Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 12, Issue 1, Jan 2023, Pages 19-27
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1181205
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1181205
Copyright © 2023 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Seasonal fluctuations in phthalates’ contamination in pond water: A case study

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Rajput,S., Kumari,A., Sharma,R., Rajput,V., Minkina,T., Arora ,S., Kaur,R., 2023. Seasonal fluctuations in phthalates’ contamination in pond water: A case study. Eurasian J Soil Sci 12(1):19-27. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1181205
Rajput,S.Kumari,A.Sharma,R.Rajput,V.Minkina,T.Arora ,S.,& Kaur,R. (2023). Seasonal fluctuations in phthalates’ contamination in pond water: A case study Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12(1):19-27. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1181205
Rajput,S.Kumari,A.Sharma,R.Rajput,V.Minkina,T.Arora ,S., and ,Kaur,R. "Seasonal fluctuations in phthalates’ contamination in pond water: A case study" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 12.1 (2023):19-27. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1181205
Rajput,S.Kumari,A.Sharma,R.Rajput,V.Minkina,T.Arora ,S., and ,Kaur,R. "Seasonal fluctuations in phthalates’ contamination in pond water: A case study" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,12(Jan 2023):19-27 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1181205
S,Rajput.A,Kumari.R,Sharma.V,Rajput.T,Minkina.S,Arora .R,Kaur "Seasonal fluctuations in phthalates’ contamination in pond water: A case study" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.12, no.1, pp.19-27 (Jan 2023), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1181205
Rajput,Sneh ;Kumari,Arpna ;Sharma,Ritika ;Rajput,Vishnu D. ;Minkina,Tatiana ;Arora ,Saroj ;Kaur,Rajinder Seasonal fluctuations in phthalates’ contamination in pond water: A case study. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2023),12.1:19-27. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1181205

How to cite

Rajput, S., Kumari, A., Sharma, R., Rajput, V., Minkina, T., Arora , S., Kaur, R., 2023. Seasonal fluctuations in phthalates’ contamination in pond water: A case study. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 12(1): 19-27. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1181205

Author information

Sneh Rajput , Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India
Arpna Kumari , Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India & Southern Federal University, Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Ritika Sharma , Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India
Vishnu D. Rajput , Southern Federal University, Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Tatiana Minkina , Southern Federal University, Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Saroj Arora , Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India
Rajinder Kaur , Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Publication information

Article first published online : 28 Sep 2022
Manuscript Accepted : 07 Sep 2022
Manuscript Received: 09 May 2022
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1181205
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1181205

Abstract

Phthalates are endocrine disruptors, reported to cause deformities and reproductive damages in animals. Numerous studies reported the presence of phthalates in water samples of rivers, wetlands, and estuaries, while the scenario in case of ponds is different, however they are reported as an integral part of biosphere. In this study, the level of phthalates’ contamination in the water samples collected from the different ponds of Amritsar district for four consecutive seasons in two years was analysed. The maximal level of phthalate contamination was found in samples collected during the monsoon season (July 2015) of first year of sampling followed by post-monsoon (October 2015) and winter season (January 2016). S8 sampling site was found to be the most phthalate contaminated site followed by S1=S11>S2=S9=S4=S5=S7>S6=S3>S10. Benzyl butyl phthalate was most abundant (found in 32% water samples) followed by di-n-butyl and dimethyl phthalate, while diallyl phthalate and diethyl phthalate were not detected. The two main drivers for these seasonal variations were observed to be temperature and precipitation. Hence, this data will be useful to explain the temporal and spatial distributions of phthalates in aquatic ecosystem, as well as to devise cost-effective ways to reduce their ecological footprints.

Keywords

Ponds, endocrine disruptor, plasticizers, priority contaminants, HPLC analysis.

Corresponding author

References

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Abstract

Phthalates are endocrine disruptors, reported to cause deformities and reproductive damages in animals. Numerous studies reported the presence of phthalates in water samples of rivers, wetlands, and estuaries, while the scenario in case of ponds is different, however they are reported as an integral part of biosphere. In this study, the level of phthalates’ contamination in the water samples collected from the different ponds of Amritsar district for four consecutive seasons in two years was analysed. The maximal level of phthalate contamination was found in samples collected during the monsoon season (July 2015) of first year of sampling followed by post-monsoon (October 2015) and winter season (January 2016). S8 sampling site was found to be the most phthalate contaminated site followed by S1=S11>S2=S9=S4=S5=S7>S6=S3>S10. Benzyl butyl phthalate was most abundant (found in 32% water samples) followed by di-n-butyl and dimethyl phthalate, while diallyl phthalate and diethyl phthalate were not detected. The two main drivers for these seasonal variations were observed to be temperature and precipitation. Hence, this data will be useful to explain the temporal and spatial distributions of phthalates in aquatic ecosystem, as well as to devise cost-effective ways to reduce their ecological footprints.

Keywords: Ponds, endocrine disruptor, plasticizers, priority contaminants, HPLC analysis.

References

Abtahi, M., Dobaradaran, S., Torabbeigi, M., Jorfi, S., Gholamnia, R., Koolivand, A., Saeedi, R., 2019. Health risk of phthalates in water environment: occurrence in water resources, bottled water, and tap water, and burden of disease from exposure through drinking water in Tehran, Iran. Environmental Research 173: 469-479.

Ahuactzin-Pérez, M., Tlecuitl-Beristain S., García-Dávila, J., Santacruz-Juárez, E., González-Pérez, M., Gutiérrez-Ruíz, M.C., Sánchez, C., 2018a. A novel biodegradation pathway of the endocrine-disruptor Di(2-ethyl Hexyl) phthalate by Pleurotus ostreatus based on quantum chemical investigation. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 147: 494-499.

Ahuactzin-Pérez, M., Tlécuitl-Beristain, S., García-Dávila, J., Santacruz-Juárez, E., González-Pérez, M., Gutiérrez-Ruíz, M.C., Sánchez, C., 2018b. Kinetics and pathway of biodegradation of dibutyl phthalate by Pleurotus ostreatusFungal Biology 122: 991-997.

Ajay, K., Behera, D., Bhattacharya, S., Mishra, P.K., Ankit, Y., Anoop, A., 2021. Distribution and characteristics of microplastics and phthalate esters from a freshwater lake system in Lesser Himalayas. Chemosphere 283: 131132.

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