Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 12, Issue 3, Jun 2023, Pages 282-289
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1291033
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1291033
Copyright © 2023 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Main factors in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons accumulations in the long-term technogenic contaminated soil

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Dudnikova,T., Sushkova,S., Minkina,T., Barbashev,A., Ferreira,C., Antonenko,E., Shuvaev,E., Bakoeva,G., 2023. Main factors in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons accumulations in the long-term technogenic contaminated soil. Eurasian J Soil Sci 12(3):282-289. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1291033
Dudnikova,T.Sushkova,S.,Minkina,T.Barbashev,A.Ferreira,C.Antonenko,E.Shuvaev,E.,& Bakoeva,G. Main factors in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons accumulations in the long-term technogenic contaminated soil Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12(3):282-289. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1291033
Dudnikova,T.Sushkova,S.,Minkina,T.Barbashev,A.Ferreira,C.Antonenko,E.Shuvaev,E., and ,Bakoeva,G."Main factors in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons accumulations in the long-term technogenic contaminated soil" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12.3 (2023):282-289. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1291033
Dudnikova,T.Sushkova,S.,Minkina,T.Barbashev,A.Ferreira,C.Antonenko,E.Shuvaev,E., and ,Bakoeva,G. "Main factors in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons accumulations in the long-term technogenic contaminated soil" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,12(Jun 2023):282-289 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1291033
T,Dudnikova.S,Sushkova.T,Minkina.A,Barbashev.C,Ferreira.E,Antonenko.E,Shuvaev.G,Bakoeva "Main factors in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons accumulations in the long-term technogenic contaminated soil" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.12, no.3, pp.282-289 (Jun 2023), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1291033
Dudnikova,Tamara ;Sushkova,Svetlana ;Minkina,Tatiana ;Barbashev,Andrey ;Ferreira,Carla Sofia Santos ;Antonenko,Elena ;Shuvaev,Evgenyi ;Bakoeva,Gulnora Main factors in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons accumulations in the long-term technogenic contaminated soil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2023),12.3:282-289. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1291033

How to cite

Dudnikova, T., Sushkova, S., Minkina, T., Barbashev, A., Ferreira, C., Antonenko, E., Shuvaev, E., Bakoeva, G., 2023. Main factors in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons accumulations in the long-term technogenic contaminated soil. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 12(3): 282-289. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1291033

Author information

Tamara Dudnikova , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Svetlana Sushkova , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Tatiana Minkina , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Andrey Barbashev , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Carla Sofia Santos Ferreira , Stockholm University, Stockholm, 114 19, Sweden
Elena Antonenko , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Evgenyi Shuvaev , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Gulnora Bakoeva , Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia

Publication information

Article first published online : 02 May 2023
Manuscript Accepted : 25 Apr 2023
Manuscript Received: 19 Oct 2022
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1291033
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1291033

Abstract

The PAHs transformation in the soils of the coal mining enterprises impact zones and thermal power plants remains poorly studied. In turn, coal mining can be considered as a primary cycle in the production of electricity. One of the main sources of negative environmental impact is the coal mining industry located on the territory of the upland in the south of the East European Plain. The features of PAHs accumulation in the soils of fuel and energy enterprises have been studied on the example of mines impact zones with different service life and the current coal-fired power plant. It was established that, regardless of the period and intensity of the emission source, as well as its current status, the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) content in the soils of the impact zones was significantly higher than in the soils of the background territory. The content of low molecular and high molecular weight PAHs in the impact zones soils differed depending on the land use type, as well as the period and intensity of an industrial effect type. The pollutants content of in the soils of all considered impact zones significantly exceeded the background values and according to the low molecular weight PAHs content in the soils, they formed the following decreasing series: Mayskiy ≥ Ayutinsky > Novoshahtinsk > Power station > Background. According the high molecular weight PAHs content, the series changed to: Novoshahtinsk >Mayskiy ≥ Ayutinsky > Power station > Background. Soil pollution markers for enterprises of the fuel and energy complex were identified as pyrene and chrysene, which are part of coal, formed from the hydrocarbon sources. The influence of the power plant was accompanied by the benzo(g,h,i)perylene concentration increase.

Keywords

Priority PAHs, thermal power station, coal mining, anthracite, soil pollution.

Corresponding author

References

Abdel-Shafy, H.I., Mansour, M.S., 2016. A review on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Source, environmental impact, effect on human health and remediation. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum 25 (1): 107-123.

Adriano D.C., 2001. Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments: biogeochemistry, bioavailability, and risks of metals. Second Edition. Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Heidelberg, 867p.

ATSDR, 1995. Toxicological profile for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), USA. 469p. Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp69.pdf

Amster, E., Lew Levy, C., 2019. Impact of coal-fired power plant emissions on children’s health: a systematic review of the epidemiological literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(11): 2008.

Annual Report 2021, 2022. Public Joint Stock Company Second Generating Company of the Wholesale Electricity Market (PJSC OGK-2). St. Petersburg. PJSC "OGK-2", Russia. 162p. [in Russian]. Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://ar2021.ogk2.ru/report.

Antoniadis, V., Shaheen, S.M., Levizou, E., Shahid, M., Niazi, N.K., Vithanage, M., Ok, Y.S., Bolan, N., Rinklebe, J., 2019. A critical prospective analysis of the potential toxicity of trace element regulation limits in soils worldwide: Are they protective concerning health risk assessment? - A review. Environment International 127: 819-847.

Asante-Duah, K., 2017. Public health risk assessment for human exposure to chemicals. Second edition. Springer Dordrecht, Netherlands. 600p.

Bezberdaya, L., Kosheleva, N., Chernitsova, O., Lychagin, M., Kasimov, N., 2022. Pollution level, partition and spatial distribution of benzo(a)pyrene in urban soils, road dust and their PM10 fraction of health-resorts (Alushta, Yalta) and industrial (Sebastopol) cities of Crimea. Water 14(4): 561.

Cachada, A., Pereira, R., da Silva, E.F., Duarte, A., 2014. The prediction of PAHs bioavailability in soils using chemical methods: state of the art and future challenges. Science of The Total Environment 472: 463-480.

FAO and UNEP, 2021. Global assessment of soil pollution: Report Rome: FAO, UNEP. Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://doi.org/10.4060/cb4894en

GOST 17.4.4.02-2017, 2019. Protection of Nature. Soils. Methods of sampling and preparation of samples for chemical, bacteriological, helminthological analysis. Moscow. Standartinform, Russia. 12p.

Guo, X., Luo, L., Ma, Y., Zhang, S., 2010. Sorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on particulate organic matters. Journal of Hazardous Materials 173(1-3): 130-136.

Gupta, H., Kumar, R., 2020. Distribution of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban soils of Delhi, India. Environmental Technology & Innovation 17: 100500.

Haritash, A., Kaushik, C., 2009. Biodegradation aspects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): a review. Journal of Hazardous Materials 169(1-3): 1-15.

Hong, W.J., Li, Y.F., Li, W.L., Jia, H., Minh, N.H., Sinha, R.K., Moon, H.B., Nakata, H., Chi, K.H., Kannan, K., Sverko, E., 2020. Soil concentrations and soil-air exchange of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in five Asian countries. Science of The Total Environment 711: 135223.

IARC, 2020. List of classifications, volumes 1-123. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer. Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://monographs.iarc.who.int/list-of-classifications/

ISO 13877-2005, 2005. Soil Quality – Determination of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons – Method Using High-performance Liquid Chromatography. 20p.

Khaustov, A., Kenzhin, Z.D., Redina, M., Aleinikova, A., 2021. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the soil–plant system as affected by motor vehicles in urban environment. Eurasian Soil Science 54: 1107-1118.

Khaustov, A., Redina, M., 2022. Anisotropy of the polyarenes distribution in the urban soil-plant systems under the conditions of transport pollution. Applied Geochemistry 143: 105383.

Korotkova, T.G., Ksandopulo, S.J., Bushumov, S.A., Burlaka, S.D., Say, Y.V., 2017. Quantitative chemical analysis of slag ash of Novocherkassk state district power plant. Oriental Journal of Chemistry 33: 186-198.

Kumar, B., Verma, V.K., Kumar, S., Sharma, C.S., 2014. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in residential soils from an Indian city near power plants area and assessment of health risk for human population. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds 34: 191-213.

Liste, H.H., Alexander, M., 2002. Butanol extraction to predict bioavailability of PAHs in soil. Chemosphere 46: 1011-1017.

Luo, L., Lin, S., Huang, H., Zhang, S., 2012. Relationships between aging of PAHs and soil properties. Environmental Pollution 170: 177-182.

Luo, S., Chen, B., Lin, L., Wang, X., Tam, N.F.Y., Luan, T., 2014. Pyrene degradation accelerated by constructed consortium of bacterium and microalga: effects of degradation products on the microalgal growth. Environmental Science & Technology 48: 13917-13924.

Maliszewska-Kordybach, B., 1996. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in agricultural soils in Poland: preliminary proposals for criteria to evaluate the level of soil contamination. Applied Geochemistry 11: 121-127.

Mazarji, M., Esmaili, H., Bidhendi, G.N., Mahmoodi, N.M., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Mandzhieva, S., Barakhov, A., Moghtaderi, H., Bhatnagar, A., 2021. Green synthesis of reduced graphene oxide-CoFe2O4 nanocomposite as a highly efficient visible-light-driven catalyst in photocatalysis and photo Fenton-like reaction. Materials Science and Engineering: B 270: 115223.

Mazarji, M., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Mandzhieva, S., Barakhov, A., Barbashev, A., Dudnikova, T., Lobzenko, I., Giannakis, S., 2022. Decrypting the synergistic action of the Fenton process and biochar addition for sustainable remediation of real technogenic soil from PAHs and heavy metals. Environmental Pollution 303: 119096.

Mukhopadhyay, S., George, J., Masto, R.E., 2017. Changes in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and soil biological parameters in a revegetated coal mine spoil. Land Degradation & Development 28: 1047-1055.

Perelʹman, A.I., 2013. Geochemistry of epigenesis. Springer. 266p.

Pikovskii, Y.I., Smirnova, M., Gennadiev, A., Zavgorodnyaya, Y.A., Zhidkin, A., Kovach, R., Koshovskii, T., 2019. Parameters of the native hydrocarbon status of soils in different bioclimatic zones. Eurasian Soil Science 52: 1333-1346.

Premnath, N., Mohanrasu, K., Rao, R.G.R., Dinesh, G., Prakash, G.S., Ananthi, V., Ponnuchamy, K., Muthusamy, G., Arun, A., 2021. A crucial review on polycyclic aromatic Hydrocarbons-Environmental occurrence and strategies for microbial degradation. Chemosphere 280: 130608.

Qin, W., Zhu, Y., Fan, F., Wang, Y., Liu, X., Ding, A., Dou, J., 2017. Biodegradation of benzo(a)pyrene by Microbacterium sp. strain under denitrification: degradation pathway and effects of limiting electron acceptors or carbon source. Biochemical Engineering Journal 121: 131-138.

Rengarajan, T., Rajendran, P., Nandakumar, N., Lokeshkumar, B., Rajendran, P., Nishigaki, I., 2015. Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with special focus on cancer. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 5: 182-189.

Sosa, D., Hilber, I., Faure, R., Bartolomé, N., Fonseca, O., Keller, A., Schwab, P., Escobar, A., Bucheli, T.D., 2017. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Mayabeque, Cuba. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24: 12860-12870.

State Report, 2001. On the state and use of mineral resources of the Russian Federation in 2020. (Eds): FSBI VIMS, FSBI VNIGNI, FSBI Hydrospetsgeologia, FSBI TsNIGRI. Moscow, Rosnedra. 568 p.

Sushkova, S., Minkina, T., Tarigholizadeh, S., Antonenko, E., Konstantinova, E., Gülser, C., Dudnikova, T., Barbashev, A., Kızılkaya, R., 2020. PAHs accumulation in soil-plant system of Phragmites australis Cav. in soil under long-term chemical contamination. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9 (3): 242-253.

Sushkova, S., Minkina, T., Deryabkina, I., Rajput, V., Antonenko, E., Nazarenko, O., Yadav, B.K., Hakki, E., Mohan, D., 2019. Environmental pollution of soil with PAHs in energy producing plants zone. Science of The Total Environment 655: 232-241.

Sushkova, S., Minkina, T., Turina, I., Mandzhieva, S., Bauer, T., Kizilkaya, R., Zamulina, I., 2017. Monitoring of benzo[a]pyrene content in soils under the effect of long-term technogenic pollution. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 174: 100-106.

Tsibart, A.S., Gennadiev, A.N., 2013. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils: sources, behavior, and indication significance (a review). Eurasian Soil Science 46 (7): 728-741.

US EPA, 2020. IRIS Assessments. United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris_drafts/AtoZ.cfm

Wang, R., Liu, G., Chou, C.L., Liu, J., Zhang, J., 2010. Environmental assessment of PAHs in soils around the Anhui Coal District, China. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 59: 62-70.

Wang, W., Wang, L., Shao, Z., 2018. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) degradation pathways of the obligate marine PAH degrader Cycloclasticus sp. strain P1. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 84(21): e01261-18.

Wilcke, W., 2000. Synopsis polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soil—a review. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 163: 229-248.

Yakovleva, E.V., Gabov, D.N., Beznosikov, V.A., Kondratenok, B.M., Dubrovskiy, Y.A., 2017. Accumulation of PAHs in tundra plants and soils under the influence of coal mining. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds 37: 203-218.

Yakovleva, E.V., Gabov, D.N., Kondratenok, B.M., Dubrovskiy, Y.A., 2021. Two-year monitoring of PAH in the soils and pleurozium schreberi under the impact of coal mining. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds 41: 2055-2070.

Yan, Z., Zhang, Y., Wu, H., Yang, M., Zhang, H., Hao, Z., Jiang, H., 2017. Isolation and characterization of a bacterial strain Hydrogenophaga sp. PYR1 for anaerobic pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene biodegradation. RSC Advances 7: 46690-46698.

Abstract

The PAHs transformation in the soils of the coal mining enterprises impact zones and thermal power plants remains poorly studied. In turn, coal mining can be considered as a primary cycle in the production of electricity. One of the main sources of negative environmental impact is the coal mining industry located on the territory of the upland in the south of the East European Plain. The features of PAHs accumulation in the soils of fuel and energy enterprises have been studied on the example of mines impact zones with different service life and the current coal-fired power plant. It was established that, regardless of the period and intensity of the emission source, as well as its current status, the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) content in the soils of the impact zones was significantly higher than in the soils of the background territory. The content of low molecular and high molecular weight PAHs in the impact zones soils differed depending on the land use type, as well as the period and intensity of an industrial effect type. The pollutants content of in the soils of all considered impact zones significantly exceeded the background values and according to the low molecular weight PAHs content in the soils, they formed the following decreasing series: Mayskiy ≥ Ayutinsky > Novoshahtinsk > Power station > Background. According the high molecular weight PAHs content, the series changed to: Novoshahtinsk >Mayskiy ≥ Ayutinsky > Power station > Background. Soil pollution markers for enterprises of the fuel and energy complex were identified as pyrene and chrysene, which are part of coal, formed from the hydrocarbon sources. The influence of the power plant was accompanied by the benzo(g,h,i)perylene concentration increase.

Keywords: Priority PAHs, thermal power station, coal mining, anthracite, soil pollution.

References

Abdel-Shafy, H.I., Mansour, M.S., 2016. A review on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Source, environmental impact, effect on human health and remediation. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum 25 (1): 107-123.

Adriano D.C., 2001. Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments: biogeochemistry, bioavailability, and risks of metals. Second Edition. Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Heidelberg, 867p.

ATSDR, 1995. Toxicological profile for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), USA. 469p. Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp69.pdf

Amster, E., Lew Levy, C., 2019. Impact of coal-fired power plant emissions on children’s health: a systematic review of the epidemiological literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(11): 2008.

Annual Report 2021, 2022. Public Joint Stock Company Second Generating Company of the Wholesale Electricity Market (PJSC OGK-2). St. Petersburg. PJSC "OGK-2", Russia. 162p. [in Russian]. Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://ar2021.ogk2.ru/report.

Antoniadis, V., Shaheen, S.M., Levizou, E., Shahid, M., Niazi, N.K., Vithanage, M., Ok, Y.S., Bolan, N., Rinklebe, J., 2019. A critical prospective analysis of the potential toxicity of trace element regulation limits in soils worldwide: Are they protective concerning health risk assessment? - A review. Environment International 127: 819-847.

Asante-Duah, K., 2017. Public health risk assessment for human exposure to chemicals. Second edition. Springer Dordrecht, Netherlands. 600p.

Bezberdaya, L., Kosheleva, N., Chernitsova, O., Lychagin, M., Kasimov, N., 2022. Pollution level, partition and spatial distribution of benzo(a)pyrene in urban soils, road dust and their PM10 fraction of health-resorts (Alushta, Yalta) and industrial (Sebastopol) cities of Crimea. Water 14(4): 561.

Cachada, A., Pereira, R., da Silva, E.F., Duarte, A., 2014. The prediction of PAHs bioavailability in soils using chemical methods: state of the art and future challenges. Science of The Total Environment 472: 463-480.

FAO and UNEP, 2021. Global assessment of soil pollution: Report Rome: FAO, UNEP. Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://doi.org/10.4060/cb4894en

GOST 17.4.4.02-2017, 2019. Protection of Nature. Soils. Methods of sampling and preparation of samples for chemical, bacteriological, helminthological analysis. Moscow. Standartinform, Russia. 12p.

Guo, X., Luo, L., Ma, Y., Zhang, S., 2010. Sorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on particulate organic matters. Journal of Hazardous Materials 173(1-3): 130-136.

Gupta, H., Kumar, R., 2020. Distribution of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban soils of Delhi, India. Environmental Technology & Innovation 17: 100500.

Haritash, A., Kaushik, C., 2009. Biodegradation aspects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): a review. Journal of Hazardous Materials 169(1-3): 1-15.

Hong, W.J., Li, Y.F., Li, W.L., Jia, H., Minh, N.H., Sinha, R.K., Moon, H.B., Nakata, H., Chi, K.H., Kannan, K., Sverko, E., 2020. Soil concentrations and soil-air exchange of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in five Asian countries. Science of The Total Environment 711: 135223.

IARC, 2020. List of classifications, volumes 1-123. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer. Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://monographs.iarc.who.int/list-of-classifications/

ISO 13877-2005, 2005. Soil Quality – Determination of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons – Method Using High-performance Liquid Chromatography. 20p.

Khaustov, A., Kenzhin, Z.D., Redina, M., Aleinikova, A., 2021. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the soil–plant system as affected by motor vehicles in urban environment. Eurasian Soil Science 54: 1107-1118.

Khaustov, A., Redina, M., 2022. Anisotropy of the polyarenes distribution in the urban soil-plant systems under the conditions of transport pollution. Applied Geochemistry 143: 105383.

Korotkova, T.G., Ksandopulo, S.J., Bushumov, S.A., Burlaka, S.D., Say, Y.V., 2017. Quantitative chemical analysis of slag ash of Novocherkassk state district power plant. Oriental Journal of Chemistry 33: 186-198.

Kumar, B., Verma, V.K., Kumar, S., Sharma, C.S., 2014. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in residential soils from an Indian city near power plants area and assessment of health risk for human population. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds 34: 191-213.

Liste, H.H., Alexander, M., 2002. Butanol extraction to predict bioavailability of PAHs in soil. Chemosphere 46: 1011-1017.

Luo, L., Lin, S., Huang, H., Zhang, S., 2012. Relationships between aging of PAHs and soil properties. Environmental Pollution 170: 177-182.

Luo, S., Chen, B., Lin, L., Wang, X., Tam, N.F.Y., Luan, T., 2014. Pyrene degradation accelerated by constructed consortium of bacterium and microalga: effects of degradation products on the microalgal growth. Environmental Science & Technology 48: 13917-13924.

Maliszewska-Kordybach, B., 1996. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in agricultural soils in Poland: preliminary proposals for criteria to evaluate the level of soil contamination. Applied Geochemistry 11: 121-127.

Mazarji, M., Esmaili, H., Bidhendi, G.N., Mahmoodi, N.M., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Mandzhieva, S., Barakhov, A., Moghtaderi, H., Bhatnagar, A., 2021. Green synthesis of reduced graphene oxide-CoFe2O4 nanocomposite as a highly efficient visible-light-driven catalyst in photocatalysis and photo Fenton-like reaction. Materials Science and Engineering: B 270: 115223.

Mazarji, M., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S., Mandzhieva, S., Barakhov, A., Barbashev, A., Dudnikova, T., Lobzenko, I., Giannakis, S., 2022. Decrypting the synergistic action of the Fenton process and biochar addition for sustainable remediation of real technogenic soil from PAHs and heavy metals. Environmental Pollution 303: 119096.

Mukhopadhyay, S., George, J., Masto, R.E., 2017. Changes in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and soil biological parameters in a revegetated coal mine spoil. Land Degradation & Development 28: 1047-1055.

Perelʹman, A.I., 2013. Geochemistry of epigenesis. Springer. 266p.

Pikovskii, Y.I., Smirnova, M., Gennadiev, A., Zavgorodnyaya, Y.A., Zhidkin, A., Kovach, R., Koshovskii, T., 2019. Parameters of the native hydrocarbon status of soils in different bioclimatic zones. Eurasian Soil Science 52: 1333-1346.

Premnath, N., Mohanrasu, K., Rao, R.G.R., Dinesh, G., Prakash, G.S., Ananthi, V., Ponnuchamy, K., Muthusamy, G., Arun, A., 2021. A crucial review on polycyclic aromatic Hydrocarbons-Environmental occurrence and strategies for microbial degradation. Chemosphere 280: 130608.

Qin, W., Zhu, Y., Fan, F., Wang, Y., Liu, X., Ding, A., Dou, J., 2017. Biodegradation of benzo(a)pyrene by Microbacterium sp. strain under denitrification: degradation pathway and effects of limiting electron acceptors or carbon source. Biochemical Engineering Journal 121: 131-138.

Rengarajan, T., Rajendran, P., Nandakumar, N., Lokeshkumar, B., Rajendran, P., Nishigaki, I., 2015. Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with special focus on cancer. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 5: 182-189.

Sosa, D., Hilber, I., Faure, R., Bartolomé, N., Fonseca, O., Keller, A., Schwab, P., Escobar, A., Bucheli, T.D., 2017. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Mayabeque, Cuba. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24: 12860-12870.

State Report, 2001. On the state and use of mineral resources of the Russian Federation in 2020. (Eds): FSBI VIMS, FSBI VNIGNI, FSBI Hydrospetsgeologia, FSBI TsNIGRI. Moscow, Rosnedra. 568 p.

Sushkova, S., Minkina, T., Tarigholizadeh, S., Antonenko, E., Konstantinova, E., Gülser, C., Dudnikova, T., Barbashev, A., Kızılkaya, R., 2020. PAHs accumulation in soil-plant system of Phragmites australis Cav. in soil under long-term chemical contamination. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9 (3): 242-253.

Sushkova, S., Minkina, T., Deryabkina, I., Rajput, V., Antonenko, E., Nazarenko, O., Yadav, B.K., Hakki, E., Mohan, D., 2019. Environmental pollution of soil with PAHs in energy producing plants zone. Science of The Total Environment 655: 232-241.

Sushkova, S., Minkina, T., Turina, I., Mandzhieva, S., Bauer, T., Kizilkaya, R., Zamulina, I., 2017. Monitoring of benzo[a]pyrene content in soils under the effect of long-term technogenic pollution. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 174: 100-106.

Tsibart, A.S., Gennadiev, A.N., 2013. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils: sources, behavior, and indication significance (a review). Eurasian Soil Science 46 (7): 728-741.

US EPA, 2020. IRIS Assessments. United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) Available at [Access date: 19.10.2022]: https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris_drafts/AtoZ.cfm

Wang, R., Liu, G., Chou, C.L., Liu, J., Zhang, J., 2010. Environmental assessment of PAHs in soils around the Anhui Coal District, China. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 59: 62-70.

Wang, W., Wang, L., Shao, Z., 2018. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) degradation pathways of the obligate marine PAH degrader Cycloclasticus sp. strain P1. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 84(21): e01261-18.

Wilcke, W., 2000. Synopsis polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soil—a review. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 163: 229-248.

Yakovleva, E.V., Gabov, D.N., Beznosikov, V.A., Kondratenok, B.M., Dubrovskiy, Y.A., 2017. Accumulation of PAHs in tundra plants and soils under the influence of coal mining. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds 37: 203-218.

Yakovleva, E.V., Gabov, D.N., Kondratenok, B.M., Dubrovskiy, Y.A., 2021. Two-year monitoring of PAH in the soils and pleurozium schreberi under the impact of coal mining. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds 41: 2055-2070.

Yan, Z., Zhang, Y., Wu, H., Yang, M., Zhang, H., Hao, Z., Jiang, H., 2017. Isolation and characterization of a bacterial strain Hydrogenophaga sp. PYR1 for anaerobic pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene biodegradation. RSC Advances 7: 46690-46698.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science