Köyişleri Bakanlığı Köy Hizmetleri Genel Müdürlüğü APK Dairesi Başkanlığı Toprak ve Su Kaynakları Araştırma Şube Müdürlüğü, Toprak ve Su Kaynakları Araştırma Sonuç Raporları 2003, Yayın No: 124, s.202-220, Ankara.

Bouzerzour, H., Tamrabet, L., Kribaa, M., 2002. Response of barley and oat to the wastewater irrigation and to the sludge amendment. In: the Proc. Int. Seminar: Biol. and Environ., p: 71. University Mentouri, Constantine, Algeria.

Bozkurt, M.A., Yarilgaç, T., 2003. The effects of sewage sludge applications on the yield, growth, nutrition and heavy metal accumulation in apple trees growing in dry conditions. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 27, 285-292.

Bozkurt, M.A., Yılmaz, İ., Çimrin, K.M., 2001. Kentsel arıtma çamurunun kışlık arpada azot kaynağı olarak kullanılması. Ankara Üniver. Zir. Fak. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(1), 105-110.

Brofas, G., Michopoulas, P., Alifragis, D., 2000. Sewage sludge as an amendment for calcareous bauxite mine spoils reclamation. Journal of Environmental Quality 29, 811-816.

Casado-Vela, J., Sellés, S., Diaz-Crespo, C., Navarro-Pedreno, J., Mataix-Beneyto, J., Gomez, I., 2007. Effect of composted sewage sludge application to soil on sweet pepper crop (Capsicum annuum var. annuum) grown under two exploitation regimes. Waste Management 27, 1509-1518.

Casado-Vela, J., Sellés, S., Navarro-Pedreno, J., Bustamante, M.A., Mataix-Beneyto, J., Gomez, I., 2006. Evaluation of composted sewage sludge as nutritional source for horticultural soils. Waste Management 26, 946-952.

Chatha, T.H., Haya, R., Latif, I., 2002. Influence of sewage sludge and organic manures application on wheat yield and heavy metal availability. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 1, 79-81.

Cogger, C.G., Bary, A.I., Fransen, S.C., Sullivan, D.M., 2001. Seven years of biosolids versus inorganic nitrogen applications to tall fescue. Journal of Environmental Quality 30, 2188-2194.

Deniz, Y., Özdemir, O., 1980. Bafra ovası koşullarında beyaz baş lahananın ticaret gübreleri gereksinimi. Samsun Bölge TOPRAKSU Araş. Ens. Müd. Yay., Genel Yayın No: 8, Rapor Yayın No: 7, Samsun.

Dursan, A., Turkmen, O., Turan, M., Şensoy, S., Cirka, M., 2005. Effect of sewage sludge on seed emergence, development and mineral contents of pepper (Capsicum annuum) seedling. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 4, 299-304.

El Dawwey, G.M., 1993. Effectiveness of sewage sludges and basic slag wheat plants grown in sandy calcareous and loamy soils. Assuit Journal of Agricultural Sciences 24, 171-184.

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