Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 13, Issue 1, Jan 2024, Pages 43 - 51
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1390588
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1390588
Copyright © 2024 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Improving the growth of Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. in saline soils using bioagent seed treatments

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Khaitov,B., Tadjetdinov,N., Sindarov,O., Khaitbaeva,J., Sayimbetov,A., Khakberdiev,O., Nematov,T., 2024. Improving the growth of Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. in saline soils using bioagent seed treatments. Eurasian J Soil Sci 13(1):43 - 51. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1390588
Khaitov,B.,Tadjetdinov,N.Sindarov,O.Khaitbaeva,J.Sayimbetov,A.Khakberdiev,O.,& Nematov,T. Improving the growth of Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. in saline soils using bioagent seed treatments Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 13(1):43 - 51. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1390588
Khaitov,B.,Tadjetdinov,N.Sindarov,O.Khaitbaeva,J.Sayimbetov,A.Khakberdiev,O., and ,Nematov,T."Improving the growth of Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. in saline soils using bioagent seed treatments" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 13.1 (2024):43 - 51. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1390588
Khaitov,B.,Tadjetdinov,N.Sindarov,O.Khaitbaeva,J.Sayimbetov,A.Khakberdiev,O., and ,Nematov,T. "Improving the growth of Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. in saline soils using bioagent seed treatments" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,13(Jan 2024):43 - 51 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1390588
B,Khaitov.N,Tadjetdinov.O,Sindarov.J,Khaitbaeva.A,Sayimbetov.O,Khakberdiev.T,Nematov "Improving the growth of Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. in saline soils using bioagent seed treatments" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.13, no.1, pp.43 - 51 (Jan 2024), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1390588
Khaitov,Botir ;Tadjetdinov,Nauruzbay ;Sindarov,Obidjon ;Khaitbaeva,Jamila ;Sayimbetov,Alisher ;Khakberdiev,Obid ;Nematov,Tulkin Improving the growth of Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. in saline soils using bioagent seed treatments. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2024),13.1:43 - 51. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1390588

How to cite

Khaitov, B., Tadjetdinov, N., Sindarov, O., Khaitbaeva, J., Sayimbetov, A., Khakberdiev, O., Nematov, T., 2024. Improving the growth of Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. in saline soils using bioagent seed treatments. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 13(1): 43 - 51. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1390588

Author information

Botir Khaitov , International Center for Biosaline Agriculture, Regional Office for Central Asia and South Caucasus, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Nauruzbay Tadjetdinov , Institute of Agriculture and Agrotechnologies of Karakalpakstan, Nukus, Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan
Obidjon Sindarov , Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers National Research University, Department of Soil Science and Farming, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Jamila Khaitbaeva , Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Department of Soil Science and Farming, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Alisher Sayimbetov , Institute of Agriculture and Agrotechnologies of Karakalpakstan, Nukus, Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan
Obid Khakberdiev , Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers National Research University, Department of Soil Science and Farming, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Tulkin Nematov , Tashkent State Agrarian University, Faculty of Agrobiology; Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Publication information

Article first published online : 14 Nov 2023
Manuscript Accepted : 06 Nov 2023
Manuscript Received: 13 Jul 2023
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1390588
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1390588

Abstract

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.), known for its salt and drought tolerance, presents a potential solution for addressing soil salinity and desertification challenges in arid areas. Since the natural habitat of this plant is dwindling sharply in the Aral Sea regions due to negative human interventions, so it is vital to create production technologies with biological means. This study determined the agronomic characteristics of licorice when bioagents i.e. Geohumate, Aminomax and Caliphos were used as a seed treatment. Results showed that the application of these biostimulators significantly improved seed germination and plant growth compared to the control. Especially the effect was more pronounced with Geohumate as the seed germination increased by 36.4%, whereas the impacts of Aminomax and Caliphos were 17.5% and 12.4% higher, respectively as compared to the control group. Likewise, under the open-field condition, plant growth and development were greater with the bioagent applications. In regards the root biomass, the highest record with a 29.1% increase was achieved after the Geogumat treatment, while Aminomax and Caliphos applications exhibited 24.4 and 23.9% higher values, respectively as compared to the control values. The amounts of ash, glycyrrhizic acid, extractive compounds and flavonoids were increased by 26.5%, 22.0, 9.4% and 10.4%, respectively, compared to the respective control values due to the positive effect of the Geogumat treatment. Furthermore, the improved organic and chemical contents of soil were explained by the bioremediation functions of licorice plus bioagents efficiency. Using bioagents in licorice production could be a valuable approach for maintaining ecosystem function and stability in saline lands.

Keywords

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza Glabra L.), seed treatment, bio-agents, saline soil, seed germination, growth dynamics, root yield.

Corresponding author

References

Amin, M., Fitsum, S., Selvaraj, T., Mulugeta, N., 2014. Field management of anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) in common bean through fungicides and bioagents. Advances in Crop Science and Technology 2(2): 2-6.

Bayadilova, G., Zhylkibayev, A., Yessenbayeva, J., Yelibayeva, G., Kazkeyev, D., Karasseva, V.M. 2022. Effect of different organic wastes on biological properties of maize (Zea Mays Indendata) rhizosphere. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 11(2): 141-150.

Cui, J., Zhang, E., Zhang, X., Wang, Q., 2021. Silicon alleviates salinity stress in licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) by regulating carbon and nitrogen metabolism. Scientific Reports 11(1): 1-12.

Gafurova, L., Juliev, M., 2021. Soil Degradation Problems and Foreseen Solutions in Uzbekistan. In: Regenerative agriculture: what’s missing? what do we still need to know?  Dent, D., Boincean, B. (Eds.). Springer, Cham. pp. 59-67.

Hafez, Y.M., Attia, K.A., Kamel, S., Alamery, S.F., El-Gendy, S., Al-Doss A.A., Abdelaal, K.A., 2020. Bacillus subtilis as a bio-agent combined with nano molecules can control powdery mildew disease through histochemical and physiobiochemical changes in cucumber plants. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 111:101489.

Hao, Z., Xie, W., Jiang, X., Wu, Z., Zhang, X., Chen, B. 2019. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus improves rhizobium–glycyrrhiza seedling symbiosis under drought stress. Agronomy 9(10): 572.

Hena, H., Khanam, M., Rahman, G.M., Afrad, M.S.I., Alam, M.S., 2022. Isolation and characterization of salt tolerant bacteria from saline soils of Bangladesh. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 11(4): 284-294.

Hosseini, M.S., Ebrahimi, M., Abadía, J., Kadkhodaei, S., Amirian, R., 2022. Growth, phytochemical parameters and glycyrrhizin production in licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) grown in the field with saline water irrigation. Industrial Crops and Products 177: 114444.

Johny, L., Cahill D.M., Adholeya, A., 2021. AMF enhance secondary metabolite production in ashwagandha, licorice, and marigold in a fungi-host specific manner. Rhizosphere 17: 100314.

Irani, S., Todd, C.D., 2016. Ureide metabolism under abiotic stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of Plant Physiology 199: 87–95.

Khaitov, B., Karimov, A., Khaitbaeva, J., Sindarov, O., Karimov, A., Li, Y. 2022. Perspectives of Licorice Production in Harsh Environments of the Aral Sea Regions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19(18): 11770.

Khaitov, B., Karimov, A., Toderich, K., Sultanova, Z., Mamadrahimov, A., Allanov, K., Islamov, S., 2020. Adaptation, grain yield and nutritional characteristics of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) genotypes in marginal environments of the Aral Sea basin. Journal of Plant Nutrition 44(9): 1365-1379.  

Khaitov, B., Allanov, K., Islam K.R., Park, K.W. 2019. Bio‐inoculant improves nitrogen‐use efficiency and cotton yield in saline soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 182(3): 393-400.

Khaitov, B., Urmonova, M., Karimov, A., Sulaymonov, B., Allanov, K., Israilov, I., Sottorov, O., 2021. Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)—Growth and phytochemical compound secretion in degraded lands under drought stress. Sustainability 13(5): 2923.

Koch, E., Schmitt, A., Stephan, D., Kromphardt, C., Jahn, M., Krauthausen, H.J., Forsberg, G., Werner, S., Amein, T., Sandra, A.I., Tinivella, F., Gullino, M., Roberts, S., Wolf, J.V., Groot, S.P., 2010. Evaluation of non-chemical seed treatment methods for the control of Alternaria dauci and A. radicina on carrot seeds. European Journal of Plant Pathology 127(1): 99-112.

Kushiev, H., Noble, A.D., Abdullaev, I., Toshbekov, U., 2005. Remediation of abandoned saline soils using Glycyrrhiza glabra: A study from the Hungry Steppes of Central Asia. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 3(2): 102-113.

Kushiev, H.H., Kenjaev, A., Mirzabaev, A., Noble, A.D., Uzaydullaev, S., 2017. Economic aspects remediation of saline soils using licorice: the case of Mirzachul area in Uzbekistan. Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference World Science. Tashkent, Uzbekistan. pp. 48-56.

Kushiev, K., Ismailova, K.M., Rakhmonov, I., Kenjaev, A., 2021. The role of licorice for remediation of saline soils. Open Journal of Science and Technology 4(1): 10-20.

Mambetnazarov, A.B., Aybergenov, B.A., Kurbaniyazova, B.J., Jumatova, R.M., Turimbetov, M. S.M., Sabirova, G., Sabirov, G., 2021. To the development of optimal methods for licorice seeds growing (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) in irrigated lands of the Republic of Karakalpakstan. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 937: 032102.

UzPITI, 2007. Methods of Field Experiments. Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Mogle, U.P., Maske, S.R., 2012. Efficacy of bioagents and fungicides on seed mycoflora, germination and vigour index of cowpea. Science Research Reporter 2(3): 321-326.

Omara, R.I., El-Kot, G.A., Fadel, F.M., Abdelaal, K.A., Saleh, E.M., 2019. Efficacy of certain bioagents on patho-physiological characters of wheat plants under wheat leaf rust stress. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 106: 102-108.

Qadir, M., Noble, A.D., Qureshi, A.S., Gupta, R.K., Yuldashev, T., Karimov, A., 2009. Salt‐induced land and water degradation in the Aral Sea basin: A challenge to sustainable agriculture in Central Asia. Natural Resources Forum 33(2): 134-149.

Qureshi, A.S., Daba, A.W., 2020. Evaluating growth and yield parameters of five Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa W.) genotypes under different salt stress conditions. Journal of Agricultural Science 12(3): 128-140.

Raza, A., Tabassum, J., Fakhar, A.Z., Sharif, R., Chen, H., Zhang, C., Varshney, R.K., 2022. Smart reprogramming of plants against salinity stress using modern biotechnological tools. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 43(7): 1035-1062.

Saleem, S., Iqbal, A., Ahmed, F., Ahmad, M., 2021. Phytobeneficial and salt stress mitigating efficacy of IAA producing salt tolerant strains in Gossypium hirsutum. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 28(9): 5317-5324.

Abstract

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.), known for its salt and drought tolerance, presents a potential solution for addressing soil salinity and desertification challenges in arid areas. Since the natural habitat of this plant is dwindling sharply in the Aral Sea regions due to negative human interventions, so it is vital to create production technologies with biological means. This study determined the agronomic characteristics of licorice when bioagents i.e. Geohumate, Aminomax and Caliphos were used as a seed treatment. Results showed that the application of these biostimulators significantly improved seed germination and plant growth compared to the control. Especially the effect was more pronounced with Geohumate as the seed germination increased by 36.4%, whereas the impacts of Aminomax and Caliphos were 17.5% and 12.4% higher, respectively as compared to the control group. Likewise, under the open-field condition, plant growth and development were greater with the bioagent applications. In regards the root biomass, the highest record with a 29.1% increase was achieved after the Geogumat treatment, while Aminomax and Caliphos applications exhibited 24.4 and 23.9% higher values, respectively as compared to the control values. The amounts of ash, glycyrrhizic acid, extractive compounds and flavonoids were increased by 26.5%, 22.0, 9.4% and 10.4%, respectively, compared to the respective control values due to the positive effect of the Geogumat treatment. Furthermore, the improved organic and chemical contents of soil were explained by the bioremediation functions of licorice plus bioagents efficiency. Using bioagents in licorice production could be a valuable approach for maintaining ecosystem function and stability in saline lands.

Keywords: Licorice (Glycyrrhiza Glabra L.), seed treatment, bio-agents, saline soil, seed germination, growth dynamics, root yield.

References

Amin, M., Fitsum, S., Selvaraj, T., Mulugeta, N., 2014. Field management of anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) in common bean through fungicides and bioagents. Advances in Crop Science and Technology 2(2): 2-6.

Bayadilova, G., Zhylkibayev, A., Yessenbayeva, J., Yelibayeva, G., Kazkeyev, D., Karasseva, V.M. 2022. Effect of different organic wastes on biological properties of maize (Zea Mays Indendata) rhizosphere. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 11(2): 141-150.

Cui, J., Zhang, E., Zhang, X., Wang, Q., 2021. Silicon alleviates salinity stress in licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) by regulating carbon and nitrogen metabolism. Scientific Reports 11(1): 1-12.

Gafurova, L., Juliev, M., 2021. Soil Degradation Problems and Foreseen Solutions in Uzbekistan. In: Regenerative agriculture: what’s missing? what do we still need to know?  Dent, D., Boincean, B. (Eds.). Springer, Cham. pp. 59-67.

Hafez, Y.M., Attia, K.A., Kamel, S., Alamery, S.F., El-Gendy, S., Al-Doss A.A., Abdelaal, K.A., 2020. Bacillus subtilis as a bio-agent combined with nano molecules can control powdery mildew disease through histochemical and physiobiochemical changes in cucumber plants. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 111:101489.

Hao, Z., Xie, W., Jiang, X., Wu, Z., Zhang, X., Chen, B. 2019. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus improves rhizobium–glycyrrhiza seedling symbiosis under drought stress. Agronomy 9(10): 572.

Hena, H., Khanam, M., Rahman, G.M., Afrad, M.S.I., Alam, M.S., 2022. Isolation and characterization of salt tolerant bacteria from saline soils of Bangladesh. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 11(4): 284-294.

Hosseini, M.S., Ebrahimi, M., Abadía, J., Kadkhodaei, S., Amirian, R., 2022. Growth, phytochemical parameters and glycyrrhizin production in licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) grown in the field with saline water irrigation. Industrial Crops and Products 177: 114444.

Johny, L., Cahill D.M., Adholeya, A., 2021. AMF enhance secondary metabolite production in ashwagandha, licorice, and marigold in a fungi-host specific manner. Rhizosphere 17: 100314.

Irani, S., Todd, C.D., 2016. Ureide metabolism under abiotic stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of Plant Physiology 199: 87–95.

Khaitov, B., Karimov, A., Khaitbaeva, J., Sindarov, O., Karimov, A., Li, Y. 2022. Perspectives of Licorice Production in Harsh Environments of the Aral Sea Regions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19(18): 11770.

Khaitov, B., Karimov, A., Toderich, K., Sultanova, Z., Mamadrahimov, A., Allanov, K., Islamov, S., 2020. Adaptation, grain yield and nutritional characteristics of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) genotypes in marginal environments of the Aral Sea basin. Journal of Plant Nutrition 44(9): 1365-1379.  

Khaitov, B., Allanov, K., Islam K.R., Park, K.W. 2019. Bio‐inoculant improves nitrogen‐use efficiency and cotton yield in saline soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 182(3): 393-400.

Khaitov, B., Urmonova, M., Karimov, A., Sulaymonov, B., Allanov, K., Israilov, I., Sottorov, O., 2021. Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)—Growth and phytochemical compound secretion in degraded lands under drought stress. Sustainability 13(5): 2923.

Koch, E., Schmitt, A., Stephan, D., Kromphardt, C., Jahn, M., Krauthausen, H.J., Forsberg, G., Werner, S., Amein, T., Sandra, A.I., Tinivella, F., Gullino, M., Roberts, S., Wolf, J.V., Groot, S.P., 2010. Evaluation of non-chemical seed treatment methods for the control of Alternaria dauci and A. radicina on carrot seeds. European Journal of Plant Pathology 127(1): 99-112.

Kushiev, H., Noble, A.D., Abdullaev, I., Toshbekov, U., 2005. Remediation of abandoned saline soils using Glycyrrhiza glabra: A study from the Hungry Steppes of Central Asia. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 3(2): 102-113.

Kushiev, H.H., Kenjaev, A., Mirzabaev, A., Noble, A.D., Uzaydullaev, S., 2017. Economic aspects remediation of saline soils using licorice: the case of Mirzachul area in Uzbekistan. Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference World Science. Tashkent, Uzbekistan. pp. 48-56.

Kushiev, K., Ismailova, K.M., Rakhmonov, I., Kenjaev, A., 2021. The role of licorice for remediation of saline soils. Open Journal of Science and Technology 4(1): 10-20.

Mambetnazarov, A.B., Aybergenov, B.A., Kurbaniyazova, B.J., Jumatova, R.M., Turimbetov, M. S.M., Sabirova, G., Sabirov, G., 2021. To the development of optimal methods for licorice seeds growing (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) in irrigated lands of the Republic of Karakalpakstan. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 937: 032102.

UzPITI, 2007. Methods of Field Experiments. Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Mogle, U.P., Maske, S.R., 2012. Efficacy of bioagents and fungicides on seed mycoflora, germination and vigour index of cowpea. Science Research Reporter 2(3): 321-326.

Omara, R.I., El-Kot, G.A., Fadel, F.M., Abdelaal, K.A., Saleh, E.M., 2019. Efficacy of certain bioagents on patho-physiological characters of wheat plants under wheat leaf rust stress. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 106: 102-108.

Qadir, M., Noble, A.D., Qureshi, A.S., Gupta, R.K., Yuldashev, T., Karimov, A., 2009. Salt‐induced land and water degradation in the Aral Sea basin: A challenge to sustainable agriculture in Central Asia. Natural Resources Forum 33(2): 134-149.

Qureshi, A.S., Daba, A.W., 2020. Evaluating growth and yield parameters of five Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa W.) genotypes under different salt stress conditions. Journal of Agricultural Science 12(3): 128-140.

Raza, A., Tabassum, J., Fakhar, A.Z., Sharif, R., Chen, H., Zhang, C., Varshney, R.K., 2022. Smart reprogramming of plants against salinity stress using modern biotechnological tools. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 43(7): 1035-1062.

Saleem, S., Iqbal, A., Ahmed, F., Ahmad, M., 2021. Phytobeneficial and salt stress mitigating efficacy of IAA producing salt tolerant strains in Gossypium hirsutum. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 28(9): 5317-5324.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science