Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 11, Issue 3, Jun 2022, Pages 266-274
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1085264
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.1085264
Copyright © 2022 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Study on the potential of silica-available based on types of soil on the productivity of paddy field in West Java Province, Indonesia

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Qurrohman,B., Suriadikusumah,A., Joy,B., Sudirja,R., 2022. Study on the potential of silica-available based on types of soil on the productivity of paddy field in West Java Province, Indonesia. Eurasian J Soil Sci 11(3):266-274. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1085264
Qurrohman,B.,Suriadikusumah,A.Joy,B.,& Sudirja,R. Study on the potential of silica-available based on types of soil on the productivity of paddy field in West Java Province, Indonesia Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11(3):266-274. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1085264
Qurrohman,B.,Suriadikusumah,A.Joy,B., and ,Sudirja,R."Study on the potential of silica-available based on types of soil on the productivity of paddy field in West Java Province, Indonesia" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 11.3 (2022):266-274. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1085264
Qurrohman,B.,Suriadikusumah,A.Joy,B., and ,Sudirja,R. "Study on the potential of silica-available based on types of soil on the productivity of paddy field in West Java Province, Indonesia" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,11(Jun 2022):266-274 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1085264
B,Qurrohman.A,Suriadikusumah.B,Joy.R,Sudirja "Study on the potential of silica-available based on types of soil on the productivity of paddy field in West Java Province, Indonesia" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.11, no.3, pp.266-274 (Jun 2022), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1085264
Qurrohman,Budy Frasetya Taufik ;Suriadikusumah,Abraham ;Joy,Benny ;Sudirja,Rija Study on the potential of silica-available based on types of soil on the productivity of paddy field in West Java Province, Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2022),11.3:266-274. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1085264

How to cite

Qurrohman, B., Suriadikusumah, A., Joy, B., Sudirja, R., 2022. Study on the potential of silica-available based on types of soil on the productivity of paddy field in West Java Province, Indonesia. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 11(3): 266-274. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.1085264

Author information

Budy Frasetya Taufik Qurrohman , Department of Soil Science and Agriculture Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
Abraham Suriadikusumah , Department of Soil Science and Agriculture Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
Benny Joy , Department of Soil Science and Agriculture Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
Rija Sudirja , Department of Soil Science and Agriculture Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia

Publication information

Article first published online : 09 Mar 2022
Manuscript Accepted : 07 Mar 2022
Manuscript Received: 14 Jul 2021
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.1085264
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.1085264

Abstract

The Si-available (Siap) content in the soil of paddy fields is decreasing, so it will affect decreasing the productivity of paddy fields. Soil type maps can be used to estimate the potential Siap content in paddy fields. The purpose of this study was to assess the productivity of the paddy field in West Java Province based on the Siap potential in each region using maps of soil types and paddy productivity data. This research was conducted in West Java Province. The research was carried out from February 2021 to March 2021. The research method used was the descriptive research method. This research is secondary data analysis so that no field test is carried out. The validation of the data from the analysis was based on the literature from the previous researchers. The parameters measured in this study were: the distribution of paddy fields, the percentage of soil types in each paddy field, the average productivity of paddy field on each type of soil, the distribution of paddy productivity levels, the potential for Siap to paddy productivity and map of the potential distribution of Siap in West Java Province. Secondary data obtained were then analyzed using spatial analysis and descriptive analysis. The results of the spatial analysis show that 77% of paddy fields in West Java have medium Siap potential, 17% low and 7% high. The results of the correlation analysis show that the productivity of paddy plants has a strong correlation (r = 0.99) to the Siap of paddy soil. The soil maps can be used to estimate the potential of Siap and the productivity of paddy plants. The Si application was recommended in paddy fields in the southern region of West Java Province.

Keywords

Land planning, paddy soil, productivity map, Si available.

Corresponding author

References

Adiningsih, J.S., Sofyan, A., Nursyamsi, D., 2000. Paddy fields and management. In: Indonesia's Land Resources and Management Research Center and Agroclimate Team (Eds.). Research Center and Agroclimate, Jakarta. pp. 165–196.

Agostinho, F.B., Tubana, B.S., Martins, M.S., Datnoff, L.E. 2017. Effect of different silicon sources on yield and silicon uptake of rice grown under varying phosphorus rates. Plants 6(3): 35.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Barat. 2020. Paddy Crop Productivity. Bandung. Available at [Access date: 14.07.2021]: https://jabar.bps.go.id/indicator/53/303/1/produktivitas-tanaman-padi.html

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2020. Harvest area, production, and rice productivity by province 2018-2020. Available at [Access date: 03.02.2021]: https://www.bps.go.id/indicator/53/1498/1/luas-panen-produksi-dan-produktivitas-padi-menurut-provinsi.html

Birnadi, S., Frasetya, B., Sundawa, E.P., 2019. Effect of bokashi dose of rice straw as a source of silica (Si) on the growth and yield of three varieties of lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.). Jurnal Agro 6(2): 123–133. [in Indonesian].

Coskun, D., Britto, D.T., Huynh, W.Q., Kronzucker, H.J., 2016. The role of silicon in higher plants under salinity and drought stress. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 1072.

Dengiz, O., 2020. Soil quality index for paddy fields based on standard scoring functions and weight allocation method. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 66(3): 301–315.

Dobermann, A., Fairhurst, T., 2000. Rice: Nutrient Disorders & Nutrient Management. Handbook Series, Potash & Phosphate Institute (PPI), Potash & Phosphate Institute of Canada (PPIC) and International Rice Research Institute, Philippine. 191p.

Dudal, R., Soepraptohardjo. 1957. Soil Classification in Indonesia. Contribution of The Agency for Agricultural Research 148: 3-16.

Foreign Agricultural Service, 2021. World Agricultural Production. USDA Foreign Agricultural Service. Available at [Access date: 14.07.2021]: https://www.fas.usda.gov/

Geospatial Information Agency, 2021. RBI Map of West Java Province Scale 1:25,000. Available at [Access date: 03.02.2021]: https://portal.ina-sdi.or.id/downloadaoi/

Grealish, G.J., Fitzpatrick, R.W., Hutson, J.L., 2015. Soil survey data rescued by means of user friendly soil identification keys and toposequence models to deliver soil information for improved land management. GeoResJ 6: 81–91.

Hardjowigeno, S., 2003. Soil Classification and Pedogenesis. Bogor: Akademika Pressindo.

Hardjowigeno, S., Subagyo, H., Rayes, M.L., 2004. Morphology and classification of paddy fields. In: Paddy fields and management technology. Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research, Agriculture department. Bogor. pp.1–28.

Husnain, Wakatsuki, T., Setyorini, D., Hermansah, Sato, K., Masunaga, T., 2008. Silica availability in soils and river water in two watersheds on Java Island, Indonesia. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 54(6): 916–927.

Husnain, Widowati, L. R., Las, I., Sarwani, M., Rochayati, S., Setyorini, D., … Susilawati. 2020. Location-Specific N, P, and K Fertilizer Recommendations for Rice, Corn and Soybeans in Paddy Fields (Per District). Agung, F.F., Saputra, A.P., Wijaya, T.P. (Eds.). Agricultural Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta.

Lavinsky, A.O., Detmann, K.C., Reis, J.V., Avila, R.T., Sanglard, M.L., Pereira, L.F., Sanglard, L.M.V.P., Rodrigues, F.A.,  Araújo, W.L., DaMatta, F.M., 2016. Silicon improves rice grain yield and photosynthesis specifically when supplied during the reproductive growth stage. Journal of Plant Physiology 206: 125–132.

Liang, Y., Nikolic, M., Bélanger, R., Gong, H., Song, A., 2015. Silicon in Agriculture. Springer, Dordrecht. 235p.

Liu, Q., Zhou, X., Sun, Z., 2017. Application of silicon fertilizer affects nutritional quality of rice. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 77(2): 163–170.

Ning, D., Liang, Y., Liu, Z., Xiao, J., Duan, A., 2016. Impacts of steel-slag-based silicate fertilizer on soil acidity and silicon availability and metals-ımmobilization in a paddy soil. PLoS ONE 11(12): e0168163.

Nwajiaku, I.M., Olanrewaju, J.S., Sato, K., Tokunari, T., Kitano, S., Masunaga, T., 2018. Change in nutrient composition of biochar from rice husk and sugarcane bagasse at varying pyrolytic temperatures. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 7(4): 269–276.

Pereira, H.S., Korndörfer, G.H., de Aquino Vidal, A., de Camargo, M.S., 2004. Silicon sources for rice crop. Scientia Agricola 61(5): 522–528.

Rao, G., Yadav, P.I.P., Syriac, E.K., 2019. Effect of Various Silicon Sources on Nutrient Uptake in Rice. Journal of Krishi Vigyan 8(1): 76-80.

Sartohadi, J., Suratman, Jamulya, Dewi, N.I.S., 2014. Introduction to Soil Geography. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogyakarta. [in Indonesian].

Savant, N.K., Datnoff, L.E., Snyder, G.H., 1997. Depletion of plant‐available silicon in soils: A possible cause of declining rice yields. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 28(13–14): 1245–1252.

Setiawati, M.R., Prayoga, M.K., Stöber, S., Adinata, K., Simarmata, T., 2020. Performance of rice paddy varieties under various organic soil fertility strategies. Open Agriculture 5(1): 509–515.

Simarmata, T., Hersanti, Turmuktini, T., Fitriatin, B.N., Setiawati, M.R., Purwanto. 2016. Application of bioameliorant and biofertilizers to increase the soil health and rice productivity. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences 23(4): 181–184.

Sitorus, S.R.P., 2010. Land capability classification for land evaluation: A review. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan 4(2): 69–78.

Subardja, D., Ritung, S., Anda, M., Sukarman, Suryani, E., Subandiono, R.E., 2014. National Soil Classification Technical Guidelines. Center for Research and Development of Agricultural Land Resources, Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. Bogor, Indonesia.

Sudjana, 2005. Statistical Method. Tarsito Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia. [in Indonesian].

Sugiyono, 2012. Statistics for Research. Alfabeta, Bandung, Indonesia. [in Indonesian].

Sumida, H., 1992. Silicon supplying capacity of paddy soils and characteristics of silicon uptake by rice [Oryza sativa] plants in cool regions in Japan. Bulletin of the Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station (Japan) 85: 1-46.  .

Takahashi, E., 1968. Silica as a nutrient to the rice plant. Japanese Agricultural Research Quarterly 3(3): 1–4.

Thammasom, N., Vityakon, P., Lawongsa, P., Saenjan, P., 2016. Biochar and rice straw have different effects on soil productivity, greenhouse gas emission and carbon sequestration in Northeast Thailand paddy soil. Agriculture and Natural Resources 50(3), 192–198.

Todkar, B.S., Deorukhkar, O.A., Deshmukh, S.M., 2016. Extraction of Silica from Rice Husk Bajirao. International Journal of Engineering Research and Development 12(3): 69–74.

Verstappen, H.T., 2014. Outline of Indonesian Geomorphology. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. [in Indonesian].

Wedepohl, K.H., 1995. The composition of the continental crust. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59(7): 1217–1232.

Abstract

The Si-available (Siap) content in the soil of paddy fields is decreasing, so it will affect decreasing the productivity of paddy fields. Soil type maps can be used to estimate the potential Siap content in paddy fields. The purpose of this study was to assess the productivity of the paddy field in West Java Province based on the Siap potential in each region using maps of soil types and paddy productivity data. This research was conducted in West Java Province. The research was carried out from February 2021 to March 2021. The research method used was the descriptive research method. This research is secondary data analysis so that no field test is carried out. The validation of the data from the analysis was based on the literature from the previous researchers. The parameters measured in this study were: the distribution of paddy fields, the percentage of soil types in each paddy field, the average productivity of paddy field on each type of soil, the distribution of paddy productivity levels, the potential for Siap to paddy productivity and map of the potential distribution of Siap in West Java Province. Secondary data obtained were then analyzed using spatial analysis and descriptive analysis. The results of the spatial analysis show that 77% of paddy fields in West Java have medium Siap potential, 17% low and 7% high. The results of the correlation analysis show that the productivity of paddy plants has a strong correlation (r = 0.99) to the Siap of paddy soil. The soil maps can be used to estimate the potential of Siap and the productivity of paddy plants. The Si application was recommended in paddy fields in the southern region of West Java Province.

Keywords: Land planning, paddy soil, productivity map, Si available.

References

Adiningsih, J.S., Sofyan, A., Nursyamsi, D., 2000. Paddy fields and management. In: Indonesia's Land Resources and Management Research Center and Agroclimate Team (Eds.). Research Center and Agroclimate, Jakarta. pp. 165–196.

Agostinho, F.B., Tubana, B.S., Martins, M.S., Datnoff, L.E. 2017. Effect of different silicon sources on yield and silicon uptake of rice grown under varying phosphorus rates. Plants 6(3): 35.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Barat. 2020. Paddy Crop Productivity. Bandung. Available at [Access date: 14.07.2021]: https://jabar.bps.go.id/indicator/53/303/1/produktivitas-tanaman-padi.html

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2020. Harvest area, production, and rice productivity by province 2018-2020. Available at [Access date: 03.02.2021]: https://www.bps.go.id/indicator/53/1498/1/luas-panen-produksi-dan-produktivitas-padi-menurut-provinsi.html

Birnadi, S., Frasetya, B., Sundawa, E.P., 2019. Effect of bokashi dose of rice straw as a source of silica (Si) on the growth and yield of three varieties of lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.). Jurnal Agro 6(2): 123–133. [in Indonesian].

Coskun, D., Britto, D.T., Huynh, W.Q., Kronzucker, H.J., 2016. The role of silicon in higher plants under salinity and drought stress. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 1072.

Dengiz, O., 2020. Soil quality index for paddy fields based on standard scoring functions and weight allocation method. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 66(3): 301–315.

Dobermann, A., Fairhurst, T., 2000. Rice: Nutrient Disorders & Nutrient Management. Handbook Series, Potash & Phosphate Institute (PPI), Potash & Phosphate Institute of Canada (PPIC) and International Rice Research Institute, Philippine. 191p.

Dudal, R., Soepraptohardjo. 1957. Soil Classification in Indonesia. Contribution of The Agency for Agricultural Research 148: 3-16.

Foreign Agricultural Service, 2021. World Agricultural Production. USDA Foreign Agricultural Service. Available at [Access date: 14.07.2021]: https://www.fas.usda.gov/

Geospatial Information Agency, 2021. RBI Map of West Java Province Scale 1:25,000. Available at [Access date: 03.02.2021]: https://portal.ina-sdi.or.id/downloadaoi/

Grealish, G.J., Fitzpatrick, R.W., Hutson, J.L., 2015. Soil survey data rescued by means of user friendly soil identification keys and toposequence models to deliver soil information for improved land management. GeoResJ 6: 81–91.

Hardjowigeno, S., 2003. Soil Classification and Pedogenesis. Bogor: Akademika Pressindo.

Hardjowigeno, S., Subagyo, H., Rayes, M.L., 2004. Morphology and classification of paddy fields. In: Paddy fields and management technology. Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research, Agriculture department. Bogor. pp.1–28.

Husnain, Wakatsuki, T., Setyorini, D., Hermansah, Sato, K., Masunaga, T., 2008. Silica availability in soils and river water in two watersheds on Java Island, Indonesia. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 54(6): 916–927.

Husnain, Widowati, L. R., Las, I., Sarwani, M., Rochayati, S., Setyorini, D., … Susilawati. 2020. Location-Specific N, P, and K Fertilizer Recommendations for Rice, Corn and Soybeans in Paddy Fields (Per District). Agung, F.F., Saputra, A.P., Wijaya, T.P. (Eds.). Agricultural Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta.

Lavinsky, A.O., Detmann, K.C., Reis, J.V., Avila, R.T., Sanglard, M.L., Pereira, L.F., Sanglard, L.M.V.P., Rodrigues, F.A.,  Araújo, W.L., DaMatta, F.M., 2016. Silicon improves rice grain yield and photosynthesis specifically when supplied during the reproductive growth stage. Journal of Plant Physiology 206: 125–132.

Liang, Y., Nikolic, M., Bélanger, R., Gong, H., Song, A., 2015. Silicon in Agriculture. Springer, Dordrecht. 235p.

Liu, Q., Zhou, X., Sun, Z., 2017. Application of silicon fertilizer affects nutritional quality of rice. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 77(2): 163–170.

Ning, D., Liang, Y., Liu, Z., Xiao, J., Duan, A., 2016. Impacts of steel-slag-based silicate fertilizer on soil acidity and silicon availability and metals-ımmobilization in a paddy soil. PLoS ONE 11(12): e0168163.

Nwajiaku, I.M., Olanrewaju, J.S., Sato, K., Tokunari, T., Kitano, S., Masunaga, T., 2018. Change in nutrient composition of biochar from rice husk and sugarcane bagasse at varying pyrolytic temperatures. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 7(4): 269–276.

Pereira, H.S., Korndörfer, G.H., de Aquino Vidal, A., de Camargo, M.S., 2004. Silicon sources for rice crop. Scientia Agricola 61(5): 522–528.

Rao, G., Yadav, P.I.P., Syriac, E.K., 2019. Effect of Various Silicon Sources on Nutrient Uptake in Rice. Journal of Krishi Vigyan 8(1): 76-80.

Sartohadi, J., Suratman, Jamulya, Dewi, N.I.S., 2014. Introduction to Soil Geography. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogyakarta. [in Indonesian].

Savant, N.K., Datnoff, L.E., Snyder, G.H., 1997. Depletion of plant‐available silicon in soils: A possible cause of declining rice yields. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 28(13–14): 1245–1252.

Setiawati, M.R., Prayoga, M.K., Stöber, S., Adinata, K., Simarmata, T., 2020. Performance of rice paddy varieties under various organic soil fertility strategies. Open Agriculture 5(1): 509–515.

Simarmata, T., Hersanti, Turmuktini, T., Fitriatin, B.N., Setiawati, M.R., Purwanto. 2016. Application of bioameliorant and biofertilizers to increase the soil health and rice productivity. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences 23(4): 181–184.

Sitorus, S.R.P., 2010. Land capability classification for land evaluation: A review. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan 4(2): 69–78.

Subardja, D., Ritung, S., Anda, M., Sukarman, Suryani, E., Subandiono, R.E., 2014. National Soil Classification Technical Guidelines. Center for Research and Development of Agricultural Land Resources, Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. Bogor, Indonesia.

Sudjana, 2005. Statistical Method. Tarsito Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia. [in Indonesian].

Sugiyono, 2012. Statistics for Research. Alfabeta, Bandung, Indonesia. [in Indonesian].

Sumida, H., 1992. Silicon supplying capacity of paddy soils and characteristics of silicon uptake by rice [Oryza sativa] plants in cool regions in Japan. Bulletin of the Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station (Japan) 85: 1-46.  .

Takahashi, E., 1968. Silica as a nutrient to the rice plant. Japanese Agricultural Research Quarterly 3(3): 1–4.

Thammasom, N., Vityakon, P., Lawongsa, P., Saenjan, P., 2016. Biochar and rice straw have different effects on soil productivity, greenhouse gas emission and carbon sequestration in Northeast Thailand paddy soil. Agriculture and Natural Resources 50(3), 192–198.

Todkar, B.S., Deorukhkar, O.A., Deshmukh, S.M., 2016. Extraction of Silica from Rice Husk Bajirao. International Journal of Engineering Research and Development 12(3): 69–74.

Verstappen, H.T., 2014. Outline of Indonesian Geomorphology. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. [in Indonesian].

Wedepohl, K.H., 1995. The composition of the continental crust. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59(7): 1217–1232.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science