Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 10, Issue 4, Sep 2021, Pages 320 - 326
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.962542
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.962542
Copyright © 2021 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Soil organic matter composition of forest Rendzinas in West Bulgaria

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Hristov,B., Kirilov,I., Pavlov,P., 2021. Soil organic matter composition of forest Rendzinas in West Bulgaria. Eurasian J Soil Sci 10(4):320 - 326. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962542
Hristov,B.,Kirilov,I.,& Pavlov,P. Soil organic matter composition of forest Rendzinas in West Bulgaria Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10(4):320 - 326. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962542
Hristov,B.,Kirilov,I., and ,Pavlov,P."Soil organic matter composition of forest Rendzinas in West Bulgaria" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10.4 (2021):320 - 326. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962542
Hristov,B.,Kirilov,I., and ,Pavlov,P. "Soil organic matter composition of forest Rendzinas in West Bulgaria" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,10(Sep 2021):320 - 326 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962542
B,Hristov.I,Kirilov.P,Pavlov "Soil organic matter composition of forest Rendzinas in West Bulgaria" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.10, no.4, pp.320 - 326 (Sep 2021), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962542
Hristov,Biser ;Kirilov,Ivaylo ;Pavlov,Pavel Soil organic matter composition of forest Rendzinas in West Bulgaria. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2021),10.4:320 - 326. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962542

How to cite

Hristov, B., Kirilov, I., Pavlov, P., 2021. Soil organic matter composition of forest Rendzinas in West Bulgaria. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 10(4): 320 - 326. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962542

Author information

Biser Hristov , University of Forestry, 10 Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1797, Bulgaria & N. Poushkarov Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnologies and Plant Protection, Sofia, Bulgaria
Ivaylo Kirilov , N. Poushkarov Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnologies and Plant Protection, Sofia, Bulgaria
Pavel Pavlov , University of Forestry, 10 Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1797, Bulgaria

Publication information

Article first published online : 05 Jul 2021
Manuscript Accepted : 29 Jun 2021
Manuscript Received: 24 Feb 2021
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.962542
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.962542

Abstract

The paper deals with of the relations between the forest ecosystem, calcareous rocks and content and composition of soil organic matter in the Golo Bardo area in West Bulgaria. In that area Rendzinas are used mainly for forestry, viticulture and pastures. A specific study based on the accumulation of soil organic matter according to the data on the composition of the soil organic acids. The research on the soil organic matter composition provided information on the course of the humification processes in studied soils. Soil organic matter accumulation in Rendzinas depends on different factors, such as land use and climatic conditions. Soil has rapid transformations of organic residues and strongly decomposed plant tissue predominates. There are often signs of active work of the soil mesofauna. Studied soils have good reserves of organic carbon high degree of humification. The organic carbon content varies in a wide range from 0.8 to 7.2 %. The humic acids prevail over fulvic acids, and the degree of humification is higher in deeper horizons. According to the C/N ratio the humus type is Mull in almost all horizons. Studied soils are biologically active that have favorable impact over the soil structure and vegetation. Rendzinas have high potential of organic carbon sequestration.

Keywords

Fulvic acids, humic acids, Rendzina, soil organic matter.

Corresponding author

References

Arinushkina, E.V., 1961. Chemical soil analysis guide. Ed. Moscow State University. 151 p.

Artinova, N., 2014. Humus status of soils in Bulgaria. In: Soil Organic Matter and Fertility of Soils in Bulgaria. Bulgarian Humic Substances Society. pp. 29-74 [in Bulgarian].

Belivanova, V., 1997. Diagenesis of the Triassic carbonate rocks from the Golo Bardo Mountain, Southwestern Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 27(1–2): 27–35.

Bogdanov, S., Savev, S., Tsavkov, E., 2015. Investigation on humus-carbonate soils in the Western Balkan Mountains foothill. Environmental Engineering and Environmental Protection 15(3): 29–35. [in Bulgarian].

Bachvarova, S., Georgiev, B., Teoharov, M., Samlieva, A., Krasteva, V., 2005. Southwestern Agrotechpark In: Assessment of the agro-ecological potential on the territory of the agro-parks in the country optimizing the structure of agricultural production, Scientific works of NACAN. 2: 315 – 351. p. [in Bulgarian].

Delecour, F., 1980. Essai de classification pratique des humus. Pedologie 30: 225–241.

Donov, V., 1993. Forest soil science. Martilen publishing pouse. 430 p. [in Bulgarian].

FAO 1996. Digital soil map of the world and derived soil properties (Version 3.5). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy.

Filcheva, E., 2007. Characteristics of the soils of Bulgaria according content and composition of soil organic matter. In: Grouping of soils in Bulgaria. Minerva Publishing, Bulgaria. 191 p. [in Bulgarian].

Filcheva E., Hristova M., Nikolova P., Popova T., Chakalov K., Savov V., 2018. Quantitative and qualitative characterisation of humic products with spectral parameters. Journal of Soils and Sediments 18: 2863–2867.

Filcheva E.G., Tsadilas C.D.. 2002. Influence of clinoptilolite and compost on soil properties. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 33(3–4): 595–607.

Filcheva E., Sarafov A. 2015. Characteristics of Soil Humus Systems, Formed on Metacarbonate Rocks of Dobrostan Formation. Soil Science Agrochemistry аnd Ecology 49(1): 3–12 [in Bulgarian].

Filcheva E., Malinova L. 2015. Composition of soil organic matter in Eutric Cambisols developed on marble. Soil science, Agrochemistry and Ecology 49(4): 8–12 [in Bulgarian].

Gurov G., Artinova N. 2004. Soil Sceince. Macros-2001. Plovdiv. 474 p. [in Bulgarian].

Handley, W.R.C., 1954. Mull and mor formation in relation to forest soils. Forestry Commission Bulletin 23, London. 132p.Available at [access date:24.02.2021]: https://www.forestresearch.gov.uk/documents/6489/FCBU023.pdf

Hristova, M., Filcheva, E., Nikolova, P., 2016. Reliability of the method for determination of soil organic carbon. 4th National Conference Bulgarian Humic Substances Society, 8–10 September 2016, Sofia, Bulgaria. pp.318–327 [in Bulgarian].

Ilinkin, V., Bogdanov, S., Goleva, A., 2017. Characteristics of Rendzinas in the Ludogorie Region. Bulgarian Journal of Soil Science 2(1): 32–41. 

Koynov V. 1943. Soil of Radomir district. Yearbook of Bulgarian Academy of Science, book ХL-2. [in Bulgarian].

Kononova, M.M., 1966. Soil organic matter: Its nature, its role in soil formation and in soil fertility. 2nd Edition. Pergamon Press Ltd, Oxford, London, UK. 543p.

Munsell Color, 1994. Munsell Soil Color Charts, 1994 Revised edition. New Windsor, New York, USA. 29p.

IUSS Working Group, 2015. World Reference Base for Soil Resources WRB 2014, update 2015. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy. 192p. Available at [access date: 24.02.2021]: http://www.fao.org/3/i3794en/I3794en.pdf

Radmanovic, S.B., Gajic-Kvascev, M.D., Mrvic, V.V., Dordevic, A.R., 2020. Characteristics of Rendzina soils in Serbia and their WRB classification. Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade) 65(3): 251-261.

Scheu, S., Wolters, V., 1991. Influence of fragmentation and bioturbation on the decomposition of 14C-labelled beech leaf litter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 23(1): 1029–1034.

Schreier, H., Lavkulich L.M., 1985. Rendzina – type soils in the Ogilvie mountains, Yukon territory. Soil Science 139(1): 2–12.

Shishkov, T., Kolev, N., 2014. The Soils of Bulgaria, Springer. 208p. 

Teoharov, M., 2019. Rendzinas. In: Genetic and Applied Classifications of Soils and Lands in Bulgaria. 214p. [in Bulgarian].

Wasak, K., Drewnik, M., 2018. Sequestration of organic carbon in rendzinas – a review. Soil Science Annual 69(2): 75–87.

Abstract

The paper deals with of the relations between the forest ecosystem, calcareous rocks and content and composition of soil organic matter in the Golo Bardo area in West Bulgaria. In that area Rendzinas are used mainly for forestry, viticulture and pastures. A specific study based on the accumulation of soil organic matter according to the data on the composition of the soil organic acids. The research on the soil organic matter composition provided information on the course of the humification processes in studied soils. Soil organic matter accumulation in Rendzinas depends on different factors, such as land use and climatic conditions. Soil has rapid transformations of organic residues and strongly decomposed plant tissue predominates. There are often signs of active work of the soil mesofauna. Studied soils have good reserves of organic carbon high degree of humification. The organic carbon content varies in a wide range from 0.8 to 7.2 %. The humic acids prevail over fulvic acids, and the degree of humification is higher in deeper horizons. According to the C/N ratio the humus type is Mull in almost all horizons. Studied soils are biologically active that have favorable impact over the soil structure and vegetation. Rendzinas have high potential of organic carbon sequestration.

Keywords: Fulvic acids, humic acids, Rendzina, soil organic matter.

References

Arinushkina, E.V., 1961. Chemical soil analysis guide. Ed. Moscow State University. 151 p.

Artinova, N., 2014. Humus status of soils in Bulgaria. In: Soil Organic Matter and Fertility of Soils in Bulgaria. Bulgarian Humic Substances Society. pp. 29-74 [in Bulgarian].

Belivanova, V., 1997. Diagenesis of the Triassic carbonate rocks from the Golo Bardo Mountain, Southwestern Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 27(1–2): 27–35.

Bogdanov, S., Savev, S., Tsavkov, E., 2015. Investigation on humus-carbonate soils in the Western Balkan Mountains foothill. Environmental Engineering and Environmental Protection 15(3): 29–35. [in Bulgarian].

Bachvarova, S., Georgiev, B., Teoharov, M., Samlieva, A., Krasteva, V., 2005. Southwestern Agrotechpark In: Assessment of the agro-ecological potential on the territory of the agro-parks in the country optimizing the structure of agricultural production, Scientific works of NACAN. 2: 315 – 351. p. [in Bulgarian].

Delecour, F., 1980. Essai de classification pratique des humus. Pedologie 30: 225–241.

Donov, V., 1993. Forest soil science. Martilen publishing pouse. 430 p. [in Bulgarian].

FAO 1996. Digital soil map of the world and derived soil properties (Version 3.5). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy.

Filcheva, E., 2007. Characteristics of the soils of Bulgaria according content and composition of soil organic matter. In: Grouping of soils in Bulgaria. Minerva Publishing, Bulgaria. 191 p. [in Bulgarian].

Filcheva E., Hristova M., Nikolova P., Popova T., Chakalov K., Savov V., 2018. Quantitative and qualitative characterisation of humic products with spectral parameters. Journal of Soils and Sediments 18: 2863–2867.

Filcheva E.G., Tsadilas C.D.. 2002. Influence of clinoptilolite and compost on soil properties. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 33(3–4): 595–607.

Filcheva E., Sarafov A. 2015. Characteristics of Soil Humus Systems, Formed on Metacarbonate Rocks of Dobrostan Formation. Soil Science Agrochemistry аnd Ecology 49(1): 3–12 [in Bulgarian].

Filcheva E., Malinova L. 2015. Composition of soil organic matter in Eutric Cambisols developed on marble. Soil science, Agrochemistry and Ecology 49(4): 8–12 [in Bulgarian].

Gurov G., Artinova N. 2004. Soil Sceince. Macros-2001. Plovdiv. 474 p. [in Bulgarian].

Handley, W.R.C., 1954. Mull and mor formation in relation to forest soils. Forestry Commission Bulletin 23, London. 132p.Available at [access date:24.02.2021]: https://www.forestresearch.gov.uk/documents/6489/FCBU023.pdf

Hristova, M., Filcheva, E., Nikolova, P., 2016. Reliability of the method for determination of soil organic carbon. 4th National Conference Bulgarian Humic Substances Society, 8–10 September 2016, Sofia, Bulgaria. pp.318–327 [in Bulgarian].

Ilinkin, V., Bogdanov, S., Goleva, A., 2017. Characteristics of Rendzinas in the Ludogorie Region. Bulgarian Journal of Soil Science 2(1): 32–41. 

Koynov V. 1943. Soil of Radomir district. Yearbook of Bulgarian Academy of Science, book ХL-2. [in Bulgarian].

Kononova, M.M., 1966. Soil organic matter: Its nature, its role in soil formation and in soil fertility. 2nd Edition. Pergamon Press Ltd, Oxford, London, UK. 543p.

Munsell Color, 1994. Munsell Soil Color Charts, 1994 Revised edition. New Windsor, New York, USA. 29p.

IUSS Working Group, 2015. World Reference Base for Soil Resources WRB 2014, update 2015. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy. 192p. Available at [access date: 24.02.2021]: http://www.fao.org/3/i3794en/I3794en.pdf

Radmanovic, S.B., Gajic-Kvascev, M.D., Mrvic, V.V., Dordevic, A.R., 2020. Characteristics of Rendzina soils in Serbia and their WRB classification. Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade) 65(3): 251-261.

Scheu, S., Wolters, V., 1991. Influence of fragmentation and bioturbation on the decomposition of 14C-labelled beech leaf litter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 23(1): 1029–1034.

Schreier, H., Lavkulich L.M., 1985. Rendzina – type soils in the Ogilvie mountains, Yukon territory. Soil Science 139(1): 2–12.

Shishkov, T., Kolev, N., 2014. The Soils of Bulgaria, Springer. 208p. 

Teoharov, M., 2019. Rendzinas. In: Genetic and Applied Classifications of Soils and Lands in Bulgaria. 214p. [in Bulgarian].

Wasak, K., Drewnik, M., 2018. Sequestration of organic carbon in rendzinas – a review. Soil Science Annual 69(2): 75–87.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science