Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 11, Issue 4, Oct 2022, Pages 337-344
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1162364
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1162364
Copyright © 2022 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan

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Kamzina,G., Seilgazina,S., Suleimenova,S., Zakieva,A., Zhamangarayeva,A., 2022. The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian J Soil Sci 11(4):337-344. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1162364
Kamzina,G.,Seilgazina,S.Suleimenova,S.Zakieva,A.,& Zhamangarayeva,A. The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11(4):337-344. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1162364
Kamzina,G.,Seilgazina,S.Suleimenova,S.Zakieva,A., and ,Zhamangarayeva,A."The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11.4 (2022):337-344. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1162364
Kamzina,G.,Seilgazina,S.Suleimenova,S.Zakieva,A., and ,Zhamangarayeva,A. "The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,11(Oct 2022):337-344 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1162364
G,Kamzina.S,Seilgazina.S,Suleimenova.A,Zakieva.A,Zhamangarayeva "The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.11, no.4, pp.337-344 (Oct 2022), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1162364
Kamzina,Gulim O. ;Seilgazina,Saule M. ;Suleimenova,Saule E. ;Zakieva,Araily A. ;Zhamangarayeva,Aigul The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2022),11.4:337-344. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1162364

How to cite

Kamzina, G., Seilgazina, S., Suleimenova, S., Zakieva, A., Zhamangarayeva, A., 2022. The effects of NPK fertilization on hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 11(4): 337-344. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1162364

Author information

Gulim O. Kamzina , Shakarim State University of Semey, Kazakhstan
Saule M. Seilgazina , Shakarim State University of Semey, Kazakhstan
Saule E. Suleimenova , Kazakh National Research Institute, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Araily A. Zakieva , Shakarim State University of Semey, Kazakhstan
Aigul Zhamangarayeva , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Publication information

Article first published online : 15 Aug 2022
Manuscript Accepted : 07 Aug 2022
Manuscript Received: 11 Nov 2021
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1162364
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1162364

Abstract

A three-year-long field experiment was conducted in a continuous grazing system with a variable stocking rate to evaluate effects of increasing NPK fertilization rates (Control- N0P0K0, N60P40K30, and N80P50K40) in crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) on hay production, some yield components and crude protein concentration in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan. At harvesting, hay production (fresh and dry weight), seeding rate (SER), shrub diameter (SHD), height of generative shoots (HGS), length of root leaves (LRL), weight per bush (WEB), percentage of leaves and vegetative shoots (LVS) and crude protein concentration of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) were determined. NPK fertilizer treatments increased hay production, SER, SHD, HGS, LRL, WEB, LVS and crude protein concentration. The results showed that crested wheatgrass at the N80P50K40 treatments achieved a higher hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan than other NPK treatment and control.

Keywords

Crested wheatgrass, fertilization, hay production, crude protein concentration.

Corresponding author

References

Asay, K.H., Jensen, K.B., Wheatgrasses. In: Cool-Season Forage Grasses. Moser, L.E., Buxton, D.R., Casler, M.D. (Eds.). Agronomy Monograph Volume 34, Chapter 22. American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, Wisconsin USA. pp. 691–724.

Baenziger, H., Knowles, R.P., 1969. Agronomic significance of supernumerary chromosomes in controlled-cross progenies and experimental synthetics of crested wheatgrass. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 49(2): 173-179.

Biligetu, B., Jefferson, P.G., Muri, R., Schellenberg, M.P., 2014. Late summer forage yield, nutritive value of compatibility of warm-season and cool-season grasses with legumes in western Canada. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 94(7): 1139-1148.

Brima, F.I.A., Abusuwar, A.O., 2020. Influence of seed rate and NPK fertilizer on yield and quality of Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana L. kunth.). International Journal of Agricultural and Applied Sciences 1(1): 80-86

Broka, S., Giertz, A., Christensen, G., Rasmussen, D., Morgounov, A., Fileccia, T., Rubaiza, R., 2016. Kazakhstan: Agricultural sector risk assessment. World Bank Group Report Number 103076-KZ. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]: https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/422491467991944802/pdf/103076-WP-KZ-P154004-Box394863B-PUBLIC-ASRA.pdf

Buerkert, A., Bationo, A., Plepho, H.P., 2001. Efficient phosphorus application strategies for increased crop production in sub-Saharan West Africa. Field Crop Research 72(1): 1-15.

Cheng, Y., Nakamura, T., 2007. Phytosociological study of steppe vegetation in east Kazakhstan. Grassland Science 53(3): 172–180.

Cowan, R.T., Lowe, K.F., Upton, P.C., Bowdler, T.M., 1995. Nitrogen-fertilised grass in a subtropical dairy system 3. Effect of stocking rate on the response to nitrogen fertiliser. Australian Journal of Experimental Agricultural 35(2):145-151.

Delevatti, L.M., Cardoso, A.S., Barbero, R.P., Leite, R.G., Romanzini, E.P., Ruggieri, A.C., Reis, R.A., 2019. Effect of nitrogen application rate on yield, forage quality, and animal performance in a tropical pasture. Scientific Reports 9:7596.

Eisfelder, C., Kuenzer, C., Dech, S., 2012. Derivation of biomass information for semi-arid areas using remote sensing data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 33(9): 2937-2984.

Glover, D.E., Kelly, G.A., Jefferson, P.G., Cohen, R.D.H., 2004. Agronomic characteristics and nutritive value of 11 grasses grown with irrigation on a saline soil in southern Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 84(4): 1037-1050.

GOST 10846-91. Grain. Method for determination of protein content. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]: https://gostperevod.com/gost-10846-91.html

GOST 26205-91. Soils. Determination of mobile compounds of phosphorus and potassium by Machigin method modified by CINAO. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]: https://gostperevod.com/gost-26205-91.html

GOST 26213-2021. Soils. Methods for determination of organic matter. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]:  https://gostperevod.com/gost-26213-2021.html

GOST 26423-85. Soils. Methods for determination of specific electric conductivity, pH and solid residue of water extract. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]:  https://gostperevod.com/gost-26423-85.html

GOST R 53219-2008. Soil quality. Determination of nitrogen in air-dry soils using calcium chloride solution.  Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]:  https://gostperevod.com/gost-r-53219-2008.html

Hall, M.H., Beegle, D.B., Bowersox, R.S., Stout, R.C., 2003. Optimum nitrogen fertilization of cool-season grasses in the northeast USA. Agronomy Journal 95(4): 1023-1027.

Irshad, M., Yamamoto, S., Ereji, A.E., Endo, T., Honna, T., 2002. Urea and manure effect on growth and mineral contents of maize under saline conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition 25(1): 189-200.

Jefferson, P.G., Cutforth, H.W., 2005. Comparative forage yield, water use, and water use efficiency of alfalfa, crested wheatgrass and spring wheat in a semiarid climate in southern Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 85(4): 877-888.

Kilcher, M.R., 1958. Fertilizer effects on hay production of three cultivated grasses in southern Saskatchewan. Journal of Range Management 11(5): 231-234.

Lauriault, M.L., Kirksey, R.E., Donart, G.B., 2002. Irrigation and nitrogen effects on tall wheatgrass yield in the southern high plains. Agronomy Journal 94(4): 792-797.

Lawrence, T., Knipfel, J.E., 1981. Yield and digestibility of crested wheatgrass and Russian and Altai wild ryegrasses as influenced by N fertilization and date of first cutting. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 61(3): 609-618.

McCarthy, B., Delaby, L., Pierce, K.M., McCarthy, J., Fleming, C., Brennan, A., Horan, B., 2016. The multi-year cumulative effects of alternative stocking rate and grazing management practices on pasture productivity and utilization efficiency. Journal of Dairy Science 99(5): 3784-3797.

McCaughey, W.P., Simons, R.G., 1996. Harvest management and N-fertilization effects on yield and regrowth of smooth bromegrass, crested wheatgrass, and meadow bromegrass in the eastern prairies. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 76(5): 773-782.

Power, J.F., 1986. Nitrogen cycling in seven cool-season perennial grass species. Agronomy Journal 78(4): 681-687.

Privacyshield, 2022. Kazakhstan - Agricultural Sector. Kazakhstan Country Commercial Guide. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021] : https://www.privacyshield.gov/article?id=Kazakhstan-Agricultural-Sector

Scarbrough, D.A., Coblentz, W.K., Coffey, K.P., Harrison, K.F., Smith, T.F., Hubbell, D.S., Humphry III, J.B., Johnson, Z.B., Turner, J.E., 2004. Effects of nitrogen fertilization rate, stockpiling initiation date, and harvest date on canopy height and dry matter yield of autumn-stockpiled bermudagrass. Agronomy Journal 96(2): 538-546.

Tazhibaeva, S., Musabekovb, K., Yesbolovac, A., Ibraimovad, S., Mergenbayevae, A., Sabdenovaf, Z., Seidahmetov, M., 2014. Issues in the development of the livestock sector in Kazakhstan. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 143: 610–614.

Türk, M., Albayrak, S., Yüksel, O., 2009. Effects of fertilisation and harvesting stages on forage yield and quality of hairy vetch. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 52(3): 269-275.

UN, 2000. Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Environmental Policy. Environmental Performance Reviews Series No. 8, United Nations Publication, Sales No. E.01.II.E.3. United Nations. New York and Geneva. Available at: https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/433783/files/kazakhstan.pdf

Walton, P.D., 1983. Production and Management of Cultivated Forages. Peston Publishing Company, NC, Reston. Virginia. USA. 336p.

Whitman, W.C., Bolin, D.W., Klosterman, E.W., Klostermann, H.J., Ford, K.D., Moomaw, L., Hoag, D.G., Buchanan M.L., 1951. Carotene, protein, and phosphorus in range and tame grasses of western North Dakota. Bulletin No. 370. Fargo, ND: North Dakota Agricultural College, Agricultural Experiment Station. 43 p.

Wilkinson, S.R., Langdale, G.W., 1974. Fertility needs of the warm-season grasses. In: Forage Fertilization. Mays, D.A. (Ed.). Chapter 6. American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, Wisconsin USA. pp. 119-145.

Abstract

A three-year-long field experiment was conducted in a continuous grazing system with a variable stocking rate to evaluate effects of increasing NPK fertilization rates (Control- N0P0K0, N60P40K30, and N80P50K40) in crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) on hay production, some yield components and crude protein concentration in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan.  At harvesting, hay production (fresh and dry weight), seeding rate (SER), shrub diameter (SHD), height of generative shoots (HGS), length of root leaves (LRL), weight per bush (WEB), percentage of leaves and vegetative shoots (LVS) and crude protein concentration of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) were determined. NPK fertilizer treatments increased hay production, SER, SHD, HGS, LRL, WEB, LVS and crude protein concentration. The results showed that crested wheatgrass at the N80P50K40 treatments achieved a higher hay production and some yield components of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) in the dry steppe zone of Eastern Kazakhstan than other NPK treatment and control.

Keywords: Crested wheatgrass, fertilization, hay production, crude protein concentration.

References

Asay, K.H., Jensen, K.B., Wheatgrasses. In: Cool-Season Forage Grasses. Moser, L.E., Buxton, D.R., Casler, M.D. (Eds.). Agronomy Monograph Volume 34, Chapter 22. American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, Wisconsin USA. pp. 691–724.

Baenziger, H., Knowles, R.P., 1969. Agronomic significance of supernumerary chromosomes in controlled-cross progenies and experimental synthetics of crested wheatgrass. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 49(2): 173-179.

Biligetu, B., Jefferson, P.G., Muri, R., Schellenberg, M.P., 2014. Late summer forage yield, nutritive value of compatibility of warm-season and cool-season grasses with legumes in western Canada. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 94(7): 1139-1148.

Brima, F.I.A., Abusuwar, A.O., 2020. Influence of seed rate and NPK fertilizer on yield and quality of Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana L. kunth.). International Journal of Agricultural and Applied Sciences 1(1): 80-86

Broka, S., Giertz, A., Christensen, G., Rasmussen, D., Morgounov, A., Fileccia, T., Rubaiza, R., 2016. Kazakhstan: Agricultural sector risk assessment. World Bank Group Report Number 103076-KZ. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]: https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/422491467991944802/pdf/103076-WP-KZ-P154004-Box394863B-PUBLIC-ASRA.pdf

Buerkert, A., Bationo, A., Plepho, H.P., 2001. Efficient phosphorus application strategies for increased crop production in sub-Saharan West Africa. Field Crop Research 72(1): 1-15.

Cheng, Y., Nakamura, T., 2007. Phytosociological study of steppe vegetation in east Kazakhstan. Grassland Science 53(3): 172–180.

Cowan, R.T., Lowe, K.F., Upton, P.C., Bowdler, T.M., 1995. Nitrogen-fertilised grass in a subtropical dairy system 3. Effect of stocking rate on the response to nitrogen fertiliser. Australian Journal of Experimental Agricultural 35(2):145-151.

Delevatti, L.M., Cardoso, A.S., Barbero, R.P., Leite, R.G., Romanzini, E.P., Ruggieri, A.C., Reis, R.A., 2019. Effect of nitrogen application rate on yield, forage quality, and animal performance in a tropical pasture. Scientific Reports 9:7596.

Eisfelder, C., Kuenzer, C., Dech, S., 2012. Derivation of biomass information for semi-arid areas using remote sensing data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 33(9): 2937-2984.

Glover, D.E., Kelly, G.A., Jefferson, P.G., Cohen, R.D.H., 2004. Agronomic characteristics and nutritive value of 11 grasses grown with irrigation on a saline soil in southern Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 84(4): 1037-1050.

GOST 10846-91. Grain. Method for determination of protein content. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]: https://gostperevod.com/gost-10846-91.html

GOST 26205-91. Soils. Determination of mobile compounds of phosphorus and potassium by Machigin method modified by CINAO. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]: https://gostperevod.com/gost-26205-91.html

GOST 26213-2021. Soils. Methods for determination of organic matter. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]:  https://gostperevod.com/gost-26213-2021.html

GOST 26423-85. Soils. Methods for determination of specific electric conductivity, pH and solid residue of water extract. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]:  https://gostperevod.com/gost-26423-85.html

GOST R 53219-2008. Soil quality. Determination of nitrogen in air-dry soils using calcium chloride solution.  Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021]:  https://gostperevod.com/gost-r-53219-2008.html

Hall, M.H., Beegle, D.B., Bowersox, R.S., Stout, R.C., 2003. Optimum nitrogen fertilization of cool-season grasses in the northeast USA. Agronomy Journal 95(4): 1023-1027.

Irshad, M., Yamamoto, S., Ereji, A.E., Endo, T., Honna, T., 2002. Urea and manure effect on growth and mineral contents of maize under saline conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition 25(1): 189-200.

Jefferson, P.G., Cutforth, H.W., 2005. Comparative forage yield, water use, and water use efficiency of alfalfa, crested wheatgrass and spring wheat in a semiarid climate in southern Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 85(4): 877-888.

Kilcher, M.R., 1958. Fertilizer effects on hay production of three cultivated grasses in southern Saskatchewan. Journal of Range Management 11(5): 231-234.

Lauriault, M.L., Kirksey, R.E., Donart, G.B., 2002. Irrigation and nitrogen effects on tall wheatgrass yield in the southern high plains. Agronomy Journal 94(4): 792-797.

Lawrence, T., Knipfel, J.E., 1981. Yield and digestibility of crested wheatgrass and Russian and Altai wild ryegrasses as influenced by N fertilization and date of first cutting. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 61(3): 609-618.

McCarthy, B., Delaby, L., Pierce, K.M., McCarthy, J., Fleming, C., Brennan, A., Horan, B., 2016. The multi-year cumulative effects of alternative stocking rate and grazing management practices on pasture productivity and utilization efficiency. Journal of Dairy Science 99(5): 3784-3797.

McCaughey, W.P., Simons, R.G., 1996. Harvest management and N-fertilization effects on yield and regrowth of smooth bromegrass, crested wheatgrass, and meadow bromegrass in the eastern prairies. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 76(5): 773-782.

Power, J.F., 1986. Nitrogen cycling in seven cool-season perennial grass species. Agronomy Journal 78(4): 681-687.

Privacyshield, 2022. Kazakhstan - Agricultural Sector. Kazakhstan Country Commercial Guide. Available at [Access date: 11.11.2021] : https://www.privacyshield.gov/article?id=Kazakhstan-Agricultural-Sector

Scarbrough, D.A., Coblentz, W.K., Coffey, K.P., Harrison, K.F., Smith, T.F., Hubbell, D.S., Humphry III, J.B., Johnson, Z.B., Turner, J.E., 2004. Effects of nitrogen fertilization rate, stockpiling initiation date, and harvest date on canopy height and dry matter yield of autumn-stockpiled bermudagrass. Agronomy Journal 96(2): 538-546.

Tazhibaeva, S., Musabekovb, K., Yesbolovac, A., Ibraimovad, S., Mergenbayevae, A., Sabdenovaf, Z., Seidahmetov, M., 2014. Issues in the development of the livestock sector in Kazakhstan. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 143: 610–614.

Türk, M., Albayrak, S., Yüksel, O., 2009. Effects of fertilisation and harvesting stages on forage yield and quality of hairy vetch. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 52(3): 269-275.

UN, 2000. Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Environmental Policy. Environmental Performance Reviews Series No. 8, United Nations Publication, Sales No. E.01.II.E.3. United Nations. New York and Geneva. Available at: https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/433783/files/kazakhstan.pdf

Walton, P.D., 1983. Production and Management of Cultivated Forages. Peston Publishing Company, NC, Reston. Virginia. USA. 336p.

Whitman, W.C., Bolin, D.W., Klosterman, E.W., Klostermann, H.J., Ford, K.D., Moomaw, L., Hoag, D.G., Buchanan M.L., 1951. Carotene, protein, and phosphorus in range and tame grasses of western North Dakota. Bulletin No. 370. Fargo, ND: North Dakota Agricultural College, Agricultural Experiment Station. 43 p.

Wilkinson, S.R., Langdale, G.W., 1974. Fertility needs of the warm-season grasses. In: Forage Fertilization. Mays, D.A. (Ed.). Chapter 6. American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, Wisconsin USA. pp. 119-145.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science