Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 10, Issue 4, Sep 2021, Pages 327 - 331
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.962545
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.962545
Copyright © 2021 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Yield and yield components of five tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum) as influenced by chemical NPK fertilizer applications under chestnut soil conditions

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Maxotova,A., Nurbayeva,E., Aitbayev,Т., Nurgaliyeva,B., 2021. Yield and yield components of five tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum) as influenced by chemical NPK fertilizer applications under chestnut soil conditions. Eurasian J Soil Sci 10(4):327 - 331. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962545
Maxotova,A.,Nurbayeva,E.Aitbayev,Т.,& Nurgaliyeva,B. Yield and yield components of five tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum) as influenced by chemical NPK fertilizer applications under chestnut soil conditions Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10(4):327 - 331. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962545
Maxotova,A.,Nurbayeva,E.Aitbayev,Т., and ,Nurgaliyeva,B."Yield and yield components of five tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum) as influenced by chemical NPK fertilizer applications under chestnut soil conditions" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10.4 (2021):327 - 331. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962545
Maxotova,A.,Nurbayeva,E.Aitbayev,Т., and ,Nurgaliyeva,B. "Yield and yield components of five tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum) as influenced by chemical NPK fertilizer applications under chestnut soil conditions" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,10(Sep 2021):327 - 331 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962545
A,Maxotova.E,Nurbayeva.Т,Aitbayev.B,Nurgaliyeva "Yield and yield components of five tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum) as influenced by chemical NPK fertilizer applications under chestnut soil conditions" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.10, no.4, pp.327 - 331 (Sep 2021), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962545
Maxotova,Aliya ;Nurbayeva,Elmira ;Aitbayev,Тemirzhan ;Nurgaliyeva,Balseker Yield and yield components of five tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum) as influenced by chemical NPK fertilizer applications under chestnut soil conditions. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2021),10.4:327 - 331. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962545

How to cite

Maxotova, A., Nurbayeva, E., Aitbayev, Т., Nurgaliyeva, B., 2021. Yield and yield components of five tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum) as influenced by chemical NPK fertilizer applications under chestnut soil conditions. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 10(4): 327 - 331. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962545

Author information

Aliya Maxotova , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Elmira Nurbayeva , Kazakh Research Institute of Fruit and Vegetable Growing, Kainar, Kazakhstan
Тemirzhan Aitbayev , Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Balseker Nurgaliyeva , Kazakhstan University of Innovation and Telekomunication Systems, Uralsk, Kazakhstan

Publication information

Article first published online : 05 Jul 2021
Manuscript Accepted : 30 Jun 2021
Manuscript Received: 03 Dec 2020
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.962545
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.962545

Abstract

The tomato is an important fruit, both fresh and processed, for human nutrition worldwide, and plays a significant role in agriculture. Especially in the intensive agricultural system where chemical fertilizers are used, little is known the impact of chemical NPK fertilizer applications on the yield of tomato under chestnut soil conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of four types of NPK fertilizer applications (N120P90K60, N150P120K90, N180P150K120, N210P180K150) on the yield and yield parameters of 5 different tomato varieties (Ogonyok 777, Barin, Hybrid Shuruk, Hybrid SC-2121 and Hybrid Falcon) under chestnut soil conditions in in the Southeast of Kazakhstan. According to field experiment results, there were significant differences among the treatments in relation to yield and yield parameters (plant height, number of stems, number of leaves, and number of fetus after planting) of tomato varieties. In foothill zone of the southeast of Kazakhstan, Hybrid Shuruk and Hybrid SC-2121 tomato varieties significantly yielded higher than the other three varieties tested at the same time under chestnut soil conditions. And also, it was determined that the best outputs tended to be obtained with N210P180K150 fertilizer dose.

Keywords

Tomato, tomato varieties, NPK fertilizer, chestnut soil, fertilization.

Corresponding author

References

Barker, A.V., Pilbeam, D.J., 2007. Handbook of plant nutrition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. 645p.

Bilalis, D., Krokida, M., Roussis, I., Papastylianou, P., Travlos, I., Cheimona, N., Dede, A., 2018. Effects of organic and inorganic fertilization on yield and quality of processing tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Folia Horticulturae 30(2): 321–332.  

Castellanos, M.T., Cabello, M.J., Cartagena, M.C., Tarquis, A.M., Arce, A., Ribas, F., Nitrogen uptake dynamics, yield and quality as influenced by nitrogen fertilization in "Piel de sapo" melon. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 10(3): 756–767.

Chen, Z.K., Tao, X.P., Khan, A., Tan, D.K.Y., Luo, H.H., 2018. Biomass accumulation, photosynthetic traits, and root development of cotton as affected by irrigation and nitrogen-fertilization. Frontiers in Plant Science 9:173.

Clark, M.S., Horwath, W.R., Shennan, C., Scow, K.M., Lantni, W.T., Ferris, H., 1999. Nitrogen, weeds and water as yield-limiting factors in conventional, low-input, and organic tomato systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 73: 257-270.

Du, Q.J., Xiao, H.J., Li, J.Q., Zhang, J.X., Zhou, L.Y., Wang, J.Q., 2021. Effects of different fertilization rates on growth, yield, quality and partial factor productivity of tomato under non-pressure gravity irrigation. PLoS ONE 16(3): e0247578.

Gülser, C., Zharlygasov, Z., Kızılkaya, R., Kalimov, N., Akça, I., Zharlygasov, Z., 2019. The effect of NPK foliar fertilization on yield and macronutrient content of grain in wheat under Kostanai-Kazakhstan conditions. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(3): 275-281.

Gunarto, L., Yahya, M., Supadmo, H., Buntan, A., 1985. Response of corn to NPK fertilization grown in a Latosol in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 16(11): 1179-1188.

Hebbar, S.S., Ramachandrappa, B.K., Nanjappa, H.V., Prabhakar, M., 2014. Studies on NPK drip fertigation in field grown tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). European Journal of Agronomy 21(1): 117–127.

Heuvelink, E. Dorais, M., 2005. Crop growth and yield. In: Tomatoes, Heuvelink, E. (Ed.), Cabi Publishing, London, UK. pp. 85-144

Huat, J., Doré, T., Aubry, C., 2013. Limiting factors for yields of field tomatoes grown by smallholders in tropical regions. Crop Protection 44: 120-127.

Kalbani, F.O.S.A., Salem, M.A., Cheruth, A.J., Kurup, S.S., Senthilkumar, A., 2016. Effect of some organic fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). International Letters of Natural Sciences 53: 1-9.

Li, Y., Xue, X., Guo, W., Wang, L., Duan, M., Chen, H., Chen, F., 2019a. Soil moisture and nitrate-nitrogen dynamics and economic yield in the greenhouse cultivation of tomato and cucumber under negative pressure irrigation in the North China Plain. Scientific Reports 9(1):4439.

Li, Z., Zhang, R., Xia, S., Wang, L., Liu, C., Zhang, R., Fan, Z., Chen, F., Liu, Y., 2019b. Interactions between N, P and K fertilizers affect the environment and the yield and quality of satsumas. Global Ecology and Conservation 19: e00663.

Litskas, V.D., Migeon, A., Navajas, M., Tixier, M.S., Stavrinides, M.C., 2019.  Impacts of climate change on tomato, a notorious pest and its natural enemy: small scale agriculture at higher risk. Environmental Research Letters 14(8): 084041.

Magnusson, M., 2002. Mineral fertilizers and green mulch in Chinese cabbage (Brassica Pekinensis Rupr): Effect on nutrient uptake, yield and internal tip burn. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B-Soil & Plant Science 52: 25-35.

Mahajan, G., Singh, K.G., 2006. Response of greenhouse tomato to irrigation and fertigation. Agricultural Water Management 84(1/2): 202–206.

Maynard, D.N., Hochmuth, G.J., 2007. Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers, Fifth Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA. 621p.

Ouansafi, S., Abdelilah, F., Kabine, M., Maaghloud, H., Bellali, F., El Bouqdaoui, K., 2019. The effects of soil proprieties on the yield and the growth of tomato plants and fruits irrigated by treated wastewater. AIMS Agriculture and Food 4(4): 921-938.

Rajput, T.B.S., Patel, N., 2006. Water and nitrate movement in drip-irrigated onion under fertigation and irrigation treatments. Agricultural Water Management 79 (3): 293–311.

Saparov, A., 2014. Soil Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current Status, Problems and Solutions. In: Novel Measurement and Assessment Tools for Monitoring and Management of Land and Water Resources in Agricultural Landscapes of Central Asia. Mueller, L., Saparov, A., Lischeid, G. (Eds.). Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Cham. pp. 61-73.

Scholberg, J., McNeal, B.L. Jones, J.W., Boote, K.J., Stanley, C.D., Obreza, T.A., 2000. Growth and canopy characteristics of field-grown tomato. Agronomy Journal 92: 152-159.

Shehu, H.E., 2014. Uptake and agronomic efficiencies of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). American Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilization Technology 4(2): 41-56.

Wiedenhoeft, A.C., 2006. The Green World. Plant Nutrition. Infobase Publishing, New York, USA. 144p.

Yertayeva, Z., Kızılkaya, R., Kaldybayev, S., Seitkali N., Abdraimova, N., Zhamangarayeva, A., 2019. Changes in biological soil quality indicators under saline soil condition after amelioration with alfalfa (Medicago sativa l.) cultivation in meadow Solonchak. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(3): 189–195.

Yertayeva, Z., Kaldybaev, S., Beketova, A., 2018. The scientific basis of changes in the composition and properties of meadow saline soil of the foothill plains of the ili alatau during a long postmeliorative period. Ecology, Environment and Conservation 24(2): 715–720.

Yousaf, M., Li, J., Lu, J., Ren, T., Cong, R., Fahad, S., Li, X., 2017. Effects of fertilization on crop production and nutrient-supplying capacity under rice-oilseed rape rotation system. Scientific Reports 7: 1270.

Abstract

The tomato is an important fruit, both fresh and processed, for human nutrition worldwide, and plays a significant role in agriculture. Especially in the intensive agricultural system where chemical fertilizers are used, little is known the impact of chemical NPK fertilizer applications on the yield of tomato under chestnut soil conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of four types of NPK fertilizer applications (N120P90K60, N150P120K90, N180P150K120, N210P180K150) on the yield and yield parameters of 5 different tomato varieties (Ogonyok 777, Barin, Hybrid Shuruk, Hybrid SC-2121 and Hybrid Falcon) under chestnut soil conditions in in the Southeast of Kazakhstan. According to field experiment results, there were significant differences among the treatments in relation to yield and yield parameters (plant height, number of stems, number of leaves, and number of fetus after planting) of tomato varieties. In foothill zone of the southeast of Kazakhstan, Hybrid Shuruk and Hybrid SC-2121 tomato varieties significantly yielded higher than the other three varieties tested at the same time under chestnut soil conditions. And also, it was determined that the best outputs tended to be obtained with N210P180K150 fertilizer dose.

Keywords: Tomato, tomato varieties, NPK fertilizer, chestnut soil, fertilization.

References

Barker, A.V., Pilbeam, D.J., 2007. Handbook of plant nutrition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. 645p.

Bilalis, D., Krokida, M., Roussis, I., Papastylianou, P., Travlos, I., Cheimona, N., Dede, A., 2018. Effects of organic and inorganic fertilization on yield and quality of processing tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Folia Horticulturae 30(2): 321–332.  

Castellanos, M.T., Cabello, M.J., Cartagena, M.C., Tarquis, A.M., Arce, A., Ribas, F., Nitrogen uptake dynamics, yield and quality as influenced by nitrogen fertilization in "Piel de sapo" melon. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 10(3): 756–767.

Chen, Z.K., Tao, X.P., Khan, A., Tan, D.K.Y., Luo, H.H., 2018. Biomass accumulation, photosynthetic traits, and root development of cotton as affected by irrigation and nitrogen-fertilization. Frontiers in Plant Science 9:173.

Clark, M.S., Horwath, W.R., Shennan, C., Scow, K.M., Lantni, W.T., Ferris, H., 1999. Nitrogen, weeds and water as yield-limiting factors in conventional, low-input, and organic tomato systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 73: 257-270.

Du, Q.J., Xiao, H.J., Li, J.Q., Zhang, J.X., Zhou, L.Y., Wang, J.Q., 2021. Effects of different fertilization rates on growth, yield, quality and partial factor productivity of tomato under non-pressure gravity irrigation. PLoS ONE 16(3): e0247578.

Gülser, C., Zharlygasov, Z., Kızılkaya, R., Kalimov, N., Akça, I., Zharlygasov, Z., 2019. The effect of NPK foliar fertilization on yield and macronutrient content of grain in wheat under Kostanai-Kazakhstan conditions. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(3): 275-281.

Gunarto, L., Yahya, M., Supadmo, H., Buntan, A., 1985. Response of corn to NPK fertilization grown in a Latosol in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 16(11): 1179-1188.

Hebbar, S.S., Ramachandrappa, B.K., Nanjappa, H.V., Prabhakar, M., 2014. Studies on NPK drip fertigation in field grown tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). European Journal of Agronomy 21(1): 117–127.

Heuvelink, E. Dorais, M., 2005. Crop growth and yield. In: Tomatoes, Heuvelink, E. (Ed.), Cabi Publishing, London, UK. pp. 85-144

Huat, J., Doré, T., Aubry, C., 2013. Limiting factors for yields of field tomatoes grown by smallholders in tropical regions. Crop Protection 44: 120-127.

Kalbani, F.O.S.A., Salem, M.A., Cheruth, A.J., Kurup, S.S., Senthilkumar, A., 2016. Effect of some organic fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). International Letters of Natural Sciences 53: 1-9.

Li, Y., Xue, X., Guo, W., Wang, L., Duan, M., Chen, H., Chen, F., 2019a. Soil moisture and nitrate-nitrogen dynamics and economic yield in the greenhouse cultivation of tomato and cucumber under negative pressure irrigation in the North China Plain. Scientific Reports 9(1):4439.

Li, Z., Zhang, R., Xia, S., Wang, L., Liu, C., Zhang, R., Fan, Z., Chen, F., Liu, Y., 2019b. Interactions between N, P and K fertilizers affect the environment and the yield and quality of satsumas. Global Ecology and Conservation 19: e00663.

Litskas, V.D., Migeon, A., Navajas, M., Tixier, M.S., Stavrinides, M.C., 2019.  Impacts of climate change on tomato, a notorious pest and its natural enemy: small scale agriculture at higher risk. Environmental Research Letters 14(8): 084041.

Magnusson, M., 2002. Mineral fertilizers and green mulch in Chinese cabbage (Brassica Pekinensis Rupr): Effect on nutrient uptake, yield and internal tip burn. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B-Soil & Plant Science 52: 25-35.

Mahajan, G., Singh, K.G., 2006. Response of greenhouse tomato to irrigation and fertigation. Agricultural Water Management 84(1/2): 202–206.

Maynard, D.N., Hochmuth, G.J., 2007. Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers, Fifth Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA. 621p.

Ouansafi, S., Abdelilah, F., Kabine, M., Maaghloud, H., Bellali, F., El Bouqdaoui, K., 2019. The effects of soil proprieties on the yield and the growth of tomato plants and fruits irrigated by treated wastewater. AIMS Agriculture and Food 4(4): 921-938.

Rajput, T.B.S., Patel, N., 2006. Water and nitrate movement in drip-irrigated onion under fertigation and irrigation treatments. Agricultural Water Management 79 (3): 293–311.

Saparov, A., 2014. Soil Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current Status, Problems and Solutions. In: Novel Measurement and Assessment Tools for Monitoring and Management of Land and Water Resources in Agricultural Landscapes of Central Asia. Mueller, L., Saparov, A., Lischeid, G. (Eds.). Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Cham. pp. 61-73.

Scholberg, J., McNeal, B.L. Jones, J.W., Boote, K.J., Stanley, C.D., Obreza, T.A., 2000. Growth and canopy characteristics of field-grown tomato. Agronomy Journal 92: 152-159.

Shehu, H.E., 2014. Uptake and agronomic efficiencies of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). American Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilization Technology 4(2): 41-56.

Wiedenhoeft, A.C., 2006. The Green World. Plant Nutrition. Infobase Publishing, New York, USA. 144p.

Yertayeva, Z., Kızılkaya, R., Kaldybayev, S., Seitkali N., Abdraimova, N., Zhamangarayeva, A., 2019. Changes in biological soil quality indicators under saline soil condition after amelioration with alfalfa (Medicago sativa l.) cultivation in meadow Solonchak. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(3): 189–195.

Yertayeva, Z., Kaldybaev, S., Beketova, A., 2018. The scientific basis of changes in the composition and properties of meadow saline soil of the foothill plains of the ili alatau during a long postmeliorative period. Ecology, Environment and Conservation 24(2): 715–720.

Yousaf, M., Li, J., Lu, J., Ren, T., Cong, R., Fahad, S., Li, X., 2017. Effects of fertilization on crop production and nutrient-supplying capacity under rice-oilseed rape rotation system. Scientific Reports 7: 1270.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science