Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 5, Issue 2, Apr 2016, Pages 113 - 120
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120
Copyright © 2016 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Dynamic surface soil components of land and vegetation types in Kebbi State Nigeria

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Usman,S., Noma,S., Kudiri,A., 2016. Dynamic surface soil components of land and vegetation types in Kebbi State Nigeria. Eurasian J Soil Sci 5(2):113 - 120. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120
Usman,S.,Noma,S.,& Kudiri,A. Dynamic surface soil components of land and vegetation types in Kebbi State Nigeria Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120
Usman,S.,Noma,S., and ,Kudiri,A."Dynamic surface soil components of land and vegetation types in Kebbi State Nigeria" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120
Usman,S.,Noma,S., and ,Kudiri,A. "Dynamic surface soil components of land and vegetation types in Kebbi State Nigeria" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120
S,Usman.SS,Noma.AM,Kudiri "Dynamic surface soil components of land and vegetation types in Kebbi State Nigeria" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120
Usman,Suleiman ;Noma,Samaila ;Kudiri,Abbakar Dynamic surface soil components of land and vegetation types in Kebbi State Nigeria. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120

How to cite

Usman, S., Noma, S., S. Kudiri, A., M.2016. Dynamic surface soil components of land and vegetation types in Kebbi State Nigeria. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 5(2): 113 - 120. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120

Author information

Suleiman Usman , Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University Dutse (FUD), Jigawa State, Nigeria Dutse, Nigeria
Samaila Noma , Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria
Abbakar Kudiri , Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University Dutse (FUD), Jigawa State, Nigeria

Publication information

Issue published online: 01 Apr 2016
Article first published online : 29 Nov 2015
Manuscript Accepted : 26 Nov 2015
Manuscript Received: 21 Oct 2015
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.2.113-120

Abstract

Land and vegetation are important components of soil and provides many benefits to surface soil including protection against erosion, climate change impact and unacceptable degradation of soil particles. Visual Soil Assessment was used as a mechanism to assess and classify the land and vegetation types of some agricultural sites in Kebbi State, Nigeria. The aim was to get better understanding of the environmental soil function for sustainable crop production in dryland and fadama areas of the State. The assessment was able to put together combinations of different vegetation types and land age classes. It is valued that the land age classes possessed the characteristics of Holocene-natural, Holocene-anthropogeomorphic, Holocene-young-natural, young-anthropogeomorphic, very-young anthropogeomorphic and very-young natural. However, the vegetation types could be related to evergreen forest, short medium forest (scattered clustered), dwarf vegetation (scattered isolated), grass vegetation, thick vegetation, stony-grass vegetation (scattered sparse) and short-length vegetation. The assessment provides an improve understanding of the current status of land and vegetation conditions of the study area and suggested regular soil management for sustainable crop production in the State.

Keywords

Visual soil assessment, classification, land, vegetation

Corresponding author

References

Colhoun, E. A., Van de Geer, G., 1986. Holocene to middle last glaciation vegetation history at Tullabardine Dam, Western Tasmania. Proceedings of theRoyal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 229: 177-207.

EU, 2010. Visual Soil Assessment: Field guide. B., Houskova, L. Montanerella (Eds.) European Union. Institute for Environment and Sustainability. Available at:

http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ESDB_Archive/eusoils_docs/Poster/Visual_Assessment.pdf

FAO, 2006.Guidelines for Soil Descriptions 4th Edition. Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nation (FAO), Rome, Italy.

FAO, 2008.Visual Soil Assessment– Field Guide. Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nation (FAO), Rome, Italy.

FAO-SWALIM, 2007.Field Survey Manual. Project Report NOL-01.Somalia Water and Land Information Management in Association with European Union and FAO.70-71pp.

Furian, S., Mohamedou, A.O., Hammecker, C., Maeght, J.L.,Barbiero, L., 2011. Soil cover and landscape evaluation in the Senegal floodplain: a review and synthesis of processes and interactions during the late Holocene. European Journal of Soil Science 62: 902 –912.

Ghosh, S., Lockwood, P., Daniel, H., King, K., Hulugalle, N., Kristiansen, P., 2010. Short-term effects of organic amendments on properties of a Vertisols. Waste Management and Research 28: 1087–1095.

Harris, F., Yusuf, M. A., 2001. Manure management by smallholder farmers in the Kano close-settled zone, Nigeria. Experimental Agriculture 37: 319-332.

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2006. World Reference Base for Soil Resource. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and International Union of Soil Science. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103. FAO, Rome.

KARDA, 1997. Diagnostic survey report of agro-forestry and land management practices in Kebbi State. Kebbi Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (KARDA), Kebbi State Nigeria.

Lal, R., 1997. Degradation and resilience of soils. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 352(1356): 997–1010.

Lemke, K. A., Ritter, M. E., Heywood, N., 2003. The physical environment to physical geography: Lab Manual. UWSP.

Available at: http://qdpzx.cc/fg7dj_earthscape-a-physical-geography.pdf

Levine, E., 2001. Why is soil data important to scientist. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Centre, code 923/Biospheric sciences branch, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA. For more information visit http://folknouveau.com/soil/about.htm

McFadden, L.D., Kneupfer, P.L.K.., 1990. Soil ghheomorphology: The linkage of pedology and superficial process. In: Soils and landscape evolution. Geomorphology. P.L.K. Kneupfer, L.D. McFadden (Eds.) Elsevier Science Publishers BV: Amsterdam. Vol. 3, pp.197-205.

McIntosh, P.D., Kiernan, K., Price, D.M., 2004. An aeolian sediment pulse at c. 28 kyr BP in southern Tasmania. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 34(4): 369–379.

Morrocco, S.M., Ballantyne, C.K., Spencer, J.Q.G., Robinson, R.A.J., 2007. Age and significance of Aeolian sediment reworking on high plateaux in the Scottish Highlands. The Holocene 17 (3): 349 – 360.

Soil Survey Staff, 1999. Soil taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil survey.USDA Agriculture Handbook 436. Washington DC, USA.

Soil Survey Staff, 2010. Keys to soil taxonomy. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Services, Washington DC, USA.

Usman, S., 2007. Sustainable soil management of the dryland soils of northern Nigeria. GRIN Publishing GmbH, Munich, Germany. 114p. Available at: http://www.grin.com/en/e-book/172291/sustainable-soil-management-of-the-dryland-soils-in-northern-nigeria

Zhang, K., Xianwen, L., Wenhua, Z., Dingxiang, Z. and Zhenrong, Y., 2006. Land resource degradation in China: Analysis of status, trends and strategy. The International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 13 (5): 397-408.

Abstract

Land and vegetation are important components of soil and provides many benefits to surface soil including protection against erosion, climate change impact and unacceptable degradation of soil particles. Visual Soil Assessment was used as a mechanism to assess and classify the land and vegetation types of some agricultural sites in Kebbi State, Nigeria. The aim was to get better understanding of the environmental soil function for sustainable crop production in dryland and fadama areas of the State. The assessment was able to put together combinations of different vegetation types and land age classes. It is valued that the land age classes possessed the characteristics of Holocene-natural, Holocene-anthropogeomorphic, Holocene-young-natural, young-anthropogeomorphic, very-young anthropogeomorphic and very-young natural. However, the vegetation types could be related to evergreen forest, short medium forest (scattered clustered), dwarf vegetation (scattered isolated), grass vegetation, thick vegetation, stony-grass vegetation (scattered sparse) and short-length vegetation. The assessment provides an improve understanding of the current status of land and vegetation conditions of the study area and suggested regular soil management for sustainable crop production in the State.

Keywords: Visual soil assessment, classification, land, vegetation

References

Colhoun, E. A., Van de Geer, G., 1986. Holocene to middle last glaciation vegetation history at Tullabardine Dam, Western Tasmania. Proceedings of theRoyal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 229: 177-207.

EU, 2010. Visual Soil Assessment: Field guide. B., Houskova, L. Montanerella (Eds.) European Union. Institute for Environment and Sustainability. Available at:

http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ESDB_Archive/eusoils_docs/Poster/Visual_Assessment.pdf

FAO, 2006.Guidelines for Soil Descriptions 4th Edition. Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nation (FAO), Rome, Italy.

FAO, 2008.Visual Soil Assessment– Field Guide. Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nation (FAO), Rome, Italy.

FAO-SWALIM, 2007.Field Survey Manual. Project Report NOL-01.Somalia Water and Land Information Management in Association with European Union and FAO.70-71pp.

Furian, S., Mohamedou, A.O., Hammecker, C., Maeght, J.L.,Barbiero, L., 2011. Soil cover and landscape evaluation in the Senegal floodplain: a review and synthesis of processes and interactions during the late Holocene. European Journal of Soil Science 62: 902 –912.

Ghosh, S., Lockwood, P., Daniel, H., King, K., Hulugalle, N., Kristiansen, P., 2010. Short-term effects of organic amendments on properties of a Vertisols. Waste Management and Research 28: 1087–1095.

Harris, F., Yusuf, M. A., 2001. Manure management by smallholder farmers in the Kano close-settled zone, Nigeria. Experimental Agriculture 37: 319-332.

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2006. World Reference Base for Soil Resource. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and International Union of Soil Science. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103. FAO, Rome.

KARDA, 1997. Diagnostic survey report of agro-forestry and land management practices in Kebbi State. Kebbi Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (KARDA), Kebbi State Nigeria.

Lal, R., 1997. Degradation and resilience of soils. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 352(1356): 997–1010.

Lemke, K. A., Ritter, M. E., Heywood, N., 2003. The physical environment to physical geography: Lab Manual. UWSP.

Available at: http://qdpzx.cc/fg7dj_earthscape-a-physical-geography.pdf

Levine, E., 2001. Why is soil data important to scientist. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Centre, code 923/Biospheric sciences branch, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA. For more information visit http://folknouveau.com/soil/about.htm

McFadden, L.D., Kneupfer, P.L.K.., 1990. Soil ghheomorphology: The linkage of pedology and superficial process. In: Soils and landscape evolution. Geomorphology. P.L.K. Kneupfer, L.D. McFadden (Eds.) Elsevier Science Publishers BV: Amsterdam. Vol. 3, pp.197-205.

McIntosh, P.D., Kiernan, K., Price, D.M., 2004. An aeolian sediment pulse at c. 28 kyr BP in southern Tasmania. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 34(4): 369–379.

Morrocco, S.M., Ballantyne, C.K., Spencer, J.Q.G., Robinson, R.A.J., 2007. Age and significance of Aeolian sediment reworking on high plateaux in the Scottish Highlands. The Holocene 17 (3): 349 – 360.

Soil Survey Staff, 1999. Soil taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil survey.USDA Agriculture Handbook 436. Washington DC, USA.

Soil Survey Staff, 2010. Keys to soil taxonomy. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Services, Washington DC, USA.

Usman, S., 2007. Sustainable soil management of the dryland soils of northern Nigeria. GRIN Publishing GmbH, Munich, Germany. 114p. Available at: http://www.grin.com/en/e-book/172291/sustainable-soil-management-of-the-dryland-soils-in-northern-nigeria

Zhang, K., Xianwen, L., Wenhua, Z., Dingxiang, Z. and Zhenrong, Y., 2006. Land resource degradation in China: Analysis of status, trends and strategy. The International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 13 (5): 397-408.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science