Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 9, Issue 2, Apr 2020, Pages 186 - 193
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.708898
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.708898
Copyright © 2020 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Efficiency of using the rangeland hydrology and erosion model for assessing the degradation of pastures and forage lands in Aydarly, Kazakhstan

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Kussainova,M., Spaeth,K., Zhaparkulova,E., 2020. Efficiency of using the rangeland hydrology and erosion model for assessing the degradation of pastures and forage lands in Aydarly, Kazakhstan. Eurasian J Soil Sci 9(2):186 - 193. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.708898
Kussainova,M.,Spaeth,K.,& Zhaparkulova,E. Efficiency of using the rangeland hydrology and erosion model for assessing the degradation of pastures and forage lands in Aydarly, Kazakhstan Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 9(2):186 - 193. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.708898
Kussainova,M.,Spaeth,K., and ,Zhaparkulova,E."Efficiency of using the rangeland hydrology and erosion model for assessing the degradation of pastures and forage lands in Aydarly, Kazakhstan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 9.2 (2020):186 - 193. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.708898
Kussainova,M.,Spaeth,K., and ,Zhaparkulova,E. "Efficiency of using the rangeland hydrology and erosion model for assessing the degradation of pastures and forage lands in Aydarly, Kazakhstan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,9(Apr 2020):186 - 193 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.708898
M,Kussainova.K,Spaeth.E,Zhaparkulova "Efficiency of using the rangeland hydrology and erosion model for assessing the degradation of pastures and forage lands in Aydarly, Kazakhstan" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.9, no.2, pp.186 - 193 (Apr 2020), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.708898
Kussainova,Maira ;Spaeth,Kenneth E. ;Zhaparkulova,Ermekkul Efficiency of using the rangeland hydrology and erosion model for assessing the degradation of pastures and forage lands in Aydarly, Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2020),9.2:186 - 193. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.708898

How to cite

Kussainova, M., Spaeth, K., Zhaparkulova, E., 2020. Efficiency of using the rangeland hydrology and erosion model for assessing the degradation of pastures and forage lands in Aydarly, Kazakhstan. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 9(2): 186 - 193. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.708898

Author information

Maira Kussainova , Sustainable Agriculture Center, AgriTech Hub KazNAU, Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, 050010 Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan
Kenneth E. Spaeth , Central National Technology Support Center, Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Texas. USA
Ermekkul Zhaparkulova , Department of Water resources and Reclamation, Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Publication information

Article first published online : 25 Mar 2020
Manuscript Accepted : 24 Mar 2020
Manuscript Received: 11 Aug 2019
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.708898
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.708898

Abstract

This study examined the use of a novel web-tool for Rangeland Hydrology and Erosion Model (RHEM) as a prediction runoff and erosion as a function of vegetation structure and behavior of different plant community phases and the amount of coverage for the different states in the Aydarly village of Jambul district of Almaty province. US Department of Agriculture experts and Kazakhstani scientists jointly conducted this study, where, based on the results, they received recommendations on improving rangeland. Results suggested that the model could be further improved with additional measured experimental data on infiltration, runoff, and soil erosion within key ecological sites in order to better quantify model parameters to reflect ecosystem changes and risk of crossing interdependent biotic and abiotic thresholds. These additions were further improved and implemented in other regions of Kazakhstan on other projects.

Keywords

RHEM, Kazakhstan, Rangeland, Aydarly, soil erosion, pastureland erosion.

Corresponding author

References

Bekturova, G.B., Romanova, O.A., 2007. Information digest: Traditional knowledge in the field of land use in Central Asia. S-Print. Almaty, Kazakhstan. 104 p. [in Russian].

Demirağ Turan İ., Dengiz O., Özkan B. 2019. Spatial assessment and mapping of soil quality index for desertification in the semi-arid terrestrial ecosystem using MCDM in interval type-2 fuzzy environment. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 164; 104933.

FAO, 2010. Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: Sub-sectoral cross- cutting features and issues.  FAO Investment Centre Division, Rome. Italy. 138p. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: http://www.fao.org/3/a-bl168e.pdf

FAOLEX, 2017. State Program for the Development of the Agro-Industrial Complex of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2017-2021. FAOLEX No: LEX-FAOC179522. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]:  http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/kaz179522.pdf

Final Report, 2018. Final report of Kazakhstan on UNCCD project Land Degradation Neutrality. 2018. LDN, Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan, Astana, Kazakhstan. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]:  https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/ldn_targets/2018--1/Kazakhstan%20LDN%20TSP%20Country%20Report.pdf

Hernandez, M., Nearing, M.A., Al-Hamdan, O.Z., Pierson, F.B., Armendariz, G., Weltz, M.A., Spaeth, K.E, Williams, C.J., Nouwakpo, S.K., Goodrich, D.C., Unkrich, C.L., Nichols, M.H., Collins, C.D.H., 2017. The Rangeland Hydrology and Erosion Model: A dynamic approach for predicting soil loss on rangelands. Water Resources Research 53(11): 9368-9391.

Herrick, J.E., Van Zee, J.W., Havstad, K.M., Burkett, L.M., Whitford, W.G. 2009. Monitoring Manual for Grassland, Shrubland and Savanna Ecosystems. Volume II: Design, supplementary methods and interpretation. USDA-ARS Jornada Experimental Range, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA. 200p. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/files/Volume_II.pdf

Herrick, J.E., Van Zee, J.W., McCord, S.E., Courtright, E.M., Karl, J.W., Burkett, L.M., 2017. Monitoring manual for grassland shrubland, and savanna ecosystems. Volume I: Core Methods. USDA-ARS Jornada Experimental Range, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA. 77p. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/files/Core_Methods.pdf

Kerven, C., Shanbayev, K., Alimaev, A., Smailov, K., 2008. Livestock Mobility and Degradation in Kazakhstan’s Semi-Arid Rangelands. In: The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of Desertification in Central Asia. Behnke, R. (Ed.). NATO Science for Peace and Security Series. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. pp. 113–140.

Nearing, M.A., Hairsine, P.B., 2011a. The future of soil erosion modelling, In: Handbook of erosion modelling. Morgan, R.P.C, Nearing, M.A. (Eds.), Blackwell Publishing Ltd.  Chichester, UK. pp. 387-397.

Nearing, M.A., Wei, H., Stone, J.J., Pierson, F.B., Spaeth, K.E., Weltz, M.A., Flanagan, D.C., Hernandez, M. 2011b. A rangeland hydrology and erosion model. Transactions of the ASAE 54(3): 901–908.

PF, 2007. Local communities in the fight against pastural degradation. UNDP/GM. SGP/GEF. PF "Farmer of Kazakhstan". [in Russian].

Shimyrbaeva, G., 2013. Stop pasture degradation. Kazakhstanskaya Pravda, Almaty. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://www.kazpravda.kz/news/ekonomika/ostanovit-degradatsiu-pastbishch

Strategic Measures, 2015. Strategic measures to combat desertification in the Republic of Kazakhstan till 2025. Astana, Kazakhstan. 93p. [in Russian]. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://www.undp.org/content/dam/kazakhstan/docs/research-and-publications/New_Vestka_part_1.pdf

UNCCD, 1994. 10. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa. Paris, Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://treaties.un.org/doc/Treaties/1996/12/19961226%2001-46%20PM/Ch_XXVII_10p.pdf

Abstract

This study examined the use of a novel web-tool for Rangeland Hydrology and Erosion Model (RHEM) as a prediction runoff and erosion as a function of vegetation structure and behavior of different plant community phases and the amount of coverage for the different states in the Aydarly village of Jambul district of Almaty province. US Department of Agriculture experts and Kazakhstani scientists jointly conducted this study, where, based on the results, they received recommendations on improving rangeland. Results suggested that the model could be further improved with additional measured experimental data on infiltration, runoff, and soil erosion within key ecological sites in order to better quantify model parameters to reflect ecosystem changes and risk of crossing interdependent biotic and abiotic thresholds. These additions were further improved and implemented in other regions of Kazakhstan on other projects.

Keywords: RHEM, Kazakhstan, Rangeland, Aydarly, soil erosion, pastureland erosion.

References

Bekturova, G.B., Romanova, O.A., 2007. Information digest: Traditional knowledge in the field of land use in Central Asia. S-Print. Almaty, Kazakhstan. 104 p. [in Russian].

Demirağ Turan İ., Dengiz O., Özkan B. 2019. Spatial assessment and mapping of soil quality index for desertification in the semi-arid terrestrial ecosystem using MCDM in interval type-2 fuzzy environment. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 164; 104933.

FAO, 2010. Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: Sub-sectoral cross- cutting features and issues.  FAO Investment Centre Division, Rome. Italy. 138p. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: http://www.fao.org/3/a-bl168e.pdf

FAOLEX, 2017. State Program for the Development of the Agro-Industrial Complex of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2017-2021. FAOLEX No: LEX-FAOC179522. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]:  http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/kaz179522.pdf

Final Report, 2018. Final report of Kazakhstan on UNCCD project Land Degradation Neutrality. 2018. LDN, Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan, Astana, Kazakhstan. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]:  https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/ldn_targets/2018--1/Kazakhstan%20LDN%20TSP%20Country%20Report.pdf

Hernandez, M., Nearing, M.A., Al-Hamdan, O.Z., Pierson, F.B., Armendariz, G., Weltz, M.A., Spaeth, K.E, Williams, C.J., Nouwakpo, S.K., Goodrich, D.C., Unkrich, C.L., Nichols, M.H., Collins, C.D.H., 2017. The Rangeland Hydrology and Erosion Model: A dynamic approach for predicting soil loss on rangelands. Water Resources Research 53(11): 9368-9391.

Herrick, J.E., Van Zee, J.W., Havstad, K.M., Burkett, L.M., Whitford, W.G. 2009. Monitoring Manual for Grassland, Shrubland and Savanna Ecosystems. Volume II: Design, supplementary methods and interpretation. USDA-ARS Jornada Experimental Range, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA. 200p. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/files/Volume_II.pdf

Herrick, J.E., Van Zee, J.W., McCord, S.E., Courtright, E.M., Karl, J.W., Burkett, L.M., 2017. Monitoring manual for grassland shrubland, and savanna ecosystems. Volume I: Core Methods. USDA-ARS Jornada Experimental Range, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA. 77p. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://jornada.nmsu.edu/files/Core_Methods.pdf

Kerven, C., Shanbayev, K., Alimaev, A., Smailov, K., 2008. Livestock Mobility and Degradation in Kazakhstan’s Semi-Arid Rangelands. In: The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of Desertification in Central Asia. Behnke, R. (Ed.). NATO Science for Peace and Security Series. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. pp. 113–140.

Nearing, M.A., Hairsine, P.B., 2011a. The future of soil erosion modelling, In: Handbook of erosion modelling. Morgan, R.P.C, Nearing, M.A. (Eds.), Blackwell Publishing Ltd.  Chichester, UK. pp. 387-397.

Nearing, M.A., Wei, H., Stone, J.J., Pierson, F.B., Spaeth, K.E., Weltz, M.A., Flanagan, D.C., Hernandez, M. 2011b. A rangeland hydrology and erosion model. Transactions of the ASAE 54(3): 901–908.

PF, 2007. Local communities in the fight against pastural degradation. UNDP/GM. SGP/GEF. PF "Farmer of Kazakhstan". [in Russian].

Shimyrbaeva, G., 2013. Stop pasture degradation. Kazakhstanskaya Pravda, Almaty. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://www.kazpravda.kz/news/ekonomika/ostanovit-degradatsiu-pastbishch

Strategic Measures, 2015. Strategic measures to combat desertification in the Republic of Kazakhstan till 2025. Astana, Kazakhstan. 93p. [in Russian]. Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://www.undp.org/content/dam/kazakhstan/docs/research-and-publications/New_Vestka_part_1.pdf

UNCCD, 1994. 10. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa. Paris, Available at [access date : 11.08.2019]: https://treaties.un.org/doc/Treaties/1996/12/19961226%2001-46%20PM/Ch_XXVII_10p.pdf



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science