Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 12, Issue 2, Apr 2023, Pages 141 - 150
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1212444
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1212444
Copyright © 2023 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



The determination of grain yield, yield components, and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea Mays L.) by different agricultural practices

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Çerçioğlu,M., 2023. The determination of grain yield, yield components, and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea Mays L.) by different agricultural practices. Eurasian J Soil Sci 12(2):141 - 150. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1212444
,& Çerçioğlu,M. (2023). The determination of grain yield, yield components, and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea Mays L.) by different agricultural practices Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12(2):141 - 150. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1212444
, and ,Çerçioğlu,M. "The determination of grain yield, yield components, and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea Mays L.) by different agricultural practices" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12.2 (2023):141 - 150. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1212444
, and ,Çerçioğlu,M. "The determination of grain yield, yield components, and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea Mays L.) by different agricultural practices" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,12(Apr 2023):141 - 150 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1212444
M,Çerçioğlu "The determination of grain yield, yield components, and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea Mays L.) by different agricultural practices" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.12, no.2, pp.141 - 150 (Apr 2023), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1212444
Çerçioğlu,Melis The determination of grain yield, yield components, and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea Mays L.) by different agricultural practices. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2023),12.2:141 - 150. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1212444

How to cite

Çerçioğlu, M., 2023. The determination of grain yield, yield components, and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea Mays L.) by different agricultural practices. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 12(2): 141 - 150. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1212444

Author information

Melis Çerçioğlu , Department of Forest Engineering, Faculty of Forestry, Izmir Katip Celebi University, İzmir, Türkiye

Publication information

Article first published online : 01 Dec 2022
Manuscript Accepted : 29 Nov 2022
Manuscript Received: 30 Jun 2022
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1212444
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1212444

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to determine the impacts of some treatments on grain yield, yield components (cob length, cob diameter, grain weight), and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea mays L.). During the study, tobacco waste compost (50 t ha-1), poultry manure (4 t ha-1), bio-humus (10 t ha-1) and NPK (0.3 t ha-1) were applied. The experiment was established with a randomized complete block design with four replications in Izmir, Türkiye. According to the two years average values; cob length varied from 18.84 to 22.35 cm, cob diameter from 4.38 to 5.05 cm, grain weight from 1704 to 2529 g, grain yield from 14.48 to 19.88 t ha-1 by the treatments. The greatest average yield values were obtained under tobacco waste compost (19.88 t ha-1) and poultry manure (19.64 t ha-1) plots over the control. All yield components were significantly affected the treatments. Macro nutrient contents of corn grain were found statistically significant by the treatments as compared with control. Total N, P, K, Ca, and Mg content of grain varied between 1.25-1.64%, 0.044-0.087%, 2103-3559 ppm, 25.83-571.88 ppm, 127.57-469.93 ppm, respectively. As a conclusion, all treatments increased the yield components and macro nutrient content of corn with similar effects; on the other hand, poultry manure and tobacco waste compost were the most effective materials on all parameters. Moreover, the positive and significant correlations were found among first and second year parameters.

Keywords

Bio-humus, corn, NPK, poultry manure, tobacco waste compost, yield.

Corresponding author

References

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Gökmen, S., 1997. Researches on yield and yield components in thi F1 and F2 generations of hybrid and composite dent corn varieties. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 21(3): 267-272. [in Turkish].

Hanlon, E.A., 1998. Elemental determination by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In: Handbook of reference methods for plant analysis. Kalra, Y. (Ed.). CRC Press, Washington D.C, pp. 157-164.

İdikut, L., Yılmaz, A., Yürürdurmaz, C., Çölkesen, M., 2012. Determination of morphological and agronomical properties of local popcorn genotypes. Biyoloji Bilimleri Araştırma Dergisi 5(2): 63-69. [in Turkish].

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Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to determine the impacts of some treatments on grain yield, yield components (cob length, cob diameter, grain weight), and macro nutrient content of corn (Zea mays L.). During the study, tobacco waste compost (50 t ha-1), poultry manure (4 t ha-1), bio-humus (10 t ha-1) and NPK (0.3 t ha-1) were applied. The experiment was established with a randomized complete block design with four replications in Izmir, Türkiye. According to the two years average values; cob length varied from 18.84 to 22.35 cm, cob diameter from 4.38 to 5.05 cm, grain weight from 1704 to 2529 g, grain yield from 14.48 to 19.88 t ha-1 by the treatments. The greatest average yield values were obtained under tobacco waste compost (19.88 t ha-1) and poultry manure (19.64 t ha-1) plots over the control. All yield components were significantly affected the treatments. Macro nutrient contents of corn grain were found statistically significant by the treatments as compared with control. Total N, P, K, Ca, and Mg content of grain varied between 1.25-1.64%, 0.044-0.087%, 2103-3559 ppm, 25.83-571.88 ppm, 127.57-469.93 ppm, respectively. As a conclusion, all treatments increased the yield components and macro nutrient content of corn with similar effects; on the other hand, poultry manure and tobacco waste compost were the most effective materials on all parameters. Moreover, the positive and significant correlations were found among first and second year parameters.

Keywords: Bio-humus, corn, NPK, poultry manure, tobacco waste compost, yield.

References

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Adediran, J.A., Mnkeni, P.N.S., Mafu, N.C., Muyima, N.Y.O., 2004. Changes in chemical properties and temperature during the composting of tobacco waste with other organic materials, and effects of resulting composts on lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.). Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 22(2): 101-119.

Ayodele, O.J., 1993. Further yield responses of tomatoes (Lycopersicum esculentum) to fertilizer application. Research Bulletin No. 16. National Horticultural Research Institute, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Ayoola, O.T., Makinde, E.A., 2009. Maize growth, yield and soil nutrient changes with N enriched. Organic fertilizers. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 9(1): 580-592.

Basayigit, L., Dinc, U., 2005. Soil climate regimes according to soil taxonomy and presentation of Turkey soils. Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 22(1): 83-91. [in Turkish].

Bouyoucos, G.J., 1962. Hydrometer method ımproved for making particle size analyses of soils. Agronomy Journal 54 (5): 464-465.

Bremner, J.M., 1965. Total nitrogen. In: Methods of Soil Analysis: Part II, Chemical and Microbiological Properties.  Norman, A.G. (Ed.). American Society of Agronomy, Inc. Publisher, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, pp. 1149-1178.

Brohi, A.R., 1987. Çimlerde tütün tozunun gübre olarak kullanılması. Türkiye Toprak İlmi Derneği, 10. Bilimsel Toplantı Tebliğleri, 17 Haziran 1987, Kırklareli, 55–59. [in Turkish].

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Celestina, C., Hunt, J. R., Sale, P.W.G., Franks, A.E., 2019. Attribution of crop yield responses to application of organic amendments: A critical review. Soil and Tillage Research 186: 135–145.

Cercioglu, M. 2017. The role of organic soil amendments on soil physical properties and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 48(6): 683-691.

Cercioglu, M., Okur, B., Delibacak, S., Ongun, A.R., 2012. Effects of tobacco waste and farmyard manure on soil properties and yield of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L var. capitata). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43(6): 875–886.

Cheema, M.A., Farhad, W., Saleem, M.F., Khan, H.Z., Munir, A., Wahid, M.A., Rasul, F., Hammad, H.M., 2010. Nitrogen management strategies for sustainable maize production. Crop & Environment 1(1): 49-52.

Cihangir, H., 2013. The effect of different plant nutritions on yield and quality at organically grown pop corn (Zea mays L. everta) and sweet corn (Zea mays L. saccharata). PhD Thesis. Harran University, Şanlıurfa, Türkiye. 315p. [in Turkish].

Craft, C.M., Nelson, E.B., 1996. Microbial properties of composts that suppress damping-offand root rot of creeping bentgrass caused by Pythium graminicola. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62(5): 1550–1557.

Dogan, Y., Togay, N., Togay, Y., 2019. Determining irrigation scheduling and different manure sources of yield and nutrition content on maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17(2): 1559-1570.

Doran, J.W., Fraser, D.G., Culik, M.N., Liebhardt, W.C., 1988. Influence of alternative and conventional agricultural management on soil microbial process and nitrogen availability. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 2: 99-106.

Durak, A., Brohi, A.R., 1986. Tütün tozunun organik gübre olarak değerlendirilmesi. Türkiye Tütüncülüğü ve Geleceği Sempozyumu, 12-14 Kasım Tokat, 261–269. [in Turkish].

Eriksen, J., 2005. Gross sulphur mineralisation–immobilisation turnover in soil amended with plant residues. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37(12): 2216-2224.

Fraser, D.G., Doran, J.W., Sahs, W.W., Lesoing, G.W., 1988. Soil microbial populations and activities under conventional and organic management. Journal of Environmental Quality 17: 585-590.

Garcia-Lara, S., Sena-Saldivar, S.O., 2019. Corn history and culture. In: Corn Chemistry and Technology. Sena-Saldivar, S.O., (Ed.). 3rd edition, Elsevier WP, Duxford, UK, pp. 1-18.

Gökmen, S., 1997. Researches on yield and yield components in thi F1 and F2 generations of hybrid and composite dent corn varieties. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 21(3): 267-272. [in Turkish].

Hanlon, E.A., 1998. Elemental determination by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In: Handbook of reference methods for plant analysis. Kalra, Y. (Ed.). CRC Press, Washington D.C, pp. 157-164.

İdikut, L., Yılmaz, A., Yürürdurmaz, C., Çölkesen, M., 2012. Determination of morphological and agronomical properties of local popcorn genotypes. Biyoloji Bilimleri Araştırma Dergisi 5(2): 63-69. [in Turkish].

Jackson, H., 1999. Land disposal of broiler litter changes in soil potassium, calcium and magnesium. Journal of Environment Quality 4: 202-206.

Jackson, M.L., 1967. Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, India. 498p.

Jacobowitz, L.A., Steenhuis, T.S., 1984. Compost impact on soil moisture and temperature. BioCycle 25(1): 56-60.

Kacar, B., 1994. Bitki ve Toprağın Kimyasal Analizleri. Toprak Analizleri III. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Eğitim, Araştırma ve Geliştirme Vakfı Yayınları No:3, Ankara. 705p. [in Turkish]

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