Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 11, Issue 4, Oct 2022, Pages 322-328
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1135498
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1135498
Copyright © 2022 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Effect of foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator application on seed yield and yield components of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars

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Muminova,S., Tastanbekova,G., Kashkarov,A., Azhimetova,G., Balgabaev,A., 2022. Effect of foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator application on seed yield and yield components of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars. Eurasian J Soil Sci 11(4):322-328. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1135498
Muminova,S.,Tastanbekova,G.Kashkarov,A.Azhimetova,G.,& Balgabaev,A. Effect of foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator application on seed yield and yield components of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11(4):322-328. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1135498
Muminova,S.,Tastanbekova,G.Kashkarov,A.Azhimetova,G., and ,Balgabaev,A."Effect of foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator application on seed yield and yield components of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11.4 (2022):322-328. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1135498
Muminova,S.,Tastanbekova,G.Kashkarov,A.Azhimetova,G., and ,Balgabaev,A. "Effect of foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator application on seed yield and yield components of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,11(Oct 2022):322-328 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1135498
S,Muminova.G,Tastanbekova.A,Kashkarov.G,Azhimetova.A,Balgabaev "Effect of foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator application on seed yield and yield components of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.11, no.4, pp.322-328 (Oct 2022), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1135498
Muminova,Sholpan S. ;Tastanbekova,Gulnara R. ;Kashkarov,Askar A. ;Azhimetova,Gulfari N. ;Balgabaev,Alimbay M. Effect of foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator application on seed yield and yield components of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2022),11.4:322-328. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1135498

How to cite

Muminova, S., Tastanbekova, G., Kashkarov, A., Azhimetova, G., Balgabaev, A., 2022. Effect of foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator application on seed yield and yield components of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 11(4): 322-328. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1135498

Author information

Sholpan S. Muminova , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Gulnara R. Tastanbekova , Shymkent University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Askar A. Kashkarov , S. Seifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
Gulfari N. Azhimetova , Shymkent University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Alimbay M. Balgabaev , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Publication information

Article first published online : 24 Jun 2022
Manuscript Accepted : 21 Jun 2022
Manuscript Received: 11 Nov 2021
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1135498
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1135498

Abstract

Soybean is known for its high protein content, which is the reason why it is widely used as one of the main food sources for humans and animals. In order to increase soybean yield, farmers tend to use foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator to this crop. Furthermore, a starter fertilizer application into the soil without foliar application may cause low yield contents of soybean. The aim of this investigation was to estimate the effects of different foliar mineral fertilizers (MF) and plant growth regulator (RGR) application on quantitative traits (plant height (PH), lower pods attachment height (LPH), number of seed pods per plant (NSPP), number of seeds per plant (NSP), weight of seeds per plant (WSP) and 1000-seed weight (TSW) and soybean grain yield (SGY)) in three soybean cultivars (Lastochka, Akku and Galina) in Shymkent of the Turkestan region, Kazakhstan. Four treatments of fertilization were tested: control (starter fertilizer, Р60К45), Р60К45 + Mo+B, Р60К45 + Epin and Р60К45 +Vuksal. Mo+ B, Epin and Vuksal were foliar applied one-two times at growth stage. The field experiments were carried out in South-Western Research Institute of Animal Husbandry and Plant Growing, during the years 2019, 2020 and 2021. In both research years, Akku had higher values for all investigated traits than Lastochka and Galina. Results showed that foliar MF and PGR application significantly increased the values for PH, LPH, NSPP, NSP, WSP, TSW and SGY. Vuksal is more effective than Epin and Mo,B in soybean cultivars because Vuksal is a liquid fertilizer that contains has higher concentration of macronutrients (16%N, 16%P2O5, 12%K2O+me, w/v). Generally, cultivar Akku and treatment starter fertilizer (Р60К45) + Vuksal (2,5 L/ha) may be recommended in soybean production in localities with similar agro-ecological conditions.

Keywords

Soybean cultivars, foliar application, seed yield, fertilizer.

Corresponding author

References

Abdullahi, B.A., Gu, X.G., Gan, Q.L., Yang, Y.H., 2002. Brassinolide Amelioration of Aluminum Toxicity in Mungbean Seedling Growth. Journal of Plant Nutrition 26(9): 1725-1734.

Anthony, P., Malzer, G., Sparrow, S., Zhang M., 2012. Soybean yield and quality in relation to soil properties. Agronomy Journal 104(5): 1443-1458.

Azhar, N., Su, N., Shabala, L., Shabala, S., 2017. Exogenously applied 24-Epibrassinolide (EBL) ameliorates detrimental effects of salinity by reducing K+ Efflux via Depolarization-Activated K+ Channels. Plant and Cell Physiology 58(4): 802–810.

Beketova, A.K., Kaldybaev, S., Yertayeva, Z., 2017. Changes in the composition and properties of meadow solonchaks of the ili alatau foothill plain in the republic of Kazakhstan during a long postmeliorative period. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences 17(4): 290–298.  

Bellaloui, N., Hanks, J.E., Fisher, D.K., Mengistu, A., 2009. Soybean seed composition is influenced by within-field variability in soil nutrients. Crop Management 8(1): 1-12.

Borowska, M., Prusiński, J., 2021. Effect of soybean cultivars sowing dates on seed yield and its correlation with yield parameters. Plant, Soil and Environment 67(6): 360–366.

Bundy, L.G., Tunney, H.,  Halvorson, A.D., 2005. Agronomic aspects of phosphorus management. In: Phosphorus: agriculture and the environment. Sims, J.T., Sharpley, A.N. (Ed.). ASA, CSSA and SSSA, Madison, WI. p. 685-727.

Capriotti, A.L., Caruso, G., Cavaliere, C., Samperi, R., Stampachiacchiere, S., Zenezini, R., Laganà, A., 2014. Protein profile of mature soybean seeds and prepared soybean milk. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62(40): 9893-9899.

Carlim, E.L., Meert, L., Reis, B., Ercoli, L, 2019. Fertilization with nickel and molybdenum in soybean: effect on agronomic characteristics and grain quality. Terra Latinoamericana 37(3): 217-222.

dos Santos, L.R., da Silva, B.R.S., Pedron, T., Batista, B.L., da Silva Lobato, A.K., 2020. 24-Epibrassinolide improves root anatomy and antioxidant enzymes in soybean plants subjected to zinc stress. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 20: 105–124.

GOST 10846-91. Grain. Method for determination of protein content. Available at [Access date : 11.11.2021]: https://gostperevod.com/gost-10846-91.html

GOST 10857-64. Oil seeds. Methods of determination of oil content. Available at [Access date : 11.11.2021]: https://gostperevod.com/gost-10857-64.html

Helms, T.C., Orf, J.H., 1998. Protein, oil, and yield of soybean lines selected for increased protein. Crop Science 38(3): 707–711.

Kravchenko, A.N., Bullock, D.G., 2002. Spatial variability of soybean quality data as a function of field topography. Crop Science 42(3): 804–815.

Mandić, V., Simić, A., Krnjaja1, V., Bijelić, Z., Tomić, Z., Stanojković, A., Muslić, D.R., 2015. Effect of foliar fertilization on soybean grain yield. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 31(1): 133-143. 

Masuda, T., Goldsmith, P.D., 2009. World soybean production: area harvested, yield, and long-term projections. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 12:143-162.

Osborne, S. L., Riedell, W.E., 2006. Starter nitrogen fertilizer impact on soybean yield and quality in the northern Great Plains. Agronomy Journal 98(6): 1569–1574.

Pagano, M.C., Miransari, M., 2016. The importance of soybean production worldwide. In: Abiotic and Biotic Stresses in Soybean Production. Soybean Production: Volume 1. Miransari, M. (Ed.). Academic Press. pp.1-26.

Randall, G.W., Hoeft. R.G., 1988. Placement methods for improved efficiency of P and K fertilizers: a review. Journal of Production Agriculture 1(1): 70-79.

Reinbott T.M., Blevins D.G., 1995. Response of soybean to foliar‐applied boron and magnesium and soil‐applied boron. Journal of Plant Nutrition 18(1): 179-200.

Sandrakirana, R., Arifin, Z., 2021. Effect of organic and chemical fertilizers on the growth and production of soybean (Glycine max) in dry land. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía Medellín 74(3): 9643-9653.

Schon, M.K., Blevins, D.G., 1990. Foliar boron applications increase the final number of branches and pods on branches of field-grown soybeans. Plant Physiology 92(3): 602-605.

Suleimenova, N., Makhamedova, B., Orynbasarova, G., Kalykov, D., Yertayeva, Z., 2019. Impact of resource conserving technologies (RCT) on soil physical properties and rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) yield in irrigated agriculture areas of the south-eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(1): 83–93.

Wilcox, J.R., 1998. Increasing seed protein in soybeans with eight cycles of recurrent selection. Crop Science 38(6): 1536–1540.

Wilcox, J.R., Shibles, R.M., 2001. Interrelationships among seed quality attributes in soybean. Crop Science 41(1): 11–14.

Will, S., Eichert, T., Fernández,V., Müller, T., Römheld, V., 2012. Boron foliar fertilization of soybean and lychee: Effects of side of application and formulation adjuvants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 175(2): 180-188.

Wilson, R.F., 2004. Seed composition. In: Soybeans: Improvement, production, and uses.  Boerma, H.R., Specht, J.E. (Eds.). 3rd edition. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. pp. 621– 677.

Xia, X.J., Huang, L.F., Zhou, Y.H., Mao, W.H., Shi, K., Wu, J.X., Asami, T., Chen, Z., Yu, J.Q., 2009. Brassinosteroids promote photosynthesis and growth by enhancing activation of Rubisco and expression of photosynthetic genes in Cucumis sativus. Planta 230: 1185.

Yin, X., Vyn, T.J., 2003. Potassium placement effects on yield and seed composition of no-till soybean seeded in alternate row widths. Agronomy Journal 95(1): 126–132.

Zhang, F., Pan, B., Smith, D.L., 1997. Application of gibberellic acid to the surface of soybean seed (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) and symbiotic nodulation, plant development, final grain and protein yield under short season conditions. Plant and Soil 188: 329-335.

Abstract

Soybean is known for its high protein content, which is the reason why it is widely used as one of the main food sources for humans and animals. In order to increase soybean yield, farmers tend to use foliar mineral fertilizer and plant growth regulator to this crop. Furthermore, a starter fertilizer application into the soil without foliar application may cause low yield contents of soybean. The aim of this investigation was to estimate the effects of different foliar mineral fertilizers (MF) and plant growth regulator (RGR) application on quantitative traits (plant height (PH), lower pods attachment height (LPH), number of seed pods per plant (NSPP), number of seeds per plant (NSP), weight of seeds per plant (WSP) and 1000-seed weight (TSW) and soybean grain yield (SGY)) in three soybean cultivars (Lastochka, Akku and Galina) in Shymkent of the Turkestan region, Kazakhstan. Four treatments of fertilization were tested: control (starter fertilizer, Р60К45), Р60К45 + Mo+B, Р60К45 + Epin and Р60К45 +Vuksal. Mo+ B, Epin and Vuksal were foliar applied one-two times at growth stage. The field experiments were carried out in South-Western Research Institute of Animal Husbandry and Plant Growing, during the years 2019, 2020 and 2021. In both research years, Akku had higher values for all investigated traits than Lastochka and Galina. Results showed that foliar MF and PGR application significantly increased the values for PH, LPH, NSPP, NSP, WSP, TSW and SGY. Vuksal is more effective than Epin and Mo,B in soybean cultivars because Vuksal is a liquid fertilizer that contains has higher concentration of macronutrients (16%N, 16%P2O5, 12%K2O+me, w/v). Generally, cultivar Akku and treatment starter fertilizer (Р60К45) + Vuksal (2,5 L/ha) may be recommended in soybean production in localities with similar agro-ecological conditions.

Keywords: Soybean cultivars, foliar application, seed yield, fertilizer.

References

Abdullahi, B.A., Gu, X.G., Gan, Q.L., Yang, Y.H., 2002. Brassinolide Amelioration of Aluminum Toxicity in Mungbean Seedling Growth. Journal of Plant Nutrition 26(9): 1725-1734.

Anthony, P., Malzer, G., Sparrow, S., Zhang M., 2012. Soybean yield and quality in relation to soil properties. Agronomy Journal 104(5): 1443-1458.

Azhar, N., Su, N., Shabala, L., Shabala, S., 2017. Exogenously applied 24-Epibrassinolide (EBL) ameliorates detrimental effects of salinity by reducing K+ Efflux via Depolarization-Activated K+ Channels. Plant and Cell Physiology 58(4): 802–810.

Beketova, A.K., Kaldybaev, S., Yertayeva, Z., 2017. Changes in the composition and properties of meadow solonchaks of the ili alatau foothill plain in the republic of Kazakhstan during a long postmeliorative period. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences 17(4): 290–298.  

Bellaloui, N., Hanks, J.E., Fisher, D.K., Mengistu, A., 2009. Soybean seed composition is influenced by within-field variability in soil nutrients. Crop Management 8(1): 1-12.

Borowska, M., Prusiński, J., 2021. Effect of soybean cultivars sowing dates on seed yield and its correlation with yield parameters. Plant, Soil and Environment 67(6): 360–366.

Bundy, L.G., Tunney, H.,  Halvorson, A.D., 2005. Agronomic aspects of phosphorus management. In: Phosphorus: agriculture and the environment. Sims, J.T., Sharpley, A.N. (Ed.). ASA, CSSA and SSSA, Madison, WI. p. 685-727.

Capriotti, A.L., Caruso, G., Cavaliere, C., Samperi, R., Stampachiacchiere, S., Zenezini, R., Laganà, A., 2014. Protein profile of mature soybean seeds and prepared soybean milk. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62(40): 9893-9899.

Carlim, E.L., Meert, L., Reis, B., Ercoli, L, 2019. Fertilization with nickel and molybdenum in soybean: effect on agronomic characteristics and grain quality. Terra Latinoamericana 37(3): 217-222.

dos Santos, L.R., da Silva, B.R.S., Pedron, T., Batista, B.L., da Silva Lobato, A.K., 2020. 24-Epibrassinolide improves root anatomy and antioxidant enzymes in soybean plants subjected to zinc stress. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 20: 105–124.

GOST 10846-91. Grain. Method for determination of protein content. Available at [Access date : 11.11.2021]: https://gostperevod.com/gost-10846-91.html

GOST 10857-64. Oil seeds. Methods of determination of oil content. Available at [Access date : 11.11.2021]: https://gostperevod.com/gost-10857-64.html

Helms, T.C., Orf, J.H., 1998. Protein, oil, and yield of soybean lines selected for increased protein. Crop Science 38(3): 707–711.

Kravchenko, A.N., Bullock, D.G., 2002. Spatial variability of soybean quality data as a function of field topography. Crop Science 42(3): 804–815.

Mandić, V., Simić, A., Krnjaja1, V., Bijelić, Z., Tomić, Z., Stanojković, A., Muslić, D.R., 2015. Effect of foliar fertilization on soybean grain yield. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 31(1): 133-143. 

Masuda, T., Goldsmith, P.D., 2009. World soybean production: area harvested, yield, and long-term projections. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 12:143-162.

Osborne, S. L., Riedell, W.E., 2006. Starter nitrogen fertilizer impact on soybean yield and quality in the northern Great Plains. Agronomy Journal 98(6): 1569–1574.

Pagano, M.C., Miransari, M., 2016. The importance of soybean production worldwide. In: Abiotic and Biotic Stresses in Soybean Production. Soybean Production: Volume 1. Miransari, M. (Ed.). Academic Press. pp.1-26.

Randall, G.W., Hoeft. R.G., 1988. Placement methods for improved efficiency of P and K fertilizers: a review. Journal of Production Agriculture 1(1): 70-79.

Reinbott T.M., Blevins D.G., 1995. Response of soybean to foliar‐applied boron and magnesium and soil‐applied boron. Journal of Plant Nutrition 18(1): 179-200.

Sandrakirana, R., Arifin, Z., 2021. Effect of organic and chemical fertilizers on the growth and production of soybean (Glycine max) in dry land. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía Medellín 74(3): 9643-9653.

Schon, M.K., Blevins, D.G., 1990. Foliar boron applications increase the final number of branches and pods on branches of field-grown soybeans. Plant Physiology 92(3): 602-605.

Suleimenova, N., Makhamedova, B., Orynbasarova, G., Kalykov, D., Yertayeva, Z., 2019. Impact of resource conserving technologies (RCT) on soil physical properties and rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) yield in irrigated agriculture areas of the south-eastern Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(1): 83–93.

Wilcox, J.R., 1998. Increasing seed protein in soybeans with eight cycles of recurrent selection. Crop Science 38(6): 1536–1540.

Wilcox, J.R., Shibles, R.M., 2001. Interrelationships among seed quality attributes in soybean. Crop Science 41(1): 11–14.

Will, S., Eichert, T., Fernández,V., Müller, T., Römheld, V., 2012. Boron foliar fertilization of soybean and lychee: Effects of side of application and formulation adjuvants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 175(2): 180-188.

Wilson, R.F., 2004. Seed composition. In: Soybeans: Improvement, production, and uses.  Boerma, H.R., Specht, J.E. (Eds.). 3rd edition. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. pp. 621– 677.

Xia, X.J., Huang, L.F., Zhou, Y.H., Mao, W.H., Shi, K., Wu, J.X., Asami, T., Chen, Z., Yu, J.Q., 2009. Brassinosteroids promote photosynthesis and growth by enhancing activation of Rubisco and expression of photosynthetic genes in Cucumis sativus. Planta 230: 1185.

Yin, X., Vyn, T.J., 2003. Potassium placement effects on yield and seed composition of no-till soybean seeded in alternate row widths. Agronomy Journal 95(1): 126–132.

Zhang, F., Pan, B., Smith, D.L., 1997. Application of gibberellic acid to the surface of soybean seed (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) and symbiotic nodulation, plant development, final grain and protein yield under short season conditions. Plant and Soil 188: 329-335.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science