Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 5, Issue 2, Apr 2016, Pages 146 - 154
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154
Copyright © 2016 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Carbon dioxide emission and soil microbial respiration activity of Chernozems under anthropogenic transformation of terrestrial ecosystems

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Ananyeva,N., Rogovaya,S., Ivashchenko,K., Vasenev,V., Sarzhanov,D., Ryzhkov,О., Kudeyarov,V., 2016. Carbon dioxide emission and soil microbial respiration activity of Chernozems under anthropogenic transformation of terrestrial ecosystems. Eurasian J Soil Sci 5(2):146 - 154. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154
Ananyeva,N.,Rogovaya,S.Ivashchenko,K.Vasenev,V.Sarzhanov,D.Ryzhkov,О.,& Kudeyarov,V. Carbon dioxide emission and soil microbial respiration activity of Chernozems under anthropogenic transformation of terrestrial ecosystems Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154
Ananyeva,N.,Rogovaya,S.Ivashchenko,K.Vasenev,V.Sarzhanov,D.Ryzhkov,О., and ,Kudeyarov,V."Carbon dioxide emission and soil microbial respiration activity of Chernozems under anthropogenic transformation of terrestrial ecosystems" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154
Ananyeva,N.,Rogovaya,S.Ivashchenko,K.Vasenev,V.Sarzhanov,D.Ryzhkov,О., and ,Kudeyarov,V. "Carbon dioxide emission and soil microbial respiration activity of Chernozems under anthropogenic transformation of terrestrial ecosystems" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154
ND,Ananyeva.SV,Rogovaya.KV,Ivashchenko.VI,Vasenev.DA,Sarzhanov.ОV,Ryzhkov.VN,Kudeyarov "Carbon dioxide emission and soil microbial respiration activity of Chernozems under anthropogenic transformation of terrestrial ecosystems" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154
Ananyeva,Nadezhda ;Rogovaya,Sofia ;Ivashchenko,Kristina ;Vasenev,Vyacheslav ;Sarzhanov,Dmitriy ;Ryzhkov,Оleg ;Kudeyarov,Valeriy Carbon dioxide emission and soil microbial respiration activity of Chernozems under anthropogenic transformation of terrestrial ecosystems. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154

How to cite

Ananyeva, N., D. Rogovaya, S., V. Ivashchenko, K., V. Vasenev, V., I. Sarzhanov, D., A. Ryzhkov, О., V. Kudeyarov, V., N.2016. Carbon dioxide emission and soil microbial respiration activity of Chernozems under anthropogenic transformation of terrestrial ecosystems. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 5(2): 146 - 154. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154

Author information

Nadezhda Ananyeva , Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow region, Russia
Sofia Rogovaya , Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow region, Russia
Kristina Ivashchenko , Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow region, Russia & Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Agricultural Faculty, Moscow, Russia
Vyacheslav Vasenev , Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Agricultural Faculty, Moscow, Russia
Dmitriy Sarzhanov , Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Moscow, Russia
Оleg Ryzhkov , The Central-Chernozemic State Biosphere Nature Reserve named by Prof. V. Alekhin (CCSBNR), Zapovednoe, Russia
Valeriy Kudeyarov , Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow region, Russia

Publication information

Issue published online: 01 Apr 2016
Article first published online : 16 Dec 2015
Manuscript Accepted : 14 Dec 2015
Manuscript Received: 19 Sep 2015
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.2.146-154

Abstract

The total soil CO2 emission (EM) and portion of microbial respiration were measured (in situ; May, June, July 2015) in Chernozems typical of virgin steppe, oak forest, bare fallow and urban ecosystems (Kursk region, Russia). In soil samples (upper 10 cm layer), the soil microbial biomass carbon (Cmic), basal respiration (BR) and fungi-to-bacteria ratio were determined and the specific microbial respiration (BR / Cmic = qCO2) was calculated. The EM was varied from 2.0 (fallow) to 23.2 (steppe) g СО2 m-2 d-1. The portion of microbial respiration in EM was reached in average 83, 51 and 60% for forest, steppe and urban, respectively. The soil Cmic and BR were decreased along a gradient of ecosystems transformation (by 4 and 2 times less, respectively), while the qCO2 of urban soil was higher (in average by 42%) compared to steppe, forest and fallow. In urban soil the Cmic portion in soil Сorg and Сfungi-to-Сorg ratio were by 2.6 and 2.4 times less than those for steppe. The relationship between microbial respiration and BR values in Chernozems of various ecosystems was significant (R2 = 0.57).

Keywords

Chernozems, CO2 emission, ecosystem land use, microbial biomass, microbial respiration

Corresponding author

References

Ananyeva, N.D., Susyan, E.A., Chernova, O.V., Wirth, S., 2008. Microbial respiration activities of soils from different climatic regions of European Russia. European Journal of Soil Biology 44(2): 147-157.

Ananyeva, N.D., Susyan, E.A., Gavrilenko, E.G., 2011. Determination of the soil microbial biomass carbon using the method of substrate-induced respiration. Eurasian Soil Science 44(11): 1215-1221.

Ananyeva, N.D., Castaldi, S., Stolnikova, E.V., Kudeyarov, V.N., Valentini, R., 2014. Fungi-to-bacteria ratio in soils of European Russia. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 61(4): 427-446.

Anderson, J.P.E., Domsch, K.H., 1978. A physiological method for the quantitative measurement of microbial biomass in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 10(3): 215-221.

Bailey, V.L., Smith, J.L., Bolton, H., 2002. Fungal-to-bacterial ratios in soils investigated for enhanced C sequestration. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34(7), 997-1007.

Blagodatskii, S.A., Bogomolova I.N., Blagodatskaya, E.V., 2008. Microbial biomass and growth kinetics of microorganisms in chernozem soils under different land use modes. Microbiology 77(1): 99-106.

Creamer, R.E., Schulte, R.P.O., Stone, D., Gal, A., Krogh, P.H., Lo Papa, G., Murray, P.J., Peres, G., Foerster, B., Rutgers, M., Sousa, J.P., Winding, A., 2014. Measuring basal soil respiration across Europe: Do incubation temperature and incubation period matter? Ecological Indicators 36: 409-418.

Hanson, P.J., Edwards, N.T., Garten, C.T., Andrews, J.A., 2000. Separating root and soil microbial to soil respiration: A review of methods and observations. Biogeochemistry 48(1): 115-146.

Ivashchenko, K., Ananyeva, N., Vasenev, V., Ryzhkov, O., Kudeyarov, V., Valentini R., 2015. Soil microbial biomass and gas-production activity (CO2) in Chernozems of different land use. Soil Water Journal S1, 43-50.

Kuzyakov, Y., Gavrichkova, O., 2010. Time lag between photosynthesis and carbon dioxide efflux from soil: a review of mechanisms and controls. Global Change Biology 16(12): 3386-3406.

Kuzyakov, Y., Larionova, A., 2005. Root and rhizomicrobial respiration: A review of approaches to estimate respiration by autotrophic and heterotrophic organisms in soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 168(4): 503-520.

Larionova, A.A., Sapronov, D.V., Lopes de Gerenyu, V.O, Kuznetsova, L.G., Kudeyarov, V.N., 2006. Contribution of plant root respiration to the CO2 emission from soil. Eurasian Soil Science 39(10): 1127-1135.

Lin, Q., Brookes, P.C., 1999. Comparison of substrate induced respiration, selective inhibition and biovolume measurements of microbial biomass and its community structure in unamended, ryegrass-amended, fumigated and pesticide-treated soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31(14): 1999-2014.

Martin, J.G., Bolstad, P.V., 2005. Annual soil respiration in broadleaf forests of northern Wisconsin: influence of moisture and site biological, chemical, and physical characteristics. Biogeochemistry 73(1): 149-182.

Metting, F.B., 1993. Structure and physiological ecology of soil microbial communities. In: F.B. Metting (ed.), Soil Microbial Ecology: Application in Agricultural and Environmental Management. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 3-24.

Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., 2006. Organic carbon stocks in the Russian Chernozem. European Journal of Soil Science 57(3): 330-336.

National Soil Atlas of Russia, 2011. S.A. Shoba (ed.). Astrel, Moscow. 632p.

Ryan, M.G., Law, B.E., 2005. Interpreting, measuring, and modeling soil respiration. Biogeochemistry 73(1): 3-27.

Senicovscaia, I., 2012. Microbial biomass in soils of the Republic of Moldova: Estimation and restoration. Lucrări Ştiinţifice - Agronomy series 55(2): 63-66.

Statistical Pocketbook, 2015. Russia 2015. Federal State Statistics Service, Moscow. 62p.

Susyan, E.A., Ananyeva, N.D., Blagodatskaya, E.V., 2005. The antibiotic-aided distinguishing of fungal and bacterial substrate-induced respiration in various soil ecosystems. Microbiology 74(3): 336-342.

Wei, W., Weile, C., Shaopeng, W., 2010. Forest soil respiration and its heterotrophic and autotrophic components: Global patterns and responses to temperature and precipitation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42(8): 1236-1244.

Yevdokimov, I.V., Larionova, A.A., Schmitt, M., Lopes de Gerenyu, V.O., Bahn, M., 2010. Experimental assessment of the contribution of plant root respiration to the emission of carbon dioxide from the soil. Eurasian Soil Science 43(12): 1373-1381.

Zavarzin, G.A., Kudeyarov, V.N., 2006. Soil as the key source of carbonic acid and reservoir of organic carbon on the territory of Russia. Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences 76(1): 12-26.

Abstract

The total soil CO2 emission (EM) and portion of microbial respiration were measured (in situ; May, June, July 2015) in Chernozems typical of virgin steppe, oak forest, bare fallow and urban ecosystems (Kursk region, Russia). In soil samples (upper 10 cm layer), the soil microbial biomass carbon (Cmic), basal respiration (BR) and fungi-to-bacteria ratio were determined and the specific microbial respiration (BR / Cmic = qCO2) was calculated. The EM was varied from 2.0 (fallow) to 23.2 (steppe) g СО2 m-2 d-1. The portion of microbial respiration in EM was reached in average 83, 51 and 60% for forest, steppe and urban, respectively. The soil Cmic and BR were decreased along a gradient of ecosystems transformation (by 4 and 2 times less, respectively), while the qCO2 of urban soil was higher (in average by 42%) compared to steppe, forest and fallow. In urban soil the Cmic portion in soil Сorg and Сfungi-to-Сorg ratio were by 2.6 and 2.4 times less than those for steppe. The relationship between microbial respiration and BR values in Chernozems of various ecosystems was significant (R2 = 0.57).

Keywords: Chernozems, CO2 emission, ecosystem land use, microbial biomass, microbial respiration

References

Ananyeva, N.D., Susyan, E.A., Chernova, O.V., Wirth, S., 2008. Microbial respiration activities of soils from different climatic regions of European Russia. European Journal of Soil Biology 44(2): 147-157.

Ananyeva, N.D., Susyan, E.A., Gavrilenko, E.G., 2011. Determination of the soil microbial biomass carbon using the method of substrate-induced respiration. Eurasian Soil Science 44(11): 1215-1221.

Ananyeva, N.D., Castaldi, S., Stolnikova, E.V., Kudeyarov, V.N., Valentini, R., 2014. Fungi-to-bacteria ratio in soils of European Russia. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 61(4): 427-446.

Anderson, J.P.E., Domsch, K.H., 1978. A physiological method for the quantitative measurement of microbial biomass in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 10(3): 215-221.

Bailey, V.L., Smith, J.L., Bolton, H., 2002. Fungal-to-bacterial ratios in soils investigated for enhanced C sequestration. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34(7), 997-1007.

Blagodatskii, S.A., Bogomolova I.N., Blagodatskaya, E.V., 2008. Microbial biomass and growth kinetics of microorganisms in chernozem soils under different land use modes. Microbiology 77(1): 99-106.

Creamer, R.E., Schulte, R.P.O., Stone, D., Gal, A., Krogh, P.H., Lo Papa, G., Murray, P.J., Peres, G., Foerster, B., Rutgers, M., Sousa, J.P., Winding, A., 2014. Measuring basal soil respiration across Europe: Do incubation temperature and incubation period matter? Ecological Indicators 36: 409-418.

Hanson, P.J., Edwards, N.T., Garten, C.T., Andrews, J.A., 2000. Separating root and soil microbial to soil respiration: A review of methods and observations. Biogeochemistry 48(1): 115-146.

Ivashchenko, K., Ananyeva, N., Vasenev, V., Ryzhkov, O., Kudeyarov, V., Valentini R., 2015. Soil microbial biomass and gas-production activity (CO2) in Chernozems of different land use. Soil Water Journal S1, 43-50.

Kuzyakov, Y., Gavrichkova, O., 2010. Time lag between photosynthesis and carbon dioxide efflux from soil: a review of mechanisms and controls. Global Change Biology 16(12): 3386-3406.

Kuzyakov, Y., Larionova, A., 2005. Root and rhizomicrobial respiration: A review of approaches to estimate respiration by autotrophic and heterotrophic organisms in soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 168(4): 503-520.

Larionova, A.A., Sapronov, D.V., Lopes de Gerenyu, V.O, Kuznetsova, L.G., Kudeyarov, V.N., 2006. Contribution of plant root respiration to the CO2 emission from soil. Eurasian Soil Science 39(10): 1127-1135.

Lin, Q., Brookes, P.C., 1999. Comparison of substrate induced respiration, selective inhibition and biovolume measurements of microbial biomass and its community structure in unamended, ryegrass-amended, fumigated and pesticide-treated soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31(14): 1999-2014.

Martin, J.G., Bolstad, P.V., 2005. Annual soil respiration in broadleaf forests of northern Wisconsin: influence of moisture and site biological, chemical, and physical characteristics. Biogeochemistry 73(1): 149-182.

Metting, F.B., 1993. Structure and physiological ecology of soil microbial communities. In: F.B. Metting (ed.), Soil Microbial Ecology: Application in Agricultural and Environmental Management. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 3-24.

Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., 2006. Organic carbon stocks in the Russian Chernozem. European Journal of Soil Science 57(3): 330-336.

National Soil Atlas of Russia, 2011. S.A. Shoba (ed.). Astrel, Moscow. 632p.

Ryan, M.G., Law, B.E., 2005. Interpreting, measuring, and modeling soil respiration. Biogeochemistry 73(1): 3-27.

Senicovscaia, I., 2012. Microbial biomass in soils of the Republic of Moldova: Estimation and restoration. Lucrări Ştiinţifice - Agronomy series 55(2): 63-66.

Statistical Pocketbook, 2015. Russia 2015. Federal State Statistics Service, Moscow. 62p.

Susyan, E.A., Ananyeva, N.D., Blagodatskaya, E.V., 2005. The antibiotic-aided distinguishing of fungal and bacterial substrate-induced respiration in various soil ecosystems. Microbiology 74(3): 336-342.

Wei, W., Weile, C., Shaopeng, W., 2010. Forest soil respiration and its heterotrophic and autotrophic components: Global patterns and responses to temperature and precipitation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42(8): 1236-1244.

Yevdokimov, I.V., Larionova, A.A., Schmitt, M., Lopes de Gerenyu, V.O., Bahn, M., 2010. Experimental assessment of the contribution of plant root respiration to the emission of carbon dioxide from the soil. Eurasian Soil Science 43(12): 1373-1381.

Zavarzin, G.A., Kudeyarov, V.N., 2006. Soil as the key source of carbonic acid and reservoir of organic carbon on the territory of Russia. Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences 76(1): 12-26.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science