Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 13, Issue 3, Jun 2024, Pages 247-253
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1479830
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1479830
Copyright © 2024 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Effect of fertilizer treatments on sugar beet cultivars: A comprehensive study on crop yield and nutrient contents of soil and plant in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan

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Kaliyeva,S., Suleimenov ,B., Rvaidarova,G., Konysbekov,K., Muminova,S., Raimbekova ,B., 2024. Effect of fertilizer treatments on sugar beet cultivars: A comprehensive study on crop yield and nutrient contents of soil and plant in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan. Eurasian J Soil Sci 13(3):247-253. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1479830
Kaliyeva,S.,Suleimenov ,B.Rvaidarova,G.Konysbekov,K.Muminova,S.,& Raimbekova ,B. Effect of fertilizer treatments on sugar beet cultivars: A comprehensive study on crop yield and nutrient contents of soil and plant in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 13(3):247-253. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1479830
Kaliyeva,S.,Suleimenov ,B.Rvaidarova,G.Konysbekov,K.Muminova,S., and ,Raimbekova ,B."Effect of fertilizer treatments on sugar beet cultivars: A comprehensive study on crop yield and nutrient contents of soil and plant in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 13.3 (2024):247-253. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1479830
Kaliyeva,S.,Suleimenov ,B.Rvaidarova,G.Konysbekov,K.Muminova,S., and ,Raimbekova ,B. "Effect of fertilizer treatments on sugar beet cultivars: A comprehensive study on crop yield and nutrient contents of soil and plant in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,13(Jun 2024):247-253 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1479830
S,Kaliyeva.B,Suleimenov .G,Rvaidarova.K,Konysbekov.S,Muminova.B,Raimbekova "Effect of fertilizer treatments on sugar beet cultivars: A comprehensive study on crop yield and nutrient contents of soil and plant in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.13, no.3, pp.247-253 (Jun 2024), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1479830
Kaliyeva,Saira ;Suleimenov ,Beibut ;Rvaidarova,Gulnissam ;Konysbekov,Kerimkul ;Muminova,Sholpan S. ;Raimbekova ,Baktigul Effect of fertilizer treatments on sugar beet cultivars: A comprehensive study on crop yield and nutrient contents of soil and plant in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2024),13.3:247-253. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1479830

How to cite

Kaliyeva, S., Suleimenov , B., Rvaidarova, G., Konysbekov, K., Muminova, S., Raimbekova , B., 2024. Effect of fertilizer treatments on sugar beet cultivars: A comprehensive study on crop yield and nutrient contents of soil and plant in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 13(3): 247-253. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1479830

Author information

Saira Kaliyeva , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Beibut Suleimenov , U.U.Uspanov Kazakh Research Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Gulnissam Rvaidarova , Kazakh Scientific Research Institute for Plant Protection and Quarantine, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Kerimkul Konysbekov , Kazakh Research Institute of Agriculture and Crop Production Almaty, Kazakhstan
Sholpan S. Muminova , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Baktigul Raimbekova , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Publication information

Article first published online : 07 May 2024
Manuscript Accepted : 01 May 2024
Manuscript Received: 02 Oct 2023
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1479830
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1479830

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of different fertilizer treatments on the growth, yield, and nutrient content of two sugar beet cultivars, Aksu (Kazakhstan) and Yampol (Poland), cultivated in the Almaty region of Kazakhstan. The experiment was conducted using a complete randomized block design with three replicates, comprising six treatments: control (without fertilizer), N120P120K90, and N130P130K130 for both cultivars. The soil's physical and chemical properties were analyzed, revealing a foothill light chestnut soil with favorable nutrient levels. Results indicated that the N130P130K130 treatment significantly increased soil available nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium contents, leading to enhanced sugar beet growth, nutrient uptake, and yield. Both cultivars responded positively to the increased nutrient levels, with the N130P130K130 treatment showing the highest yield of 785.6 tons/ha for Aksu and 802.5 tons/ha for Yampol. Furthermore, nutrient content in tubers and leaves was significantly higher in the N130P130K130 treatment compared to other treatments. These findings underscore the importance of balanced nutrient management tailored to specific cultivars for optimizing sugar beet productivity and soil fertility in diverse agro-climatic conditions. Adopting balanced mineral nutrient management approaches could offer promising solutions to enhance sugar beet productivity and sustainability. Future research should focus on exploring long-term effects and integrated nutrient management strategies for sustainable sugar beet cultivation.

Keywords

Sugar beet, fertilizer treatments, mineral fertilizers, crop yield, nutrient contents.

Corresponding author

References

Ajayi, O.B., Akomolafe,1S.F., Akinyemi, F.T., 2013. Food value of two varieties of ginger (Zingiber officinale) commonly consumed in Nigeria. International Scholarly Research Notices Article ID 359727.

de Oliveira, R.A., Ramos, M.M., de Aquino, L.A., 2015. Irrigation Management. In: Sugarcane. Santos, F., Borém, A., Caldas, C. (Eds.). Academic Press, pp. 161-183.

Demirbaş, A., 2021. The effect of different phosphorus doses application on yield and nutrient uptake of sugar beet (Beta Vulgaris L.) plant. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology 9(2): 420–424.

Dinesh, R., Srinivasan, V., Hamza, S., Manjusha, A., Kumar, P.S., 2012. Short-term effects of nutrient management regimes on biochemical and microbial properties in soils under rainfed ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Geoderma 173: 192-198.

Egamberdieva, D., Jabborova, D., Wirth, S., Alam, P., Alyemeni, M.N., Ahmad, P., 2018. Interaction of magnesium with nitrogen and phosphorus modulates symbiotic performance of soybean with Bradyrhizobium japonicum and its root architecture. Frontiers in Microbiology 9: 1000.

El-Geddawy, I.H., Kheiralla, K.A., Darweish, Y.Y.I., Sharaf, E.A.M., 2008. Agricultural practices in relation to yield and quality of sugar beet: Yield and yield components. Sugar Tech 10: 227–233.

El-Mageed, T.A.A., Mekdad, A.A.A., Rady, M.O.A. Abdelbaky, A.S., Saudy, H.S., Shaaban, A., 2022. Physio-biochemical and agronomic changes of two sugar beet cultivars grown in saline soil as ınfluenced by potassium fertilizer. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 22: 3636–3654.

Fang, H.J., Yu, G.R., Cheng, S.L., Mo, J.M., Yan, J.H., Li, S., 2009. 13C abundance, water-soluble and microbial biomass carbon as potential indicators of soil organic carbon dynamics in subtropical forests at different successional stages and subject to different nitrogen loads. Plant and Soil 320: 243–254.

FAO, 2019. Food and Agriculture Statistics. Available at [Access date: 02.10.2023]: https://www.fao.org/

Gülser, C, Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Kizilkaya, R., 2017. Changes of soil hydraulic properties during the decomposition of organic waste in a coarse textured soil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 174: 66-69.

Haankuku, C., Epplin, F.M., Kakani, V.G., 2015. Industrial sugar beets to biofuel: Field to fuel production system and cost estimates. Biomass and Bioenergy 80: 267-277.

Huang, N., Song, Y., Wang, J., Zhang, Z., Ma, S., Jiang, K., Pan, Z., 2022. Climatic threshold of crop production and climate change adaptation: A case of winter wheat production in China. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 10: 1019436.

Jabborova, D., Baboev, S., Davranov, K., Jabbarov Z., 2019. Improvement of plant growth, nodulation, and yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by microbiological preparations Journal of Biological and Chemical Research 36: 52-57.

Jabborova, D., Wirth, S., Kannepalli, A., Narimanov, A., Desouky, S., Davranov, K., Sayyed, R.Z., El Enshasy, H., Malek, R.A., Syed, A., Bahkali, A.H., 2020. Co-Inoculation of Rhizobacteria and biochar application ımproves growth and nutrientsin soybean and enriches soil nutrients and enzymes. Agronomy 10(8): 1142.

Jones, J.B., 2001. Laboratory guide for conducting soil tests and plant analyses. CRC Press, New York, USA. 363p.

Kamzina, G., Seilgazina, S., Suleimenova, S., Zakieva, A., Zhamangarayeva, A., 2022. The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 11(4): 337-344.

Khusnitdinova, M., Abdrakhmanova, A., Pozharskiy, A., Kapytina, A., Kerimbek, N., Nizamdinova, G., Taskuzhina, A., Adilbayeva, K., Kolchenko, M., Gritsenko, D., 2023. Problems and prospects of sugar beet cultivation in Kazakhstan. Agronomy Research 21(3): 1174–1185.

Mall, A.K., Misra, V., Santeshwari, Pathak, A.D., Srivastava, S., 2021. Sugar beet cultivation in India: Prospects for bio-ethanol production and value-added co-products. Sugar Tech 23: 1218–1234.

Marajan, W.A., Idris, B.E.M., Adam, A.H.M., 2021. Response of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) growth, yield and yield components to compost and phosphorus fertilizers. journal of Agronomy Research 4(1): 14-22.

McDowell, W.H., Magill, A.H., Aitkenhead-Peterson, J.A., Aber, J.D., Merriam, J.L., Kaushal, S.S., 2004. Effects of chronic nitrogen amendment on dissolved organic matter and inorganic nitrogen in soil solution. Forest Ecology and Management 196 (1): 29-41.

Monaco, S., Hatch, D.J., Sacco, D., Bertora, C., Grignani, C., 2008. Changes in chemical and biochemical soil properties induced by 11-yr repeated additions of different organic materials in maize-based forage systems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40(3): 608-615.

Onyegbule, U., Onwudike, S., Opara-Nadi, N., Opara-Nadi, O., 2023. Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 12(4): 310 - 319.

Ospanbayev, Z., Doszhanova, A., Abdrazakov, Y., Zhapayev, R., Sembayeva, A., Zakieva, A., Yertayeva, Z., 2023. Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 12(3): 238-243.

Pogłodziński, R., Barłóg, P., Grzebisz, W., 2021. Effect of nitrogen and magnesium sulfate application on sugar beet yield and quality. Plant, Soil and Environment 67(9): 507-513.

Rowell, D.L., 1996. Soil Science: methods and applications. Longman, UK. 350p.

Sánchez-Sastre, L.F., Martín-Ramos, P., Navas-Gracia, L.M., Hernández-Navarro, S., Martín-Gil, J., 2018. Impact of climatic variables on carbon content in sugar beet root. Agronomy 8(8): 147.

Saparov, A., 2014. Soil Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current status, problems and solutions. In:  Novel Measurement and Assessment Tools for Monitoring and Management of Land and Water Resources in Agricultural Landscapes of Central Asia. Mueller, L., Saparov, A., Lischeid, G., (Eds.). Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing. Switzerland. pp. 61-73.

Srinivasan, V.,  Thankamani, C.K., Dinesh, R., Kandiannan, K., Hamza, S., Leela, N.K., Zachariah, T.J., 2019. Variations in soil properties, rhizome yield, and quality as influenced by different nutrient management schedules in rainfed ginger. Agricultural Research 8(2): 218-230.

Taleghani, D., Rajabi, A., Saremirad, A., Fasahat, P., 2023. Stability analysis and selection of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) genotypes using AMMI, BLUP, GGE biplot and MTSI. Scientific Reports 13: 10019.

Tayyab, M., Wakeel, A., Mubarak, M.U., Artyszak, A., Ali, S., Hakki, E.E., Mahmood, K., Song, B., Ishfaq, M., 2023. Sugar beet cultivation in the tropics and subtropics: Challenges and opportunities. Agronomy 13(5): 1213.

Thakur, S.K., Sharma, S.K., 1997. Response of ginger to nitrogen and phosphorus in the sub-tropical zone of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 31(3): 195-198.

Yanthan, L., Singh, A.K., Singh, V.B., 2010. Effect of INM on yield, quality, and uptake of N, P, and K by ginger. Agropedology 20: 74-79.

Zhaksybayeva, G., Balgabayev, A., Vassilina, T., Shibikeyeva, A., Malimbayeva, A., 2022. Yield of sugar beet and changes in phosphorus fractions in relation to long term P fertilization in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 11(1): 25-32.

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of different fertilizer treatments on the growth, yield, and nutrient content of two sugar beet cultivars, Aksu (Kazakhstan) and Yampol (Poland), cultivated in the Almaty region of Kazakhstan. The experiment was conducted using a complete randomized block design with three replicates, comprising six treatments: control (without fertilizer), N120P120K90, and N130P130K130 for both cultivars. The soil's physical and chemical properties were analyzed, revealing a foothill light chestnut soil with favorable nutrient levels. Results indicated that the N130P130K130 treatment significantly increased soil available nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium contents, leading to enhanced sugar beet growth, nutrient uptake, and yield. Both cultivars responded positively to the increased nutrient levels, with the N130P130K130 treatment showing the highest yield of 785.6 tons/ha for Aksu and 802.5 tons/ha for Yampol. Furthermore, nutrient content in tubers and leaves was significantly higher in the N130P130K130 treatment compared to other treatments. These findings underscore the importance of balanced nutrient management tailored to specific cultivars for optimizing sugar beet productivity and soil fertility in diverse agro-climatic conditions. Adopting balanced mineral nutrient management approaches could offer promising solutions to enhance sugar beet productivity and sustainability. Future research should focus on exploring long-term effects and integrated nutrient management strategies for sustainable sugar beet cultivation.

Keywords: Sugar beet, fertilizer treatments, mineral fertilizers, crop yield, nutrient contents.

References

Ajayi, O.B., Akomolafe,1S.F., Akinyemi, F.T., 2013. Food value of two varieties of ginger (Zingiber officinale) commonly consumed in Nigeria. International Scholarly Research Notices Article ID 359727.

de Oliveira, R.A., Ramos, M.M., de Aquino, L.A., 2015. Irrigation Management. In: Sugarcane. Santos, F., Borém, A., Caldas, C. (Eds.). Academic Press, pp. 161-183.

Demirbaş, A., 2021. The effect of different phosphorus doses application on yield and nutrient uptake of sugar beet (Beta Vulgaris L.) plant. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology 9(2): 420–424.

Dinesh, R., Srinivasan, V., Hamza, S., Manjusha, A., Kumar, P.S., 2012. Short-term effects of nutrient management regimes on biochemical and microbial properties in soils under rainfed ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Geoderma 173: 192-198.

Egamberdieva, D., Jabborova, D., Wirth, S., Alam, P., Alyemeni, M.N., Ahmad, P., 2018. Interaction of magnesium with nitrogen and phosphorus modulates symbiotic performance of soybean with Bradyrhizobium japonicum and its root architecture. Frontiers in Microbiology 9: 1000.

El-Geddawy, I.H., Kheiralla, K.A., Darweish, Y.Y.I., Sharaf, E.A.M., 2008. Agricultural practices in relation to yield and quality of sugar beet: Yield and yield components. Sugar Tech 10: 227–233.

El-Mageed, T.A.A., Mekdad, A.A.A., Rady, M.O.A. Abdelbaky, A.S., Saudy, H.S., Shaaban, A., 2022. Physio-biochemical and agronomic changes of two sugar beet cultivars grown in saline soil as ınfluenced by potassium fertilizer. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 22: 3636–3654.

Fang, H.J., Yu, G.R., Cheng, S.L., Mo, J.M., Yan, J.H., Li, S., 2009. 13C abundance, water-soluble and microbial biomass carbon as potential indicators of soil organic carbon dynamics in subtropical forests at different successional stages and subject to different nitrogen loads. Plant and Soil 320: 243–254.

FAO, 2019. Food and Agriculture Statistics. Available at [Access date: 02.10.2023]: https://www.fao.org/

Gülser, C, Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Kizilkaya, R., 2017. Changes of soil hydraulic properties during the decomposition of organic waste in a coarse textured soil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 174: 66-69.

Haankuku, C., Epplin, F.M., Kakani, V.G., 2015. Industrial sugar beets to biofuel: Field to fuel production system and cost estimates. Biomass and Bioenergy 80: 267-277.

Huang, N., Song, Y., Wang, J., Zhang, Z., Ma, S., Jiang, K., Pan, Z., 2022. Climatic threshold of crop production and climate change adaptation: A case of winter wheat production in China. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 10: 1019436.

Jabborova, D., Baboev, S., Davranov, K., Jabbarov Z., 2019. Improvement of plant growth, nodulation, and yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by microbiological preparations Journal of Biological and Chemical Research 36: 52-57.

Jabborova, D., Wirth, S., Kannepalli, A., Narimanov, A., Desouky, S., Davranov, K., Sayyed, R.Z., El Enshasy, H., Malek, R.A., Syed, A., Bahkali, A.H., 2020. Co-Inoculation of Rhizobacteria and biochar application ımproves growth and nutrientsin soybean and enriches soil nutrients and enzymes. Agronomy 10(8): 1142.

Jones, J.B., 2001. Laboratory guide for conducting soil tests and plant analyses. CRC Press, New York, USA. 363p.

Kamzina, G., Seilgazina, S., Suleimenova, S., Zakieva, A., Zhamangarayeva, A., 2022. The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 11(4): 337-344.

Khusnitdinova, M., Abdrakhmanova, A., Pozharskiy, A., Kapytina, A., Kerimbek, N., Nizamdinova, G., Taskuzhina, A., Adilbayeva, K., Kolchenko, M., Gritsenko, D., 2023. Problems and prospects of sugar beet cultivation in Kazakhstan. Agronomy Research 21(3): 1174–1185.

Mall, A.K., Misra, V., Santeshwari, Pathak, A.D., Srivastava, S., 2021. Sugar beet cultivation in India: Prospects for bio-ethanol production and value-added co-products. Sugar Tech 23: 1218–1234.

Marajan, W.A., Idris, B.E.M., Adam, A.H.M., 2021. Response of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) growth, yield and yield components to compost and phosphorus fertilizers. journal of Agronomy Research 4(1): 14-22.

McDowell, W.H., Magill, A.H., Aitkenhead-Peterson, J.A., Aber, J.D., Merriam, J.L., Kaushal, S.S., 2004. Effects of chronic nitrogen amendment on dissolved organic matter and inorganic nitrogen in soil solution. Forest Ecology and Management 196 (1): 29-41.

Monaco, S., Hatch, D.J., Sacco, D., Bertora, C., Grignani, C., 2008. Changes in chemical and biochemical soil properties induced by 11-yr repeated additions of different organic materials in maize-based forage systems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40(3): 608-615.

Onyegbule, U., Onwudike, S., Opara-Nadi, N., Opara-Nadi, O., 2023. Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 12(4): 310 - 319.

Ospanbayev, Z., Doszhanova, A., Abdrazakov, Y., Zhapayev, R., Sembayeva, A., Zakieva, A., Yertayeva, Z., 2023. Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 12(3): 238-243.

Pogłodziński, R., Barłóg, P., Grzebisz, W., 2021. Effect of nitrogen and magnesium sulfate application on sugar beet yield and quality. Plant, Soil and Environment 67(9): 507-513.

Rowell, D.L., 1996. Soil Science: methods and applications. Longman, UK. 350p.

Sánchez-Sastre, L.F., Martín-Ramos, P., Navas-Gracia, L.M., Hernández-Navarro, S., Martín-Gil, J., 2018. Impact of climatic variables on carbon content in sugar beet root. Agronomy 8(8): 147.

Saparov, A., 2014. Soil Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current status, problems and solutions. In:  Novel Measurement and Assessment Tools for Monitoring and Management of Land and Water Resources in Agricultural Landscapes of Central Asia. Mueller, L., Saparov, A., Lischeid, G., (Eds.). Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing. Switzerland. pp. 61-73.

Srinivasan, V.,  Thankamani, C.K., Dinesh, R., Kandiannan, K., Hamza, S., Leela, N.K., Zachariah, T.J., 2019. Variations in soil properties, rhizome yield, and quality as influenced by different nutrient management schedules in rainfed ginger. Agricultural Research 8(2): 218-230.

Taleghani, D., Rajabi, A., Saremirad, A., Fasahat, P., 2023. Stability analysis and selection of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) genotypes using AMMI, BLUP, GGE biplot and MTSI. Scientific Reports 13: 10019.

Tayyab, M., Wakeel, A., Mubarak, M.U., Artyszak, A., Ali, S., Hakki, E.E., Mahmood, K., Song, B., Ishfaq, M., 2023. Sugar beet cultivation in the tropics and subtropics: Challenges and opportunities. Agronomy 13(5): 1213.

Thakur, S.K., Sharma, S.K., 1997. Response of ginger to nitrogen and phosphorus in the sub-tropical zone of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 31(3): 195-198.

Yanthan, L., Singh, A.K., Singh, V.B., 2010. Effect of INM on yield, quality, and uptake of N, P, and K by ginger. Agropedology 20: 74-79.

Zhaksybayeva, G., Balgabayev, A., Vassilina, T., Shibikeyeva, A., Malimbayeva, A., 2022. Yield of sugar beet and changes in phosphorus fractions in relation to long term P fertilization in chestnut soil of Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 11(1): 25-32.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science