Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 12, Issue 4, Sep 2023, Pages 310 - 319
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1327155
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1327155
Copyright © 2023 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria

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Onyegbule,U., Onwudike,S., Opara-Nadi,N., Opara-Nadi,O., 2023. Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria. Eurasian J Soil Sci 12(4):310 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1327155
Onyegbule,U.Onwudike,S.,Opara-Nadi,N.,& Opara-Nadi,O. Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12(4):310 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1327155
Onyegbule,U.Onwudike,S.,Opara-Nadi,N., and ,Opara-Nadi,O."Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12.4 (2023):310 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1327155
Onyegbule,U.Onwudike,S.,Opara-Nadi,N., and ,Opara-Nadi,O. "Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,12(Sep 2023):310 - 319 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1327155
U,Onyegbule.S,Onwudike.N,Opara-Nadi.O,Opara-Nadi "Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.12, no.4, pp.310 - 319 (Sep 2023), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1327155
Onyegbule,Ugochukwu Nnamdi ;Onwudike,Stanley Uchenna ;Opara-Nadi,Nkechinyere ;Opara-Nadi,Olive Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2023),12.4:310 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1327155

How to cite

Onyegbule, U., Onwudike, S., Opara-Nadi, N., Opara-Nadi, O., 2023. Soil fertility evaluation and land-use effects on soil properties, carbon and nitrogen sequestration in the rainforest of Nigeria. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 12(4): 310 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1327155

Author information

Ugochukwu Nnamdi Onyegbule , National Horticultural Research Institute Mbato outstation Okigwe, Imo State, Nigeria
Stanley Uchenna Onwudike , Department of Soil Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Nkechinyere Opara-Nadi , Department of Soil and Agricultural Microbiology, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria
Olive Opara-Nadi , Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

Publication information

Article first published online : 13 Jul 2023
Manuscript Accepted : 12 Jul 2023
Manuscript Received: 20 Oct 2022
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1327155
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1327155

Abstract

This study investigates changes in soil properties, specifically soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN), associated with different land use systems derived from forests in the rainforest zone of Nigeria. The land use systems examined include mature oil palm plantation (OP), bush fallow or secondary forest (BF), alley cropping with multi-purpose trees (AC), and continuous cassava cropping with and without fertilizer (FC and UC). Converting forests to cultivated land led to a decrease in SOC and TN content and storage across all soil depths (0-10 cm, 10-20 cm, and 20-40 cm). In the top 0-10 cm depth, the average decrease in SOC and TN storage was 63% and 62%, respectively, while for 0-40 cm, the decrease was 48% and 46%, respectively, for all land use systems derived from forests. Furthermore, the study reveals that even after 5, 10, and 30 years of secondary forest regrowth (BF), alley cropping (AC), and oil palm plantation (OP), respectively, the fertility levels were not restored to those observed in the primary forest. These findings underscore the capacity of forest soils to conserve and enhance soil SOM (soil organic matter), which in turn plays an essential role in SOC sequestration, TN storage, and soil nutrient conservation.

Keywords

Carbon sequestration, land uses, nitrogen sequestration, soil fertility, vegetation.

Corresponding author

References

Bayer, C., Mielniczuk, J., Amado, T.J.C., Martin-Neto, L., Fernandes, S.V., 2000. Organic matter storage in a sandy clay loam Acrisol affected by tillage and cropping systems in southern Brazil. Soil and Tillage Research 54 (1–2): 101-109.

Blanco-Canqui, H., Lal. R., 2008. No-tillage and soil-profile carbon sequestration: An on-farm assessment. Soil Socience Society America Journal 72(3): 693 -701.

Brown, S., Lugo, A. E., 1990. Effects of forest clearing and succession on the carbon and nitrogen content of soils in Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands.  Plant and Soil 124: 53-64.

Celik, I., 2005. Land-use effects on organic matter and physical properties of soil in a southern Mediterranean highland of Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research 83(2): 270-277.

Don, A., Schumacher, J.,  Scherer-Lorenzen, M.,  Scholten, T., Schulze, E., 2007.  Spatial and vertical variation of soil carbon at two grassland sites — Implications for measuring soil carbon stocks. Geoderma 141(3-4): 272-282.

Ellert, B.H., Bettany, J.R., 1995. Calculation of organic matter and nutrients stored in soils under contrasting management regimes. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 75(4): 529-538.

Fernandez, E.C.M., Motavalli, P.P., Castilla, N., Mukurumbira, L., 1997. Management control of soil organic matter dynamics in tropical land-use systems.  Geoderma 79(1-4): 49-67.

Franzluebbers, A.J., Stuedemann, J.A.,  Schanberg, H.H., Wlkinson, S.R., 2000.  Soil organic C and N pools under long-term pasture management in the Southern Piedmont USA. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 32(4): 469-478.

Geissen, V., Sánchez-Hernández, R., Kampichler, C., Ramos-Reyes, R., Sepulveda-Lozada, A., Ochoa-Goana, S., de Jong, B.H.J., Huerta-Lwanga, E., Hernández-Daumas, S., 2009. Effects of land-use change on some properties of tropical soils — An example from Southeast Mexico. Geoderma 151(3-4): 87–97.

Grossman, R.B.,  Reinsch, T.G.,  2002. Bulk density and linear extensibility. In: Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 4 Physical Methods, 5.4. Dane, J.H., Topp, G.C. (Eds.). SSSA Book Series 5. Soil Science Society of America Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 201-225.

Guo, L.B., Gifford, R.M., 2002.  Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta analysis. Global Change Biology 8(4): 345-360.

Jelinski, N.A., Kucharik, C.J., 2009. Land-use effects on soil carbon and nitrogen on a U.S. Midwestern Floodplain. Soil Socience Society America Journal 73(1): 217-225.  

Kern, J.S., Johnson, M.G., 1993. Conservation tillage impacts on national soil and atmospheric carbon levels. Soil Socience Society America Journal 57(1): 200-210.

Kirby, K.R.,  Potvin, C., 2007. Variation in carbon storage among tree species: Implications for the management of a small-scale carbon sink project.  Forest Ecology and Management 246(2-3): 208-221.

Kong, X., Zhang, F., Wei, Q.,  Xu, Y.,  Hui, J.,  2006. Influence of land use change on soil nutrients in an intensive agricultural region of North China.  Soil and Tillage Research 88(1-2): 85-94.

Kucharik, C. J., 2007.  Impact of prairie age and soil order on carbon and nitrogen sequestration. Soil Socience Society America Journal 71(2): 430-441. 

Lal, R., 2005. Forest soils and carbon sequestration. Forest Ecology and Management 220(1-3): 242-258.

McGrath, D.A., Ken Smith, C.,  Gholz, H.L., de Assis Oliveira, F.,  2001. Effects of land-use change on soil nutrient dynamics in Amazônia. Ecosystems 4: 625-645.

Murty, D., Kirschbaum, M.U.F., McMurtrie, R.E., McGilvray, H., 2002. Does conversion of forest to agricultural land change soil carbon and nitrogen? a review of the literature. Global Change Biology 8(2): 105-123.

Nair, P.K.R., Kumar, B.M,  Nair, V.D., 2009. Agroforestry  as  a  strategy  for  carbon Sequestration.  Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 172(1): 10-23.

Onwudike, S. U., 2015. Effect of land use types on vulnerability potential and degradation rate of soils of similar lithology in a tropical soil of Owerri, Southeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Soil Science 10(4): 177-185.

Onwudike, S.U., Igbozurike, C.I., Ihem, E.E., Osisi, F.A., Ukah, C., 2017.  Quantification of Heavy Metals using Contamination and Pollution Index in Selected Refuse Dumpsites in Owerri, Imo State Southeast Nigeria. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (IJEAB) 2(3): 1202-1208. http://dx.doi.org/10.22161/ijeab/2.3.25

Onwudike, S.U., Ihem, E.E., Irokwe, I.F.,  Onwuso, G.,  2015. Variability in the Physico-chemical Properties of Soils of Similar Lithology in Three Land Use Types in Ahiazu Mbaise, Imo State Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Crops 1(3): 38 – 43.

Opara-Nadi, O.A., 2000. Soil resources and agricultural productivity in Nigeria. In: Food and fibre production in Nigeria Nwaigbo et al. (Eds.). Proceeding of the first Annual conference of the college of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, 10-13 September, 2000. Abia State Uniersity, Utruru, Nigeria. pp.195-210. 

Opara-Nadi, O.A., Lal, R., 1987. Effects of plant population on soil structure, soil moisture depletion and on yield of cassava (Manihot esculentd) on an Ultisol in Southeast Nigeria. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 38 (4): 291-302.

Puget, P.,  Lal. R.,  2005.  Soil organic carbon and nitrogen in a Mollisol in central Ohio as affected by tillage and land use. Soil and Tillage Research 80(1-2): 201-213.

Sanchez, P.A., 2000. Linking climate change research with food security and poverty reduction in the tropics. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 82(1-3): 371-383.

SAS Institute, 2001. SAS User’s guide Version 9.  SAS Inst.  Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

Schrot,  G.,   Seixas, R., da Silva, L.F., Teixeira, W.G.,  Zech, W., 2000.  Nutrient concentrations and acidity in ferralitic soil under perennial cropping, fallow and primary forest in central Amazonia.  European Journal of Soil Science  51(2): 219-231.

Sharma, P.,  Rai, S.C., 2007. Carbon sequestration with land-use cover change in a Himalayan watershed.  Geoderma 139(3-4): 371-378.

Sharrow, S.H., Ismail, S., 2004. Carbon and nitrogen storage in agroforests, tree plantations, and pastures in western Oregon, USA. Agroforestry Systems 60: 123-130.

Szott, L.T.,  Palm, C.A., 1996. Nutrient stocks in managed and natural humid tropical fallows. Plant and Soil 186: 293-309.

Abstract

This study investigates changes in soil properties, specifically soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN), associated with different land use systems derived from forests in the rainforest zone of Nigeria. The land use systems examined include mature oil palm plantation (OP), bush fallow or secondary forest (BF), alley cropping with multi-purpose trees (AC), and continuous cassava cropping with and without fertilizer (FC and UC). Converting forests to cultivated land led to a decrease in SOC and TN content and storage across all soil depths (0-10 cm, 10-20 cm, and 20-40 cm). In the top 0-10 cm depth, the average decrease in SOC and TN storage was 63% and 62%, respectively, while for 0-40 cm, the decrease was 48% and 46%, respectively, for all land use systems derived from forests. Furthermore, the study reveals that even after 5, 10, and 30 years of secondary forest regrowth (BF), alley cropping (AC), and oil palm plantation (OP), respectively, the fertility levels were not restored to those observed in the primary forest. These findings underscore the capacity of forest soils to conserve and enhance soil SOM (soil organic matter), which in turn plays an essential role in SOC sequestration, TN storage, and soil nutrient conservation.

Keywords: Carbon sequestration, land uses, nitrogen sequestration, soil fertility, vegetation.

References

Bayer, C., Mielniczuk, J., Amado, T.J.C., Martin-Neto, L., Fernandes, S.V., 2000. Organic matter storage in a sandy clay loam Acrisol affected by tillage and cropping systems in southern Brazil. Soil and Tillage Research 54 (1–2): 101-109.

Blanco-Canqui, H., Lal. R., 2008. No-tillage and soil-profile carbon sequestration: An on-farm assessment. Soil Socience Society America Journal 72(3): 693 -701.

Brown, S., Lugo, A. E., 1990. Effects of forest clearing and succession on the carbon and nitrogen content of soils in Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands.  Plant and Soil 124: 53-64.

Celik, I., 2005. Land-use effects on organic matter and physical properties of soil in a southern Mediterranean highland of Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research 83(2): 270-277.

Don, A., Schumacher, J.,  Scherer-Lorenzen, M.,  Scholten, T., Schulze, E., 2007.  Spatial and vertical variation of soil carbon at two grassland sites — Implications for measuring soil carbon stocks. Geoderma 141(3-4): 272-282.

Ellert, B.H., Bettany, J.R., 1995. Calculation of organic matter and nutrients stored in soils under contrasting management regimes. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 75(4): 529-538.

Fernandez, E.C.M., Motavalli, P.P., Castilla, N., Mukurumbira, L., 1997. Management control of soil organic matter dynamics in tropical land-use systems.  Geoderma 79(1-4): 49-67.

Franzluebbers, A.J., Stuedemann, J.A.,  Schanberg, H.H., Wlkinson, S.R., 2000.  Soil organic C and N pools under long-term pasture management in the Southern Piedmont USA. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 32(4): 469-478.

Geissen, V., Sánchez-Hernández, R., Kampichler, C., Ramos-Reyes, R., Sepulveda-Lozada, A., Ochoa-Goana, S., de Jong, B.H.J., Huerta-Lwanga, E., Hernández-Daumas, S., 2009. Effects of land-use change on some properties of tropical soils — An example from Southeast Mexico. Geoderma 151(3-4): 87–97.

Grossman, R.B.,  Reinsch, T.G.,  2002. Bulk density and linear extensibility. In: Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 4 Physical Methods, 5.4. Dane, J.H., Topp, G.C. (Eds.). SSSA Book Series 5. Soil Science Society of America Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 201-225.

Guo, L.B., Gifford, R.M., 2002.  Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta analysis. Global Change Biology 8(4): 345-360.

Jelinski, N.A., Kucharik, C.J., 2009. Land-use effects on soil carbon and nitrogen on a U.S. Midwestern Floodplain. Soil Socience Society America Journal 73(1): 217-225.  

Kern, J.S., Johnson, M.G., 1993. Conservation tillage impacts on national soil and atmospheric carbon levels. Soil Socience Society America Journal 57(1): 200-210.

Kirby, K.R.,  Potvin, C., 2007. Variation in carbon storage among tree species: Implications for the management of a small-scale carbon sink project.  Forest Ecology and Management 246(2-3): 208-221.

Kong, X., Zhang, F., Wei, Q.,  Xu, Y.,  Hui, J.,  2006. Influence of land use change on soil nutrients in an intensive agricultural region of North China.  Soil and Tillage Research 88(1-2): 85-94.

Kucharik, C. J., 2007.  Impact of prairie age and soil order on carbon and nitrogen sequestration. Soil Socience Society America Journal 71(2): 430-441. 

Lal, R., 2005. Forest soils and carbon sequestration. Forest Ecology and Management 220(1-3): 242-258.

McGrath, D.A., Ken Smith, C.,  Gholz, H.L., de Assis Oliveira, F.,  2001. Effects of land-use change on soil nutrient dynamics in Amazônia. Ecosystems 4: 625-645.

Murty, D., Kirschbaum, M.U.F., McMurtrie, R.E., McGilvray, H., 2002. Does conversion of forest to agricultural land change soil carbon and nitrogen? a review of the literature. Global Change Biology 8(2): 105-123.

Nair, P.K.R., Kumar, B.M,  Nair, V.D., 2009. Agroforestry  as  a  strategy  for  carbon Sequestration.  Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 172(1): 10-23.

Onwudike, S. U., 2015. Effect of land use types on vulnerability potential and degradation rate of soils of similar lithology in a tropical soil of Owerri, Southeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Soil Science 10(4): 177-185.

Onwudike, S.U., Igbozurike, C.I., Ihem, E.E., Osisi, F.A., Ukah, C., 2017.  Quantification of Heavy Metals using Contamination and Pollution Index in Selected Refuse Dumpsites in Owerri, Imo State Southeast Nigeria. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (IJEAB) 2(3): 1202-1208. http://dx.doi.org/10.22161/ijeab/2.3.25

Onwudike, S.U., Ihem, E.E., Irokwe, I.F.,  Onwuso, G.,  2015. Variability in the Physico-chemical Properties of Soils of Similar Lithology in Three Land Use Types in Ahiazu Mbaise, Imo State Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Crops 1(3): 38 – 43.

Opara-Nadi, O.A., 2000. Soil resources and agricultural productivity in Nigeria. In: Food and fibre production in Nigeria Nwaigbo et al. (Eds.). Proceeding of the first Annual conference of the college of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, 10-13 September, 2000. Abia State Uniersity, Utruru, Nigeria. pp.195-210. 

Opara-Nadi, O.A., Lal, R., 1987. Effects of plant population on soil structure, soil moisture depletion and on yield of cassava (Manihot esculentd) on an Ultisol in Southeast Nigeria. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 38 (4): 291-302.

Puget, P.,  Lal. R.,  2005.  Soil organic carbon and nitrogen in a Mollisol in central Ohio as affected by tillage and land use. Soil and Tillage Research 80(1-2): 201-213.

Sanchez, P.A., 2000. Linking climate change research with food security and poverty reduction in the tropics. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 82(1-3): 371-383.

SAS Institute, 2001. SAS User’s guide Version 9.  SAS Inst.  Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

Schrot,  G.,   Seixas, R., da Silva, L.F., Teixeira, W.G.,  Zech, W., 2000.  Nutrient concentrations and acidity in ferralitic soil under perennial cropping, fallow and primary forest in central Amazonia.  European Journal of Soil Science  51(2): 219-231.

Sharma, P.,  Rai, S.C., 2007. Carbon sequestration with land-use cover change in a Himalayan watershed.  Geoderma 139(3-4): 371-378.

Sharrow, S.H., Ismail, S., 2004. Carbon and nitrogen storage in agroforests, tree plantations, and pastures in western Oregon, USA. Agroforestry Systems 60: 123-130.

Szott, L.T.,  Palm, C.A., 1996. Nutrient stocks in managed and natural humid tropical fallows. Plant and Soil 186: 293-309.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science