Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 10, Issue 3, Jul 2021, Pages 207-214
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.880677
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.880677
Copyright © 2021 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Feasibility of sewage sludge application in rice-wheat cropping system

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Jatav,H., Singh,S., Jatav,S., Rajput,V., Sushkova,S., 2021. Feasibility of sewage sludge application in rice-wheat cropping system. Eurasian J Soil Sci 10(3):207-214. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.880677
Jatav,H.Singh,S.Jatav,S.Rajput,V.,,& Sushkova,S. Feasibility of sewage sludge application in rice-wheat cropping system Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10(3):207-214. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.880677
Jatav,H.Singh,S.Jatav,S.Rajput,V.,, and ,Sushkova,S."Feasibility of sewage sludge application in rice-wheat cropping system" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10.3 (2021):207-214. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.880677
Jatav,H.Singh,S.Jatav,S.Rajput,V.,, and ,Sushkova,S. "Feasibility of sewage sludge application in rice-wheat cropping system" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,10(Jul 2021):207-214 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.880677
H,Jatav.S,Singh.S,Jatav.V,Rajput.S,Sushkova "Feasibility of sewage sludge application in rice-wheat cropping system" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.10, no.3, pp.207-214 (Jul 2021), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.880677
Jatav,Hanuman Singh ;Singh,Satish Kumar ;Jatav,Surendra Singh ;Rajput,Vishnu D. ;Sushkova,Svetlana Feasibility of sewage sludge application in rice-wheat cropping system. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2021),10.3:207-214. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.880677

How to cite

Jatav, H., Singh, S., Jatav, S., Rajput, V., Sushkova, S., 2021. Feasibility of sewage sludge application in rice-wheat cropping system. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 10(3): 207-214. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.880677

Author information

Hanuman Singh Jatav , Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University-Jobner-303329 (Rajasthan), India
Satish Kumar Singh , Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, U.P., India
Surendra Singh Jatav , Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, U.P., India
Vishnu D. Rajput , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don 344006 Russia
Svetlana Sushkova , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don 344006 Russia

Publication information

Article first published online : 15 Feb 2021
Manuscript Accepted : 08 Feb 2021
Manuscript Received: 28 Oct 2020
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.880677
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.880677

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to find out the effect of the conjoint application of sewage sludge (SS) and fertilizers on the yield of rice-wheat cropping system using a randomized block design. The grain yield ranged between 24.99 ± 4.24 to 66.32 ± 2.58 q ha-1 and 22.50 ± 0.55 to 50.37 ± 1.07 q ha-1 in Ist year grown rice and wheat, respectively. Among all the treatments, T3 (100% recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) + 30 t ha-1 SS) recorded a significantly highest grain yield of rice crop (66.32 and 63.37 q ha-1) and wheat crop (50.37 and 46.91 q ha-1) during 2015-16 and 2016-17 years, respectively. The straw yield in Ist rice and Ist wheat ranged between 55.11 to 81.22 q ha-1 and 35.86 to 56.62 q ha-1, whereas straw yield in IInd rice and IInd wheat were noticed between 48.42 to 79.31 q ha-1 and 30.45 to 52.32 q ha-1, respectively. The finding clearly shows that the application of SS significantly enhances the yield of rice-wheat crops, and could be an option to a sustainable use of SS. However, the precautionary measure should be followed before use. In addition, the application of SS also indicates the improvement in soil health and sustainability.

Keywords

Heavy metals, nutrient status, microbial community, organic matter, sewage treatment plants.

Corresponding author

References

Agilent FS-240, 2019. Flame Atomic Absorption Instruments. Available at [Access date: 13.12.2019]: https://www.agilent.com/en/product/atomic-spectroscopy/atomic-absorption/flame-atomic-absorption-instruments/240fs-aa

Agoro, M.A., Adeniji, A.O., Adefisoye, M.A., Okoh, O.O., 2020. Heavy metals in wastewater and sewage sludge from selected municipal treatment plants in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Water 12(10): 2746.

Ali, S., Khan, A.R., Mairaj, G., Arif, M., Fida, M., Bibi, S., 2008. Assessment of different crop nutrient management practices for yield improvement. Australian Journal of Crop Science 2(3): 150-157.

Basu, P.S., Sharma, A., Sukumaran, N.P., 1998. Changes in net photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence in potato leaves induced by water stress. Photosynthetica 35(1): 13-19.  

Bouwen, P., 2009. The European Commission. In:  Lobbying the European Union: Institutions, actors, and issues. Coen, D., Richardson, J. (Eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. pp.19–38.

Chaplygin, V., Mandzhieva, S., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Barahov, A., Nevidomskaya, D., Kızılkaya, R., Gülser, C., Chernikova, N., Mazarji, M., Iljina, L., Rajput, V., 2020. Accumulating capacity of herbaceous plants of the Asteraceae and Poaceae families under technogenic soil pollution with zinc and cadmium. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9(2): 165 – 172.

Chaplygin, V.A., Minkina, T.M., Mandzhieva, S.S., Nazarenko, O.G., Zimulina, I.V., Bauer, T.V., Litvinov, Yu. A., Rajput. V., 2021. Heavy metals in agricultural crops of Rostov region through the example of soft wheat (Triticum aestivum). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 624, International Conference on World Technological Trends in Agribusiness 4-5 July 2020, Omsk City, Western Siberia, Russian Federation. 624, 012204.  

Chesnin, L., Yien, C.H., 1951. Turbidimetric determination of available sulfates. Soil Science Society of America Journal 15(C):149-151.

Chhonkar, P.K., Bhadraray,S., Patra, A.K., Purakayastha, T.J., 2002. Experiments in Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Westville Publishing House, New Delhi, India. 180p.

Cieślik, B.M., Namieśnik, J.,Konieczka, P., 2015. Review of sewage sludge management: standards, regulations and analytical methods. Journal of Cleaner Production 90: 1-15.      

Delibacak, S., Voronina, L., Morachevskaya, E., Ongun, A.R., 2020. Use of sewage sludge in agricultural soils: Useful or harmful. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9(2): 126-139.

Egidi, G., Salvati, L., Vinci, S., 2020. The long way to tipperary: City size and worldwide urban population trends, 1950-2030. Sustainable Cities and Society 60: 102148.

Hanway, J.J., Heidel, H., 1952. Soil analysis method as used in Iowa State College, Soil Testing Laboratory. Iowa Agriculture 57: 1-31.

Jackson, M.L., 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India. 498p.

Jatav, H.S., Singh, S.K., Singh, Y.V., Paul, A., Kumar, V., Singh, P., Jayant, H., 2016. Effect of biochar on yield and heavy metals uptake in rice grown on soil amended with sewage sludge. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 10(2): 1367-1377.

Jatav, H.S., Singh, S.K., Singh, Y., Kumar, O., 2018a. Biochar and sewage sludge application increases yield and micronutrient uptake in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 49(13): 1617-1628.

Jatav, H.S., Singh, S.K., Yadav, J.S., 2018b. Cumulative effect of sewage sludge and fertilizers application on enhancing soil microbial population under rice - wheat cropping system. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences 6 (3): 538-543.

Kidder, G., 2001. Using waste products in forage production. In: Florida Forage Handbook. Chambli, C.G. (Eds.). University of Florida. Gainesville, FL. USA. 142: 88-93.

Kumar, V., Sharma, P.K., Jatav, H.S., Singh, S.K., Rai, A., Kant, S., Kumar, A., 2020. Organic amendments application ıncreases yield and nutrient uptake of mustard (BrassicaJuncea) grown in chromium- contaminated soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 51(1): 149-159. 

Latare, A.M., Omkar, K., Singh, S.K., Gupta, A., 2014. Direct and residual effect of sewage sludge on yield, heavy metals content and soil fertility under rice-wheat system. Ecological Engineering 69: 17-24.

Latare, A.M., Singh, S.K., Kumar, O., 2017. Yield and profitability of rice-wheat sequence with conjunctive application of sewage sludge and chemical fertilisers. Indian Journal of Fertilisers 13 (7): 50-61.

Latare, A.M., Singh, S.K., Omkar, K., 2018. Impact of sewage sludge application on soil fertility, microbial population and enzyme activities in soil under rice-wheat system. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 66(3): 300-309.  

Lindsay, W.L., Norvell, W.A., 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, ıron, manganese, and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal 42(3): 421-428.

Martin, J.P., 1950. Use of acid rose Bengal and Streptomycin in the plate method for estimating soil fungi. Soil Science 69(3): 215-232.

Nieuwenhuize, J., Poley-Vos, C.H., van den Akker, A.H., van Delft, W., 1991. Comparison of microwave and conventional extraction techniques for the determination of metals in soils, sediment and sludge samples by atomic spectrometry, Analyst 116: 347-351.

Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., Dean, L.A., 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Circular No 939, USA, 19p.

Page, A.L., Keeney, D. R., Baker, D.E., Miller, R.H., Ellis, R. Jr., Rhoades, J.D. (Eds.). 1982. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Chemical and microbiological properties,  Second Edition. Number 9, ASA-SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Piper, C.S., 1966. Soil and plant analysis. University of Adelaide Press, Australia.

Saha, S., Saha, B.N., Hazra, G.C., Pati, S., Pal, B., Kundu, D., Bag, A.G., Chatterjee, N., Batabyal, K., 2018.  Assessing the suitability of sewage-sludge produced in Kolkata, India for their agricultural use. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy 84(3): 781-792.

Seleiman, M.F., Santanen, A.,Mäkelä, P.S., 2020. Recycling sludge on cropland as fertilizer-Advantages and risks. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 155: 104647.    

Singh, S.P., Singh, M.K., 2020. Soil Pollution and Human Health. In: Plant Responses to Soil Pollution. Singh, P., Singh, S.K., Prasad, S.M. (Eds.). Springer, Singapore. pp. 205-220.

Smith, S.R., 2009. A critical review of the bioavailability and impacts of heavy metals in municipal solid waste compost compared to sewage sludge. Environment International 35(1): 142-156.

Subbiah, B., Asija, G.L., 1956. Alkaline permanganate method of available nitrogen determination. Current Science 25: 259-260.

Tabatabai, M.A.,Bremner, J.M., 1972. Assay of urease activity in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 4(4): 479-487.

Thornton, H.C., 1922. On the development of standardized agar medium for counting of soil bacteria with special regard to repression of spreading colonies. Annals of Applied Biology 9(3-4): 241-274.

Walkley, A., Black, I.A., 1934 An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37(1): 29-37.

Wang, S., Zhao, S., Uzoejinwa, B.B., Zheng, A., Wang, Q., Huang, J., Abomohra, A.E.F., 2020. A state-of-the-art review on dual purpose seaweeds utilization for wastewater treatment and crude bio-oil production. Energy Conversion and Management 222: 113253.

Ye, S., Zeng, G., Wu, H., Liang, J., Zhang, C., Dai, J., Xiong, W., Song, B., Wu, S., Yu, J., 2019. The effects of activated biochar addition on remediation efficiency of co-composting with contaminated wetland soil. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 140: 278-285.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to find out the effect of the conjoint application of sewage sludge (SS) and fertilizers on the yield of rice-wheat cropping system using a randomized block design. The grain yield ranged between 24.99 ± 4.24 to 66.32 ± 2.58 q ha-1 and 22.50 ± 0.55 to 50.37 ± 1.07 q ha-1 in Ist year grown rice and wheat, respectively. Among all the treatments, T3 (100% recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) + 30 t ha-1 SS) recorded a significantly highest grain yield of rice crop (66.32 and 63.37 q ha-1) and wheat crop (50.37 and 46.91 q ha-1) during 2015-16 and 2016-17 years, respectively. The straw yield in Ist rice and Ist wheat ranged between 55.11 to 81.22 q ha-1 and 35.86 to 56.62 q ha-1, whereas straw yield in IInd rice and IInd wheat were noticed between 48.42 to 79.31 q ha-1 and 30.45 to 52.32 q ha-1, respectively. The finding clearly shows that the application of SS significantly enhances the yield of rice-wheat crops, and could be an option to a sustainable use of SS. However, the precautionary measure should be followed before use. In addition, the application of SS also indicates the improvement in soil health and sustainability.

Keywords: Heavy metals, nutrient status, microbial community, organic matter, sewage treatment plants.

References

Agilent FS-240, 2019. Flame Atomic Absorption Instruments. Available at [Access date: 13.12.2019]: https://www.agilent.com/en/product/atomic-spectroscopy/atomic-absorption/flame-atomic-absorption-instruments/240fs-aa

Agoro, M.A., Adeniji, A.O., Adefisoye, M.A., Okoh, O.O., 2020. Heavy metals in wastewater and sewage sludge from selected municipal treatment plants in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Water 12(10): 2746.

Ali, S., Khan, A.R., Mairaj, G., Arif, M., Fida, M., Bibi, S., 2008. Assessment of different crop nutrient management practices for yield improvement. Australian Journal of Crop Science 2(3): 150-157.

Basu, P.S., Sharma, A., Sukumaran, N.P., 1998. Changes in net photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence in potato leaves induced by water stress. Photosynthetica 35(1): 13-19.  

Bouwen, P., 2009. The European Commission. In:  Lobbying the European Union: Institutions, actors, and issues. Coen, D., Richardson, J. (Eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. pp.19–38.

Chaplygin, V., Mandzhieva, S., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Barahov, A., Nevidomskaya, D., Kızılkaya, R., Gülser, C., Chernikova, N., Mazarji, M., Iljina, L., Rajput, V., 2020. Accumulating capacity of herbaceous plants of the Asteraceae and Poaceae families under technogenic soil pollution with zinc and cadmium. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9(2): 165 – 172.

Chaplygin, V.A., Minkina, T.M., Mandzhieva, S.S., Nazarenko, O.G., Zimulina, I.V., Bauer, T.V., Litvinov, Yu. A., Rajput. V., 2021. Heavy metals in agricultural crops of Rostov region through the example of soft wheat (Triticum aestivum). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 624, International Conference on World Technological Trends in Agribusiness 4-5 July 2020, Omsk City, Western Siberia, Russian Federation. 624, 012204.  

Chesnin, L., Yien, C.H., 1951. Turbidimetric determination of available sulfates. Soil Science Society of America Journal 15(C):149-151.

Chhonkar, P.K., Bhadraray,S., Patra, A.K., Purakayastha, T.J., 2002. Experiments in Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Westville Publishing House, New Delhi, India. 180p.

Cieślik, B.M., Namieśnik, J.,Konieczka, P., 2015. Review of sewage sludge management: standards, regulations and analytical methods. Journal of Cleaner Production 90: 1-15.      

Delibacak, S., Voronina, L., Morachevskaya, E., Ongun, A.R., 2020. Use of sewage sludge in agricultural soils: Useful or harmful. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9(2): 126-139.

Egidi, G., Salvati, L., Vinci, S., 2020. The long way to tipperary: City size and worldwide urban population trends, 1950-2030. Sustainable Cities and Society 60: 102148.

Hanway, J.J., Heidel, H., 1952. Soil analysis method as used in Iowa State College, Soil Testing Laboratory. Iowa Agriculture 57: 1-31.

Jackson, M.L., 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India. 498p.

Jatav, H.S., Singh, S.K., Singh, Y.V., Paul, A., Kumar, V., Singh, P., Jayant, H., 2016. Effect of biochar on yield and heavy metals uptake in rice grown on soil amended with sewage sludge. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 10(2): 1367-1377.

Jatav, H.S., Singh, S.K., Singh, Y., Kumar, O., 2018a. Biochar and sewage sludge application increases yield and micronutrient uptake in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 49(13): 1617-1628.

Jatav, H.S., Singh, S.K., Yadav, J.S., 2018b. Cumulative effect of sewage sludge and fertilizers application on enhancing soil microbial population under rice - wheat cropping system. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences 6 (3): 538-543.

Kidder, G., 2001. Using waste products in forage production. In: Florida Forage Handbook. Chambli, C.G. (Eds.). University of Florida. Gainesville, FL. USA. 142: 88-93.

Kumar, V., Sharma, P.K., Jatav, H.S., Singh, S.K., Rai, A., Kant, S., Kumar, A., 2020. Organic amendments application ıncreases yield and nutrient uptake of mustard (BrassicaJuncea) grown in chromium- contaminated soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 51(1): 149-159. 

Latare, A.M., Omkar, K., Singh, S.K., Gupta, A., 2014. Direct and residual effect of sewage sludge on yield, heavy metals content and soil fertility under rice-wheat system. Ecological Engineering 69: 17-24.

Latare, A.M., Singh, S.K., Kumar, O., 2017. Yield and profitability of rice-wheat sequence with conjunctive application of sewage sludge and chemical fertilisers. Indian Journal of Fertilisers 13 (7): 50-61.

Latare, A.M., Singh, S.K., Omkar, K., 2018. Impact of sewage sludge application on soil fertility, microbial population and enzyme activities in soil under rice-wheat system. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 66(3): 300-309.  

Lindsay, W.L., Norvell, W.A., 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, ıron, manganese, and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal 42(3): 421-428.

Martin, J.P., 1950. Use of acid rose Bengal and Streptomycin in the plate method for estimating soil fungi. Soil Science 69(3): 215-232.

Nieuwenhuize, J., Poley-Vos, C.H., van den Akker, A.H., van Delft, W., 1991. Comparison of microwave and conventional extraction techniques for the determination of metals in soils, sediment and sludge samples by atomic spectrometry, Analyst 116: 347-351.

Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., Dean, L.A., 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Circular No 939, USA, 19p.

Page, A.L., Keeney, D. R., Baker, D.E., Miller, R.H., Ellis, R. Jr., Rhoades, J.D. (Eds.). 1982. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Chemical and microbiological properties,  Second Edition. Number 9, ASA-SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Piper, C.S., 1966. Soil and plant analysis. University of Adelaide Press, Australia.

Saha, S., Saha, B.N., Hazra, G.C., Pati, S., Pal, B., Kundu, D., Bag, A.G., Chatterjee, N., Batabyal, K., 2018.  Assessing the suitability of sewage-sludge produced in Kolkata, India for their agricultural use. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy 84(3): 781-792.

Seleiman, M.F., Santanen, A.,Mäkelä, P.S., 2020. Recycling sludge on cropland as fertilizer-Advantages and risks. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 155: 104647.    

Singh, S.P., Singh, M.K., 2020. Soil Pollution and Human Health. In: Plant Responses to Soil Pollution. Singh, P., Singh, S.K., Prasad, S.M. (Eds.). Springer, Singapore. pp. 205-220.

Smith, S.R., 2009. A critical review of the bioavailability and impacts of heavy metals in municipal solid waste compost compared to sewage sludge. Environment International 35(1): 142-156.

Subbiah, B., Asija, G.L., 1956. Alkaline permanganate method of available nitrogen determination. Current Science 25: 259-260.

Tabatabai, M.A.,Bremner, J.M., 1972. Assay of urease activity in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 4(4): 479-487.

Thornton, H.C., 1922. On the development of standardized agar medium for counting of soil bacteria with special regard to repression of spreading colonies. Annals of Applied Biology 9(3-4): 241-274.

Walkley, A., Black, I.A., 1934 An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37(1): 29-37.

Wang, S., Zhao, S., Uzoejinwa, B.B., Zheng, A., Wang, Q., Huang, J., Abomohra, A.E.F., 2020. A state-of-the-art review on dual purpose seaweeds utilization for wastewater treatment and crude bio-oil production. Energy Conversion and Management 222: 113253.

Ye, S., Zeng, G., Wu, H., Liang, J., Zhang, C., Dai, J., Xiong, W., Song, B., Wu, S., Yu, J., 2019. The effects of activated biochar addition on remediation efficiency of co-composting with contaminated wetland soil. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 140: 278-285.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science