Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 3, Issue 2, Oct 2014, Pages 131 - 137
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.81212
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.81212
Copyright © 2014 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Copper content and distribution in vineyard soils of central Serbia

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Ninkov,J., Vasin,J., Milic,S., Sekulic,P., Zeremski,T., Milenkovic,S., 2014. Copper content and distribution in vineyard soils of central Serbia. Eurasian J Soil Sci 3(2):131 - 137. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.81212
Ninkov,J.,Vasin,J.Milic,S.Sekulic,P.Zeremski,T.,& Milenkovic,S. Copper content and distribution in vineyard soils of central Serbia Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.81212
Ninkov,J.,Vasin,J.Milic,S.Sekulic,P.Zeremski,T., and ,Milenkovic,S."Copper content and distribution in vineyard soils of central Serbia" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.81212
Ninkov,J.,Vasin,J.Milic,S.Sekulic,P.Zeremski,T., and ,Milenkovic,S. "Copper content and distribution in vineyard soils of central Serbia" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.81212
J,Ninkov.J,Vasin.S,Milic.P,Sekulic.T,Zeremski.S,Milenkovic "Copper content and distribution in vineyard soils of central Serbia" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.81212
Ninkov,Jordana ;Vasin,Jovica ;Milic,Stanko ;Sekulic,Petar ;Zeremski,Tijana ;Milenkovic,Slobodan Copper content and distribution in vineyard soils of central Serbia. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.81212

How to cite

Ninkov, J., Vasin, J., Milic, S., Sekulic, P., Zeremski, T., Milenkovic, S., 2014. Copper content and distribution in vineyard soils of central Serbia. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 3(2): 131 - 137. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.81212

Author information

Jordana Ninkov , Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, Serbia
Jovica Vasin , Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, Serbia
Stanko Milic , Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, Serbia
Petar Sekulic , Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, Serbia
Tijana Zeremski , Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, Serbia
Slobodan Milenkovic , Megatrend University, Faculty of Bio-farming, Backa Topola, Serbia

Publication information

Issue published online: 30 Oct 2014
Article first published online : 19 Oct 2014
Manuscript Accepted : 14 Oct 2014
Manuscript Received: 04 Jul 2014
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.81212
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.81212

Abstract

This research studied the copper content of vineyard soils as affected by the long-term use of copper-based fungicides. The soil samples were taken from individual vineyards located in the central region of Serbia, from two depths: 0-30 and 30-60 cm. At the same time, at each site, control samples were collected from a nearby forest in order to determine the background concentrations. The pseudototal (CuT) and available (CuEDTA) copper content were analysed in 60 soil samples in total, 46 of which represented vineyard soils and 14 control samples. The maximum value of copper was 200.1 mg/kg of pseudototal and 82.1 mg/kg of available copper. Comparison of the copper content in vineyards to the background concentrations of control samples clearly confirmed anthropogenic influence. Out of 46 vineyard soil samples, about one half (22 of them) had the CuT concentration above the critical level of 60 mg/kg. Eleven samples had the pseudototal content over the MAC of 100 mg/kg. Anthropogenic influence was also confirmed on the basis of copper bioavailability and copper distribution along the soil profile. Available content of over 50 mg/kg was found in 8 out of 46 analysed samples of vineyard soils. According to the percentage contribution of available CuEDTA to pseudototalCuT, half of the samples were above 36%, which is potentially phytotoxic. The concentration of copper was the highest in the surface layer in the vineyard soil samples. A check of the background Cu levels has shown that the distribution of CuT and CuEDTA is uniform throughout the soil profile. Data from some of the analysed plots indicate that the process of erosion is under way at the site. The soil on lower-lying terrain has been found to be more exposed to copper pollution than the soil of higher terrain. Since copper at the surveyed sites is very persistent and accumulates in a short period of time, focus should be placed on the preventive measures of reducing the use of copperbased fungicides to an optimal level.

Keywords

Copper, soil, vineyards

Corresponding author

References

Besnard, E., Chenu, C., Robert, M., 2001. Influence of organic amendments on copper distribution among particle-size and density fractions in Champagne vineyard soils. Environmental Pollution 112: 329-337.

Bjorn, P., Shuler, C., Joergensen, R.G., 2008. Vineyard soils under organic and conventional management - microbial biomass and activity indices and their relation to chemical properties. Biology and Fertility Soils 44: 443-450.

Brun, L.A., Maillet, J., Richarte, J., Herrmann, P., Remy, J.C., 1998. Relationships between extractable copper, soil properties and copper uptake by wild plants in vineyard soils. Environmental Pollution 102: 151-161.

Coll, P., le Cadre, E., Blanchart, E., Hinsinger, P., Villenave, C., 2011. Organic viticulture and soil quality: A long-term study in Southern France. Applied Soil Ecology 50: 37-44.

Delusia, A., Giandon, P., Aichner, M., Bortolami, P., Bruna, L., Lupetti, A., Nardelli, F., Stringari, G., 1996. Copper pollution in Italian vineyard soils. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analyses 27: 1537-1548.

Dixon, B., 2004. Pushing Bordeaux mixture. The Lancet Infec. Dis. 4, 594.

Fernandez-Calvino, D., Novoa-Munoz, J.C., Lopez-Periago, E., Arias-Estevez, M., 2008a. Changes in copper content and distribution in young, old and abandoned vineyard acid soils due to land use changes. Land Degradation and Development 19: 165-177.

Fernandez-Calvino, D., Rodriguez-Suarez, J.A., Lopez-Periago, E., Arias-Estevez, M., Simal-Gandara, J., 2008b. Copper content of soils and river sediments in a winegrowing area, and its distribution among soil or sediment components. Geoderma 145: 91-97.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC) and International Union of Soil Science (IUSS), 2006. World Reference Base for Soil Resources WRB, 2nd edition, World Soil Resources Reports No. 103., Rome

Garcia-Esparza, M. A., Capri, E., Pirzadeh, P., Trevisan, M., 2006. Copper content of grape and wine from Italian farms. Food Additives and Contaminants 23: 274-280.

Kabata-Pendias, A., Pendias, H., 2001. Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. Third Edition. CRC Press, USA.

Kabata-Pendias, A., Mukherjee, A.B., 2007. Trace Elements from Soil to Human. Springer, New York. 2007.

Komarek, M., Čadkova, E., Chrastny, V., Bordas, F., Bollinger J.C., 2010. Contamination of vineyard soils with fungicides: A review of environmental and toxicological aspects. Environment International 36: 138-151.

Li, W.Q., Zhang, M., Shu, H.R., 2005. Distribution and fractionation of copper in soils of apple orhards. Environmental Science and Pollution 12: 168-172.

Merrington, G., Rogers, S.L., van Zwieten, L., 2002. The potential impact of long-term copper fungicide usage on soil microbial biomass and microbial activity in an avocado orchard. Australian Journal of Soil Research 40: 749-759.

Mirlean, N., Roisenberg, A., Chies, J.O., 2005. Copper-based fungicides contamination and metal distribution in Brazilian grape products. The Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 75: 968-974.

Mirlean, N., Roisenberg, A., Chies, J.O., 2007. Metal contamination of vineyard soils in wet subtropics (southern Brazil). Environmental Pollution 149: 10-17.

Ninkov, J., Zeremski-Škorić, T., Sekulić, P., Vasin, J., Milić, S., Paprić, Đ., Kurjački, I., 2010. Teški metali u zemljištima vinograda Vojvodine. Field and Vegetable Crops Research 47: 273-279.

Ninkov, J., Paprić, Đ., Sekulić, P., Zeremski-Škorić, T., Milić, S., Vasin, J., Kurjački, I., 2012. Copper content of vineyard soils at Sremski Karlovci (Vojvodina Province, Serbia) as affected by the use of copper-based fungicides. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 92: 592-600.

Ninkov, J., Milić, S., Sekulić, P., Vasin, J., Zeremski, T., 2013. Influence of soil particle size on copper availability in vineyard soils. Conference Proceedings of the 13th SGEM GeoConference on Water Resources. Forest, Marine and Ocean Ecosystems. 563 – 568.

Novoa-Mundoz, J.C., Queijeiro, J.M., Blanco-Ward, D., Alvarez-Olleros, C., Martinez-Cortizas, A., Gracia-Rodeja, E., 2007. Total copper content and its distribution in acid vineyards soils developed from granitic rocks. Science of the Total Environment 378: 23-27.

Paoletti, M.G., Sommaggio, D., Favretto, M.R., Petruzeelli, G., Pezzarossa, B., Barbafieri, M., 1998. Earthworms as useful bioindicators of agroecosystem sustainability in orchards and vineyards with different inputs. Applied Soil Ecology 10: 137-150.

Pietrzak, U., McPhail, D.C., 2004. Copper accumulation, distribution and fractionation in vineyard soils of Victoria, Australia. Geoderma 122: 151-166.

Ramos, M.C., 2006. Metals in vineyard soils of the Penedes area (NE Spain) after compost application. Journal of Environmental Management 78: 209-215.

Rusjan, D., Strlič, M., Pucko, D., Šelih, V. S., Korošec-Koruza, Z., 2006. Vineyard soil characteristics related to content of transition metals in a sub-Mediterranean winegrowing region of Slovenia. Geoderma 136: 930-936.

Rusjan, D., Strlič, M., Pucko, D., Korošec-Koruza, Z., 2007. Copper accumulation regarding the soil characteristics in Sub-Mediterranean vineyards of Slovenian. Geoderma 141, 111-118.

Schramel, O., Michalke, B., Kettrup, A., 2000. Study of the copper distribution in contaminated soils of hop fields by single and sequential extraction procedures. Science of the Total Environment 263: 11-22.

Toselli, M., Schiatti, P., Ara, D., Bertacchini, A., Quartieri, M., 2009. The accumulation of copper in soils of the Italian region Emilia-Romagna. Plant Soil and Environment 55: 74-79.

Ubavić, M., Bogdanović, D., 1995. Agrohemija. Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad.

Vavoulidou, E., Avramides, E.J., Papadopoulos, P., Dimirkou, A., Charoulis, A., Konstantinidou-Doltsinis, S., 2005. Copper content in agricultural soils related to cropping systems in different regions of Greece. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analyses 36: 759-773.

Wightwick, A., Mollah, M., Smith, J., MacGregor, A., 2006. Sampling considerations for surveying copper concentrations in Australian vineyard soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 44: 711-717.

Abstract

This research studied the copper content of vineyard soils as affected by the long-term use of copper-based fungicides. The soil samples were taken from individual vineyards located in the central region of Serbia, from two depths: 0-30 and 30-60 cm. At the same time, at each site, control samples were collected from a nearby forest in order to determine the background concentrations. The pseudototal (CuT) and available (CuEDTA) copper content were analysed in 60 soil samples in total, 46 of which represented vineyard soils and 14 control samples. The maximum value of copper was 200.1 mg/kg of pseudototal and 82.1 mg/kg of available copper. Comparison of the copper content in vineyards to the background concentrations of control samples clearly confirmed anthropogenic influence. Out of 46 vineyard soil samples, about one half (22 of them) had the CuT concentration above the critical level of 60 mg/kg. Eleven samples had the pseudototal content over the MAC of 100 mg/kg. Anthropogenic influence was also confirmed on the basis of copper bioavailability and copper distribution along the soil profile. Available content of over 50 mg/kg was found in 8 out of 46 analysed samples of vineyard soils. According to the percentage contribution of available CuEDTA to pseudototalCuT, half of the samples were above 36%, which is potentially phytotoxic. The concentration of copper was the highest in the surface layer in the vineyard soil samples. A check of the background Cu levels has shown that the distribution of CuT and CuEDTA is uniform throughout the soil profile. Data from some of the analysed plots indicate that the process of erosion is under way at the site. The soil on lower-lying terrain has been found to be more exposed to copper pollution than the soil of higher terrain. Since copper at the surveyed sites is very persistent and accumulates in a short period of time, focus should be placed on the preventive measures of reducing the use of copperbased fungicides to an optimal level.

Keywords: Copper, soil, vineyards

References

Besnard, E., Chenu, C., Robert, M., 2001. Influence of organic amendments on copper distribution among particle-size and density fractions in Champagne vineyard soils. Environmental Pollution 112: 329-337.

Bjorn, P., Shuler, C., Joergensen, R.G., 2008. Vineyard soils under organic and conventional management - microbial biomass and activity indices and their relation to chemical properties. Biology and Fertility Soils 44: 443-450.

Brun, L.A., Maillet, J., Richarte, J., Herrmann, P., Remy, J.C., 1998. Relationships between extractable copper, soil properties and copper uptake by wild plants in vineyard soils. Environmental Pollution 102: 151-161.

Coll, P., le Cadre, E., Blanchart, E., Hinsinger, P., Villenave, C., 2011. Organic viticulture and soil quality: A long-term study in Southern France. Applied Soil Ecology 50: 37-44.

Delusia, A., Giandon, P., Aichner, M., Bortolami, P., Bruna, L., Lupetti, A., Nardelli, F., Stringari, G., 1996. Copper pollution in Italian vineyard soils. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analyses 27: 1537-1548.

Dixon, B., 2004. Pushing Bordeaux mixture. The Lancet Infec. Dis. 4, 594.

Fernandez-Calvino, D., Novoa-Munoz, J.C., Lopez-Periago, E., Arias-Estevez, M., 2008a. Changes in copper content and distribution in young, old and abandoned vineyard acid soils due to land use changes. Land Degradation and Development 19: 165-177.

Fernandez-Calvino, D., Rodriguez-Suarez, J.A., Lopez-Periago, E., Arias-Estevez, M., Simal-Gandara, J., 2008b. Copper content of soils and river sediments in a winegrowing area, and its distribution among soil or sediment components. Geoderma 145: 91-97.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC) and International Union of Soil Science (IUSS), 2006. World Reference Base for Soil Resources WRB, 2nd edition, World Soil Resources Reports No. 103., Rome

Garcia-Esparza, M. A., Capri, E., Pirzadeh, P., Trevisan, M., 2006. Copper content of grape and wine from Italian farms. Food Additives and Contaminants 23: 274-280.

Kabata-Pendias, A., Pendias, H., 2001. Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. Third Edition. CRC Press, USA.

Kabata-Pendias, A., Mukherjee, A.B., 2007. Trace Elements from Soil to Human. Springer, New York. 2007.

Komarek, M., Čadkova, E., Chrastny, V., Bordas, F., Bollinger J.C., 2010. Contamination of vineyard soils with fungicides: A review of environmental and toxicological aspects. Environment International 36: 138-151.

Li, W.Q., Zhang, M., Shu, H.R., 2005. Distribution and fractionation of copper in soils of apple orhards. Environmental Science and Pollution 12: 168-172.

Merrington, G., Rogers, S.L., van Zwieten, L., 2002. The potential impact of long-term copper fungicide usage on soil microbial biomass and microbial activity in an avocado orchard. Australian Journal of Soil Research 40: 749-759.

Mirlean, N., Roisenberg, A., Chies, J.O., 2005. Copper-based fungicides contamination and metal distribution in Brazilian grape products. The Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 75: 968-974.

Mirlean, N., Roisenberg, A., Chies, J.O., 2007. Metal contamination of vineyard soils in wet subtropics (southern Brazil). Environmental Pollution 149: 10-17.

Ninkov, J., Zeremski-Škorić, T., Sekulić, P., Vasin, J., Milić, S., Paprić, Đ., Kurjački, I., 2010. Teški metali u zemljištima vinograda Vojvodine. Field and Vegetable Crops Research 47: 273-279.

Ninkov, J., Paprić, Đ., Sekulić, P., Zeremski-Škorić, T., Milić, S., Vasin, J., Kurjački, I., 2012. Copper content of vineyard soils at Sremski Karlovci (Vojvodina Province, Serbia) as affected by the use of copper-based fungicides. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 92: 592-600.

Ninkov, J., Milić, S., Sekulić, P., Vasin, J., Zeremski, T., 2013. Influence of soil particle size on copper availability in vineyard soils. Conference Proceedings of the 13th SGEM GeoConference on Water Resources. Forest, Marine and Ocean Ecosystems. 563 – 568.

Novoa-Mundoz, J.C., Queijeiro, J.M., Blanco-Ward, D., Alvarez-Olleros, C., Martinez-Cortizas, A., Gracia-Rodeja, E., 2007. Total copper content and its distribution in acid vineyards soils developed from granitic rocks. Science of the Total Environment 378: 23-27.

Paoletti, M.G., Sommaggio, D., Favretto, M.R., Petruzeelli, G., Pezzarossa, B., Barbafieri, M., 1998. Earthworms as useful bioindicators of agroecosystem sustainability in orchards and vineyards with different inputs. Applied Soil Ecology 10: 137-150.

Pietrzak, U., McPhail, D.C., 2004. Copper accumulation, distribution and fractionation in vineyard soils of Victoria, Australia. Geoderma 122: 151-166.

Ramos, M.C., 2006. Metals in vineyard soils of the Penedes area (NE Spain) after compost application. Journal of Environmental Management 78: 209-215.

Rusjan, D., Strlič, M., Pucko, D., Šelih, V. S., Korošec-Koruza, Z., 2006. Vineyard soil characteristics related to content of transition metals in a sub-Mediterranean winegrowing region of Slovenia. Geoderma 136: 930-936.

Rusjan, D., Strlič, M., Pucko, D., Korošec-Koruza, Z., 2007. Copper accumulation regarding the soil characteristics in Sub-Mediterranean vineyards of Slovenian. Geoderma 141, 111-118.

Schramel, O., Michalke, B., Kettrup, A., 2000. Study of the copper distribution in contaminated soils of hop fields by single and sequential extraction procedures. Science of the Total Environment 263: 11-22.

Toselli, M., Schiatti, P., Ara, D., Bertacchini, A., Quartieri, M., 2009. The accumulation of copper in soils of the Italian region Emilia-Romagna. Plant Soil and Environment 55: 74-79.

Ubavić, M., Bogdanović, D., 1995. Agrohemija. Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad.

Vavoulidou, E., Avramides, E.J., Papadopoulos, P., Dimirkou, A., Charoulis, A., Konstantinidou-Doltsinis, S., 2005. Copper content in agricultural soils related to cropping systems in different regions of Greece. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analyses 36: 759-773.

Wightwick, A., Mollah, M., Smith, J., MacGregor, A., 2006. Sampling considerations for surveying copper concentrations in Australian vineyard soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 44: 711-717.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science