Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 8, Issue 4, Sep 2019, Pages 313 - 320
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.589439
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.589439
Copyright © 2019 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment on growth and yield of Telfairia occidentalis

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Ekanem,N., Akpheokhai,L., 2019. Neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment on growth and yield of Telfairia occidentalis. Eurasian J Soil Sci 8(4):313 - 320. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.589439
Ekanem,N.,,& Akpheokhai,L. Neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment on growth and yield of Telfairia occidentalis Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 8(4):313 - 320. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.589439
Ekanem,N.,, and ,Akpheokhai,L."Neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment on growth and yield of Telfairia occidentalis" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 8.4 (2019):313 - 320. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.589439
Ekanem,N.,, and ,Akpheokhai,L. "Neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment on growth and yield of Telfairia occidentalis" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,8(Sep 2019):313 - 320 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.589439
N,Ekanem.L,Akpheokhai "Neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment on growth and yield of Telfairia occidentalis" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.8, no.4, pp.313 - 320 (Sep 2019), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.589439
Ekanem,Norah Godwin ;Akpheokhai,Leonard Itsede Neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment on growth and yield of Telfairia occidentalis. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2019),8.4:313 - 320. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.589439

How to cite

Ekanem, N., Akpheokhai, L., 2019. Neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment on growth and yield of Telfairia occidentalis. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 8(4): 313 - 320. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.589439

Author information

Norah Godwin Ekanem , Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Uyo, Nigeria
Leonard Itsede Akpheokhai , Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Uyo, Nigeria

Publication information

Article first published online : 09 Jul 2019
Manuscript Accepted : 07 Jul 2019
Manuscript Received: 31 Oct 2018
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.589439
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.589439

Abstract

Telfairia occidentalis is a widely used leafy and seed vegetable in West Africa and adequate soil fertility management is essential for its higher productivity. Field experiments were conducted on neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment to assess the growth and yields of Telfairia occidentalis between 2013 and 2014 cropping seasons. The experiment was laid out in a randomised complete block design with four replications to include 5 t ha-1 of neem leaf manure (NLM), 5 t ha-1 of poultry manure (PM), 2.5 t ha-1 of neem leaf manure plus 2.5 t ha-1 of poultry manure (NLM+PM) and control. Data collected on vegetative and yield related components were subjected to analysis of variance at p

Keywords

Fluted pumpkin, organic source, growth characters, yield components.

Corresponding author

References

Agbede, O.O., 2015. Assessment, development and conservation of soil fertility: Key to national food security, 1st Public Lecture organized by Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria. 50p. Available at [Access date: 31.10.2018]: https://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/497

Agyarko, K., Rwakye, P., Bonsu, M,, Osei, B., Frimpong, K., 2006. The effect of organic soil amendments on root-knot nematodes, soil nutrients and growth of carrot. Journal of Agronomy 5(4): 641-646.

Akoroda, M.O., 1986. Seed dessication and recalcitrance in Telfairia occidentalis. Seed Science Technology 14: 327-332.

Akoroda, M.O., 1990. Ethnobotany of Telfairia occidentalis (cucurbitaceae) among Igbos of Nigeria.  Economic Botany 44(1): 29-39.

Akoroda, M.O., 1993. Non-destructive estimation of area and variation in shape of leaf lamina in the fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis). Scientia Horticulturae 53(3): 261-267.

AOAC, 2016. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) International. Official methods of analysis. 20th Edition, Washington DC. USA.

Arisah, H.M., Gad, A.A., Younes, S.E., 2003. Responses of some pepper cultivar to organic and mineral nitrogen fertilizer under sandy soil condition. Zag-Zag Journal of Agriculture Resources 30:1675-1699.

Awodun, M.A., 2007. Effect of poultry manure on growth, yield and nutrient content of fluted pumpkin (Telfairai occidentalis Hook F.) Asian Journal of Agricultural Research 1(2): 67-73.

Axtell, B., 1992.  Minor oil crops. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)Agriculture Service Bulletin No. 94, Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 31.10.2018]: http://www.fao.org/3/X5043E/x5043E00.htm#Contents

Baruah, R., Haridev, T., Talukdar, N.C., 1999. Soil chemical properties as influenced by the application of fertilizers and farm yard manure (FYM). International Journal of Tropical Agriculture 17:153-158

Bouyoucos, G.J., 1962. Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analyses of soils. Agronomy Journal 54(5): 464-465.

Dahiphale, A.V., Giri, D.G., Thakre, G.V., Gin, M.D., 2003. Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield and yield contributing parameters of the scented rice. Annal Plant Physiology 17:24-26.

de Souza, D.M., de Oliveira Morais, P.A., Matsushige, I., Rosa, L.A., 2016. Development of alternative methods for determining soil organic matter.  Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Vol.40.

FAO, 1999., 1999. Guidelines for the production, processing, labelling and marketing of organically produced foods. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 31.10.2018]:  http://www.fao.org/organicag/doc/glorganicfinal.pdf

Gomez, K.A., Gomez, A.A., 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd edition.  John Wiley and Sons, New York. USA. 704p.

Idem, N.U.A., Ikeh, A.O., Asikpo, N.S., Udoh, E.I., 2012. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer on growth and yield of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis, Hook F.) in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research 12(2):74-84.

Ikpe, F.N., Powel, J.M., 2002. Nutrient cycling practices and changes in soil properties in the crop-livestock farming systems of western Niger Republic of West Africa.  Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 62(1): 37-45.

Jackson, M.L., 1967. Soil chemical analysis. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall Inc. New York. 

Lokanadhan, S., Muthukrishnam, P., Jeyaraman, S., 2012. Neem products and their agricultural applications. Journal of Biopesticides 5: 72-76.

Lombin, L.G., Adepetu, J.A., Ayolade, A.K., 1991. Organic fertilizer in the Nigerian agriculture, present and future, F.P.D.D Abuja, pp. 146-162.

Longe, O.G., Faniru, G.O., Fetuga, B.L., 1983. Nutritional value of the fluted pumpkin (Telfaria occidentalis). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 31(5): 989-992.

McLean, E.O., 1965.  Aluminium  In:  Method of soil analysis Part 2 Chemical and microbiological properties. Black, C.A., Evans, D.E., White, J.L., Ensminger, L.E. and Clark, F.E. (Eds.). Agronomy No. 9, American Society of Agronomy, Madison Wisconsin, USA. p. 927-932. 

Moyin-Jesu, E.I., Atoyosoye, B., 2002. Utilisation of agricultural wastes for the growth, leaf and soil chemistry composition of cocoa seedlings in the nursery. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 25(1): 53-62.

Moyin-Jesu, E.I., Micah, O., Akinola, M.O., 2012. Comparative evaluation of modified neem leaf and wood ash extracts on soil fertility status growth and fruit yields of tomato (Lycopersicon esulentum L). Global Journal of Bio-science and Biotechnology 1(2):271-276.

Ogbonna, P.E., 2008. Effects of combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizer on fruits yield of eggplant (Solanum melongena). 42nd Annual Conference in Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN). 19-23 October 2008, Abakaliki, Nigeria. Book of Proceedings, pp.236-250.

Olasantan, F.O., 1994.  Fertilizer use in vegetable production in Nigeria. Outlook Agriculture 23(3): 213-222.

Orluchukwu, J.A., Ossom, E.M., 1988. Effect of management practice on weed infestation, yield and nutrient concentration of the fluted pumpkin, Telfairia occidentalis Hook.  Tropical Agriculture 65(4):317-320.

Oyekunle, O.J., Abosede, O.T., 2012. Growth, yield and nutritional compositions of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) as affected by fertilizer types on Ogbomoso, South West Nigeria. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 1(9):81-88.

SAS, 2002. SAS Institute, SAS User’s Guide: Statistics, version 9.1e SAS Institute, Cary. NC. USA.

Schipper, R.R., 2000. African indigenous vegetables: an overview of the cultivated species. National Resources International Limited, Aylesford, United Kingdom. 214p

Sharma, M., Pandey, C.S., Mahapatra, B.S., 2008. Effect of biofertilizers on yield on nutrient uptake by rice and wheat in rice-wheat cropping system under organic mode of cultivation. Journal of Eco-Friendly Agriculture 3(1):19-23.

Singh, A., Singh, R.D., Awasthi, R.P., 1996. Organic and inorganic sources of fertilizers for sustained productivity in rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) sequences on humid hilly soils of Sikkim. Indian Journal of Agronomy 41: 191-194.

Srinivasan, R., Rao, K.J., Sailaja, V., Kalaivanan, D., 2014.  Influence of organic manures and fertilizers on nutrient uptake, yield and quality in cabbage-baby corn cropping sequence. Journal of Horticultural Sciences (1):48-54.

Syers, J.K., Williams, J.D.H., Walker, T.W., 2012. The determination of total phosphorus in soils and parent materials.  New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 11(4): 757-762.

Udoh, D.J., Ndon, B.A., Asuquo, P.E., Ndaeyo, N.U., 2005. Crop production techniques for the tropics.  Concept Publication Ltd., Lagos, Nigeria. 464p.

Uwa, O., 2013. The Impact of organic and inorganic manure on the cultivation of pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima). IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 8(1):18-20.

UCCDA, 1998. Uyo Capital City Development Authority (UCCDA), Yearly Report of Uyo Capital City: Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. pp.24-26.

Vethanayagam, S.M., Rajendran, S.M., 2010. Bioefficacy of neem insecticidal soap (NIS) on the disease incidence of bhendi, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench under field conditions.  Journal of Biopesticides 3(1): 246-249.

Vimala, P., Illias, M.K., Sabbiah, H., 2006. Effect of rates of organic fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient content of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) grown under shelter. International Symposium on Greenhouses, Environmental Controls and In-house Mechanization for Crop Production in the Tropics and Sub-Tropics - ISHS Acta Horticulturae 710: 391-397.

Abstract

Telfairia occidentalis is a widely used leafy and seed vegetable in West Africa and adequate soil fertility management is essential for its higher productivity.  Field experiments were conducted on neem leaf and poultry manures soil amendment to assess the growth and yields of Telfairia occidentalis between 2013 and 2014 cropping seasons.  The experiment was laid out in a randomised complete block design with four replications to include 5 t ha-1 of neem leaf manure (NLM), 5 t ha-1 of poultry manure (PM), 2.5 t ha-1 of neem leaf manure plus 2.5 t ha-1 of poultry manure (NLM+PM) and control.  Data collected on vegetative and yield related components were subjected to analysis of variance at p<0.05 significance level.  The results showed that number of leaves, vine length, leaf area and number of branches increased significantly (p<0.05) in plants treated with NLM, PM and NLM+PM from 2-5 months after planting (MAP) compared to control. At five MAP, NLM+PM significantly (p<0.05) produced more leaves (52.5; 56.4), longer vines (473.0; 488.4cm), more branches (14.6; 16.3) compared to sole treatment and control.  In addition, foliar yield (4.29; 4.94 t ha‑1), number of pods/plant (3.09; 4.11), length of pods (72.80; 81.60cm), number of seeds/pod (87.62; 89.51), seeds yield (61.60; 62.54 t ha-1) and pod yield (49.85; 50.15 t ha-1) produced were higher in plants treated with combined manures in the two cropping seasons. The applied combined manures (neem leaf and poultry) could be exploited for soil improvement and sustainable yield increase of Telfairia occidentalis production.

Keywords: Fluted pumpkin, organic source, growth characters, yield components. 

References

Agbede, O.O., 2015. Assessment, development and conservation of soil fertility: Key to national food security, 1st Public Lecture organized by Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria. 50p. Available at [Access date: 31.10.2018]: https://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/497

Agyarko, K., Rwakye, P., Bonsu, M,, Osei, B., Frimpong, K., 2006. The effect of organic soil amendments on root-knot nematodes, soil nutrients and growth of carrot. Journal of Agronomy 5(4): 641-646.

Akoroda, M.O., 1986. Seed dessication and recalcitrance in Telfairia occidentalis. Seed Science Technology 14: 327-332.

Akoroda, M.O., 1990. Ethnobotany of Telfairia occidentalis (cucurbitaceae) among Igbos of Nigeria.  Economic Botany 44(1): 29-39.

Akoroda, M.O., 1993. Non-destructive estimation of area and variation in shape of leaf lamina in the fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis). Scientia Horticulturae 53(3): 261-267.

AOAC, 2016. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) International. Official methods of analysis. 20th Edition, Washington DC. USA.

Arisah, H.M., Gad, A.A., Younes, S.E., 2003. Responses of some pepper cultivar to organic and mineral nitrogen fertilizer under sandy soil condition. Zag-Zag Journal of Agriculture Resources 30:1675-1699.

Awodun, M.A., 2007. Effect of poultry manure on growth, yield and nutrient content of fluted pumpkin (Telfairai occidentalis Hook F.) Asian Journal of Agricultural Research 1(2): 67-73.

Axtell, B., 1992.  Minor oil crops. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)Agriculture Service Bulletin No. 94, Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 31.10.2018]: http://www.fao.org/3/X5043E/x5043E00.htm#Contents

Baruah, R., Haridev, T., Talukdar, N.C., 1999. Soil chemical properties as influenced by the application of fertilizers and farm yard manure (FYM). International Journal of Tropical Agriculture 17:153-158

Bouyoucos, G.J., 1962. Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analyses of soils. Agronomy Journal 54(5): 464-465.

Dahiphale, A.V., Giri, D.G., Thakre, G.V., Gin, M.D., 2003. Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield and yield contributing parameters of the scented rice. Annal Plant Physiology 17:24-26.

de Souza, D.M., de Oliveira Morais, P.A., Matsushige, I., Rosa, L.A., 2016. Development of alternative methods for determining soil organic matter.  Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Vol.40.

FAO, 1999., 1999. Guidelines for the production, processing, labelling and marketing of organically produced foods. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 31.10.2018]:  http://www.fao.org/organicag/doc/glorganicfinal.pdf

Gomez, K.A., Gomez, A.A., 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd edition.  John Wiley and Sons, New York. USA. 704p.

Idem, N.U.A., Ikeh, A.O., Asikpo, N.S., Udoh, E.I., 2012. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer on growth and yield of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis, Hook F.) in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research 12(2):74-84.

Ikpe, F.N., Powel, J.M., 2002. Nutrient cycling practices and changes in soil properties in the crop-livestock farming systems of western Niger Republic of West Africa.  Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 62(1): 37-45.

Jackson, M.L., 1967. Soil chemical analysis. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall Inc. New York. 

Lokanadhan, S., Muthukrishnam, P., Jeyaraman, S., 2012. Neem products and their agricultural applications. Journal of Biopesticides 5: 72-76.

Lombin, L.G., Adepetu, J.A., Ayolade, A.K., 1991. Organic fertilizer in the Nigerian agriculture, present and future, F.P.D.D Abuja, pp. 146-162.

Longe, O.G., Faniru, G.O., Fetuga, B.L., 1983. Nutritional value of the fluted pumpkin (Telfaria occidentalis). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 31(5): 989-992.

McLean, E.O., 1965.  Aluminium  In:  Method of soil analysis Part 2 Chemical and microbiological properties. Black, C.A., Evans, D.E., White, J.L., Ensminger, L.E. and Clark, F.E. (Eds.). Agronomy No. 9, American Society of Agronomy, Madison Wisconsin, USA. p. 927-932. 

Moyin-Jesu, E.I., Atoyosoye, B., 2002. Utilisation of agricultural wastes for the growth, leaf and soil chemistry composition of cocoa seedlings in the nursery. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 25(1): 53-62.

Moyin-Jesu, E.I., Micah, O., Akinola, M.O., 2012. Comparative evaluation of modified neem leaf and wood ash extracts on soil fertility status growth and fruit yields of tomato (Lycopersicon esulentum L). Global Journal of Bio-science and Biotechnology 1(2):271-276.

Ogbonna, P.E., 2008. Effects of combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizer on fruits yield of eggplant (Solanum melongena). 42nd Annual Conference in Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN). 19-23 October 2008, Abakaliki, Nigeria. Book of Proceedings, pp.236-250.

Olasantan, F.O., 1994.  Fertilizer use in vegetable production in Nigeria. Outlook Agriculture 23(3): 213-222.

Orluchukwu, J.A., Ossom, E.M., 1988. Effect of management practice on weed infestation, yield and nutrient concentration of the fluted pumpkin, Telfairia occidentalis Hook.  Tropical Agriculture 65(4):317-320.

Oyekunle, O.J., Abosede, O.T., 2012. Growth, yield and nutritional compositions of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) as affected by fertilizer types on Ogbomoso, South West Nigeria. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 1(9):81-88.

SAS, 2002. SAS Institute, SAS User’s Guide: Statistics, version 9.1e SAS Institute, Cary. NC. USA.

Schipper, R.R., 2000. African indigenous vegetables: an overview of the cultivated species. National Resources International Limited, Aylesford, United Kingdom. 214p

Sharma, M., Pandey, C.S., Mahapatra, B.S., 2008. Effect of biofertilizers on yield on nutrient uptake by rice and wheat in rice-wheat cropping system under organic mode of cultivation. Journal of Eco-Friendly Agriculture 3(1):19-23.

Singh, A., Singh, R.D., Awasthi, R.P., 1996. Organic and inorganic sources of fertilizers for sustained productivity in rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) sequences on humid hilly soils of Sikkim. Indian Journal of Agronomy 41: 191-194.

Srinivasan, R., Rao, K.J., Sailaja, V., Kalaivanan, D., 2014.  Influence of organic manures and fertilizers on nutrient uptake, yield and quality in cabbage-baby corn cropping sequence. Journal of Horticultural Sciences (1):48-54.

Syers, J.K., Williams, J.D.H., Walker, T.W., 2012. The determination of total phosphorus in soils and parent materials.  New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 11(4): 757-762.

Udoh, D.J., Ndon, B.A., Asuquo, P.E., Ndaeyo, N.U., 2005. Crop production techniques for the tropics.  Concept Publication Ltd., Lagos, Nigeria. 464p.

Uwa, O., 2013. The Impact of organic and inorganic manure on the cultivation of pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima). IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 8(1):18-20.

UCCDA, 1998. Uyo Capital City Development Authority (UCCDA), Yearly Report of Uyo Capital City: Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. pp.24-26.

Vethanayagam, S.M., Rajendran, S.M., 2010. Bioefficacy of neem insecticidal soap (NIS) on the disease incidence of bhendi, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench under field conditions.  Journal of Biopesticides 3(1): 246-249.

Vimala, P., Illias, M.K., Sabbiah, H., 2006. Effect of rates of organic fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient content of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) grown under shelter. International Symposium on Greenhouses, Environmental Controls and In-house Mechanization for Crop Production in the Tropics and Sub-Tropics - ISHS Acta Horticulturae 710: 391-397.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science