Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 11, Issue 1, Jan 2022, Pages 66-76
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.993611
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.993611
Copyright © 2022 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Stubble burning and wildfires in Turkey considering the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations

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Yakupoğlu,T., Dindaroğlu,T., Rodrigo-Comino,J., Cerdà,A., 2022. Stubble burning and wildfires in Turkey considering the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. Eurasian J Soil Sci 11(1):66-76. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993611
Yakupoğlu,T.,Dindaroğlu,T.Rodrigo-Comino,J.,& Cerdà,A. Stubble burning and wildfires in Turkey considering the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11(1):66-76. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993611
Yakupoğlu,T.,Dindaroğlu,T.Rodrigo-Comino,J., and ,Cerdà,A."Stubble burning and wildfires in Turkey considering the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11.1 (2022):66-76. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993611
Yakupoğlu,T.,Dindaroğlu,T.Rodrigo-Comino,J., and ,Cerdà,A. "Stubble burning and wildfires in Turkey considering the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,11(Jan 2022):66-76 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993611
T,Yakupoğlu.T,Dindaroğlu.J,Rodrigo-Comino.A,Cerdà "Stubble burning and wildfires in Turkey considering the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.11, no.1, pp.66-76 (Jan 2022), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993611
Yakupoğlu,Tuğrul ;Dindaroğlu,Turgay ;Rodrigo-Comino,Jesús ;Cerdà,Artemio Stubble burning and wildfires in Turkey considering the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2022),11.1:66-76. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993611

How to cite

Yakupoğlu, T., Dindaroğlu, T., Rodrigo-Comino, J., Cerdà, A., 2022. Stubble burning and wildfires in Turkey considering the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 11(1): 66-76. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993611

Author information

Tuğrul Yakupoğlu , Yozgat Bozok University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 66900, Yozgat, Turkey
Turgay Dindaroğlu , Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Faculty of Forestry, Department of Forest Engineering, 46100, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
Jesús Rodrigo-Comino , Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Campus Universitario de Cartuja, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
Artemio Cerdà , Soil Erosion and Degradation Research Group, Department of Geography, Valencia University, Blasco Ibàñez, 28, 46010 Valencia, Spain

Publication information

Article first published online : 10 Sep 2021
Manuscript Accepted : 15 Aug 2021
Manuscript Received: 19 Feb 2021
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.993611
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.993611

Abstract

There is a worldwide risk of fire spread due to the mismanagement of stubble in agricultural land. In 2019, 3.6% of the forest area was damaged by fires in Turkey due to stubble burning. The burning of agriculture residues negatively affects soil properties, air quality and water resources. This finally threatens humankind sustainability. However, there is a lack of information analyzing this problem from the current policies in Turkey. Therefore, this paper reviews the legislation currently applied to understand the specific competencies to achieve sustainable fire and forest management. A holistic analysis of the legal regulations and practices to prevent stubble burning in Turkey shown here the farmer´s perception of the use of fire as an agriculture tool and the relevance of stubble burning to explain the location and recurrence of wildfires. Then, we discussed the relevance to shed light on how effective are the laws to avoid stubble burning and its impact on the environment. We claim for an update of the legislation to allow the farmers to manage the stubble and encourage the policymakers to develop new strategies to compost the stubble and achieve sustainable management within the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations that will contribute to achieving the Land Degradation Neutrality Challenge.

Keywords

Legal measures, people awareness, stubble burning, stubble management, wildfires

Corresponding author

References

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Abstract

There is a worldwide risk of fire spread due to the mismanagement of stubble in agricultural land. In 2019, 3.6% of the forest area was damaged by fires in Turkey due to stubble burning. The burning of agriculture residues negatively affects soil properties, air quality and water resources. This finally threatens humankind sustainability. However, there is a lack of information analyzing this problem from the current policies in Turkey. Therefore, this paper reviews the legislation currently applied to understand the specific competencies to achieve sustainable fire and forest management. A holistic analysis of the legal regulations and practices to prevent stubble burning in Turkey shown here the farmer´s perception of the use of fire as an agriculture tool and the relevance of stubble burning to explain the location and recurrence of wildfires. Then, we discussed the relevance to shed light on how effective are the laws to avoid stubble burning and its impact on the environment. We claim for an update of the legislation to allow the farmers to manage the stubble and encourage the policymakers to develop new strategies to compost the stubble and achieve sustainable management within the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations that will contribute to achieving the Land Degradation Neutrality Challenge.

Keywords: Legal measures, people awareness, stubble burning, stubble management, wildfires

References

Agudo-Gonzalez, J., 2010. An integrative approach at European level for wildfires: towards a Framework Directive. European Energy and Environmental Law Review 19: 87-101.

Akıs, R., 2016. Effects of crop residue burning on soil physical and hydrological properties in semi-arid agricultural production systems. Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 33(3): 223-235.

Akman, B., 2019. Distribution and some ecological features of Acanthodactylus schreiberi Boulenger, 1878 in Anatolia. Biological Diversity and Conservation 12(2): 1-8. 

Anonymous, 1949. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti İl İdaresi Kanunu. Kanun No: 5442. 18 Haziran 1949 tarih ve 7236 sayılı Resmi Gazete.

Anonymous, 1956. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Orman Kanunu. Kanun No: 6831. 08 Eylül 1956, tarih ve 9402 sayılı Resmi Gazete. [in Turkish].

Anonymous, 1983. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Çevre Kanunu. Kanun No: 2872. 11 Ağustos 1983 tarih ve 18132 sayılı Resmi Gazete. [in Turkish].

Anonymous, 2004. Tük Ceza Kanunu. Kanun No: 5237. 12 Ekim 2004 tarih ve  25611 sayılı Resmi Gazete. [in Turkish].

Anonymous, 2005. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Kabahatler Kanunu. Kanun No: 5326. 31 Mart 2005 tarih ve 25772 sayılı Resmi Gazete. [in Turkish].

Anonymous, 2020a. 2019 Yılı Orman Genel Müdürlüğü Resmi İstatistikleri. [in Turkish]. Available at [access date: 04.08.2020]:  https://www.ogm.gov.tr/ekutuphane/Istatistikler/Forms/AllItems.aspx

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