Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 8, Issue 1, Jan 2019, Pages 35 - 43
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.486582
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.486582
Copyright © 2019 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Spatial variability of soil organic carbon density under different land covers and soil types in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem

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Dengiz,O., Saygın,F., İmamoğlu,A., 2019. Spatial variability of soil organic carbon density under different land covers and soil types in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem. Eurasian J Soil Sci 8(1):35 - 43. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.486582
Dengiz,O.,Saygın,F.,& İmamoğlu,A. Spatial variability of soil organic carbon density under different land covers and soil types in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 8(1):35 - 43. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.486582
Dengiz,O.,Saygın,F., and ,İmamoğlu,A."Spatial variability of soil organic carbon density under different land covers and soil types in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 8.1 (2019):35 - 43. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.486582
Dengiz,O.,Saygın,F., and ,İmamoğlu,A. "Spatial variability of soil organic carbon density under different land covers and soil types in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,8(Jan 2019):35 - 43 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.486582
O,Dengiz.F,Saygın.A,İmamoğlu "Spatial variability of soil organic carbon density under different land covers and soil types in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.8, no.1, pp.35 - 43 (Jan 2019), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.486582
Dengiz,Orhan ;Saygın,Fikret ;İmamoğlu,Ali Spatial variability of soil organic carbon density under different land covers and soil types in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2019),8.1:35 - 43. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.486582

How to cite

Dengiz, O., Saygın, F., İmamoğlu, A., 2019. Spatial variability of soil organic carbon density under different land covers and soil types in a sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 8(1): 35 - 43. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.486582

Author information

Orhan Dengiz , Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty ofAgriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Samsun, Turkey Samsun, Turkey
Fikret Saygın , Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Black Sea Agricultural Research Institute, Samsun, Turkey
Ali İmamoğlu , Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, Faculty of Art and Sciences, Department of Geography, Nevşehir, Turkey

Publication information

Article first published online : 22 Nov 2018
Manuscript Accepted : 14 Nov 2018
Manuscript Received: 01 Apr 2018
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.486582
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.486582

Abstract

The main objectives of the current study are i) to estimate SOC in different soil depths and to generate their spatial distribution maps, ii) to assess relationship between variation of different soil types and SOC density, iii) to determine effects of land cover types on SOC in Inebolu Watershed located in sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem. In order to determine land cover types of the study area, aster satellite image was used and five main land cover types that are bare land, sparsely vegetated area, broadleaved forest area, mixed forest area and needleleaved forest area were classified. Results indicated that soil types and land cover were two crucial influencing factors for spatial variation of SOC density. It was determined that SOC density of soil types, Vertic Haplustept (12.93 kg.m-2) was significantly higher than other soil subgroups. In this case, it can be said that main reasons of this result are indicated as soil profile depth and pedological development. In addition, when comparing the two main factors, land cover explained more of the SOC density variability and was the main controlling factor in the surface; in the subsurface, not only land cover types but also some properties of soil types such as texture, genetic horizons, soil depth have an important role on SOC density. On the other hand, it can be conclude that the combination of the soil type and land cover was a dramatically better predictor of SOC density.

Keywords

Land use effect on soil, soil organic carbon, soil classification, soil mapping.

Corresponding author

References

Amundson, R., 2001. The carbon budget in soils. Annual Review of Earth Planetary Science 29: 535–562.

Anonymous, 1999. Soil Survey Staff Soil Taxonomy. A Basic of soil classification for making and interpreting soil survey. USDA Handbook No: 436, Washington D.C. USA.

Anonymous. 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC. Climate Change Synthesis Report, 52 pp.

Başkan, O., Dengiz, O., 2008. Comparison of traditional and geostatistical methods to estimate soil erodibility factor. Arid Land Research and Management 22(1): 29-45.

Batjes, N.H., Sombroek, W.G., 1997. Possibilities for carbon sequestration in tropical and subtropical soils. Global Change Biology 3(2): 161-173.

Blake, G.R., Hartge, K.H., 1986. Bulk density. In: Methods of Soil Analysis Part 1 Physical and Mineralogical Methods. 2nd Edition, Klute, A., (Ed). American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 363-375.

Chaplot, V., Bouahom, B., Valentin, C., 2009. Soil organic carbon stocks in Laos: spatial variations and controlling factors. Global Change Biology 16(4): 1380-1393.

Chiti, T., Gardin, L., Perugini, L., Quaratino,R., Vaccari, F.P., Miglietta, F., Valentini, R., 2011. Soil organic carbon stock assessment for the different cropland land uses in Italy. Biology and Fertility of Soils 48(1): 9-17.

David White II, A., Welty-Bernard, A., Rasmussen, C., Schwartz, E., 2009. Vegetation controls on soil organic carbon dynamics in an arid, hyperthermic ecosystem. Geoderma 150(1-2): 214-223.

Dengiz, O., Sağlam, M., Türkmen, F., 2015. Effects of soil types and land use - land cover on soil organic carbon density at Madendere Basin. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 4(2): 82 – 87.

Detwiler, R.P., 1986. Land use change and the global carbon cycle: the role of tropical soils. Biogeochemistry 2(1): 67-93.

Di, H.J., Kemp, R.A., Trangmar, B.B., 1989. Use of geostatistics in designing sampling strategies for soil survey. Soil Science Society of America Journal 53(4): 1163–1167.

Fang, X., Xue, Z., Li, B., An, S., 2012. Soil organic carbon distribution in relation to land use and its storage in a small watershed of the Loess Plateau, China. Catena 88(1): 6-13.

Grimm, R., Behrens, T., Marker, M., Elsenbeer, A., 2008. Soil organic carbon concentrations and stocks on Barro Colorado Island-digital soil mapping using Random Forests analysis. Geoderma 146(1-2): 102-113.

GS+. 2007. Geostatistics for the Environmental Sciences, Gamma Design Software, Plainwell, MI, USA.

Guggenberger, G., Zech, W., Thomas, R.J., 1995. Lignin and carbohydrate alteration in particle size separates of an Oxisol under tropical pastures following native savanna. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27(12): 1629–1638.

Guo, L., Gifford, R.M., 2002. Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta-analysis. Global Change Biology 8(4): 345-360.

Hani A., Pazira E., Manshouri M., Kafaky S.B., Tali, M.G., 2010. Spatial distribution and mapping of risk elements pollution in agricultural soils of southern Tehran, Iran. Plant Soil Environment 56(6): 288- 296.

Houghton, J., Ding, Y., Griggs, D., Noguer, M., van der Linden, P, Dai, X., Maskell, K., Johnson, C., 2001. The Scientific basis, climate change, Cambridge University, Cambridge, New York, 881p.

Isaaks, H.E., Srivastava, R.M., 1989 An introduction to applied geostatistics. Oxford University Press, N.Y, 10016.

İmamoğlu, A., Dengiz, O., 2016. Determination of soil erosion risk using RUSLE model and soil organic carbon loss in Alaca catchment (Central Black Sea Region, Turkey). Rendiconti Lincei 28(1): 11-23.

Jaiarree, S., Chidthaisong, A., Tangtham, N., Polprasert, C., Sarobol, E., Tyler, S.C., 2011. Soil organic carbon loss and turnover resulting from forest conversion to maize fields in Eastern Thailand. Pedosphere 21(5): 581-590.

Janzen, H.H., 2004.  Carbon cycling in earth systems-a soil science perspective. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 104(3): 399-417.

Khan, S.K., Kar, S., 2017. Surface charge is a function of organic carbon content and mineralogical compositions of soil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 7(1): 59–63.

Kızılkaya, R., Dengiz, O., 2010. Variation of land use and land cover effects on some soil physico-chemical characteristics and soil enzyme activity. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 97(2): 15-24.

Knoepp, J.D., Swank, W.T., 1997. Forest management effects on surface soil carbon and nitrogen. Soil Science Society of America Journal 61(3): 928–935.

Kravchenko, A., Bullock, D.G., 1999. A comparative study of interpolation methods for mapping soil properties. Agronomy Journal 91(3): 393-400.

Leenaers, H., Okx, J.P., Burrough, P.A., 1990. Employing elevation data for efficient mapping of soil pollution on floodplains. Soil Use and Management 6(3): 105-113.

Loganathan, P., Bretherton, M.R., Hedley, M.J., 2007. Effect of soil cultivation and winter pugging on fluorine distribution in soil profiles under pasture following long-term applications of phosphate fertilisers. Australian Journal of Soil Research 45(1): 41-47.

Murty, D., Krischbaum, M.F., McMurtrie, R.E., McGilvray, H., 2002. Does conversion of forest to agricultural land change soil carbon and nitrogen? a review of the literatüre. Global Change Biology 8(2): 105–123.

Nelson, D.W., Sommers, L.E., 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Chemical and Microbiological Properties, A.L. Page, R.H. Miller, D.R. Keeney (Eds.), 2nd Ed. Agronomy Monograph No. 9, ASA-SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp.539–573.

Pastor, J., Post, W.M., 1986. Influence of climate, soil moisture, and succession on forest carbon and nitrogen cycles. Biogeochemistry 2(1): 3–27.

Rhoades, C.C, Eckert, G.E., Coleman, D.C., 2000. Soil carbon differences among forest agriculture and secondary vegetation in lower montane Ecuador. Ecological Applications 10(2): 497-505.

Schjønning, P., Thomsen, I.K, Møberg, J.P, de Jonge, H., Kristensen, K., Christensen, B.T., 1999. Turnover of organic matter in differently textured soils: I. Physical characteristics of structurally disturbed and intact soils. Geoderma 89(3-4): 177–198.

Schlesinger, P., Palmer Winkler, J., 2000. Soils and the global carbon cycle. In: The Carbon Cycle Wigley, T.M.L., Schimel, D.S. (Eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. pp.93–101.

Sevgi, O., Makineci, E., Karagoz, O., 2011. The Forest floor and mineral soil carbon pools of six different forest tree species. Ekoloji 20: 8-14.

Sombroek, W, Nachtergaele, F.O., Hebel, A., 1993. Amounts, dynamics and sequestering of carbon in tropical and subtropical soils. Journal of the Human Environment 22(7): 417–426.

Vasconcelos, R.W., dos Santos Gomes, V.,  de Lucena, D.R., da Silva, O.A., Sousa, A.C., D'Andrea, A.F., 2014. Soil organic matter and soil acidity in Mangrove areas in the river Paraiba Estuary, Cabedelo, Paraiba, Brazil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 3 (3): 157–162.

Yanai, R.D., Currie, W.S., Goodale, C.L., 2003. Soil carbon dynamics after forest harvest: an ecosystem paradigm reconsidered. Ecosystems 6(3): 197–212.

Zhang, M., Zhang, X.K., Liang, W.J., Jiang, Y., Dai, G.H., Wang, X.G., Han, S.J., 2011. Distribution of soil organic carbon fractions along the altitudinal gradient in Changbai Mountain, China. Pedosphere 21(5): 615-620.

Abstract

The main objectives of the current study are i) to estimate SOC in different soil depths and to generate their spatial distribution maps, ii) to assess relationship between variation of different soil types and SOC density, iii) to determine effects of land cover types on SOC in Inebolu Watershed located in sub-humid terrestrial ecosystem. In order to determine land cover types of the study area, aster satellite image was used and five main land cover types that are bare land, sparsely vegetated area, broadleaved forest area, mixed forest area and needleleaved forest area were classified. Results indicated that soil types and land cover were two crucial influencing factors for spatial variation of SOC density. It was determined that SOC density of soil types, Vertic Haplustept (12.93 kg.m-2) was significantly higher than other soil subgroups. In this case, it can be said that main reasons of this result are indicated as soil profile depth and pedological development. In addition, when comparing the two main factors, land cover explained more of the SOC density variability and was the main controlling factor in the surface; in the subsurface, not only land cover types but also some properties of soil types such as texture, genetic horizons, soil depth have an important role on SOC density. On the other hand, it can be conclude that the combination of the soil type and land cover was a dramatically better predictor of SOC density.

Keywords: Land use effect on soil, soil organic carbon, soil classification, soil mapping.

References

Amundson, R., 2001. The carbon budget in soils. Annual Review of Earth Planetary Science 29: 535–562.

Anonymous, 1999. Soil Survey Staff Soil Taxonomy. A Basic of soil classification for making and interpreting soil survey. USDA Handbook No: 436, Washington D.C. USA.

Anonymous. 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC. Climate Change Synthesis Report, 52 pp.

Başkan, O., Dengiz, O., 2008. Comparison of traditional and geostatistical methods to estimate soil erodibility factor. Arid Land Research and Management 22(1): 29-45.

Batjes, N.H., Sombroek, W.G., 1997. Possibilities for carbon sequestration in tropical and subtropical soils. Global Change Biology 3(2): 161-173.

Blake, G.R., Hartge, K.H., 1986. Bulk density. In: Methods of Soil Analysis Part 1 Physical and Mineralogical Methods. 2nd Edition, Klute, A., (Ed). American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 363-375.

Chaplot, V., Bouahom, B., Valentin, C., 2009. Soil organic carbon stocks in Laos: spatial variations and controlling factors. Global Change Biology 16(4): 1380-1393.

Chiti, T., Gardin, L., Perugini, L., Quaratino,R., Vaccari, F.P., Miglietta, F., Valentini, R., 2011. Soil organic carbon stock assessment for the different cropland land uses in Italy. Biology and Fertility of Soils 48(1): 9-17.

David White II, A., Welty-Bernard, A., Rasmussen, C., Schwartz, E., 2009. Vegetation controls on soil organic carbon dynamics in an arid, hyperthermic ecosystem. Geoderma 150(1-2): 214-223.

Dengiz, O., Sağlam, M., Türkmen, F., 2015. Effects of soil types and land use - land cover on soil organic carbon density at Madendere Basin. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 4(2): 82 – 87.

Detwiler, R.P., 1986. Land use change and the global carbon cycle: the role of tropical soils. Biogeochemistry 2(1): 67-93.

Di, H.J., Kemp, R.A., Trangmar, B.B., 1989. Use of geostatistics in designing sampling strategies for soil survey. Soil Science Society of America Journal 53(4): 1163–1167.

Fang, X., Xue, Z., Li, B., An, S., 2012. Soil organic carbon distribution in relation to land use and its storage in a small watershed of the Loess Plateau, China. Catena 88(1): 6-13.

Grimm, R., Behrens, T., Marker, M., Elsenbeer, A., 2008. Soil organic carbon concentrations and stocks on Barro Colorado Island-digital soil mapping using Random Forests analysis. Geoderma 146(1-2): 102-113.

GS+. 2007. Geostatistics for the Environmental Sciences, Gamma Design Software, Plainwell, MI, USA.

Guggenberger, G., Zech, W., Thomas, R.J., 1995. Lignin and carbohydrate alteration in particle size separates of an Oxisol under tropical pastures following native savanna. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27(12): 1629–1638.

Guo, L., Gifford, R.M., 2002. Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta-analysis. Global Change Biology 8(4): 345-360.

Hani A., Pazira E., Manshouri M., Kafaky S.B., Tali, M.G., 2010. Spatial distribution and mapping of risk elements pollution in agricultural soils of southern Tehran, Iran. Plant Soil Environment 56(6): 288- 296.

Houghton, J., Ding, Y., Griggs, D., Noguer, M., van der Linden, P, Dai, X., Maskell, K., Johnson, C., 2001. The Scientific basis, climate change, Cambridge University, Cambridge, New York, 881p.

Isaaks, H.E., Srivastava, R.M., 1989 An introduction to applied geostatistics. Oxford University Press, N.Y, 10016.

İmamoğlu, A., Dengiz, O., 2016. Determination of soil erosion risk using RUSLE model and soil organic carbon loss in Alaca catchment (Central Black Sea Region, Turkey). Rendiconti Lincei 28(1): 11-23.

Jaiarree, S., Chidthaisong, A., Tangtham, N., Polprasert, C., Sarobol, E., Tyler, S.C., 2011. Soil organic carbon loss and turnover resulting from forest conversion to maize fields in Eastern Thailand. Pedosphere 21(5): 581-590.

Janzen, H.H., 2004.  Carbon cycling in earth systems-a soil science perspective. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 104(3): 399-417.

Khan, S.K., Kar, S., 2017. Surface charge is a function of organic carbon content and mineralogical compositions of soil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 7(1): 59–63.

Kızılkaya, R., Dengiz, O., 2010. Variation of land use and land cover effects on some soil physico-chemical characteristics and soil enzyme activity. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 97(2): 15-24.

Knoepp, J.D., Swank, W.T., 1997. Forest management effects on surface soil carbon and nitrogen. Soil Science Society of America Journal 61(3): 928–935.

Kravchenko, A., Bullock, D.G., 1999. A comparative study of interpolation methods for mapping soil properties. Agronomy Journal 91(3): 393-400.

Leenaers, H., Okx, J.P., Burrough, P.A., 1990. Employing elevation data for efficient mapping of soil pollution on floodplains. Soil Use and Management 6(3): 105-113.

Loganathan, P., Bretherton, M.R., Hedley, M.J., 2007. Effect of soil cultivation and winter pugging on fluorine distribution in soil profiles under pasture following long-term applications of phosphate fertilisers. Australian Journal of Soil Research 45(1): 41-47.

Murty, D., Krischbaum, M.F., McMurtrie, R.E., McGilvray, H., 2002. Does conversion of forest to agricultural land change soil carbon and nitrogen? a review of the literatüre. Global Change Biology 8(2): 105–123.

Nelson, D.W., Sommers, L.E., 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Chemical and Microbiological Properties, A.L. Page, R.H. Miller, D.R. Keeney (Eds.), 2nd Ed. Agronomy Monograph No. 9, ASA-SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp.539–573.

Pastor, J., Post, W.M., 1986. Influence of climate, soil moisture, and succession on forest carbon and nitrogen cycles. Biogeochemistry 2(1): 3–27.

Rhoades, C.C, Eckert, G.E., Coleman, D.C., 2000. Soil carbon differences among forest agriculture and secondary vegetation in lower montane Ecuador. Ecological Applications 10(2): 497-505.

Schjønning, P., Thomsen, I.K, Møberg, J.P, de Jonge, H., Kristensen, K., Christensen, B.T., 1999. Turnover of organic matter in differently textured soils: I. Physical characteristics of structurally disturbed and intact soils. Geoderma 89(3-4): 177–198.

Schlesinger, P., Palmer Winkler, J., 2000. Soils and the global carbon cycle. In: The Carbon Cycle Wigley, T.M.L., Schimel, D.S. (Eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. pp.93–101.

Sevgi, O., Makineci, E., Karagoz, O., 2011. The Forest floor and mineral soil carbon pools of six different forest tree species. Ekoloji 20: 8-14.

Sombroek, W, Nachtergaele, F.O., Hebel, A., 1993. Amounts, dynamics and sequestering of carbon in tropical and subtropical soils. Journal of the Human Environment 22(7): 417–426.

Vasconcelos, R.W., dos Santos Gomes, V.,  de Lucena, D.R., da Silva, O.A., Sousa, A.C., D'Andrea, A.F., 2014. Soil organic matter and soil acidity in Mangrove areas in the river Paraiba Estuary, Cabedelo, Paraiba, Brazil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 3 (3): 157–162.

Yanai, R.D., Currie, W.S., Goodale, C.L., 2003. Soil carbon dynamics after forest harvest: an ecosystem paradigm reconsidered. Ecosystems 6(3): 197–212.

Zhang, M., Zhang, X.K., Liang, W.J., Jiang, Y., Dai, G.H., Wang, X.G., Han, S.J., 2011. Distribution of soil organic carbon fractions along the altitudinal gradient in Changbai Mountain, China. Pedosphere 21(5): 615-620.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science