Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 3, Issue 4, Nov 2014, Pages 260 - 266
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.73419
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.73419
Copyright © 2014 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Work of soil and risks of agricultural erosion: Case of the itinerary technical cereal on tray of Mostaganem-Northwest Algeria

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Larid,M., Boualem ,A., Khatem,R., Bakhti,A., Hamadi,A., 2014. Work of soil and risks of agricultural erosion: Case of the itinerary technical cereal on tray of Mostaganem-Northwest Algeria. Eurasian J Soil Sci 3(4):260 - 266. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.73419
Larid,M.,Boualem ,A.Khatem,R.Bakhti,A.,& Hamadi,A. Work of soil and risks of agricultural erosion: Case of the itinerary technical cereal on tray of Mostaganem-Northwest Algeria Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.73419
Larid,M.,Boualem ,A.Khatem,R.Bakhti,A., and ,Hamadi,A."Work of soil and risks of agricultural erosion: Case of the itinerary technical cereal on tray of Mostaganem-Northwest Algeria" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.73419
Larid,M.,Boualem ,A.Khatem,R.Bakhti,A., and ,Hamadi,A. "Work of soil and risks of agricultural erosion: Case of the itinerary technical cereal on tray of Mostaganem-Northwest Algeria" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.73419
M,Larid.A,Boualem .R,Khatem.A,Bakhti.A,Hamadi "Work of soil and risks of agricultural erosion: Case of the itinerary technical cereal on tray of Mostaganem-Northwest Algeria" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.73419
Larid,Mohamed ;Boualem ,Abdelkader ;Khatem,Rachid ;Bakhti,Abdellah ;Hamadi,Amina Work of soil and risks of agricultural erosion: Case of the itinerary technical cereal on tray of Mostaganem-Northwest Algeria. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.73419

How to cite

Larid, M., Boualem , A., Khatem, R., Bakhti, A., Hamadi, A., 2014. Work of soil and risks of agricultural erosion: Case of the itinerary technical cereal on tray of Mostaganem-Northwest Algeria. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 3(4): 260 - 266. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.73419

Author information

Mohamed Larid , University of Mostaganem, Laboratory of Biodiversity, Soils and Water Conservation, Mostaganem, Algeria
Abdelkader Boualem , University of Mostaganem, Laboratory of Biodiversity, Soils and Water Conservation, Mostaganem, Algeria
Rachid Khatem , University of Mostaganem, Laboratory of Biodiversity, Soils and Water Conservation, Mostaganem, Algeria
Abdellah Bakhti , University of Mostaganem, Laboratory of Biodiversity, Soils and Water Conservation, Mostaganem, Algeria
Amina Hamadi , University of Mostaganem, Laboratory of Biodiversity, Soils and Water Conservation, Mostaganem, Algeria

Publication information

Issue published online: 10 Nov 2014
Article first published online : 01 Nov 2014
Manuscript Accepted : 17 Oct 2014
Manuscript Received: 13 Jun 2014
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.73419
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.73419

Abstract

With a semi-arid Mediterranean climate and viticulture vocation, the tray of Mostaganem (North-West of Algeria) has become a region of great crops. Subject to increase mechanization and inappropriate tillage practices, farm lands are exposed to erosion that seriously weighs the physical and socio-economic contexts. An itinerary technique (cereal) is chosen to study along the slope, surface and deep structural changes of soil, humidity and the fine particles (

Keywords

Erosivity, erodability, structural state, technical itinerary, cereal, tray of Mostaganem, tillage.

Corresponding author

References

Auzet, A.V., van Dijk, P., Kirkby, M.J., 2005. Surface caractrisation for soil rrosion forecasting. Catena, 62(2-3): 77-78.

Basic, F., Kisic, I., Mesic, M., Nestroy, O., Butorac, A., 2004. Tillage and crop management effects on soil erosion in central Croatia. Soil and Tillage Research 78: 197-206.

Blavet, D., De Noni, G., Roose, E., Maillo, L., Laurent, J.Y., Asseline, J., 2004. Influence of cultural practices on the risk of runoff and sheet erosion under vine in Ardèche (France). Planetary Sces / Drought, 15 (1) : 111-120.

Freddy, R., Ballais, J.L., Marre, A. et Rovéra, G., 2004. Rôle de la végétation dans la protection contre l’érosion hydrique de surface. C.R. Géoscience 336: 991-998.

Hallaire, V., Lamande, M., Haddadj, D., 2002. Structural changes of the surface layers induced by cultural practices in intensive agricultural mileu. National days for the study of soil, AFES, Orleans 22-24 October 2002.

Kay, B.D., Vanden Bygaart, A.J., 2002. Conservation tillage and depth stratification of porosity and soil organic matter. Soil and Tillage Research 66(2): 107-118.

Kribaa, M., Hallaire, V., Curmi, P. et Lahmar, R., 2001. Effects of various cultivation methods on the structure and hydraulic properties of soil in semi-arid climate. Soil and Tillage Research 60: 43-53.

Le Bissonnais, Y., Cerdan, O., Lecomte, V., Benkhadra, H., Souchere, V., Martin, P.,2005. Variability of soil surface characteristics influencing runoff and interrill erosion. Catena 62: 111-124.

Lipiec, J., Kus, J., Slowinska-Jurkiewicz, A., Nosalewicz, A., 2006. Soil porosity and water infiltration as influenced by tillage methods. Soil and Tillage Research 89(2): 210-220.

Lixadur, G., 1968. Determination of the critical distance of erosion. S.T.I.L. Soil, Novel 6(1): 12-18.

Manichon, H., 2004. Morphological characterisation of soil structure in tilled fields: from a diagnosis method to the modelling of structural changes over time. Soil and Tillage Research 79, 33-49.

Marques da Silva, J.R., Soares J.M.C.N., Karlen, D.L., 2004. Implement and soil condition effects on tillage-induced erosion. Soil and Tillage Research 78, 207-216.

Santiago-Romero H., 2001. Influence du type d’outil, de la vitesse et de la pente sur l’érosion aratoire. Thèse INPT, Toulouse, 196p.

Strudley, M.W., Green, T.R., Ascough, J.C., 2008. Tillage effects on soil hydraulic properties in space and time: State of the science. Soil and Tillage Research 99(1): 4-48.

Takken, I., Govers, G., Steegen, A., Nachtergaele, J., Guerif, G., 2001. The prediction of runoff flow directions on tilled fields. Journal of Hydrology 248: 1-13.

Verheijen, F.G.A., Jones, R.J.A., Rickson, R.J., Smith, C.J., 2009. Tolerable versus actual soil erosion rates in Europe. Earth-Science Reviews 94(1-4): 23.

Wilson, G.V., Dabney, S.M., McGregor, K.C., Barkoll, B.D., 2004. Tillage and residue effects on runoff and erosion dynamics. Transactions of the ASAE 47(1): 119-128

Abstract
With a semi-arid Mediterranean climate and viticulture vocation, the tray of Mostaganem (North-West of Algeria) has become a region of great crops. Subject to increase mechanization and inappropriate tillage practices, farm lands are exposed to erosion that seriously weighs the physical and socio-economic contexts. An itinerary technique (cereal) is chosen to study along the slope, surface and deep structural changes of soil, humidity and the fine particles (<2 μm). Thus, consideration of the surface shows a strong soil erodibility partly linked to the action of implements and a rain erosivity accentuated by lack of vegetation in the rainy season. Culural profiles observations show the small depth of tillage affecting mostly superior horizon. Average horizon, wet, rich in fine particles and barely reached by tools impedes any move to lower horizon which is very compact without variability. With this kind of technical itinerary, fine elements losses estimated to (3 t/ha/year) result closely from the characteristics of the physical environment but also the conditions of its exploitation. In case of more important spatialtemporal unit’s extrapolation, the consequences will be even more harmful if  improvement actions are not undertaken.

Keywords: Erosivity, erodability, structural state, technical itinerary, cereal, tray of Mostaganem, tillage.

References

Auzet, A.V., van Dijk, P., Kirkby, M.J., 2005. Surface caractrisation for soil rrosion forecasting. Catena, 62(2-3): 77-78.

Basic, F., Kisic, I., Mesic, M., Nestroy, O., Butorac, A., 2004. Tillage and crop management effects on soil erosion in central Croatia. Soil and Tillage Research 78: 197-206.

Blavet, D., De Noni, G., Roose, E., Maillo, L., Laurent, J.Y., Asseline, J., 2004. Influence of cultural practices on the risk of runoff and sheet erosion under vine in Ardèche (France). Planetary Sces / Drought, 15 (1) : 111-120.

Freddy, R., Ballais, J.L., Marre, A. et Rovéra, G., 2004. Rôle de la végétation dans la protection contre l’érosion hydrique de surface. C.R. Géoscience 336: 991-998.

Hallaire, V., Lamande, M., Haddadj, D., 2002. Structural changes of the surface layers induced by cultural practices in intensive agricultural mileu. National days for the study of soil, AFES, Orleans 22-24 October 2002.

Kay, B.D., Vanden Bygaart, A.J., 2002. Conservation tillage and depth stratification of porosity and soil organic matter. Soil and Tillage Research 66(2): 107-118.

Kribaa, M., Hallaire, V., Curmi, P. et Lahmar, R., 2001. Effects of various cultivation methods on the structure and hydraulic properties of soil in semi-arid climate. Soil and Tillage Research 60: 43-53.

Le Bissonnais, Y., Cerdan, O., Lecomte, V., Benkhadra, H., Souchere, V., Martin, P.,2005. Variability of soil surface characteristics influencing runoff and interrill erosion. Catena 62: 111-124.

Lipiec, J., Kus, J., Slowinska-Jurkiewicz, A., Nosalewicz, A., 2006. Soil porosity and water infiltration as influenced by tillage methods. Soil and Tillage Research 89(2): 210-220.

Lixadur, G., 1968. Determination of the critical distance of erosion. S.T.I.L. Soil, Novel 6(1): 12-18.

Manichon, H., 2004. Morphological characterisation of soil structure in tilled fields: from a diagnosis method to the modelling of structural changes over time. Soil and Tillage Research 79, 33-49.

Marques da Silva, J.R., Soares J.M.C.N., Karlen, D.L., 2004. Implement and soil condition effects on tillage-induced erosion. Soil and Tillage Research 78, 207-216.

Santiago-Romero H., 2001. Influence du type d’outil, de la vitesse et de la pente sur l’érosion aratoire. Thèse INPT, Toulouse, 196p.

Strudley, M.W., Green, T.R., Ascough, J.C., 2008. Tillage effects on soil hydraulic properties in space and time: State of the science. Soil and Tillage Research 99(1): 4-48.

Takken, I., Govers, G., Steegen, A., Nachtergaele, J., Guerif, G., 2001. The prediction of runoff flow directions on tilled fields. Journal of Hydrology 248: 1-13.

Verheijen, F.G.A., Jones, R.J.A., Rickson, R.J., Smith, C.J., 2009. Tolerable versus actual soil erosion rates in Europe. Earth-Science Reviews 94(1-4): 23.

Wilson, G.V., Dabney, S.M., McGregor, K.C., Barkoll, B.D., 2004. Tillage and residue effects on runoff and erosion dynamics. Transactions of the ASAE 47(1): 119-128



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science