Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 9, Issue 3, Jul 2020, Pages 208-221
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.726906
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.726906
Copyright © 2020 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Quantifying some physical properties and organic matter of soils under different management systems in cherry orchard

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Demir,Z., 2020. Quantifying some physical properties and organic matter of soils under different management systems in cherry orchard. Eurasian J Soil Sci 9(3):208-221. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.726906
,& Demir,Z. (2020). Quantifying some physical properties and organic matter of soils under different management systems in cherry orchard Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 9(3):208-221. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.726906
, and ,Demir,Z. "Quantifying some physical properties and organic matter of soils under different management systems in cherry orchard" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 9.3 (2020):208-221. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.726906
, and ,Demir,Z. "Quantifying some physical properties and organic matter of soils under different management systems in cherry orchard" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,9(Jul 2020):208-221 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.726906
Z,Demir "Quantifying some physical properties and organic matter of soils under different management systems in cherry orchard" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.9, no.3, pp.208-221 (Jul 2020), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.726906
Demir,Zeynep Quantifying some physical properties and organic matter of soils under different management systems in cherry orchard. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2020),9.3:208-221. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.726906

How to cite

Demir, Z., 2020. Quantifying some physical properties and organic matter of soils under different management systems in cherry orchard. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 9(3): 208-221. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.726906

Author information

Zeynep Demir , Soil, Fertilizer and Water Resources Central Research Institute, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Ankara, Turkey Ankara, Turkey

Publication information

Article first published online : 25 Apr 2020
Manuscript Accepted : 24 Apr 2020
Manuscript Received: 11 Sep 2019
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.726906
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.726906

Abstract

Effects of different cover crops (CCs), mechanically cultivation and herbicide treatments on soil organic matter (SOM) content and some physical properties of soils were investigated in a cherry orchard with clay soil in 2013 and 2014. The present study was conducted in a cherry orchard located at the Experiment Station of Black Sea Agricultural Research Institute in Samsun province in the Northern region of Turkey. As the CCs, Trifolium repens L. (TR), Festuca rubra subsp. Rubra (FRR), Festuca arundinacea (FA), T. repens (40%)+F. rubra rubra (30%)+F. arundinacea (30%) mixture (TFF), Vicia villosa (VV) and Trifolium meneghinianum (TM) were utilized. Experiment also included plots mechanically cultivation (MC), herbicide treatment (HC) and control (C) plot without CCs. Experiment was conducted in randomized complete blocks design with four replications. The CCs were mowed in the flowering period of the plants. After 90 d following seed harvest, soil samples were collected from two depths (0-20 and 20-40 cm) in each plot. The CCs treatments decreased bulk density, volumetric water content, relative saturation, penetration resistance and increased SOM, field capacity, permanent wilting point, available water capacity, total porosity, gravimetric water content, mean weight diameter, structural stability index. The differences in the SOM contents and physical soil properties of all treatments as compared to the control were not found to be significant for the 20-40 cm soil depth in both years of experiments. The CCs, especially TR and VV treatments as legume plants improved SOM and physical soil properties, but longer term studies are needed to evaluate the long-term effects.

Keywords

Bulk density, penetration resistance, relative saturation, available water capacity, total porosity, cover crops.

Corresponding author

References

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Abstract

Effects of different cover crops (CCs), mechanically cultivation and herbicide treatments on soil organic matter (SOM) content and some physical properties of soils were investigated in a cherry orchard with clay soil in 2013 and 2014. The present study was conducted in a cherry orchard located at the Experiment Station of Black Sea Agricultural Research Institute in Samsun province in the Northern region of Turkey. As the CCs, Trifolium repens L. (TR), Festuca rubra subsp. Rubra (FRR), Festuca arundinacea (FA), T. repens (40%)+F. rubra rubra (30%)+F. arundinacea (30%) mixture (TFF), Vicia villosa (VV) and Trifolium meneghinianum (TM) were utilized. Experiment also included plots mechanically cultivation (MC), herbicide treatment (HC) and control (C) plot without CCs. Experiment was conducted in randomized complete blocks design with four replications. The CCs were mowed in the flowering period of the plants. After 90 d following seed harvest, soil samples were collected from two depths (0-20 and 20-40 cm) in each plot. The CCs treatments decreased bulk density, volumetric water content, relative saturation, penetration resistance and increased SOM, field capacity, permanent wilting point, available water capacity, total porosity, gravimetric water content, mean weight diameter, structural stability index. The differences in the SOM contents and physical soil properties of all treatments as compared to the control were not found to be significant for the 20-40 cm soil depth in both years of experiments. The CCs, especially TR and VV treatments as legume plants improved SOM and physical soil properties, but longer term studies are needed to evaluate the long-term effects.

Keywords: Bulk density, penetration resistance, relative saturation, available water capacity, total porosity, cover crops.

References

Abdollahi, L., Munkholm, L.J., Garbout, A., 2014. Tillage system and cover crop effects on soil quality: II. Pore Characteristics. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78(1): 271-279.

Acuña, J., Villamil, M.B., 2014. Short-term effects of cover crops and compaction on soil properties and soybean production in Illinois. Agronomy Journal 106(3): 860-870.

Annett, R., Habibi, H.R., Hontela, A., 2014. Impact of glyphosate and glyphosate-based herbicides on the freshwater environment. Journal of Applied Toxicology 34(5): 458-479.

Anonymous, 2008. Cherry production and trade in the World and Turkey. Akdeniz Exportation Associations. Research Series. Antalya, Turkey [in Turkish].

Anonymous, 2015. Turkish State, Meteorological Service [in Turkish]. Available at [Access date: 20.05.2015]: https://www.mgm.gov.tr

Auler, A.C., Miara, S., Pires, L.F., da Fonseca, A.F., Barth, G., 2014. Soil physico-hydrical properties resulting from the management in Integrated Production Systems. Revista Ciência Agronômica 45(5): 976–989.

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