Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 2, Issue 2, Oct 2013, Pages 97 - 101

Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2013.2.097-101
Copyright © 2013 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Dynamics of soil cover state and degradation processes intensity in natural soil zones of the Altai Region

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Morkovkin ,G., Litvinenko,Y., Maksimova,N., 2013. Dynamics of soil cover state and degradation processes intensity in natural soil zones of the Altai Region. Eurasian J Soil Sci 2(2):97 - 101.
Morkovkin ,G.,Litvinenko,Y.,& Maksimova,N. Dynamics of soil cover state and degradation processes intensity in natural soil zones of the Altai Region Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.2.097-101
Morkovkin ,G.,Litvinenko,Y., and ,Maksimova,N."Dynamics of soil cover state and degradation processes intensity in natural soil zones of the Altai Region" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.2.097-101
Morkovkin ,G.,Litvinenko,Y., and ,Maksimova,N. "Dynamics of soil cover state and degradation processes intensity in natural soil zones of the Altai Region" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.2.097-101
G,Morkovkin .Y,Litvinenko.N,Maksimova "Dynamics of soil cover state and degradation processes intensity in natural soil zones of the Altai Region" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.2.097-101
Morkovkin ,Gennady ;Litvinenko,Yekaterina ;Maksimova,Nina Dynamics of soil cover state and degradation processes intensity in natural soil zones of the Altai Region. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2013.2.097-101

How to cite

Morkovkin , G., Litvinenko, Y., Maksimova, N., 2013. Dynamics of soil cover state and degradation processes intensity in natural soil zones of the Altai Region. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 2(2): 97 - 101.

Author information

Gennady Morkovkin , Altai State Agricultural University, Department of Soil Science and Agro-Chemistry, Barnaul, Russia
Yekaterina Litvinenko , Altai State Agricultural University, Department of Soil Science and Agro-Chemistry, Barnaul, Russia
Nina Maksimova , Altai State Agricultural University, Department of Natural Resources Management and Geo-Ecology, Barnaul, Russia

Publication information

Issue published online: 15 Oct 2013
Article first published online : 22 Apr 2013
Manuscript Accepted : 11 Apr 2013
Manuscript Received: 16 Feb 2013

Abstract

It is shown that the agricultural landscapes of the natural soil zones of the Altai Region are subjected to intense anthropogenic impact, and they are in an unstable state. Agricultural use has caused an extensive development of degradation processes, and the resulting indicator of those is the increase of eroded soils areas, dehumification, and the decrease of humus soil horizon thickness. More active wind erosion is revealed in the chestnut soil zone of the dry steppe and in the subzone of southern chernozems of arid steppe; a combined action of wind and water erosion is observed in the subzones of arid, temperate-arid and forest-outlier steppe, and water erosion develops in the zones of central forest-steppe and meadow steppe. The highest intensity of dehumification is observed in arid and temperate-arid steppe, and a greater change rate of soils areas in terms of humus horizon thickness decrease is observed in the chestnut soil zone of dry steppe and in the subzone of southern chernozems of arid steppe.

Keywords

Chernozems, humus content, humus horizon thickness, soil degradation, water and wind erosion

Corresponding author

References

Agroclimatic resources of the Altai Region, 1971. – Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1971. – 156 p. [in Russian].

Bunina, N.P., 2004. To the issue of territorial organization of cultural landscape. in: N.P. Bunina, V.V. Shabanov (eds.) Issues of scientific support of ecologic and economic potential of Russia. MGUP Papers Collection. – Moscow, Russia. p. 147-150. [in Russian].

Burlakova, L.M., 1984. Fertility of Altai chernozems in the system of agro-cenosis. Novosibirsk, Nauka, Russia. 199 p. [in Russian].

Burlakova, L.M., Tatarintsev, L.M., Rassypnov, V.A., 1988. Soils of the Altai Region: Tutorial. Altai Agricultural Institute. Barnaul, Russia. 72 p. [in Russian].

Chernikov, V.A., 2000. Agricultural ecology. Moscow, Russia. 536 pp. [in Russian].

Dobrovolskiy, G.V., Kust, G.S., 1996. Soil degradation is “a quiet crisis of the planet”. Priroda (Nature). Moscow, Russia. No. 10. pp.. 53-63. [in Russian].

Isachenko, A.G., 1991. Landscape study and physical-geographical zoning. Moscow, Russia. Vysshaya Shkola, 366 p. [in Russian].

Morkovkin, G.G., Litvinenko, Ye.A., 2011. Problems of steady functioning of agricultural landscapes in the conditions of temperate arid and forest outlier steppe of the Altai Region. Agr. Science to Farming: in 3 vol. VI Intl. Scientific and Practical Conf. (3-4. February, 2011). Barnaul: Altai State Agr. University, 2011. – Vol. 2. – p. 182-186. [in Russian].

Mukha, V.D. 1994. Agricultural Soil Science Moscow, Russia. Kolos. 528 pp. [in Russian].

Reimers, N.F., 1990. Natural resources management: Reference book. – Moscow, Russia. Mysl, 639 pp. [in Russian].

Smelyanskiy, I.E., 2003. Biodiversity of agricultural lands of Russia: current state and trends. Moscow, Russia. MSOP – World Conservation Union, 56 pp. [in Russian].

Uruzayev, N.A., 2000. Agricultural ecology. Moscow, Russia. Kolos, 304 pp. [in Russian].

Volnov, V.V., 2006. Landscape study and agricultural landscape ecosystems. Altai State Agr. University, Barnaul, Russia. 210 pp. [in Russian].

Website of the Territorial Agency of Federal State Statistics Service in the Altai Region. http://ak.gks.ru [in Russian].

Abstract

It is shown that the agricultural landscapes of the natural soil zones of the Altai Region are subjected to intense anthropogenic impact, and they are in an unstable state. Agricultural use has caused an extensive development of degradation processes, and the resulting indicator of those is the increase of eroded soils areas, dehumification, and the decrease of humus soil horizon thickness. More active wind erosion is revealed in the chestnut soil zone of the dry steppe and in the subzone of southern chernozems of arid steppe; a combined action of wind and water erosion is observed in the subzones of arid, temperate-arid and forest-outlier steppe, and water erosion develops in the zones of central forest-steppe and meadow steppe. The highest intensity of dehumification is observed in arid and temperate-arid steppe, and a greater change rate of soils areas in terms of humus horizon thickness decrease is observed in the chestnut soil zone of dry steppe and in the subzone of southern chernozems of arid steppe.

Keywords: Chernozems, humus content, humus horizon thickness, soil degradation, water and wind erosion

References

Agroclimatic resources of the Altai Region, 1971. – Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1971. – 156 p. [in Russian].

Bunina, N.P., 2004. To the issue of territorial organization of cultural landscape. in: N.P. Bunina, V.V. Shabanov (eds.) Issues of scientific support of ecologic and economic potential of Russia. MGUP Papers Collection. – Moscow, Russia. p. 147-150. [in Russian].

Burlakova, L.M., 1984. Fertility of Altai chernozems in the system of agro-cenosis. Novosibirsk, Nauka, Russia. 199 p. [in Russian].

Burlakova, L.M., Tatarintsev, L.M., Rassypnov, V.A., 1988. Soils of the Altai Region: Tutorial. Altai Agricultural Institute. Barnaul, Russia. 72 p. [in Russian].

Chernikov, V.A., 2000. Agricultural ecology. Moscow, Russia. 536 pp. [in Russian].

Dobrovolskiy, G.V., Kust, G.S., 1996. Soil degradation is “a quiet crisis of the planet”. Priroda (Nature). Moscow, Russia. No. 10. pp.. 53-63. [in Russian].

Isachenko, A.G., 1991. Landscape study and physical-geographical zoning. Moscow, Russia. Vysshaya Shkola, 366 p. [in Russian].

Morkovkin, G.G., Litvinenko, Ye.A., 2011. Problems of steady functioning of agricultural landscapes in the conditions of temperate arid and forest outlier steppe of the Altai Region. Agr. Science to Farming: in 3 vol. VI Intl. Scientific and Practical Conf. (3-4. February, 2011). Barnaul: Altai State Agr. University, 2011. – Vol. 2. – p. 182-186. [in Russian].

Mukha, V.D. 1994. Agricultural Soil Science Moscow, Russia. Kolos. 528 pp. [in Russian].

Reimers, N.F., 1990. Natural resources management: Reference book. – Moscow, Russia. Mysl, 639 pp. [in Russian].

Smelyanskiy, I.E., 2003. Biodiversity of agricultural lands of Russia: current state and trends. Moscow, Russia. MSOP – World Conservation Union, 56 pp. [in Russian].

Uruzayev, N.A., 2000. Agricultural ecology. Moscow, Russia. Kolos, 304 pp. [in Russian].

Volnov, V.V., 2006. Landscape study and agricultural landscape ecosystems. Altai State Agr. University, Barnaul, Russia. 210 pp. [in Russian].

Website of the Territorial Agency of Federal State Statistics Service in the Altai Region. http://ak.gks.ru [in Russian].



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science