Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 12, Issue 3, Jun 2023, Pages 238-243
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1268176
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1268176
Copyright © 2023 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil

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Ospanbayev,Z., Doszhanova,A., Abdrazakov,Y., Zhapayev,R., Sembayeva,A., Zakieva,A., Yertayeva,Z., 2023. Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil . Eurasian J Soil Sci 12(3):238-243. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1268176
Ospanbayev,Z.Doszhanova,A.,Abdrazakov,Y.Zhapayev,R.Sembayeva,A.Zakieva,A.,& Yertayeva,Z. Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12(3):238-243. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1268176
Ospanbayev,Z.Doszhanova,A.,Abdrazakov,Y.Zhapayev,R.Sembayeva,A.Zakieva,A., and ,Yertayeva,Z."Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil " Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12.3 (2023):238-243. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1268176
Ospanbayev,Z.Doszhanova,A.,Abdrazakov,Y.Zhapayev,R.Sembayeva,A.Zakieva,A., and ,Yertayeva,Z. "Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil " Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,12(Jun 2023):238-243 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1268176
Z,Ospanbayev.A,Doszhanova.Y,Abdrazakov.R,Zhapayev.A,Sembayeva.A,Zakieva.Z,Yertayeva "Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil " Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.12, no.3, pp.238-243 (Jun 2023), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1268176
Ospanbayev,Zhumagali ;Doszhanova,Ainur ;Abdrazakov,Yerlan ;Zhapayev,Rauan ;Sembayeva,Aisada ;Zakieva,Araily A. ;Yertayeva,Zhainagul Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil . Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2023),12.3:238-243. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1268176

How to cite

Ospanbayev, Z., Doszhanova, A., Abdrazakov, Y., Zhapayev, R., Sembayeva, A., Zakieva, A., Yertayeva, Z., 2023. Tillage system and cover crop effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents in light chestnut soil . Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 12(3): 238-243. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1268176

Author information

Zhumagali Ospanbayev , Kazakh Research Institute of Farming and Crop Production, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Ainur Doszhanova , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Yerlan Abdrazakov , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Rauan Zhapayev , Kazakh Research Institute of Farming and Crop Production, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Aisada Sembayeva , Kazakh Research Institute of Farming and Crop Production, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Araily A. Zakieva , Shakarim University of Semey, Semey, Kazakhstan
Zhainagul Yertayeva , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Publication information

Article first published online : 20 Mar 2023
Manuscript Accepted : 11 Mar 2023
Manuscript Received: 22 Aug 2022
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1268176
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1268176

Abstract

Optimal use of management systems including tillage and cover crops are recommended to improve available nutrient contents in soils and sustain agricultural production. The effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents of three tillage methods (conventional tillage, minimum tillage and no-tillage) and different cover crops such as flaxseed oil, buckwheat, soybean, pea, corn, sorghum, spring oilseed rape and sugar beet were evaluated in a short-term experiment on a light chestnut soil in Kazakhstan. Organic carbon and available nutrient contents were measured in the autumn of 2021. The field measurements included the yield of cover crops and input of organic matter into soils with root and other residues of cover crops. In the laboratory, total organic carbon, labile organic carbon, easily hydrolyzable nitrogen (NH4-N), NO3-N, available P and exchangeable K were measured. The results showed that one season of cover crop growth was not enough to find detectable changes in soil organic matter and available nutrient status in light chestnut soils. On the other hand, even in a short-term field experiment period of 3 months, the most labile organic carbon in soil organic carbon was obtained in conventional tillage. Overall, the results show that at least in the short term and under lower drip irrigation rate in summer for the study area, reduced tillage methods (no-tillage and minimum tillage) is suitable in the study area for soybean, corn and sugar beet production after intensive tillage in the previous year.

Keywords

Cover crops, tillage, no-tillage, available nutrient, organic matter.

Corresponding author

References

Abdollahi, L., Munkholm, L.J., 2014. Tillage system and cover crop effects on soil quality: I. Chemical, mechanical, and biological properties. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78(1): 262-270.

Chan, K., Heenan, D., 1996. The influence of crop rotation on soil structure and soil physical properties under conventional tillage. Soil and Tillage Research 37 (2-3): 113–125.

Dabney, S.M., Delgado, J.A., Reeves, D.W., 2001. Using winter cover crops to improve soil and water quality. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32(7-8): 1221–1250.

DeBusk, W.F., White, J.R., Reddy, K.R., 2001. Carbon and nitrogen dynamics in wetland soils. In: Modeling carbon and nitrogen dynamics for soil management. Shaffer, M.J., Ma, L., Hansen. S. (Eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 27-53.

FAO, 2013. Conservation agriculture in Central Asia: Status, policy, ınstitutional support and strategic framework for its promotion. FAO Sub-Regional Office for Central Asia (FAO-SEC) Ankara, Turkey. 60p. Available at [Access date: 22.08.2022]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3275e/i3275e.pdf

Farooq, M., Siddique, K., 2015. Conservation agriculture: Concepts, brief history, and impacts on agricultural systems. In: Conservation Agriculture. Farooq, M., Siddique, K. (Eds.). Springer, Cham. pp 3–17.

Havlin, J.L., Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L., 2013. Soil fertility and fertilizers: An introduction to nutrient management. 8th ed. Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ. 528p.

Jayaraman, S., Dang, Y.P., Naorem, A., Page, K.L., Dalal, R.C., 2021. Conservation agriculture as a system to enhance ecosystem services. Agriculture 11(8): 718.

Jokela, W.E., Grabber, J.H., Karlen, D.L., Balser, T.C., Palmquist, D.E., 2009. Cover crop and liquid manure effects on soil quality indicators in a corn silage system. Agronomy Journal 101 (4): 727–737.

Jones, J.B., 2001. Laboratory guide for conducting soil tests and plant analyses. CRC Press, New York, USA. 363p.

Kasper, T.C., Singer, J.W., 2011. The use of cover crops to manage soil. In Soil management: Building a stable base for agriculture. Hartfield, J.L., Sauer, T.J. (Eds.). American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA. pp. 321–337.

Komatsuzaki, M., Ohta, H., 2007. Soil management practices for sustainable agroecosystems. Sustainability Science 2: 103–120.

Kurishbayev, A., 2003. A strategy for soil conservation farming in Northern Kazakhstan. In: Conservation agriculture.  García-Torres, L., Benites, J., Martínez-Vilela, A., Holgado-Cabrera, A. (Eds.). Springer, Dordrecht. pp.133-138. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1143-2_16

Lal, R., 2009. Soils and food sufficiency: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 29: 113–133.

Lu, Y.C., Watkins, K.B., Teasdale, J.R., Abdul-Baki, A.A., 2000. Cover crops in sustainable food production. Food Reviews International 16(2): 121–157.

Montgomery, D.R., Zabowski, D., Ugolini, F.C., Hallberg, R.O., Spaltenstein, H., 2000. Soils, watershed processes, and marine sediments. International Geophysics 72: 159-194.

Nurbekov, A., Akramkhanov, A., Kassam, A., Sydyk, D., Ziyadaullaev, Z., Lamers, J.P.A., 2016. Conservation agriculture for combating land degradation in Central Asia: a synthesis. AIMS Agriculture and Food 1(2): 144-156.

Paustain, K., Robertson, G.P., Elliot, E.T., 1995. Management impacts on carbon storage and gas fluxes (CO2, CH4) in mid-latitudes cropland. In: Soil management and the greenhouse effect. Lal, R., Kimble, J., Levine, E., Stewart, B.A., (Eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 69-83.

Reeves, D.W., 1994. Cover crops and rotations. In: Crops Residue Management. Hatfield, J.L. (Ed.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 125–172.

Reicosky, D.C., Kemper, W.D., Langdale, G.W., Douglas Jr., C.L., Rasmussen, P.E., 1995. Soil organic matter changes resulting from tillage and biomass production. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 50(3): 253-261.

Rowell, D.L., 1996. Soil Science: methods and applications. Longman, UK. 350p.

Saparov, A., 2014. Soil Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current Status, Problems and Solutions. In:  Novel Measurement and Assessment Tools for Monitoring and Management of Land and Water Resources in Agricultural Landscapes of Central Asia. Mueller, L., Saparov, A., Lischeid, G., (Eds.). Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing. Switzerland. pp.61-73.

Scavo, A., Fontanazza, S., Restuccia, A., Pesce, G.R., Abbate, C., Mauromicale, G., 2022. The role of cover crops in improving soil fertility and plant nutritional status in temperate climates. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 42: 93.

Suleimenova, N., Makhamedova, B., Orynbasarova, G., Kalykov, D., Yertayeva, Z., 2019. Impact of resource conserving technologies (RCT) on soil physical properties and rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) yield in irrigated agriculture areas of the South-Eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(1): 83 - 93.

Turebayeva, S., Zhapparova, A., Kekilbayeva, G., Kenzhegulova, S., Aisakulova, K., Yesseyeva, G., Bissembayev, A., Sikirić, B., Sydyk, D., Saljnikov, E., 2022. Development of sustainable production of rainfed winter wheat with no-till technologies in Southern Kazakhstan. Agronomy 12(4): 950.

Tyurin, I. V., 1965. Organic matter of soil and its role in fertility. Nauka, Moscow. 320p

Wall, P.C., Yushenko, N., Karabayev, M., Morgounov, A., Akramhanov, A., 2007. Conservation agriculture in the steppes of Northern Kazakhstan: The potential for adoption and carbon sequestration. In: Climate Change and terrestrial carbon sequestration in Central Asia. Lal, R., Suleimenov, M., Stewart, B.A., Hansen, D.O., Doraiswamy, P. (Eds.). CRC Press. London, UK, pp. 333-348.

Yunusa, I.A.M., Newton, P.J., 2003. Plants for amelioration of subsoil constraints and hydrological control: the primer-plant concept. Plant and Soil 257(2): 261-281.

Abstract

Optimal use of management systems including tillage and cover crops are recommended to improve available nutrient contents in soils and sustain agricultural production. The effects on organic carbon and available nutrient contents of three tillage methods (conventional tillage, minimum tillage and no-tillage) and different cover crops such as flaxseed oil, buckwheat, soybean, pea, corn, sorghum, spring oilseed rape and sugar beet were evaluated in a short-term experiment on a light chestnut soil in Kazakhstan. Organic carbon and available nutrient contents were measured in the autumn of 2021. The field measurements included the yield of cover crops and input of organic matter into soils with root and other residues of cover crops. In the laboratory, total organic carbon, labile organic carbon, easily hydrolyzable nitrogen (NH4-N), NO3-N, available P and exchangeable K were measured. The results showed that one season of cover crop growth was not enough to find detectable changes in soil organic matter and available nutrient status in light chestnut soils. On the other hand, even in a short-term field experiment period of 3 months, the most labile organic carbon in soil organic carbon was obtained in conventional tillage. Overall, the results show that at least in the short term and under lower drip irrigation rate in summer for the study area, reduced tillage methods (no-tillage and minimum tillage) is suitable in the study area for soybean, corn and sugar beet production after intensive tillage in the previous year.

Keywords: Cover crops, tillage, no-tillage, available nutrient, organic matter.

References

Abdollahi, L., Munkholm, L.J., 2014. Tillage system and cover crop effects on soil quality: I. Chemical, mechanical, and biological properties. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78(1): 262-270.

Chan, K., Heenan, D., 1996. The influence of crop rotation on soil structure and soil physical properties under conventional tillage. Soil and Tillage Research 37 (2-3): 113–125.

Dabney, S.M., Delgado, J.A., Reeves, D.W., 2001. Using winter cover crops to improve soil and water quality. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32(7-8): 1221–1250.

DeBusk, W.F., White, J.R., Reddy, K.R., 2001. Carbon and nitrogen dynamics in wetland soils. In: Modeling carbon and nitrogen dynamics for soil management. Shaffer, M.J., Ma, L., Hansen. S. (Eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 27-53.

FAO, 2013. Conservation agriculture in Central Asia: Status, policy, ınstitutional support and strategic framework for its promotion. FAO Sub-Regional Office for Central Asia (FAO-SEC) Ankara, Turkey. 60p. Available at [Access date: 22.08.2022]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3275e/i3275e.pdf

Farooq, M., Siddique, K., 2015. Conservation agriculture: Concepts, brief history, and impacts on agricultural systems. In: Conservation Agriculture. Farooq, M., Siddique, K. (Eds.). Springer, Cham. pp 3–17.

Havlin, J.L., Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L., 2013. Soil fertility and fertilizers: An introduction to nutrient management. 8th ed. Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ. 528p.

Jayaraman, S., Dang, Y.P., Naorem, A., Page, K.L., Dalal, R.C., 2021. Conservation agriculture as a system to enhance ecosystem services. Agriculture 11(8): 718.

Jokela, W.E., Grabber, J.H., Karlen, D.L., Balser, T.C., Palmquist, D.E., 2009. Cover crop and liquid manure effects on soil quality indicators in a corn silage system. Agronomy Journal 101 (4): 727–737.

Jones, J.B., 2001. Laboratory guide for conducting soil tests and plant analyses. CRC Press, New York, USA. 363p.

Kasper, T.C., Singer, J.W., 2011. The use of cover crops to manage soil. In Soil management: Building a stable base for agriculture. Hartfield, J.L., Sauer, T.J. (Eds.). American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA. pp. 321–337.

Komatsuzaki, M., Ohta, H., 2007. Soil management practices for sustainable agroecosystems. Sustainability Science 2: 103–120.

Kurishbayev, A., 2003. A strategy for soil conservation farming in Northern Kazakhstan. In: Conservation agriculture.  García-Torres, L., Benites, J., Martínez-Vilela, A., Holgado-Cabrera, A. (Eds.). Springer, Dordrecht. pp.133-138. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1143-2_16

Lal, R., 2009. Soils and food sufficiency: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 29: 113–133.

Lu, Y.C., Watkins, K.B., Teasdale, J.R., Abdul-Baki, A.A., 2000. Cover crops in sustainable food production. Food Reviews International 16(2): 121–157.

Montgomery, D.R., Zabowski, D., Ugolini, F.C., Hallberg, R.O., Spaltenstein, H., 2000. Soils, watershed processes, and marine sediments. International Geophysics 72: 159-194.

Nurbekov, A., Akramkhanov, A., Kassam, A., Sydyk, D., Ziyadaullaev, Z., Lamers, J.P.A., 2016. Conservation agriculture for combating land degradation in Central Asia: a synthesis. AIMS Agriculture and Food 1(2): 144-156.

Paustain, K., Robertson, G.P., Elliot, E.T., 1995. Management impacts on carbon storage and gas fluxes (CO2, CH4) in mid-latitudes cropland. In: Soil management and the greenhouse effect. Lal, R., Kimble, J., Levine, E., Stewart, B.A., (Eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 69-83.

Reeves, D.W., 1994. Cover crops and rotations. In: Crops Residue Management. Hatfield, J.L. (Ed.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 125–172.

Reicosky, D.C., Kemper, W.D., Langdale, G.W., Douglas Jr., C.L., Rasmussen, P.E., 1995. Soil organic matter changes resulting from tillage and biomass production. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 50(3): 253-261.

Rowell, D.L., 1996. Soil Science: methods and applications. Longman, UK. 350p.

Saparov, A., 2014. Soil Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current Status, Problems and Solutions. In:  Novel Measurement and Assessment Tools for Monitoring and Management of Land and Water Resources in Agricultural Landscapes of Central Asia. Mueller, L., Saparov, A., Lischeid, G., (Eds.). Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing. Switzerland. pp.61-73.

Scavo, A., Fontanazza, S., Restuccia, A., Pesce, G.R., Abbate, C., Mauromicale, G., 2022. The role of cover crops in improving soil fertility and plant nutritional status in temperate climates. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 42: 93.

Suleimenova, N., Makhamedova, B., Orynbasarova, G., Kalykov, D., Yertayeva, Z., 2019. Impact of resource conserving technologies (RCT) on soil physical properties and rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) yield in irrigated agriculture areas of the South-Eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(1): 83 - 93.

Turebayeva, S., Zhapparova, A., Kekilbayeva, G., Kenzhegulova, S., Aisakulova, K., Yesseyeva, G., Bissembayev, A., Sikirić, B., Sydyk, D., Saljnikov, E., 2022. Development of sustainable production of rainfed winter wheat with no-till technologies in Southern Kazakhstan. Agronomy 12(4): 950.

Tyurin, I. V., 1965. Organic matter of soil and its role in fertility. Nauka, Moscow. 320p

Wall, P.C., Yushenko, N., Karabayev, M., Morgounov, A., Akramhanov, A., 2007. Conservation agriculture in the steppes of Northern Kazakhstan: The potential for adoption and carbon sequestration. In: Climate Change and terrestrial carbon sequestration in Central Asia. Lal, R., Suleimenov, M., Stewart, B.A., Hansen, D.O., Doraiswamy, P. (Eds.). CRC Press. London, UK, pp. 333-348.

Yunusa, I.A.M., Newton, P.J., 2003. Plants for amelioration of subsoil constraints and hydrological control: the primer-plant concept. Plant and Soil 257(2): 261-281.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science