Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 13, Issue 2, Mar 2024, Pages 153-160
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1424458
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1424458
Copyright © 2024 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Response of L. Scoparium and K. Robusta to biosolids and dairy shed effluent application in a low fertility soil

X

Article first published online: 23 Jan 2024 | How to cite | Additional Information (Show All)

Author information | Publication information | Export Citiation (Plain Text | BibTeX | EndNote | RefMan)

CLASSICAL | APA | MLA | TURABIAN | IEEE | ISO 690

Abstract | References | Article (XML) | Article (HTML) | PDF | 20 | 135

Lense,O., Mamun,S., 2024. Response of L. Scoparium and K. Robusta to biosolids and dairy shed effluent application in a low fertility soil. Eurasian J Soil Sci 13(2):153-160. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1424458
Lense,O.,,& Mamun,S. Response of L. Scoparium and K. Robusta to biosolids and dairy shed effluent application in a low fertility soil Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 13(2):153-160. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1424458
Lense,O.,, and ,Mamun,S."Response of L. Scoparium and K. Robusta to biosolids and dairy shed effluent application in a low fertility soil" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 13.2 (2024):153-160. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1424458
Lense,O.,, and ,Mamun,S. "Response of L. Scoparium and K. Robusta to biosolids and dairy shed effluent application in a low fertility soil" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,13(Mar 2024):153-160 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1424458
O,Lense.S,Mamun "Response of L. Scoparium and K. Robusta to biosolids and dairy shed effluent application in a low fertility soil" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.13, no.2, pp.153-160 (Mar 2024), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1424458
Lense,Obed Nedjo ;Mamun,Shamim Al Response of L. Scoparium and K. Robusta to biosolids and dairy shed effluent application in a low fertility soil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2024),13.2:153-160. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1424458

How to cite

Lense, O., Mamun, S., 2024. Response of L. Scoparium and K. Robusta to biosolids and dairy shed effluent application in a low fertility soil. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 13(2): 153-160. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1424458

Author information

Obed Nedjo Lense , University of Papua (UNIPA), Faculty of Forestry, Department of Forest Regeneration, Manokwari, Papua Barat, Indonesia
Shamim Al Mamun , Department of Environmental Science and Resource Management, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail-1902, Bangladesh

Publication information

Article first published online : 23 Jan 2024
Manuscript Accepted : 17 Jan 2024
Manuscript Received: 27 Jan 2023
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1424458
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1424458

Abstract

Biosolids and Dairy Shed Effluent (DSE) can contain high concentrations of plant nutrients, making them potential resources for enhancing forest tree species growth and soil fertility. This study aimed to investigate the effects of biosolids and DSE application on the growth and nutrient uptake of Leptospermum scoparium and Kunzea robusta, while also considering the potential accumulation of contaminants. The results demonstrated that amending low-fertility soil with 2600 kg N ha-1 of biosolids and 200 kg N ha-1 of DSE positively influenced the growth of both L. scoparium and K. robusta. This improvement was evident through increased biomass production and enhanced uptake of essential elements such as calcium (Ca), potassium (K), and sulfur (S). Notably, L. scoparium exhibited superior growth when combined with DSE, while both species showed similar positive responses when combined with biosolids. However, it should be noted that the application of biosolids resulted in elevated concentrations of certain trace elements in the plants, whereas DSE did not. These trace elements included cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), and zinc (Zn). Despite the increase, the levels of these elements did not exceed unacceptable thresholds. Considering the potential influence of biosolids on plant rhizodeposition, it is recommended that future studies investigate the interactions between plant roots and microbes, particularly in relation to plant element uptake. This line of research would further enhance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms involved. In conclusion, the findings suggest that the application of biosolids and DSE can effectively improve forest tree growth and nutrient uptake. However, careful management is necessary to mitigate the potential accumulation of trace elements. These results provide valuable insights for optimizing the use of biosolids and DSE in forestry practices, with potential economic and environmental benefits.

Keywords

Native plants, biosolids, dairy shed effluent, macronutrients, essential trace element, nutrients uptake.

Corresponding author

References

Alloway, B.J., 2013. Heavy metals in soils : trace metals and metalloids in soils and their bioavailability. Springer Dordrecht. 614p.

Antolín, M.C., Pascual, I., García, C., Polo, A., Sánchez-Díaz, M., 2005. Growth, yield and solute content of barley in soils treated with sewage sludge under semiarid Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Research 94(2–3): 224-237.

Antoniadis, V. 2008. Sewage sludge application and soil properties effects on short-term zinc leaching in soil columns. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 190(1-4): 35-43.

Bai, Y., Gu, C., Tao, T., Wang, L., Feng, K., Shan, Y., 2013a. Growth characteristics, nutrient uptake, and metal accumulation of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) in sludge-amended mudflats. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B-Soil and Plant Science 63(4): 352-359.

Bai, Y.C., Tao, T.Y., Gu, C.H., Wang, L., Feng, K., Shan, Y.H., 2013b. Mudflat soil amendment by sewage sludge: Soil physicochemical properties, perennial ryegrass growth, and metal uptake. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 59(6): 942-952.

Baldani, V.L.D., Döbereiner, J., 1980. Host-plant specificity in the infection of cereals with Azospirillum spp. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 12(4): 433-439.

Bertin, C., Yang, X., Weston, L.A., 2003. The role of root exudates and allelochemicals in the rhizosphere. Plant and Soil 256(1): 67-83.

Beshah, F.H., Porter, N.A., Wrigley, R., Meehan, B., Adams, M., 2015. Soil residuals and plant uptake of Cu and Zn from biosolids applied to a clay loam soil under field conditions in Victoria, Australia. Soil Research 53(7): 807-814.

Brady, N.C., Weil, R.R., 2008. The nature and properties of soil. 14th Ed.. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

Broadley, M.R., White, P.J., Hammond, J.P., Zelko, I., Lux, A., 2007. Zinc in plants. New Phytologist 173(4): 677-702.

Brown, S., Chaney, R.L., Hallfrisch, J.G., Xue, Q., 2003. Effect of biosolids processing on lead bioavailability in an urban soil. Journal of Environmental Quality 32(1): 100-108.

Cline, E.T., Nguyen, Q.T., Rollins, L., Gawel, J.E., 2012. Metal stress and decreased tree growth in response to biosolids application in greenhouse seedlings and in situ Douglas-fir stands. Environmental Pollution 160: 139-144.

Cogger, C.G., Bary, A.I., Myhre, E.A., Fortuna, A.M., 2013. Biosolids applications to tall fescue have long-term ınfluence on soil nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus. Journal of Environmental Quality 42(2): 516-522.

Cytryn, E., Kautsky, L., Ofek, M., Mandelbaum, R.T., Minz, D., 2011. Short-term structure and functional changes in bacterial community composition following amendment with biosolids compost. Applied Soil Ecology 48(2): 160-167.

Delibacak, S., Okur, B., Ongun, A.R., 2009. Influence of treated sewage sludge applications on temporal variations of plant nutrients and heavy metals in a Typic Xerofluvent soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 83(3): 249-257.

Di, H.J., Cameron, K.C., Moore, S., Smith, N.P., 1998. Nitrate leaching from dairy shed effluent and ammonium fertiliser applied to a free‐draining pasture soil under spray or flood irrigation. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 41(2): 263-270.

Esperschuetz, J., Anderson, C., Bulman, S., Katamian, O., Horswell, J., Dickinson, N.M., Robinson, B.H., 2017. Response of Leptospermum scoparium, Kunzea robusta and Pinus radiata to contrasting biowastes. Science of the Total Environment 587-588: 258-265.

Esperschuetz, J., Anderson, C., Bulman, S., Lense, O., Horswell, J., Dickinson, N., Hofmann, R., Robinson, B.H., 2016. Production of Biomass crops using biowastes on low-fertility soil: 1. Influence of biowastes on plant and soil quality. Journal of Environmental Quality 45(6): 1960-1969.

Freeman, T., Cawthon, D., 1999. Use of composted dairy cattle solid biomass, poultry litter and municipal biosolids as greenhouse growth media. Compost Science and Utilization 7(3): 66-71.

Fresquez, P., Francis, R., Dennis, G., 1990. Sewage sludge effects on soil and plant quality in a degraded, semiarid grassland. Journal of Environmental Quality 19(2): 324-329.

Garcıa-Gil, J., Ceppi, S., Velasco, M., Polo, A., Senesi, N., 2004. Long-term effects of amendment with municipal solid waste compost on the elemental and acidic functional group composition and pH-buffer capacity of soil humic acids. Geoderma 121(1-2): 135-142.

Gilmour, J.T., Cogger, C.G., Jacobs, L.W., Evanylo, G.K., Sullivan, D.M., 2003. Decomposition and plant-available nitrogen in biosolids. Journal of Environmental Quality 32(4): 1498-1507.

Ginting, D., Kessavalou, A., Eghball, B., Doran, J.W., 2003. Greenhouse gas emissions and soil indicators four years after manure and compost applications. Journal of Environmental Quality 32(1): 23-32.

Hawke, R.M., Summers, S.A., 2006. Effects of land application of farm dairy effluent on soil properties: A literature review. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 49(3): 307-320.

Haynes, R.J., Murtaza, G., Naidu, R., 2009. Inorganic and organic constituents and contaminants of biosolids: Implications for land application. Advances in Agronomy 104: 165-267.

Hedley, C., Lambie, S., Dando, J., 2013. Edaphic and environmental controls of soil respiration and related soil processes under two contrasting manuka and kanuka shrubland stands in North Island, New Zealand. Soil Research 51(5): 390-405.

Hinsinger, P., 2001. Bioavailability of soil inorganic P in the rhizosphere as affected by root-induced chemical changes: a review. Plant and Soil 237(2): 173-195.

Kaur, T., Brar, B., Dhillon, N., 2008. Soil organic matter dynamics as affected by long-term use of organic and inorganic fertilizers under maize–wheat cropping system. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 81(1): 59-69.

Keller, H., Römer, W., 2001. Cu-, Zn- und Cd-Aneignungsvermögen von zwei Spinatgenotypen in Abhängigkeit von der P-Versorgung und Wurzelexsudation. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 164(3): 335-342.

Khan, A., 2006. Mycorrhizoremediation—An enhanced form of phytoremediation. Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 7(7): 503-514.

Kimberley, M.O., Wang, H., Wilks, P.J., Fisher, C.R., Magesan, G.N., 2004. Economic analysis of growth response from a pine plantation forest applied with biosolids. Forest Ecology and Management 189(1): 345-351.

Koo, B.-J., Chang, A.C., Crowley, D.E., Page, A.L., Taylor, A., 2013. Availability and plant uptake of biosolid-borne metals. Applied and Environmental Soil Science Article ID 892036.

Lteif, A., Whalen, J.K., Bradley, R.L., Camiré, C., 2007. Mixtures of papermill biosolids and pig slurry improve soil quality and growth of hybrid poplar. Soil Use and Management 23(4): 393-403.

Marschner, H., 2012. Marschner's mineral nutrition of higher plants. 3rd edition. Academic Press, Elsevier. 672p.

Mazzola, M., Granatstein, D.M., Elfving, D.C., Mullinix, K., Gu, Y.-H., 2002. Cultural management of microbial community structure to enhance growth of apple in replant soils. Phytopathology 92(12): 1363-1366.

Moir, J.L., Edwards, G.R., Berry, L.N., 2013. Nitrogen uptake and leaching loss of thirteen temperate grass species under high N loading. Grass and Forage Science 68(2): 313-325.

Mok, H.F., Majumder, R., Laidlaw, W.S., Gregory, D., Baker, A.J.M., Arndt, S.K., 2013. Native Australian species are effective in extracting multiple heavy metals from biosolids. International Journal of Phytoremediation 15(7): 615-632.

Morera, M., Echeverria, J., Garrido, J., 2002. Bioavailability of heavy metals in soils amended with sewage sludge. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 82(4): 433-438.

Moyersoen, B., Fitter, A.H., 1999. Presence of arbuscular mycorrhizas in typically ectomycorrhizal host species from Cameroon and New Zealand. Mycorrhiza 8(5): 247-253.

Murphy, D., Stockdale, E., Brookes, P., Goulding, K.T., 2007. Impact of microorganisms on chemical transformations in soil. In: Soil Biological Fertility. Abbott, L., Murphy, D. (Eds.). Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 37-59.

Paramashivam, D., Clough, T.J., Dickinson, N.M., Horswell, J., Lense, O., Clucas, L., Robinson, B.H., 2016. Effect of pine waste and pine biochar on nitrogen mobility in biosolids. Journal of Environmental Quality 45(1): 360-367.

Powlson, D., Bhogal, A., Chambers, B., Coleman, K., Macdonald, A., Goulding, K., Whitmore, A., 2012. The potential to increase soil carbon stocks through reduced tillage or organic material additions in England and Wales: a case study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 146(1): 23-33.

Prosser, J.A., 2011. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) as a remediation species for biosolids amended land. MSc Thesis, Massey University, New Zealand.

Rogers, M., Smith, S.R., 2007. Ecological impact of application of wastewater biosolids to agricultural soil. Water and Environment Journal 21(1) 34-40.

Simmler, M., Ciadamidaro, L., Schulin, R., Madejón, P., Reiser, R., Clucas, L., Weber, P., Robinson, B., 2013. Lignite reduces the solubility and plant uptake of cadmium in pasturelands. Environmental Science & Technology 47(9): 4497-4504.

Singh, R.P., Agrawal, M., 2008. Potential benefits and risks of land application of sewage sludge. Waste Management 28(2): 347-358.

Sullivan, T., Stromberger, M., Paschke, M., Ippolito, J., 2006. Long-term impacts of infrequent biosolids applications on chemical and microbial properties of a semi-arid rangeland soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils 42(3): 258-266.

Walker, T.S., Bais, H.P., Grotewold, E., Vivanco, J.M., 2003. Root exudation and rhizosphere biology. Plant Physiology 132(1): 44-51.

Wang, B., Liu, L., Gao, Y., Chen, J., 2009. Improved phytoremediation of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) by Trichoderma mutant constructed by restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) in cadmium polluted soil. Chemosphere 74(10): 1400-1403.

Wang, X., Jia, Y., 2010. Study on adsorption and remediation of heavy metals by poplar and larch in contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 17(7): 1331-1338.

Weber, J., Karczewska, A., Drozd, J., Licznar, M., Licznar, S., Jamroz, E., Kocowicz, A., 2007. Agricultural and ecological aspects of a sandy soil as affected by the application of municipal solid waste composts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39(6): 1294-1302.

Weijtmans, K., Davis, M., Clinton, P., Kuyper, T.W., Greenfield, L., 2007. Occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhiza and ectomycorrhiza on Leptospermum scoparium from the Rakaia catchment, Canterbury. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 31(2): 255-260.

White, P.J., Broadley, M.R., 2003. Calcium in plants. Annals of Botany 92(4): 487-511.

Wong, J.W.C., Lai, K.M., Su, D.C., Fang, M., Zhou, L.X., 2001. Effect of applying Hong Kong biosolids and lime on nutrient availability and plant growth in an acidic loamy soil. Environmental Technology 22(12): 1487-1495.

Zaman, M., Cameron, K.C., Di, H.J., Inubushi, K., 2002. Changes in mineral N, microbial biomass and enzyme activities in different soil depths after surface applications of dairy shed effluent and chemical fertilizer. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 63(2-3): 275-290.

Zaman, M., Di, H.J., Cameron, K.C., Frampton, C.M., 1999. Gross nitrogen mineralization and nitrification rates and their relationships to enzyme activities and the soil microbial biomass in soils treated with dairy shed effluent and ammonium fertilizer at different water potentials. Biology and Fertility of Soils 29(2): 178-186.

Abstract

Biosolids and Dairy Shed Effluent (DSE) can contain high concentrations of plant nutrients, making them potential resources for enhancing forest tree species growth and soil fertility. This study aimed to investigate the effects of biosolids and DSE application on the growth and nutrient uptake of Leptospermum scoparium and Kunzea robusta, while also considering the potential accumulation of contaminants. The results demonstrated that amending low-fertility soil with 2600 kg N ha-1 of biosolids and 200 kg N ha-1 of DSE positively influenced the growth of both L. scoparium and K. robusta. This improvement was evident through increased biomass production and enhanced uptake of essential elements such as calcium (Ca), potassium (K), and sulfur (S). Notably, L. scoparium exhibited superior growth when combined with DSE, while both species showed similar positive responses when combined with biosolids. However, it should be noted that the application of biosolids resulted in elevated concentrations of certain trace elements in the plants, whereas DSE did not. These trace elements included cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), and zinc (Zn). Despite the increase, the levels of these elements did not exceed unacceptable thresholds. Considering the potential influence of biosolids on plant rhizodeposition, it is recommended that future studies investigate the interactions between plant roots and microbes, particularly in relation to plant element uptake. This line of research would further enhance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms involved. In conclusion, the findings suggest that the application of biosolids and DSE can effectively improve forest tree growth and nutrient uptake. However, careful management is necessary to mitigate the potential accumulation of trace elements. These results provide valuable insights for optimizing the use of biosolids and DSE in forestry practices, with potential economic and environmental benefits.

Keywords: Native plants, biosolids, dairy shed effluent, macronutrients, essential trace element, nutrients uptake.

References

Alloway, B.J., 2013. Heavy metals in soils : trace metals and metalloids in soils and their bioavailability. Springer Dordrecht. 614p.

Antolín, M.C., Pascual, I., García, C., Polo, A., Sánchez-Díaz, M., 2005. Growth, yield and solute content of barley in soils treated with sewage sludge under semiarid Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Research 94(2–3): 224-237.

Antoniadis, V. 2008. Sewage sludge application and soil properties effects on short-term zinc leaching in soil columns. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 190(1-4): 35-43.

Bai, Y., Gu, C., Tao, T., Wang, L., Feng, K., Shan, Y., 2013a. Growth characteristics, nutrient uptake, and metal accumulation of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) in sludge-amended mudflats. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B-Soil and Plant Science 63(4): 352-359.

Bai, Y.C., Tao, T.Y., Gu, C.H., Wang, L., Feng, K., Shan, Y.H., 2013b. Mudflat soil amendment by sewage sludge: Soil physicochemical properties, perennial ryegrass growth, and metal uptake. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 59(6): 942-952.

Baldani, V.L.D., Döbereiner, J., 1980. Host-plant specificity in the infection of cereals with Azospirillum spp. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 12(4): 433-439.

Bertin, C., Yang, X., Weston, L.A., 2003. The role of root exudates and allelochemicals in the rhizosphere. Plant and Soil 256(1): 67-83.

Beshah, F.H., Porter, N.A., Wrigley, R., Meehan, B., Adams, M., 2015. Soil residuals and plant uptake of Cu and Zn from biosolids applied to a clay loam soil under field conditions in Victoria, Australia. Soil Research 53(7): 807-814.

Brady, N.C., Weil, R.R., 2008. The nature and properties of soil. 14th Ed.. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

Broadley, M.R., White, P.J., Hammond, J.P., Zelko, I., Lux, A., 2007. Zinc in plants. New Phytologist 173(4): 677-702.

Brown, S., Chaney, R.L., Hallfrisch, J.G., Xue, Q., 2003. Effect of biosolids processing on lead bioavailability in an urban soil. Journal of Environmental Quality 32(1): 100-108.

Cline, E.T., Nguyen, Q.T., Rollins, L., Gawel, J.E., 2012. Metal stress and decreased tree growth in response to biosolids application in greenhouse seedlings and in situ Douglas-fir stands. Environmental Pollution 160: 139-144.

Cogger, C.G., Bary, A.I., Myhre, E.A., Fortuna, A.M., 2013. Biosolids applications to tall fescue have long-term ınfluence on soil nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus. Journal of Environmental Quality 42(2): 516-522.

Cytryn, E., Kautsky, L., Ofek, M., Mandelbaum, R.T., Minz, D., 2011. Short-term structure and functional changes in bacterial community composition following amendment with biosolids compost. Applied Soil Ecology 48(2): 160-167.

Delibacak, S., Okur, B., Ongun, A.R., 2009. Influence of treated sewage sludge applications on temporal variations of plant nutrients and heavy metals in a Typic Xerofluvent soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 83(3): 249-257.

Di, H.J., Cameron, K.C., Moore, S., Smith, N.P., 1998. Nitrate leaching from dairy shed effluent and ammonium fertiliser applied to a free‐draining pasture soil under spray or flood irrigation. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 41(2): 263-270.

Esperschuetz, J., Anderson, C., Bulman, S., Katamian, O., Horswell, J., Dickinson, N.M., Robinson, B.H., 2017. Response of Leptospermum scoparium, Kunzea robusta and Pinus radiata to contrasting biowastes. Science of the Total Environment 587-588: 258-265.

Esperschuetz, J., Anderson, C., Bulman, S., Lense, O., Horswell, J., Dickinson, N., Hofmann, R., Robinson, B.H., 2016. Production of Biomass crops using biowastes on low-fertility soil: 1. Influence of biowastes on plant and soil quality. Journal of Environmental Quality 45(6): 1960-1969.

Freeman, T., Cawthon, D., 1999. Use of composted dairy cattle solid biomass, poultry litter and municipal biosolids as greenhouse growth media. Compost Science and Utilization 7(3): 66-71.

Fresquez, P., Francis, R., Dennis, G., 1990. Sewage sludge effects on soil and plant quality in a degraded, semiarid grassland. Journal of Environmental Quality 19(2): 324-329.

Garcıa-Gil, J., Ceppi, S., Velasco, M., Polo, A., Senesi, N., 2004. Long-term effects of amendment with municipal solid waste compost on the elemental and acidic functional group composition and pH-buffer capacity of soil humic acids. Geoderma 121(1-2): 135-142.

Gilmour, J.T., Cogger, C.G., Jacobs, L.W., Evanylo, G.K., Sullivan, D.M., 2003. Decomposition and plant-available nitrogen in biosolids. Journal of Environmental Quality 32(4): 1498-1507.

Ginting, D., Kessavalou, A., Eghball, B., Doran, J.W., 2003. Greenhouse gas emissions and soil indicators four years after manure and compost applications. Journal of Environmental Quality 32(1): 23-32.

Hawke, R.M., Summers, S.A., 2006. Effects of land application of farm dairy effluent on soil properties: A literature review. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 49(3): 307-320.

Haynes, R.J., Murtaza, G., Naidu, R., 2009. Inorganic and organic constituents and contaminants of biosolids: Implications for land application. Advances in Agronomy 104: 165-267.

Hedley, C., Lambie, S., Dando, J., 2013. Edaphic and environmental controls of soil respiration and related soil processes under two contrasting manuka and kanuka shrubland stands in North Island, New Zealand. Soil Research 51(5): 390-405.

Hinsinger, P., 2001. Bioavailability of soil inorganic P in the rhizosphere as affected by root-induced chemical changes: a review. Plant and Soil 237(2): 173-195.

Kaur, T., Brar, B., Dhillon, N., 2008. Soil organic matter dynamics as affected by long-term use of organic and inorganic fertilizers under maize–wheat cropping system. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 81(1): 59-69.

Keller, H., Römer, W., 2001. Cu-, Zn- und Cd-Aneignungsvermögen von zwei Spinatgenotypen in Abhängigkeit von der P-Versorgung und Wurzelexsudation. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 164(3): 335-342.

Khan, A., 2006. Mycorrhizoremediation—An enhanced form of phytoremediation. Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 7(7): 503-514.

Kimberley, M.O., Wang, H., Wilks, P.J., Fisher, C.R., Magesan, G.N., 2004. Economic analysis of growth response from a pine plantation forest applied with biosolids. Forest Ecology and Management 189(1): 345-351.

Koo, B.-J., Chang, A.C., Crowley, D.E., Page, A.L., Taylor, A., 2013. Availability and plant uptake of biosolid-borne metals. Applied and Environmental Soil Science Article ID 892036.

Lteif, A., Whalen, J.K., Bradley, R.L., Camiré, C., 2007. Mixtures of papermill biosolids and pig slurry improve soil quality and growth of hybrid poplar. Soil Use and Management 23(4): 393-403.

Marschner, H., 2012. Marschner's mineral nutrition of higher plants. 3rd edition. Academic Press, Elsevier. 672p.

Mazzola, M., Granatstein, D.M., Elfving, D.C., Mullinix, K., Gu, Y.-H., 2002. Cultural management of microbial community structure to enhance growth of apple in replant soils. Phytopathology 92(12): 1363-1366.

Moir, J.L., Edwards, G.R., Berry, L.N., 2013. Nitrogen uptake and leaching loss of thirteen temperate grass species under high N loading. Grass and Forage Science 68(2): 313-325.

Mok, H.F., Majumder, R., Laidlaw, W.S., Gregory, D., Baker, A.J.M., Arndt, S.K., 2013. Native Australian species are effective in extracting multiple heavy metals from biosolids. International Journal of Phytoremediation 15(7): 615-632.

Morera, M., Echeverria, J., Garrido, J., 2002. Bioavailability of heavy metals in soils amended with sewage sludge. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 82(4): 433-438.

Moyersoen, B., Fitter, A.H., 1999. Presence of arbuscular mycorrhizas in typically ectomycorrhizal host species from Cameroon and New Zealand. Mycorrhiza 8(5): 247-253.

Murphy, D., Stockdale, E., Brookes, P., Goulding, K.T., 2007. Impact of microorganisms on chemical transformations in soil. In: Soil Biological Fertility. Abbott, L., Murphy, D. (Eds.). Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 37-59.

Paramashivam, D., Clough, T.J., Dickinson, N.M., Horswell, J., Lense, O., Clucas, L., Robinson, B.H., 2016. Effect of pine waste and pine biochar on nitrogen mobility in biosolids. Journal of Environmental Quality 45(1): 360-367.

Powlson, D., Bhogal, A., Chambers, B., Coleman, K., Macdonald, A., Goulding, K., Whitmore, A., 2012. The potential to increase soil carbon stocks through reduced tillage or organic material additions in England and Wales: a case study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 146(1): 23-33.

Prosser, J.A., 2011. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) as a remediation species for biosolids amended land. MSc Thesis, Massey University, New Zealand.

Rogers, M., Smith, S.R., 2007. Ecological impact of application of wastewater biosolids to agricultural soil. Water and Environment Journal 21(1) 34-40.

Simmler, M., Ciadamidaro, L., Schulin, R., Madejón, P., Reiser, R., Clucas, L., Weber, P., Robinson, B., 2013. Lignite reduces the solubility and plant uptake of cadmium in pasturelands. Environmental Science & Technology 47(9): 4497-4504.

Singh, R.P., Agrawal, M., 2008. Potential benefits and risks of land application of sewage sludge. Waste Management 28(2): 347-358.

Sullivan, T., Stromberger, M., Paschke, M., Ippolito, J., 2006. Long-term impacts of infrequent biosolids applications on chemical and microbial properties of a semi-arid rangeland soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils 42(3): 258-266.

Walker, T.S., Bais, H.P., Grotewold, E., Vivanco, J.M., 2003. Root exudation and rhizosphere biology. Plant Physiology 132(1): 44-51.

Wang, B., Liu, L., Gao, Y., Chen, J., 2009. Improved phytoremediation of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) by Trichoderma mutant constructed by restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) in cadmium polluted soil. Chemosphere 74(10): 1400-1403.

Wang, X., Jia, Y., 2010. Study on adsorption and remediation of heavy metals by poplar and larch in contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 17(7): 1331-1338.

Weber, J., Karczewska, A., Drozd, J., Licznar, M., Licznar, S., Jamroz, E., Kocowicz, A., 2007. Agricultural and ecological aspects of a sandy soil as affected by the application of municipal solid waste composts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39(6): 1294-1302.

Weijtmans, K., Davis, M., Clinton, P., Kuyper, T.W., Greenfield, L., 2007. Occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhiza and ectomycorrhiza on Leptospermum scoparium from the Rakaia catchment, Canterbury. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 31(2): 255-260.

White, P.J., Broadley, M.R., 2003. Calcium in plants. Annals of Botany 92(4): 487-511.

Wong, J.W.C., Lai, K.M., Su, D.C., Fang, M., Zhou, L.X., 2001. Effect of applying Hong Kong biosolids and lime on nutrient availability and plant growth in an acidic loamy soil. Environmental Technology 22(12): 1487-1495.

Zaman, M., Cameron, K.C., Di, H.J., Inubushi, K., 2002. Changes in mineral N, microbial biomass and enzyme activities in different soil depths after surface applications of dairy shed effluent and chemical fertilizer. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 63(2-3): 275-290.

Zaman, M., Di, H.J., Cameron, K.C., Frampton, C.M., 1999. Gross nitrogen mineralization and nitrification rates and their relationships to enzyme activities and the soil microbial biomass in soils treated with dairy shed effluent and ammonium fertilizer at different water potentials. Biology and Fertility of Soils 29(2): 178-186.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science