Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 8, Issue 3, Jun 2019, Pages 229-236
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.566537
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.566537
Copyright © 2019 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Wheat growth and nitrogen use efficiency under drip irrigation on semi-arid region

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Awaad,M., Deshesh,T., 2019. Wheat growth and nitrogen use efficiency under drip irrigation on semi-arid region. Eurasian J Soil Sci 8(3):229-236. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.566537
Awaad,M.,,& Deshesh,T. Wheat growth and nitrogen use efficiency under drip irrigation on semi-arid region Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 8(3):229-236. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.566537
Awaad,M.,, and ,Deshesh,T."Wheat growth and nitrogen use efficiency under drip irrigation on semi-arid region" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 8.3 (2019):229-236. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.566537
Awaad,M.,, and ,Deshesh,T. "Wheat growth and nitrogen use efficiency under drip irrigation on semi-arid region" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,8(Jun 2019):229-236 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.566537
M,Awaad.T,Deshesh "Wheat growth and nitrogen use efficiency under drip irrigation on semi-arid region" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.8, no.3, pp.229-236 (Jun 2019), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.566537
Awaad,Mohamed Said ;Deshesh,Tarek H.M.A. Wheat growth and nitrogen use efficiency under drip irrigation on semi-arid region. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2019),8.3:229-236. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.566537

How to cite

Awaad, M., Deshesh, T., 2019. Wheat growth and nitrogen use efficiency under drip irrigation on semi-arid region. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 8(3): 229-236. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.566537

Author information

Mohamed Said Awaad , Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute (SWERI), Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt Giza, Egypt
Tarek H.M.A. Deshesh , Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute (SWERI), Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt

Publication information

Article first published online : 16 May 2019
Manuscript Accepted : 05 May 2019
Manuscript Received: 01 Oct 2018
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.566537
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.566537

Abstract

Irrigation water is limiting factor for crop production in arid and semi-arid regions. Modern irrigation system such as drip irrigation are widely used in Egypt and also used in other countries especially have limited irrigation water resources. Drip irrigation provides the efficient use of limited water resources with increasing water productivity (WP). Application of nitrogen to wheat is needed to ensure the N availability throughout the growing season due to its important role in promoting both vegetative and reproductive growth. A field experiment was carried out during growing season of 2017/2018 at a private farm located at a newly reclaimed sandy soil at El-Sadat district El-Menofiya governorate , Egypt to study the effect of two nitrogen fertilizer types (ordinary and slow release N fertilizers) as urea 46.5%N and urea formaldehyde (38%N) with four application rates i.e., 0, 40, 60 and 100 kg N fed-1 (1 feddan=4200 m2) combined with drip irrigation moisture depletion from filed capacity (FC) (I1=100% of FC) and (I2=50% of FC) on wheat crop. The results showed that application of water depletion at (I1) through drip irrigation along with 100 kg N fed-1, from two sources of nitrogen recorded the highest yield of straw and grain and the nitrogen content as well as nitrogen use efficiency compared with the other rate and levels of nitrogen and irrigation, respectively. Also, water productivity increased with irrigation I1 FC and nitrogen levels and reached the highest values at 100 kg N fed-1 as fertigated urea compared with urea formaldehyde as slow release fertilizer.

Keywords

Wheat, drip irrigation, nitrogen fertilization, urea formaldehyde, Nitrogen use efficiency, water pr

Corresponding author

References

Alam, M., Trooien, T., Stone, S., Rogers, D., 2018.  Subsurface drip irrigation for Alfalfa. K-State Research and Extension, Irrigation Management Series. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, USA.  Available at [Access date: 01.10.2018]: https://itc.tamu.edu/files/2018/05/MF2867.pdf

Amal, G.A., Zaki, N.M., Hassanein, M.S., 2007. Response of grain sorghum to different nitrogen sources. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 3(6): 1002-1008.

Chikowo, R., Mapfumo, P., Nyamugafata,  P., Giller, K.E., 2004. Mineral N dynamics, leaching and nitrous oxide losses under maize following two-year improved fallows on a sandy loam soil in Zimbabwe. Plant and Soil 259(1-2): 315-330.

Dewis. J., Freitas, F., 1970. Physical and chemical methods of soil and water analysis. FAO Soils Bulletin No.10, Rome, Italy. 275p.

El-Boraie, F.M., 2004. Modeling of water requirement for Egyptian and Sudanese pearl millet. PhD Thesis.  Institute of African Research and Studies, Natural Resources, Cairo University, Egypt.

El-Rahman, G.A., 2009. Water use efficiency of wheat under drip ırrigation systems at Al-Maghara Area, North Sinai, Egypt. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science 5(5): 664-670

Guo, S., Zhou, Y., Shen, Q., Zhang, F., 2007. Effect of ammonium and nitrate nutrition on some physiological processes in higher plants ‐ growth, photosynthesis, photorespiration, and water relations. Plant Biology 9(1): 21-29.

Hamdallah, G.M., Devi Prasad, J., Al-Hendi, A.A., 1988. Crop response to sulfur-coated urea (SCU) and other N-carriers in sandy soils of Saudi Arabia. Fertilizer Research 15(1): 47-54.

Hanafi, M.M., Eltaib, S.M., Ahmed, M.B., Omer,  S.R.S., 2002. Evaluation of controlled-release compound fertilizers in soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 33(7-8): 1139-1156.

Huggins, D.R., Pan, W.L.,  1993. Nitrogen efficiency component analysis: An evaluation of cropping system differences in productivity. Agronomy Journal 85(4): 898-905.  

Hussain, G., Al-Jaloud, A.A., 1995. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on water use efficiency of wheat in Saudi Arabia. Agricultural Water Management 27(2): 143–153.

Klute, A.A., 1986. Methods of soil analysis. Part 1 & 2. American Society of Agronomy & Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin USA.

Koivunen, M.E., Horwath, W.R., 2005. Methylene urea as a slow-release nitrogen source for processing tomatoes. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 71(2): 177-190.

Lawlor, D.W., 1995. The effects of water deficit on photosynthesis. In: Environment and Plant Metabolism. Smirnoff, N. (Ed.). Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, pp. 129–160.

Paramasivam, S., Alva, A.K., 1997. Nitrogen recovery from controlled-release fertilizers under intermittent leaching and dry cycles. Soil Science 162(6): 447-453.

Rajaram, S., Braun, H.J.,  van Ginkel, M., 1996. CIMMYT's approach to breed for drought tolerance. Euphytica 92(1-2): 147-153.

Viswanatha, G.B. , Ramachandrappa, B.K., Nanjappa, H.V., 2002. Soil–plant water status and yield of sweet corn (Zea mays L. cv. Saccharata) as influenced by drip irrigation and planting methods. Agricultural Water Management 55(2): 85-91.

Waddell, J.T.,  Gupta, S.C., Moncrief, J.F., Rosen, C.J.,  Steele, D.D., 2000. Irrigation and nitrogen-management impacts on nitrate leaching under potato. Journal of Environmental Quality 29(1): 251-261.

Wen, G.T., Mori, T., Yamamoto,  J., Chikushi, J., Inoue, M.,  2001. Nitrogen recovery of coated fertilizers and influence on peanut seed quality for peanut plants grown in sandy soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32(19-20): 3121-3140.

Zeidan, M.S., El Kramany, M.F., 2005. Effect of organic manure and slow – release N fertilizers on the productivity of wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) in sandy soil. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 49(4): 379-385.

Zvomuya, F., Rosen, C.J., Russelle, M.P., Gupta, S.C., 2003. Nitrate leaching and nitrogen recovery following application of polyolefin-coated urea to potato. Journal of Environmental Quality 32(2): 480-489.

Abstract

Irrigation water is limiting factor for crop production in arid and semi-arid regions. Modern irrigation system such as drip irrigation are widely used in Egypt and also used in other countries especially have limited irrigation water resources.  Drip irrigation provides the efficient use of limited water resources with increasing water productivity (WP). Application of nitrogen to wheat is needed to ensure the N availability throughout the growing season due to its important role in promoting both vegetative and reproductive growth. A field experiment was carried out during growing season of 2017/2018 at a private farm located at a newly reclaimed sandy soil at El-Sadat district El-Menofiya governorate , Egypt to study the effect of  two nitrogen fertilizer types (ordinary and slow release N fertilizers) as urea 46.5%N  and urea formaldehyde (38%N) with four application rates i.e., 0, 40, 60 and 100 kg N fed-1 (1 feddan=4200 m2) combined with drip irrigation moisture depletion from filed capacity (FC) (I1=100% of FC) and (I2=50% of FC) on wheat crop. The results showed that application of water  depletion at (I1) through drip irrigation along with 100 kg N fed-1, from two sources of nitrogen recorded the highest yield of straw and grain and the nitrogen content as well as nitrogen use efficiency compared with the other rate and levels of nitrogen and irrigation, respectively. Also, water productivity increased with irrigation I1 FC and nitrogen levels and reached the highest values at 100 kg N fed-1 as fertigated urea compared with urea formaldehyde as slow release fertilizer.

Keywords: Wheat, drip irrigation, nitrogen fertilization, urea formaldehyde, Nitrogen use efficiency, water productivity.

References

Alam, M., Trooien, T., Stone, S., Rogers, D., 2018.  Subsurface drip irrigation for Alfalfa. K-State Research and Extension, Irrigation Management Series. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, USA.  Available at [Access date: 01.10.2018]: https://itc.tamu.edu/files/2018/05/MF2867.pdf

Amal, G.A., Zaki, N.M., Hassanein, M.S., 2007. Response of grain sorghum to different nitrogen sources. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 3(6): 1002-1008.

Chikowo, R., Mapfumo, P., Nyamugafata,  P., Giller, K.E., 2004. Mineral N dynamics, leaching and nitrous oxide losses under maize following two-year improved fallows on a sandy loam soil in Zimbabwe. Plant and Soil 259(1-2): 315-330.

Dewis. J., Freitas, F., 1970. Physical and chemical methods of soil and water analysis. FAO Soils Bulletin No.10, Rome, Italy. 275p.

El-Boraie, F.M., 2004. Modeling of water requirement for Egyptian and Sudanese pearl millet. PhD Thesis.  Institute of African Research and Studies, Natural Resources, Cairo University, Egypt.

El-Rahman, G.A., 2009. Water use efficiency of wheat under drip ırrigation systems at Al-Maghara Area, North Sinai, Egypt. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science 5(5): 664-670

Guo, S., Zhou, Y., Shen, Q., Zhang, F., 2007. Effect of ammonium and nitrate nutrition on some physiological processes in higher plants ‐ growth, photosynthesis, photorespiration, and water relations. Plant Biology 9(1): 21-29.

Hamdallah, G.M., Devi Prasad, J., Al-Hendi, A.A., 1988. Crop response to sulfur-coated urea (SCU) and other N-carriers in sandy soils of Saudi Arabia. Fertilizer Research 15(1): 47-54.

Hanafi, M.M., Eltaib, S.M., Ahmed, M.B., Omer,  S.R.S., 2002. Evaluation of controlled-release compound fertilizers in soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 33(7-8): 1139-1156.

Huggins, D.R., Pan, W.L.,  1993. Nitrogen efficiency component analysis: An evaluation of cropping system differences in productivity. Agronomy Journal 85(4): 898-905.  

Hussain, G., Al-Jaloud, A.A., 1995. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on water use efficiency of wheat in Saudi Arabia. Agricultural Water Management 27(2): 143–153.

Klute, A.A., 1986. Methods of soil analysis. Part 1 & 2. American Society of Agronomy & Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin USA.

Koivunen, M.E., Horwath, W.R., 2005. Methylene urea as a slow-release nitrogen source for processing tomatoes. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 71(2): 177-190.

Lawlor, D.W., 1995. The effects of water deficit on photosynthesis. In: Environment and Plant Metabolism. Smirnoff, N. (Ed.). Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, pp. 129–160.

Paramasivam, S., Alva, A.K., 1997. Nitrogen recovery from controlled-release fertilizers under intermittent leaching and dry cycles. Soil Science 162(6): 447-453.

Rajaram, S., Braun, H.J.,  van Ginkel, M., 1996. CIMMYT's approach to breed for drought tolerance. Euphytica 92(1-2): 147-153.

Viswanatha, G.B. , Ramachandrappa, B.K., Nanjappa, H.V., 2002. Soil–plant water status and yield of sweet corn (Zea mays L. cv. Saccharata) as influenced by drip irrigation and planting methods. Agricultural Water Management 55(2): 85-91.

Waddell, J.T.,  Gupta, S.C., Moncrief, J.F., Rosen, C.J.,  Steele, D.D., 2000. Irrigation and nitrogen-management impacts on nitrate leaching under potato. Journal of Environmental Quality 29(1): 251-261.

Wen, G.T., Mori, T., Yamamoto,  J., Chikushi, J., Inoue, M.,  2001. Nitrogen recovery of coated fertilizers and influence on peanut seed quality for peanut plants grown in sandy soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32(19-20): 3121-3140.

Zeidan, M.S., El Kramany, M.F., 2005. Effect of organic manure and slow – release N fertilizers on the productivity of wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) in sandy soil. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 49(4): 379-385.

Zvomuya, F., Rosen, C.J., Russelle, M.P., Gupta, S.C., 2003. Nitrate leaching and nitrogen recovery following application of polyolefin-coated urea to potato. Journal of Environmental Quality 32(2): 480-489.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science