Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 12, Issue 4, Sep 2023, Pages 371 - 381
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1356604
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1356604
Copyright © 2023 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Impact of varied NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities on barley yield and soil nutrient availability in chestnut soil of Azerbaijan

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İslamzade,R., Hasanova,G., Asadova,S., 2023. Impact of varied NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities on barley yield and soil nutrient availability in chestnut soil of Azerbaijan. Eurasian J Soil Sci 12(4):371 - 381. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1356604
İslamzade,R.,Hasanova,G.,& Asadova,S. Impact of varied NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities on barley yield and soil nutrient availability in chestnut soil of Azerbaijan Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12(4):371 - 381. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1356604
İslamzade,R.,Hasanova,G., and ,Asadova,S."Impact of varied NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities on barley yield and soil nutrient availability in chestnut soil of Azerbaijan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12.4 (2023):371 - 381. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1356604
İslamzade,R.,Hasanova,G., and ,Asadova,S. "Impact of varied NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities on barley yield and soil nutrient availability in chestnut soil of Azerbaijan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,12(Sep 2023):371 - 381 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1356604
R,İslamzade.G,Hasanova.S,Asadova "Impact of varied NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities on barley yield and soil nutrient availability in chestnut soil of Azerbaijan" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.12, no.4, pp.371 - 381 (Sep 2023), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1356604
İslamzade,Rahila ;Hasanova,Gatiba ;Asadova,Sevinj Impact of varied NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities on barley yield and soil nutrient availability in chestnut soil of Azerbaijan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2023),12.4:371 - 381. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1356604

How to cite

İslamzade, R., Hasanova, G., Asadova, S., 2023. Impact of varied NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities on barley yield and soil nutrient availability in chestnut soil of Azerbaijan. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 12(4): 371 - 381. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1356604

Author information

Rahila İslamzade , Azerbaijan Research Institute of Crop Husbandry, Baku, Azerbaijan
Gatiba Hasanova , Azerbaijan Research Institute of Crop Husbandry, Baku, Azerbaijan
Sevinj Asadova , Azerbaijan Research Institute of Crop Husbandry, Baku, Azerbaijan

Publication information

Article first published online : 07 Sep 2023
Manuscript Accepted : 03 Sep 2023
Manuscript Received: 15 Nov 2022
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1356604
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1356604

Abstract

In the Gobustan district of Azerbaijan, the cultivation of barley is influenced by a complex interplay of soil properties, climate change effects, and agricultural practices. This study explores the impact of varying NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities, under natural climatic conditions, on barley yield and soil nutrient availability within Chestnut soils. The district's unique Chestnut soils, combined with evolving precipitation patterns due to climate change and the role of agricultural irrigation, create intricate challenges for successful barley farming. The experiment, conducted from 2016 to 2019, utilized a randomized complete block design with four replications to investigate the "Celilabad-19" barley variety. The results reveal a significant positive correlation between nitrogen application and grain yield. Notably, treatment 140-N60P45K45 (140 kg seed rate, 60 kg N/ha, 45 kg P/ha and 45 kg K/ha) demonstrated the highest average grain yield of 5.14 t/ha. The years 2017-2018 exhibited higher yields, possibly due to favorable climate conditions. Soil analyses indicated that higher NPK application rates led to elevated soil nutrient levels. However, nutrient content declined as plants progressed through growth stages, emphasizing the dynamic nutrient exchange between plants and soil. This study underscores the importance of adaptive agricultural strategies that consider climate variability and changing environmental conditions. The findings offer insights into sustainable cultivation practices essential for food security and crop production in the evolving climate of the Gobustan district.

Keywords

Barley cultivation, NPK fertilizer, seed rates, climate change, soil nutrient dynamics.

Corresponding author

References

Abbass, K., Qasim, M.Z., Song, H., Murshed, M., Mahmood, H., Younis, J., 2022. A review of the global climate change impacts, adaptation, and sustainable mitigation measures. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 29: 42539–42559.

Agegnehu, G., Nelson, P.N., Bird, M.I., 2016. Crop yield, plant nutrient uptake and soil physicochemical properties under organic soil amendments and nitrogen fertilization on Nitisols. Soil & Tillage Research 160(6): 1-13.

Aliyev, Z.H., 2021. Study of the soil-ecological state of the soils of the objects of study on the example of the foothill zones of Azerbaijan in the lesser Caucasus under various crops. American Journal of Plant Biology 6(2): 28-33.

Cammarano, D., Ceccarelli, S., Grando, S., Romagosa, I., Benbelkacem, A., Akar, T., Al-Yassin, A., Pecchioni, N., Francia, E., Ronga, D., 2019. The impact of climate change on barley yield in the Mediterranean basin. European Journal of Agronomy 106: 1-11.

Carillo, P., Rouphael, Y., 2022. Nitrate uptake and use efficiency: Pros and cons of chloride ınterference in the vegetable crops. Frontiers in Plant Science 13: 899522.

Chen, B.M., Wang, Z.H., Li, S.X., Wang, G.X., Song, H.X., Wang, X.N., 2004. Effects of nitrate supply on plant growth, nitrate accumulation, metabolic nitrate concentration and nitrate reductase activity in three leafy vegetables. Plant Science 167(3): 635–643.

Clark, R.V., Mack, A.R. 1974. Effects of growing barley continuously on yields, chemical constituents, and disease prevalence. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 54: 307-314.

Dawson, I.K., Russell, J., Powell, W., Steffenson, B., Thomas, W.T.B., Waugh, R., 2015. Barley: a translational model for adaptation to climate change. New Phytologist 206(3): 913-931.

Freidenreich, A., Dattamudi, S., Li, Y., Jayachandran, K., 2022. Influence of leguminous cover crops on soil chemical and biological properties in a no-till tropical fruit orchard. Land 11(6): 932.

Friedt, W., Horsley, R.D., Harvey, B.L., Poulsen, D.M.E., Lance, R.C.M., Ceccarelli, S., Grando, S., Capettini, F., 2010. Barley Breeding History, Progress, Objectives, and Technology. In: Barley. Ullrich, S.E. (Ed.). Wiley, pp. 160-220.

Gou, X., Reich, P.B., Qiu, L., Shao, M., Wei, G., Wang, J., Wei, X., 2023. Leguminous plants significantly increase soil nitrogen cycling across global climates and ecosystem types. Global Change Biology 29(14): 4028-4043.

Jones, J.B., 2001. Laboratory guide for conducting soil tests and plant analyses. CRC Press, New York, USA. 363p.

Kiria, A.Y., Muchiri, J., Mushimiyimana, D., Mutuma, E., 2022. Effects of organic manure application, seeding rate and planting methods on teff grain yields and biomass production in, Marsabit Kenya. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 88 (3): 190-199.

Liu, C.W., Sung, Y., Chen, B.C., Lai, H.Y., 2014. Effects of nitrogen fertilizers on the growth and nitrate content of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11(4): 4427-4440.

Malhi, G.S., Kaur, M., Kaushik, P., 2021. Impact of climate change on agriculture and its mitigation strategies: A review. Sustainability 13(3): 1318.

Medinski, T., Freese, D., Reitz, T., 2018. Changes in soil phosphorus balance and phosphorus-use efficiency under long-term fertilization conducted on agriculturally used Chernozem in Germany. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 98: 650-662.

Mengie, Y., .Assefa, A., Jenber, A.J., 2021. Sowing methods and seeding rates effects on yield and yield components of Tef (Eragrostis tef [Zucc.] Trotter) at Adet, North West Ethiopia. Heliyon 7(3): e06519.

Nacry, P., Bouguyon, E., Gojon, A., 2013. Nitrogen acquisition by roots: physiological and developmental mechanisms ensuring plant adaptation to a fluctuating resource. Plant and Soil 370: 1–29.

Nogalska, A., Czapla, J., Skwierawska, M., 2011. The effect of mult-component fertilizers on spring barley yield, the content and uptake of macronutrients. Polish Journal of Natural Science 4(4): 174-183.

Oliveira, K.S., Mendes, M.C., Ilibrante, G.A., Antoniazzi, N., Stadler, A.J., Antoniazzi, A.P., 2019. Export of N, P and K in barley subjected to fertilizer doses formulated with and without humic substance at sowing. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy 41(1): e42690.

Pan, X., Lv, J., Dyck, M., He, H., 2021. Bibliometric analysis of soil nutrient research between 1992 and 2020. Agriculture 11(3): 223.

Petropoulos, S.A., Olympios, C.M., Passam, H.C., 2008. The effect of nitrogen fertilization on plant growth and the nitrate content of leaves and roots of parsley in the Mediterranean region. Scientia Horticulturae 118(3): 255–259.

Rowell, D.L., 1996. Soil Science: methods and applications. Longman, UK. 350p.

Rutkowski, K., Łysiak, G.P., 2023. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on tree growth and nutrient content in soil and cherry leaves (Prunus cerasus L.). Agriculture 13(3): 578.

Setu, H., 2022. Effect of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers application on soil chemical characteristics and their accumulation in potato plant tissues. Applied and Environmental Soil Science Article ID 5342170.

Shah, S. A., Shah, S. M., Mohammad, W., Shafi, M., Nawaz, H., 2009. N uptake and yield of wheat as influenced by integrated use of organic and mineral nitrogen. International Journal of Plant Production 3(3): 45-56.

Skendžić, S., Zovko, M., Živković, I.P., Lešić, V., Lemić, D., 2021. The impact of climate change on agricultural insect pests. Insects 12(5): 440.

Song, X.D., Liu, F., Wu, H.Y., Cao, Q., Zhong, C., Yang, J.L., Li, D.C., Zhao, Y.G., Zhang, G.L., 2020. Effects of long-term K fertilization on soil available potassium in East China. Catena 188: 104412.

Tischner, R., 2000. Nitrate uptake and reduction in higher and lower plants. Plant, Cell and Environment 23: 1005-1024.

Ullah, A., Bano, A., Khan, N., 2021. Climate change and salinity effects on crops and chemical communication between plants and plant growth-promoting microorganisms under stress. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 5: 618092.

Wang, Q., Qin, Z.H., Zhang, W.W., Chen, Y.H., Zhu, P., Peng, C., Wang, L., Zhang, S.X., Colinet, G., 2022. Effect of long-term fertilization on phosphorus fractions in different soil layers and their quantitative relationships with soil properties. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 21(9): 2720-2733.

Wihardjaka, A., Harsanti, E.S., Ardiwinata, A.N., 2022. Effect of fertilizer management on potassium dynamics and yield of rainfed lowland rice in Indonesia. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 82(1): 33-43.

Wilczewski, E., Szczepanek, M., Piotrowska-Dlugosz, A., Wenda-Piesik, A., 2013. Effect of nitrogen rate and stubble catch crops on concentration of macroelements in spring wheat grain. Journal of Elementology 18(3): 481-494.

Wu, Q.H., Zhang, S.X., Feng, G., Zhu, P., Huang, S.M., Wang, B.R., Xu, M.G., 2020. Determining the optimum range of soil Olsen P for high P use efficiency, crop yield, and soil fertility in three typical cropland soils. Pedosphere 30: 832-843.

Abstract

In the Gobustan district of Azerbaijan, the cultivation of barley is influenced by a complex interplay of soil properties, climate change effects, and agricultural practices. This study explores the impact of varying NPK fertilizer application rates and seed quantities, under natural climatic conditions, on barley yield and soil nutrient availability within Chestnut soils. The district's unique Chestnut soils, combined with evolving precipitation patterns due to climate change and the role of agricultural irrigation, create intricate challenges for successful barley farming. The experiment, conducted from 2016 to 2019, utilized a randomized complete block design with four replications to investigate the "Celilabad-19" barley variety. The results reveal a significant positive correlation between nitrogen application and grain yield. Notably, treatment 140-N60P45K45 (140 kg seed rate, 60 kg N/ha, 45 kg P/ha and 45 kg K/ha) demonstrated the highest average grain yield of 5.14 t/ha. The years 2017-2018 exhibited higher yields, possibly due to favorable climate conditions. Soil analyses indicated that higher NPK application rates led to elevated soil nutrient levels. However, nutrient content declined as plants progressed through growth stages, emphasizing the dynamic nutrient exchange between plants and soil. This study underscores the importance of adaptive agricultural strategies that consider climate variability and changing environmental conditions. The findings offer insights into sustainable cultivation practices essential for food security and crop production in the evolving climate of the Gobustan district.

Keywords: Barley cultivation, NPK fertilizer, seed rates, climate change, soil nutrient dynamics.

References

Abbass, K., Qasim, M.Z., Song, H., Murshed, M., Mahmood, H., Younis, J., 2022. A review of the global climate change impacts, adaptation, and sustainable mitigation measures. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 29: 42539–42559.

Agegnehu, G., Nelson, P.N., Bird, M.I., 2016. Crop yield, plant nutrient uptake and soil physicochemical properties under organic soil amendments and nitrogen fertilization on Nitisols. Soil & Tillage Research 160(6): 1-13.

Aliyev, Z.H., 2021. Study of the soil-ecological state of the soils of the objects of study on the example of the foothill zones of Azerbaijan in the lesser Caucasus under various crops. American Journal of Plant Biology 6(2): 28-33.

Cammarano, D., Ceccarelli, S., Grando, S., Romagosa, I., Benbelkacem, A., Akar, T., Al-Yassin, A., Pecchioni, N., Francia, E., Ronga, D., 2019. The impact of climate change on barley yield in the Mediterranean basin. European Journal of Agronomy 106: 1-11.

Carillo, P., Rouphael, Y., 2022. Nitrate uptake and use efficiency: Pros and cons of chloride ınterference in the vegetable crops. Frontiers in Plant Science 13: 899522.

Chen, B.M., Wang, Z.H., Li, S.X., Wang, G.X., Song, H.X., Wang, X.N., 2004. Effects of nitrate supply on plant growth, nitrate accumulation, metabolic nitrate concentration and nitrate reductase activity in three leafy vegetables. Plant Science 167(3): 635–643.

Clark, R.V., Mack, A.R. 1974. Effects of growing barley continuously on yields, chemical constituents, and disease prevalence. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 54: 307-314.

Dawson, I.K., Russell, J., Powell, W., Steffenson, B., Thomas, W.T.B., Waugh, R., 2015. Barley: a translational model for adaptation to climate change. New Phytologist 206(3): 913-931.

Freidenreich, A., Dattamudi, S., Li, Y., Jayachandran, K., 2022. Influence of leguminous cover crops on soil chemical and biological properties in a no-till tropical fruit orchard. Land 11(6): 932.

Friedt, W., Horsley, R.D., Harvey, B.L., Poulsen, D.M.E., Lance, R.C.M., Ceccarelli, S., Grando, S., Capettini, F., 2010. Barley Breeding History, Progress, Objectives, and Technology. In: Barley. Ullrich, S.E. (Ed.). Wiley, pp. 160-220.

Gou, X., Reich, P.B., Qiu, L., Shao, M., Wei, G., Wang, J., Wei, X., 2023. Leguminous plants significantly increase soil nitrogen cycling across global climates and ecosystem types. Global Change Biology 29(14): 4028-4043.

Jones, J.B., 2001. Laboratory guide for conducting soil tests and plant analyses. CRC Press, New York, USA. 363p.

Kiria, A.Y., Muchiri, J., Mushimiyimana, D., Mutuma, E., 2022. Effects of organic manure application, seeding rate and planting methods on teff grain yields and biomass production in, Marsabit Kenya. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 88 (3): 190-199.

Liu, C.W., Sung, Y., Chen, B.C., Lai, H.Y., 2014. Effects of nitrogen fertilizers on the growth and nitrate content of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11(4): 4427-4440.

Malhi, G.S., Kaur, M., Kaushik, P., 2021. Impact of climate change on agriculture and its mitigation strategies: A review. Sustainability 13(3): 1318.

Medinski, T., Freese, D., Reitz, T., 2018. Changes in soil phosphorus balance and phosphorus-use efficiency under long-term fertilization conducted on agriculturally used Chernozem in Germany. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 98: 650-662.

Mengie, Y., .Assefa, A., Jenber, A.J., 2021. Sowing methods and seeding rates effects on yield and yield components of Tef (Eragrostis tef [Zucc.] Trotter) at Adet, North West Ethiopia. Heliyon 7(3): e06519.

Nacry, P., Bouguyon, E., Gojon, A., 2013. Nitrogen acquisition by roots: physiological and developmental mechanisms ensuring plant adaptation to a fluctuating resource. Plant and Soil 370: 1–29.

Nogalska, A., Czapla, J., Skwierawska, M., 2011. The effect of mult-component fertilizers on spring barley yield, the content and uptake of macronutrients. Polish Journal of Natural Science 4(4): 174-183.

Oliveira, K.S., Mendes, M.C., Ilibrante, G.A., Antoniazzi, N., Stadler, A.J., Antoniazzi, A.P., 2019. Export of N, P and K in barley subjected to fertilizer doses formulated with and without humic substance at sowing. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy 41(1): e42690.

Pan, X., Lv, J., Dyck, M., He, H., 2021. Bibliometric analysis of soil nutrient research between 1992 and 2020. Agriculture 11(3): 223.

Petropoulos, S.A., Olympios, C.M., Passam, H.C., 2008. The effect of nitrogen fertilization on plant growth and the nitrate content of leaves and roots of parsley in the Mediterranean region. Scientia Horticulturae 118(3): 255–259.

Rowell, D.L., 1996. Soil Science: methods and applications. Longman, UK. 350p.

Rutkowski, K., Łysiak, G.P., 2023. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on tree growth and nutrient content in soil and cherry leaves (Prunus cerasus L.). Agriculture 13(3): 578.

Setu, H., 2022. Effect of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers application on soil chemical characteristics and their accumulation in potato plant tissues. Applied and Environmental Soil Science Article ID 5342170.

Shah, S. A., Shah, S. M., Mohammad, W., Shafi, M., Nawaz, H., 2009. N uptake and yield of wheat as influenced by integrated use of organic and mineral nitrogen. International Journal of Plant Production 3(3): 45-56.

Skendžić, S., Zovko, M., Živković, I.P., Lešić, V., Lemić, D., 2021. The impact of climate change on agricultural insect pests. Insects 12(5): 440.

Song, X.D., Liu, F., Wu, H.Y., Cao, Q., Zhong, C., Yang, J.L., Li, D.C., Zhao, Y.G., Zhang, G.L., 2020. Effects of long-term K fertilization on soil available potassium in East China. Catena 188: 104412.

Tischner, R., 2000. Nitrate uptake and reduction in higher and lower plants. Plant, Cell and Environment 23: 1005-1024.

Ullah, A., Bano, A., Khan, N., 2021. Climate change and salinity effects on crops and chemical communication between plants and plant growth-promoting microorganisms under stress. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 5: 618092.

Wang, Q., Qin, Z.H., Zhang, W.W., Chen, Y.H., Zhu, P., Peng, C., Wang, L., Zhang, S.X., Colinet, G., 2022. Effect of long-term fertilization on phosphorus fractions in different soil layers and their quantitative relationships with soil properties. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 21(9): 2720-2733.

Wihardjaka, A., Harsanti, E.S., Ardiwinata, A.N., 2022. Effect of fertilizer management on potassium dynamics and yield of rainfed lowland rice in Indonesia. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 82(1): 33-43.

Wilczewski, E., Szczepanek, M., Piotrowska-Dlugosz, A., Wenda-Piesik, A., 2013. Effect of nitrogen rate and stubble catch crops on concentration of macroelements in spring wheat grain. Journal of Elementology 18(3): 481-494.

Wu, Q.H., Zhang, S.X., Feng, G., Zhu, P., Huang, S.M., Wang, B.R., Xu, M.G., 2020. Determining the optimum range of soil Olsen P for high P use efficiency, crop yield, and soil fertility in three typical cropland soils. Pedosphere 30: 832-843.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science