Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 12, Issue 1, Jan 2023, Pages 85-91
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1187452
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1187452
Copyright © 2023 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Reducing soluble lead and cadmium in contaminated soils using dairy cattle waste based vermicompost

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Muktamar,Z., Hermawan,B., ,W., Prawito,P., Fahrurrozi,F., Setyowati,N., Sudjatmiko,S., Chozin,M., 2023. Reducing soluble lead and cadmium in contaminated soils using dairy cattle waste based vermicompost. Eurasian J Soil Sci 12(1):85-91. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1187452
Muktamar,Z.,Hermawan,B.,W.Prawito,P.Fahrurrozi,F.Setyowati,N.Sudjatmiko,S.,& Chozin,M. Reducing soluble lead and cadmium in contaminated soils using dairy cattle waste based vermicompost Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12(1):85-91. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1187452
Muktamar,Z.,Hermawan,B.,W.Prawito,P.Fahrurrozi,F.Setyowati,N.Sudjatmiko,S., and ,Chozin,M."Reducing soluble lead and cadmium in contaminated soils using dairy cattle waste based vermicompost" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12.1 (2023):85-91. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1187452
Muktamar,Z.,Hermawan,B.,W.Prawito,P.Fahrurrozi,F.Setyowati,N.Sudjatmiko,S., and ,Chozin,M. "Reducing soluble lead and cadmium in contaminated soils using dairy cattle waste based vermicompost" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,12(Jan 2023):85-91 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1187452
Z,Muktamar.B,Hermawan.W,.P,Prawito.F,Fahrurrozi.N,Setyowati.S,Sudjatmiko.M,Chozin "Reducing soluble lead and cadmium in contaminated soils using dairy cattle waste based vermicompost" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.12, no.1, pp.85-91 (Jan 2023), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1187452
Muktamar,Zainal ;Hermawan,Bandi ;,Wulandari ;Prawito,Priyono ;Fahrurrozi,Fahrurrozi ;Setyowati,Nanik ;Sudjatmiko,Sigit ;Chozin,Mohammad Reducing soluble lead and cadmium in contaminated soils using dairy cattle waste based vermicompost. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2023),12.1:85-91. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1187452

How to cite

Muktamar, Z., Hermawan, B., , W., Prawito, P., Fahrurrozi, F., Setyowati, N., Sudjatmiko, S., Chozin, M., 2023. Reducing soluble lead and cadmium in contaminated soils using dairy cattle waste based vermicompost. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 12(1): 85-91. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1187452

Author information

Zainal Muktamar , Department of Soil Science, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Bandi Hermawan , Department of Soil Science, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Wulandari , Department of Soil Science, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Priyono Prawito , Department of Soil Science, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Fahrurrozi Fahrurrozi , Department of Crop Production, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Nanik Setyowati , Department of Crop Production, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Sigit Sudjatmiko , Department of Crop Production, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Mohammad Chozin , Department of Crop Production, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia

Publication information

Article first published online : 12 Oct 2022
Manuscript Accepted : 09 Oct 2022
Manuscript Received: 04 Jun 2022
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1187452
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1187452

Abstract

Continuous use of synthetic fertilizer can lead to the accumulation of heavy metals in the soil. The use of organic amendment can reduce the solubility of heavy metals such as Pb and Cd in soil. The experiment was undertaken to determine the decline of soluble Pb and Cd in polluted soils treated with dairy cattle waste-based vermicompost. The study used two soil samples; Inceptisols collected from Air Duku Village and Entisol from Beringin Raya Village, Bengkulu, Indonesia. Entisols and Inceptisols contained 2.0 and 0.4 mg kg-1 soluble Pb and 0.7 and 0.8 mg kg-1soluble Cd, respectively. The samples were pretreated with either 100 ppm Pb or Cd. Vermicompost was applied at the rate of 0, 10, 20, and 30 Mg ha-1 on samples of Inceptisols and Entisol, arranged in Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The mixture was incubated for eight weeks. After the incubation ended, the soil sample was analyzed for soluble Pb and Cd using DTPA extraction before detection using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. The study resulted that the soluble Pb and Cd significantly reduced with vermicompost treatment, being the lowest was at the rate of 30 Mg ha-1. Furthermore, the decreased soluble Pb and Cd was more substantial in Inceptisols than Entisols. Soluble Pb in both soils was lower than Cd, suggesting a higher retention affinity of the former. This study summarizes that vermicompost at the rate of 30 Mg ha-1 effectively immobilizes Pb and Cd in contaminated soils.

Keywords

Vermicompost, cadmium, lead, Inceptisols, Entisol.

Corresponding author

References

AlKhader, A.M., 2015. The impact of phosphorus fertilizers on heavy metals content of soils and vegetables grown on selected farms in Jordan. Agrotechnology 5(1): 1000137.

Atafar, Z., Mesdaghinia, A., Naori, J., Homaee, M., Yunesian, M., Ahmadimoghaddam, M., Mahvi, A.H., 2010. Effect of fertilizer application on soil heavy metal concentration. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 160:83–89.

Barančíková, G., Makovníková, J. 2003. The influence of humic acid quality on the sorption and mobility of heavy metals. Plant, Soil and Environment 49 (12): 565-571.

Barysz, M., Leszczyński, J., Bilewicz, A. 2004. Hydrolysis of the heavy metal cations: relativistic effects. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 6: 4553-4557.

Boechat, C.L., Pistóia, V.C., Ludtke, A. C., Gianello, C., Camargo, F. A.O., 2016. Solubility of heavy metals/metalloid on multi-metal contaminated soil samples from a gold ore processing area: Effects of humic substances. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 40:e0150383.

Boguta, P., Sokolowska. Z., 2013. Interaction of Humic Acids with Metals. Acta Agrophysica Monographiae. Instytut Agrofizyki im. Bohdana Dobrzanskiego PAN, 113 p.

Covelo, E.F., Vega, F.A., Andrade, M.L. 2007. Simultaneous sorption and desorption of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in acid soils: I. Selectivity sequences. Journal of Hazardous Materials 147 (3): 852–861.

Cruywagen, J.J., van de Water, R.F., 1993. The hydrolysis of lead(II). A potentiometric and enthalpimetric study. Talanta 40(7): 1091-1095.

Ericson, B., Otieno, V.O., Nganga, C., St. Forth, J., Taylor, M.P., 2019. Assessment of the presence of soil lead contamination near a former lead smelter in Mombasa, Kenya. Journal of Health and Pollution 9(21): 190307.

FAO 2021. World Food and Agriculture - Statistical Yearbook 2021. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. 368p. Available at [04.06.2022]: Access date: http://www.fao.org/3/cb4477en/cb4477en.pdf

Gebeyehu, H.R., Bayissa, L.D., 2020. Levels of heavy metals in soil and vegetables and associated health risks in Mojo area, Ethiopia. PlosOne 15(1): e0227883.

Gimeno-García E., Andreu, V., Boluda, R., 1996. Heavy metals incidence in the application of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides to rice farming soils. Environmental Pollution 92: 19-25.

Kelepertzis, E., 2014. Accumulation of heavy metals in agricultural soils of Mediterranean: Insights from Argolida basin, Peloponnese, Greece. Geoderma 221-222: 82-90.

Khan, M.N., Mobin M., Abbas, Z. K., Alamri, S. A. 2018. Fertilizers and their contaminants in soils, surface and groundwater. In: Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene, Vol. 5. Dellasala, D.A., Goldstein, M.I. (Eds.). Elsevier. pp. 225-240.

Kinuthia, G., Ngure, K., Beti, V., Lugalia, D., Wangila, R., Kamau, L. 2020. Levels of heavy metals in wastewater and soil samples from open drainage channels in Nairobi, Kenya: community health implication. Scientific Reports 10: 8438.

Klučáková, M., Pavlíková, M., 2017. Lignitic Humic Acids as Environmentally-Friendly Adsorbent for Heavy Metals. Journal of Chemistry Article ID 7169019.

Lwin, C.S., Seo, B.H., Kim, H.U., Owen, G., Kim, K.R., 2018. Application of soil amendments to contaminated soils for heavy metal immobilization and improved soil quality—a critical review. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 64(2): 156-167.

Mng’ong’o, M., Munishi, L.K., Ndakidemi, P.A., Blake, W., Comber, S., Hutchinson, T.H., 2021b. Accumulation and bioconcentration of heavy metals in two phases from agricultural soil to plants in Usangu agroecosystem-Tanzania. Heliyon 7(7): e07514.

Mng'ong'o, M., Munishi, L.K., Ndakidemi, P.A., Blake, W., Comber, S., Hutchinson, T.H., 2021a. Toxic metals in East African agro-ecosystems: Key risks for sustainable food production. Journal of Environmental Management 294: 112973.

Muktamar, Z., Hermawan, B., Wulandari, Prawito, P., Sudjatmiko, S., Setyowati, N., Fahrurrozi, F., Chozin, M., 2021. Vermicompost buffering capacity to reduce acidification of Pb and Cd contaminated inceptisols and entisols. Journal of Tropical Soils 26(1): 1-9.

Muktamar, Z., Sudjatmiko, S., Chozin, M., Setyowati, N., Fahrurrozi. 2017. Sweet corn performance and its major nutrient uptake following application of vermicompost supplemented with liquid organic fertilizer. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology 7(2): 602-608.

Ok, Y.S., Oh, S.E., Ahmad, M., Hyun, S., Kim, K.R., Moon, D.H.,  Lee, S.S., Lim, K.J., Jeon, W.T., Yang, J.E., 2010. Effects of natural and calcined oyster shells on Cd and Pb immobilization in contaminated soils. Environmental Earth Science 61: 1301–1308.

Qu, C., Chen, W., Hu, X., Cai, P., Chen, C., Yu, X.Y., Huang, Q., 2019. Heavy metal behaviour at mineral-organo interfaces: Mechanisms, modelling and influence factors. Environmental International 131: 104995.

Setyorini, D., Soeparto, Sulaiman, 2003. Kadar logam berat dalam pupuk. In: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Peningkatan Kualitas Lingkungan dan Produk Pertanian, Badan Litbang Pertanian. Jakarta, Indonesia. pp. 219-229. [in Indonesian].

Soltan, M.E., Al-ayed A.S., Ismail, M.A., 2018. Effect of pH values on the solubility of some elements in different soil samples. Chemistry and Ecology 35(3): 270-283.

Spark, D.L., 2003. Environmental Soil Chemistry. 2nd Edition. Academic Press. London. UK. 351p.

Spark, K.L., Wells, J.D., Johnson, B.B., 1997. The interaction of a humic acid with heavy metals. Australian Journal Soil Research 35(1): 89–101.

Sukarjo, Zulaehah, I., Purbalisa, W., 2019. The critical limit of cadmium in three types of soil texture with shallot as an indicator plant. AIP Conference Proceedings 2120: 040012.

Usman, A.R.H., 2008. The relative adsorption selectivities of Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd and Ni by soils developed on shale in New Valley, Egypt. Geoderma 144(1-2): 334-343.

Wang, F., Zhang, S., Ceng, P., Zhang, S., Sun, Y., 2020. Effects of soil amendments on heavy metal immobilization and accumulation by maize grown in a multiple-metal-contaminated soil and their potential for safe crop production. Toxics 8(4): 102.

Wei, B., Yu, J., Cao, Z., Meng, M., Yang, L., Chen, Q., 2020. The availability and accumulation of heavy metals in greenhouse soils associated with intensive fertilizer application. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(15): 5359.

Zhang, Y., Zhang, H., Zhang, Z., Liu, C., Sun, C., Zhang, W., Marhaba, T. 2018. pH effect on heavy metal release from a polluted sediment. Journal of Chemistry Article ID 7597640.

Abstract

Continuous use of synthetic fertilizer can lead to the accumulation of heavy metals in the soil. The use of organic amendment can reduce the solubility of heavy metals such as Pb and Cd in soil. The experiment was undertaken to determine the decline of soluble Pb and Cd in polluted soils treated with dairy cattle waste-based vermicompost. The study used two soil samples; Inceptisols collected from Air Duku Village and Entisol from Beringin Raya Village, Bengkulu, Indonesia. Entisols and Inceptisols contained 2.0 and 0.4 mg kg-1 soluble Pb and 0.7 and 0.8 mg kg-1soluble Cd, respectively. The samples were pretreated with either 100 ppm Pb or Cd. Vermicompost was applied at the rate of 0, 10, 20, and 30 Mg ha-1 on samples of Inceptisols and Entisol, arranged in Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The mixture was incubated for eight weeks. After the incubation ended, the soil sample was analyzed for soluble Pb and Cd using DTPA extraction before detection using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. The study resulted that the soluble Pb and Cd significantly reduced with vermicompost treatment, being the lowest was at the rate of 30 Mg ha-1. Furthermore, the decreased soluble Pb and Cd was more substantial in Inceptisols than Entisols. Soluble Pb in both soils was lower than Cd, suggesting a higher retention affinity of the former. This study summarizes that vermicompost at the rate of 30 Mg ha-1 effectively immobilizes Pb and Cd in contaminated soils.

Keywords: Vermicompost, cadmium, lead, Inceptisols, Entisol.

References

AlKhader, A.M., 2015. The impact of phosphorus fertilizers on heavy metals content of soils and vegetables grown on selected farms in Jordan. Agrotechnology 5(1): 1000137.

Atafar, Z., Mesdaghinia, A., Naori, J., Homaee, M., Yunesian, M., Ahmadimoghaddam, M., Mahvi, A.H., 2010. Effect of fertilizer application on soil heavy metal concentration. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 160:83–89.

Barančíková, G., Makovníková, J. 2003. The influence of humic acid quality on the sorption and mobility of heavy metals. Plant, Soil and Environment 49 (12): 565-571.

Barysz, M., Leszczyński, J., Bilewicz, A. 2004. Hydrolysis of the heavy metal cations: relativistic effects. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 6: 4553-4557.

Boechat, C.L., Pistóia, V.C., Ludtke, A. C., Gianello, C., Camargo, F. A.O., 2016. Solubility of heavy metals/metalloid on multi-metal contaminated soil samples from a gold ore processing area: Effects of humic substances. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 40:e0150383.

Boguta, P., Sokolowska. Z., 2013. Interaction of Humic Acids with Metals. Acta Agrophysica Monographiae. Instytut Agrofizyki im. Bohdana Dobrzanskiego PAN, 113 p.

Covelo, E.F., Vega, F.A., Andrade, M.L. 2007. Simultaneous sorption and desorption of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in acid soils: I. Selectivity sequences. Journal of Hazardous Materials 147 (3): 852–861.

Cruywagen, J.J., van de Water, R.F., 1993. The hydrolysis of lead(II). A potentiometric and enthalpimetric study. Talanta 40(7): 1091-1095.

Ericson, B., Otieno, V.O., Nganga, C., St. Forth, J., Taylor, M.P., 2019. Assessment of the presence of soil lead contamination near a former lead smelter in Mombasa, Kenya. Journal of Health and Pollution 9(21): 190307.

FAO 2021. World Food and Agriculture - Statistical Yearbook 2021. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. 368p. Available at [04.06.2022]: Access date: http://www.fao.org/3/cb4477en/cb4477en.pdf

Gebeyehu, H.R., Bayissa, L.D., 2020. Levels of heavy metals in soil and vegetables and associated health risks in Mojo area, Ethiopia. PlosOne 15(1): e0227883.

Gimeno-García E., Andreu, V., Boluda, R., 1996. Heavy metals incidence in the application of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides to rice farming soils. Environmental Pollution 92: 19-25.

Kelepertzis, E., 2014. Accumulation of heavy metals in agricultural soils of Mediterranean: Insights from Argolida basin, Peloponnese, Greece. Geoderma 221-222: 82-90.

Khan, M.N., Mobin M., Abbas, Z. K., Alamri, S. A. 2018. Fertilizers and their contaminants in soils, surface and groundwater. In: Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene, Vol. 5. Dellasala, D.A., Goldstein, M.I. (Eds.). Elsevier. pp. 225-240.

Kinuthia, G., Ngure, K., Beti, V., Lugalia, D., Wangila, R., Kamau, L. 2020. Levels of heavy metals in wastewater and soil samples from open drainage channels in Nairobi, Kenya: community health implication. Scientific Reports 10: 8438.

Klučáková, M., Pavlíková, M., 2017. Lignitic Humic Acids as Environmentally-Friendly Adsorbent for Heavy Metals. Journal of Chemistry Article ID 7169019.

Lwin, C.S., Seo, B.H., Kim, H.U., Owen, G., Kim, K.R., 2018. Application of soil amendments to contaminated soils for heavy metal immobilization and improved soil quality—a critical review. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 64(2): 156-167.

Mng’ong’o, M., Munishi, L.K., Ndakidemi, P.A., Blake, W., Comber, S., Hutchinson, T.H., 2021b. Accumulation and bioconcentration of heavy metals in two phases from agricultural soil to plants in Usangu agroecosystem-Tanzania. Heliyon 7(7): e07514.

Mng'ong'o, M., Munishi, L.K., Ndakidemi, P.A., Blake, W., Comber, S., Hutchinson, T.H., 2021a. Toxic metals in East African agro-ecosystems: Key risks for sustainable food production. Journal of Environmental Management 294: 112973.

Muktamar, Z., Hermawan, B., Wulandari, Prawito, P., Sudjatmiko, S., Setyowati, N., Fahrurrozi, F., Chozin, M., 2021. Vermicompost buffering capacity to reduce acidification of Pb and Cd contaminated inceptisols and entisols. Journal of Tropical Soils 26(1): 1-9.

Muktamar, Z., Sudjatmiko, S., Chozin, M., Setyowati, N., Fahrurrozi. 2017. Sweet corn performance and its major nutrient uptake following application of vermicompost supplemented with liquid organic fertilizer. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology 7(2): 602-608.

Ok, Y.S., Oh, S.E., Ahmad, M., Hyun, S., Kim, K.R., Moon, D.H.,  Lee, S.S., Lim, K.J., Jeon, W.T., Yang, J.E., 2010. Effects of natural and calcined oyster shells on Cd and Pb immobilization in contaminated soils. Environmental Earth Science 61: 1301–1308.

Qu, C., Chen, W., Hu, X., Cai, P., Chen, C., Yu, X.Y., Huang, Q., 2019. Heavy metal behaviour at mineral-organo interfaces: Mechanisms, modelling and influence factors. Environmental International 131: 104995.

Setyorini, D., Soeparto, Sulaiman, 2003. Kadar logam berat dalam pupuk. In: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Peningkatan Kualitas Lingkungan dan Produk Pertanian, Badan Litbang Pertanian. Jakarta, Indonesia. pp. 219-229. [in Indonesian].

Soltan, M.E., Al-ayed A.S., Ismail, M.A., 2018. Effect of pH values on the solubility of some elements in different soil samples. Chemistry and Ecology 35(3): 270-283.

Spark, D.L., 2003. Environmental Soil Chemistry. 2nd Edition. Academic Press. London. UK. 351p.

Spark, K.L., Wells, J.D., Johnson, B.B., 1997. The interaction of a humic acid with heavy metals. Australian Journal Soil Research 35(1): 89–101.

Sukarjo, Zulaehah, I., Purbalisa, W., 2019. The critical limit of cadmium in three types of soil texture with shallot as an indicator plant. AIP Conference Proceedings 2120: 040012.

Usman, A.R.H., 2008. The relative adsorption selectivities of Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd and Ni by soils developed on shale in New Valley, Egypt. Geoderma 144(1-2): 334-343.

Wang, F., Zhang, S., Ceng, P., Zhang, S., Sun, Y., 2020. Effects of soil amendments on heavy metal immobilization and accumulation by maize grown in a multiple-metal-contaminated soil and their potential for safe crop production. Toxics 8(4): 102.

Wei, B., Yu, J., Cao, Z., Meng, M., Yang, L., Chen, Q., 2020. The availability and accumulation of heavy metals in greenhouse soils associated with intensive fertilizer application. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(15): 5359.

Zhang, Y., Zhang, H., Zhang, Z., Liu, C., Sun, C., Zhang, W., Marhaba, T. 2018. pH effect on heavy metal release from a polluted sediment. Journal of Chemistry Article ID 7597640.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science