Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 11, Issue 1, Jan 2022, Pages 61-65
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.993599
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.993599
Copyright © 2022 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Productivity of indigenous alfalfa (Medicago sativa) cultivar depending on agricultural practices on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan

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Absatova,B., Orazbayev,S., Yelibayeva,G., Shoibekova,A., Sydyk,D., 2022. Productivity of indigenous alfalfa (Medicago sativa) cultivar depending on agricultural practices on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan. Eurasian J Soil Sci 11(1):61-65. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993599
Absatova,B.,Orazbayev,S.Yelibayeva,G.Shoibekova,A.,& Sydyk,D. Productivity of indigenous alfalfa (Medicago sativa) cultivar depending on agricultural practices on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11(1):61-65. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993599
Absatova,B.,Orazbayev,S.Yelibayeva,G.Shoibekova,A., and ,Sydyk,D."Productivity of indigenous alfalfa (Medicago sativa) cultivar depending on agricultural practices on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11.1 (2022):61-65. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993599
Absatova,B.,Orazbayev,S.Yelibayeva,G.Shoibekova,A., and ,Sydyk,D. "Productivity of indigenous alfalfa (Medicago sativa) cultivar depending on agricultural practices on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,11(Jan 2022):61-65 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993599
B,Absatova.S,Orazbayev.G,Yelibayeva.A,Shoibekova.D,Sydyk "Productivity of indigenous alfalfa (Medicago sativa) cultivar depending on agricultural practices on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.11, no.1, pp.61-65 (Jan 2022), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993599
Absatova,Botagoz ;Orazbayev,Serik ;Yelibayeva,Gulmira ;Shoibekova,Alima ;Sydyk,Dossymbek Productivity of indigenous alfalfa (Medicago sativa) cultivar depending on agricultural practices on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2022),11.1:61-65. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993599

How to cite

Absatova, B., Orazbayev, S., Yelibayeva, G., Shoibekova, A., Sydyk, D., 2022. Productivity of indigenous alfalfa (Medicago sativa) cultivar depending on agricultural practices on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 11(1): 61-65. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.993599

Author information

Botagoz Absatova , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, 050010, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Serik Orazbayev , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, 050010, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Gulmira Yelibayeva , M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Alima Shoibekova , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, 050010, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Dossymbek Sydyk , South-West Research Institute of Livestock and Crop Production, 160019 Shymkent, Kazakhstan

Publication information

Article first published online : 10 Sep 2021
Manuscript Accepted : 01 Sep 2021
Manuscript Received: 25 Mar 2021
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.993599
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.993599

Abstract

In Turkestan region of South Kazakhstan has large areas of fertile sierozem soils that are important for crop production and its accompanying economic development. And also, alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is an important forage crop grown for seed production. The soils are fertile loams, but because of the regions dry environment, they need to be irrigated. Field experiments were conducted from 2017 to 2020 on one-year or older alfalfa stands grown for seed production at various plots on sierozem soils in rainfed areas of Turkestan region to determine the influence of agricultural practices such as fertilizer use, pesticide use and conventional tillage on seed yield and dry hay of alfalfa stands. The findings of field research experiments indicated that agricultural practices of fertilizer use, pesticide use and conventional tillage was essential to obtain maximum seed yield and dry hay of alfalfa. But, it was determined that the best outputs tended to be obtained with Fertilizer use + Pesticide use + Conventional tillage.

Keywords

Sierozem, Alfalfa, fertilizer use, pesticide use, conventional tillage, agricultural practices.

Corresponding author

References

Amini, S., Asoodar, M.A., 2015. The effect of conservation tillage on crop yield production (The Review). New York Science Journal 8(3): 25-29.

Barbarick, K.A. 1985. Potassium fertilization of alfalfa on a soil high in potassium. Agronomy Journal 77: 442–445.

Beketova, A.K., Kaldybaev, S., Yertayeva, Z., 2017. Changes in the composition and properties of meadow solonchaks of the ili alatau foothill plain in the republic of Kazakhstan during a long postmeliorative period. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences 17(4): 290–298.

Berg, W.K., Brouder, S.M., Joern, B.C., Johnson, K.D., Volenec, J.J., 2003. Improved phosphorus management enhances alfalfa production. Better Crops 87 (3): 20-24.

Harrington, K., Carrière, Y., Mostafa, A.M., 2021. Re-evaluating the economic ınjury level for alfalfa weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) control in low desert irrigated alfalfa. Journal of Economic Entomology 114(3): 1173–1179.

Jalankuzov, T., Suleimenov, B., Busscher, W.J., Stone, K.C., Bauer, P.J., 2013. Irrigated cotton grown on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 44(22): 3391-3399.

Kafkafi, U., Yoles, D., Noy, Y., 1997. Studies on fertilization of field-grown irrigated alfalfa I. Effect of potassium source and time of application. Plant and Soil 46: 165–173.

Macolino, S., Lauriault, L.M., Rimi,F., Ziliotto, U., 2013. Phosphorus and Potassium Fertilizer Effects on Alfalfa and Soil  in a Non-Limited Soil. Agronomy Journal 105: 1613–1618.

Małecka, I., Blecharczyk, A., Sawinska, Z., Dobrzeniecki, T., 2012. The effect of various long-term tillage systems on soil properties and spring barley yield. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 36: 217-226.

Markus, D.K., Battle, W.R., 1965. Soil and plant responses to long-term fertil-ization of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Agronomy Journal 57: 613–616.

Massaliyev, N.M., Ramazanova, S.B., Rakhymzhanov, B.S., 2015. Influence of alfalfa varieties on changes in the composition of mobile forms of phosphorus in the soil in the South-Eastern Kazakhstan. Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia 12(2):  691-698.

Moyer, J.L., Whitworth, R.J., Davis, H., 2014. Flaming dormant alfalfa for pest control. American Journal of Plant Sciences 5(7): 44124.  

Nurbekov, A., Kassam, A., Sydyk, D., Ziyadullaev, Z., Jumshudov, I., Muminjanov, H., Feindel, D., Turok, J., 2016. Practice of conservation agriculture in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations. Ankara, Turkey. 69p. Available at [access date: 25.03.2021]: http://www.fao.org/3/i5694e/i5694e.pdf

Pellissier, M.E., Nelson, Z., Jabbour, R., 2017. Ecology and management of the alfalfa weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Western United States Alfalfa. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 8(1): 5;1-7.

Saparov, A., 2014. Soil resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current status, problems and solutions. In: Novel measurement and assessment tools for monitoring and management of land and water resources in agricultural landscapes of Central Asia. Mueller, L., Saparov, A., Lischeid, G. (Eds.). Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Cham. pp. 61-73.

Shokparova, D.K., Issanova, G.T., 2013. Degradation of sierozem soils in the Ile Alatau Foothils. World Applied Sciences Journal 26 (7): 979-986

Suleimenova, N., Makhamedova, B., Orynbasarova, G., Kalykov, D., Yertayeva, Z., 2019. Impact of resource conserving technologies (RCT) on soil physical properties and rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) yield in irrigated agriculture areas of the south-eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(1): 83–93.

Sun, B., Peng,Y., Yang,H., Li, Z., Gao, Y., Wang, C., Yan,Y., Liu, Y., 2014. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)/Maize (Zea mays L.) intercropping provides a feasible way to improve yield and economic incomes in farming and pastoral areas of Northeast China. PlosOne 9(10): e110556.

Toktarbekova, S.T.K., Meiirman, G.T., Yerzhanova, S.T., Abayev, S.S., Umbetov, A.K., 2020. Productivity of the green mass of new alfalfa cultivars depending on the effect of macro- and microfertilizers on various phosphorous backgrounds. Journal of Ecological Engineering 21(2):57–62.

USDA, 1999. Soil Taxonomy. A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Agriculture Handbook Number 436. 886p. Available at [access date:25.03.2021]: https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/nrcs142p2_051232.pdf

Yertayeva, Z., Kaldybaev, S., Beketova, A., 2018. The scientific basis of changes in the composition and properties of meadow saline soil of the foothill plains of the ili alatau during a long postmeliorative period. Ecology, Environment and Conservation 24(2): 715–720.

Yertayeva, Z., Kızılkaya, R., Kaldybayev, S., Seitkali N., Abdraimova, N., Zhamangarayeva, A., 2019. Changes in biological soil quality indicators under saline soil condition after amelioration with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cultivation in meadow Solonchak. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(3): 189–195.

Abstract

In Turkestan region of South Kazakhstan has large areas of fertile sierozem soils that are important for crop production and its accompanying economic development. And also, alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is an important forage crop grown for seed production. The soils are fertile loams, but because of the regions dry environment, they need to be irrigated. Field experiments were conducted from 2017 to 2020 on one-year or older alfalfa stands grown for seed production at various plots on sierozem soils in rainfed areas of Turkestan region to determine the influence of agricultural practices such as fertilizer use, pesticide use and conventional tillage on seed yield and dry hay of alfalfa stands. The findings of field research experiments indicated that agricultural practices of fertilizer use, pesticide use and conventional tillage was essential to obtain maximum seed yield and dry hay of alfalfa. But, it was determined that the best outputs tended to be obtained with Fertilizer use + Pesticide use + Conventional tillage.

Keywords: Sierozem, Alfalfa, fertilizer use, pesticide use, conventional tillage, agricultural practices.

References

Amini, S., Asoodar, M.A., 2015. The effect of conservation tillage on crop yield production (The Review). New York Science Journal 8(3): 25-29.

Barbarick, K.A. 1985. Potassium fertilization of alfalfa on a soil high in potassium. Agronomy Journal 77: 442–445.

Beketova, A.K., Kaldybaev, S., Yertayeva, Z., 2017. Changes in the composition and properties of meadow solonchaks of the ili alatau foothill plain in the republic of Kazakhstan during a long postmeliorative period. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences 17(4): 290–298.

Berg, W.K., Brouder, S.M., Joern, B.C., Johnson, K.D., Volenec, J.J., 2003. Improved phosphorus management enhances alfalfa production. Better Crops 87 (3): 20-24.

Harrington, K., Carrière, Y., Mostafa, A.M., 2021. Re-evaluating the economic ınjury level for alfalfa weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) control in low desert irrigated alfalfa. Journal of Economic Entomology 114(3): 1173–1179.

Jalankuzov, T., Suleimenov, B., Busscher, W.J., Stone, K.C., Bauer, P.J., 2013. Irrigated cotton grown on sierozem soils in South Kazakhstan. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 44(22): 3391-3399.

Kafkafi, U., Yoles, D., Noy, Y., 1997. Studies on fertilization of field-grown irrigated alfalfa I. Effect of potassium source and time of application. Plant and Soil 46: 165–173.

Macolino, S., Lauriault, L.M., Rimi,F., Ziliotto, U., 2013. Phosphorus and Potassium Fertilizer Effects on Alfalfa and Soil  in a Non-Limited Soil. Agronomy Journal 105: 1613–1618.

Małecka, I., Blecharczyk, A., Sawinska, Z., Dobrzeniecki, T., 2012. The effect of various long-term tillage systems on soil properties and spring barley yield. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 36: 217-226.

Markus, D.K., Battle, W.R., 1965. Soil and plant responses to long-term fertil-ization of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Agronomy Journal 57: 613–616.

Massaliyev, N.M., Ramazanova, S.B., Rakhymzhanov, B.S., 2015. Influence of alfalfa varieties on changes in the composition of mobile forms of phosphorus in the soil in the South-Eastern Kazakhstan. Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia 12(2):  691-698.

Moyer, J.L., Whitworth, R.J., Davis, H., 2014. Flaming dormant alfalfa for pest control. American Journal of Plant Sciences 5(7): 44124.  

Nurbekov, A., Kassam, A., Sydyk, D., Ziyadullaev, Z., Jumshudov, I., Muminjanov, H., Feindel, D., Turok, J., 2016. Practice of conservation agriculture in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations. Ankara, Turkey. 69p. Available at [access date: 25.03.2021]: http://www.fao.org/3/i5694e/i5694e.pdf

Pellissier, M.E., Nelson, Z., Jabbour, R., 2017. Ecology and management of the alfalfa weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Western United States Alfalfa. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 8(1): 5;1-7.

Saparov, A., 2014. Soil resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current status, problems and solutions. In: Novel measurement and assessment tools for monitoring and management of land and water resources in agricultural landscapes of Central Asia. Mueller, L., Saparov, A., Lischeid, G. (Eds.). Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Cham. pp. 61-73.

Shokparova, D.K., Issanova, G.T., 2013. Degradation of sierozem soils in the Ile Alatau Foothils. World Applied Sciences Journal 26 (7): 979-986

Suleimenova, N., Makhamedova, B., Orynbasarova, G., Kalykov, D., Yertayeva, Z., 2019. Impact of resource conserving technologies (RCT) on soil physical properties and rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) yield in irrigated agriculture areas of the south-eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(1): 83–93.

Sun, B., Peng,Y., Yang,H., Li, Z., Gao, Y., Wang, C., Yan,Y., Liu, Y., 2014. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)/Maize (Zea mays L.) intercropping provides a feasible way to improve yield and economic incomes in farming and pastoral areas of Northeast China. PlosOne 9(10): e110556.

Toktarbekova, S.T.K., Meiirman, G.T., Yerzhanova, S.T., Abayev, S.S., Umbetov, A.K., 2020. Productivity of the green mass of new alfalfa cultivars depending on the effect of macro- and microfertilizers on various phosphorous backgrounds. Journal of Ecological Engineering 21(2):57–62.

USDA, 1999. Soil Taxonomy. A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Agriculture Handbook Number 436. 886p. Available at [access date:25.03.2021]: https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/nrcs142p2_051232.pdf

Yertayeva, Z., Kaldybaev, S., Beketova, A., 2018. The scientific basis of changes in the composition and properties of meadow saline soil of the foothill plains of the ili alatau during a long postmeliorative period. Ecology, Environment and Conservation 24(2): 715–720.

Yertayeva, Z., Kızılkaya, R., Kaldybayev, S., Seitkali N., Abdraimova, N., Zhamangarayeva, A., 2019. Changes in biological soil quality indicators under saline soil condition after amelioration with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cultivation in meadow Solonchak. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(3): 189–195.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science