Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 10, Issue 4, Sep 2021, Pages 308 - 319
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.962538
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.962538
Copyright © 2021 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



The role of the ornithogenic factor in soil formation on the Antarctic oasis territory Bunger Hills (East Antarctica)

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Nizamutdinov,T., Andreev,M., Abakumov,E., 2021. The role of the ornithogenic factor in soil formation on the Antarctic oasis territory Bunger Hills (East Antarctica). Eurasian J Soil Sci 10(4):308 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962538
Nizamutdinov,T.,Andreev,M.,& Abakumov,E. The role of the ornithogenic factor in soil formation on the Antarctic oasis territory Bunger Hills (East Antarctica) Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10(4):308 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962538
Nizamutdinov,T.,Andreev,M., and ,Abakumov,E."The role of the ornithogenic factor in soil formation on the Antarctic oasis territory Bunger Hills (East Antarctica)" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10.4 (2021):308 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962538
Nizamutdinov,T.,Andreev,M., and ,Abakumov,E. "The role of the ornithogenic factor in soil formation on the Antarctic oasis territory Bunger Hills (East Antarctica)" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,10(Sep 2021):308 - 319 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962538
T,Nizamutdinov.M,Andreev.E,Abakumov "The role of the ornithogenic factor in soil formation on the Antarctic oasis territory Bunger Hills (East Antarctica)" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.10, no.4, pp.308 - 319 (Sep 2021), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962538
Nizamutdinov,Timur ;Andreev,Mikhail ;Abakumov,Evgeny The role of the ornithogenic factor in soil formation on the Antarctic oasis territory Bunger Hills (East Antarctica). Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2021),10.4:308 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962538

How to cite

Nizamutdinov, T., Andreev, M., Abakumov, E., 2021. The role of the ornithogenic factor in soil formation on the Antarctic oasis territory Bunger Hills (East Antarctica). Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 10(4): 308 - 319. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.962538

Author information

Timur Nizamutdinov , Saint-Petersburg State University, Faculty of Biology, Department of Applied Ecology, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Mikhail Andreev , Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Evgeny Abakumov , Saint-Petersburg State University, Faculty of Biology, Department of Applied Ecology, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Publication information

Article first published online : 05 Jul 2021
Manuscript Accepted : 29 Jun 2021
Manuscript Received: 01 Apr 2021
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.962538
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.962538

Abstract

The study focuses on the ornithogenic factor of soil formation in Antarctic conditions. Since the traditional soil formation processes in Antarctic conditions are very limited, the relevance of studying the role of the ornithogenic factor is increasing. This article provides a comparative study of nutrient content and values of some physico-chemical parameters between ornithogenic and non-ornithogenic soils sampled at terrestrial ecosystems of the Antarctic oasis Bunger Hills (Knox Coast, Wilkes Land). The levels of key biogenic elements content have been estimated with special reference to ornitogenic factor of soil formation. A high content of available forms of phosphorus and potassium in ornithogenic and non-ornithogenic soils was found. According to the results of statistical analysis, we can see that the content of nutritional elements has a close significant correlation relationship (p<0.05). The analysis of variance showed that the content of available phosphorus and potassium varies weakly between soils of ornithogenic and non-ornithogenic genesis. The greatest variability depending on soil-forming processes is noted for basal respiration, pH and available forms of nitrogen.

Keywords

Antarctic soils, ornitogenic soils, nutrients.

Corresponding author

References

Abakumov, E., 2018. Content of available forms of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in ornithogenic and other soils of the Fildes Peninsula (King George Island, Western Antarctica). Biological Communications 63(2): 109-116.

Abakumov, E., Lodygin, E., Gabov, D., Krylenkov, V., 2014. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons content in Antarctica soils as exemplified by the Russian polar stations. Gigiena i sanitariia 1: 31-35. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E., Lupachev, A., Andreev, M., Wang, W., Ji, X., 2020a. The influence of brown and south polar skua on the content of plant nutrient in the soils from the Fildes Peninsula (King George Island, West Antarctica). Chemistry and Ecology 37(2): 185-199.

Abakumov, E.V., 2011. West Antarctic soils. St. Petersburg University Publishing House. 112p. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., 2014a. Micromorphological features of ornithogenic pedogenesis in Antarctica. The Russian Journal of Ornithology 23(1030): 2353-2357. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., 2014b. Zoogenic pedogenesis as the main biogenic soil process in Antarctica. The Russian Journal of Ornithology 23(1056): 3095-3107. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., 2019. Ornithogenic soils of Lindsey Island, Pacific Sector of West Antarctica. The Russian Journal of Ornithology 28(1748): 1341-1346. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., Andreev, M.P., Lupachev, A.V., Maximova, E.Y., Zhiyanski, M., Ilieva, R., 2019. Role of the South Pole Skua Catharacta maccormicki in the formation of the nutrient regime in the soils of the Fildes Peninsula (West Antarctica). The Russian Journal of Ornithology 28(1738): 945-952. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., Parnikoza, I.Y., Vlasov, D.Y., Lupachev, A.V., 2016. Biogenic–abiogenic interaction in Antarctic ornithogenic soils. In: Biogenic—Abiogenic Interactions in Natural and Anthropogenic Systems Frank-Kamenetskaya, O., Panova, E., Vlasov, D. (Eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp.237-248.

Abakumov, E.V., Zhiyanski, M., Yaneva. R., 2020b. Ornithogenic factor in the formation of tundra vegetation and gray-humus soils on Livingston Island, West Antarctica. The Russian Journal of Ornithology 29(1903): 1360-1364. [in Russian]

Alekseev, A., Abakumov, E., 2020. Ornithogenic soils of Maritim Antarctica: genesis, chemical composition, organic matter. Integrated studies of the natural environment of the Arctic and Antarctic 1(1): 170-172 [in Russian]

Beyer, L., Pingpank, K., Wriedt, G., Bölter, M., 2000. Soil formation in coastal continental Antarctica (Wilkes Land). Geoderma 95: 283-304.

Black, C.A., 1965. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Properties, Including Statistics of Measurement and Sampling, Agronomy Monograph 9.1, American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Bockheim, J.G., 2014. Antarctic soil properties and soilscapes. In: Antarctic Terrestrial Microbiology. Cowan, D.A. (Ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp.293-315.

Bockheim, J.G., 2015 Soil-Forming Factors in Antarctica. In: The Soils of Antarctica. Bockheim, J.G. (Ed.) World Soils Book Series. Springer, Cham. pp.5-20.

Bockheim, J.G., Hall, K.J., 2002. Permafrost, active-layer dynamics and periglacial environments of continental Antarctica: periglacial and permafrost research in the Southern Hemisphere. South African Journal of Science 98: 82-90.

Bulavintsev, V., Golovkin, A., Denisova, A., 1993. Snow petrel as a prospective subject of combined ecological monitoring in the Antarctic. Antarktika. Doklady komissii 31: 167-178. [in Russian]

Campbell, I. B., Claridge, G., 1987. Antarctica: Soils, weathering processes and environment. Volume 16, 1st Edition.  Elsevier. 367p.

Campbell, I.B., Claridge, G.G.C., Campbell, D.I., Balks, M.R., 1998. The Soil Environment of the Mcmurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. In: Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert: the Mcmurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Priscu J.C. (Ed.). American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. USA. pp.297-322.

Dolgikh A.V., Mergelov N.S., Abramov A.A., Lupachev A.V., Goryachkin S.V., 2015. Soils of Enderby Land. In: The Soils of Antarctica. In: Bockheim, J.G. (Ed.). World Soils Book Series. Springer, Cham. pp.45-65.

Emslie, S.D., Polito, M.J., Brasso, R., Patterson, W.P, Sun, L., 2014. Ornithogenic soils and the paleoecology of pygoscelid penguins in Antarctica. Quaternary International 352: 4-15.

Gibson, J., 2000. The environment of the Bunger Hills. Unpublished report, Australian Antarctic Division, Hobart.

Glazovskaya, M., 1958. Weathering and primary soil formation in Antarctica. Nauchnyye Doklady Vysshey Shkoly, Geologo-Geograficheskiye nauki 1: 63-76. [in Russian]

Gorban, V.A., 2015. Ecological soil physics as section of ecological soil science. Ecology and Noospherology 26: 96-105.

Goryachkin, S.V., Mergelov, N.S., Targulian, V.O., 2019. Extreme pedology: elements of theory and methodological approaches. Eurasian Soil Science 52(1): 1-13.

Heine, J.C, Speir, T.W., 1989. Ornithogenic soils of the Cape Bird Adelie penguin rookeries, Antarctica. Polar Biology 10: 89-99.

Hiller, A., Hermichen, W.D., Wand, U., 1995. Radiocarbon-dated subfossil stomach oil deposits from petrel nesting sites: novel paleoenvironmental records from continental Antarctica. Radiocarbon 37(2): 171-180.

Hopkins, D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Novis, P.M., Gregorich, E.G., Elberling, B., Greenfield, L.G., 2006. Controls on the distribution of productivity and organic resources in Antarctic Dry Valley soils. Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences 273(1602): 2687-2695.

Jackson, C.E., Saeger, Jr, C.M., 1935. Use of the pipette method in the fineness test of molding sand. Part of Journal of Research of the N. Ational Bureau of Standards 14(1): 59-65.

Janssen, B.H., 1996. Nitrogen mineralization in relation to C:N ratio and decomposability of organic materials. In: Progress in Nitrogen Cycling Studies. Van Cleemput, O., Hofman, G., Vermoesen, A. (Eds.). Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences. vol 68. Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 69-75.

Jenkinson, D.S., Powlson, D.S., 1976. The effects of biocidal treatments on metabolism in soil—V: A method for measuring soil biomass. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 8(3): 209-213.

Kachinskiy, N.A., 1958. Mechanical and micro-aggregate composition of soil, methods of its study. Academy of science USSR, Moscow. 193p. [in Russian]

Kostova, I., Apostolova, D., Filcheva, E., Klain, L., Popov, M., 2015. Geochemical composition and properties of Antarctic soil samples from Livingston Island. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski”, Part I, Geology and Geophysics 58: 107-116.

Leishman, M.R., Gibson, J.A.E, Gore, D.B., 2020. Spatial distribution of birds and terrestrial plants in Bunger Hills. Antarctic Science 32(2): 153-166.

Lepane, V., Künnis-Beres, K., Kaup, E., Sharma, B., 2018. Dissolved organic matter, nutrients, and bacteria in Antarctic soil core from Schirmacher Oasis. Journal of Soils and Sediments 18: 2715-2726.

Lou, Y., Xu, M., Chen, X., He, X., Zhao, K., 2012. Stratification of soil organic C, N and C:N ratio as affected by conservation tillage in two maize fields of China. Catena 95: 124-130.

Lupachev, A.V., Abakumov, E.V., 2013. Soils of Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica. Eurasian Soil Science 46: 994–1006.

Mergelov, N.S., 2014. Soils of wet valleys in the larsemann hills and vestfold hills oases (Princess Elizabeth land, east Antarctica). Eurasian Soil Science 47: 845-862.

Mergelov, N.S., Goryachkin, S.V., Shorkunov, I.G., Zazovskaya, E.P., Cherkinsky, A. ., 2012. Endolithic pedogenesis and rock varnish on massive crystalline rocks in East Antarctica. Eurasian Soil Science 45(10): 901-917.

Miller, A. J., Amundson, R., Burke, I., Yonker, C., 2004. The effect of climate and cultivation on soil organic C and N. Biogeochemistry 67: 57-72.

Nikitin, D. A., Semenov, M. V., 2020. Subaqual soils of Antarctica: conditions of formation and perspectives of microbiological research. Dokuchaev Soil Bulletin 102: 49-69. [in Russian]

Parnikoza, I., Abakumov, E., Dykyy, I., Pilipenko, D., Shvydun, P., Kozeretska, I., Kunakh, V., 2015. Influence of birds on the spatial distribution of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. on Galindez Island (Argentinean Islands, Coastal Antarctic). Biological Communications 1: 78-97. [in Russian]

Parnikoza, I., Dykyy, I., Ivanets, V., Kozeretska, I., Kunakh, V., Rozhok, A., Ochyra, R., Convey, P., 2012. Use of Deschampsia antarctica for nest building by the kelp gull in the Argentine Islands area (maritime Antarctica) and its possible role in plant dispersal. Polar Biology 35: 1753-1758.

Saul, D.J., Aislabie, J.M., Brown, C.E., Harris, L., Foght, J.M., 2005. Hydrocarbon contamination changes the bacterial diversity of soil from around Scott Base, Antarctica. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 53: 141-155.

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Abstract

The study focuses on the ornithogenic factor of soil formation in Antarctic conditions. Since the traditional soil formation processes in Antarctic conditions are very limited, the relevance of studying the role of the ornithogenic factor is increasing. This article provides a comparative study of nutrient content and values of some physico-chemical parameters between ornithogenic and non-ornithogenic soils sampled at terrestrial ecosystems of the Antarctic oasis Bunger Hills (Knox Coast, Wilkes Land). The levels of key biogenic elements content have been estimated with special reference to ornitogenic factor of soil formation. A high content of available forms of phosphorus and potassium in ornithogenic and non-ornithogenic soils was found. According to the results of statistical analysis, we can see that the content of nutritional elements has a close significant correlation relationship (p<0.05). The analysis of variance showed that the content of available phosphorus and potassium varies weakly between soils of ornithogenic and non-ornithogenic genesis. The greatest variability depending on soil-forming processes is noted for basal respiration, pH and available forms of nitrogen.

Keywords: Antarctic soils, ornitogenic soils, nutrients.

References

Abakumov, E., 2018. Content of available forms of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in ornithogenic and other soils of the Fildes Peninsula (King George Island, Western Antarctica). Biological Communications 63(2): 109-116.

Abakumov, E., Lodygin, E., Gabov, D., Krylenkov, V., 2014. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons content in Antarctica soils as exemplified by the Russian polar stations. Gigiena i sanitariia 1: 31-35. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E., Lupachev, A., Andreev, M., Wang, W., Ji, X., 2020a. The influence of brown and south polar skua on the content of plant nutrient in the soils from the Fildes Peninsula (King George Island, West Antarctica). Chemistry and Ecology 37(2): 185-199.

Abakumov, E.V., 2011. West Antarctic soils. St. Petersburg University Publishing House. 112p. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., 2014a. Micromorphological features of ornithogenic pedogenesis in Antarctica. The Russian Journal of Ornithology 23(1030): 2353-2357. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., 2014b. Zoogenic pedogenesis as the main biogenic soil process in Antarctica. The Russian Journal of Ornithology 23(1056): 3095-3107. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., 2019. Ornithogenic soils of Lindsey Island, Pacific Sector of West Antarctica. The Russian Journal of Ornithology 28(1748): 1341-1346. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., Andreev, M.P., Lupachev, A.V., Maximova, E.Y., Zhiyanski, M., Ilieva, R., 2019. Role of the South Pole Skua Catharacta maccormicki in the formation of the nutrient regime in the soils of the Fildes Peninsula (West Antarctica). The Russian Journal of Ornithology 28(1738): 945-952. [in Russian]

Abakumov, E.V., Parnikoza, I.Y., Vlasov, D.Y., Lupachev, A.V., 2016. Biogenic–abiogenic interaction in Antarctic ornithogenic soils. In: Biogenic—Abiogenic Interactions in Natural and Anthropogenic Systems Frank-Kamenetskaya, O., Panova, E., Vlasov, D. (Eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp.237-248.

Abakumov, E.V., Zhiyanski, M., Yaneva. R., 2020b. Ornithogenic factor in the formation of tundra vegetation and gray-humus soils on Livingston Island, West Antarctica. The Russian Journal of Ornithology 29(1903): 1360-1364. [in Russian]

Alekseev, A., Abakumov, E., 2020. Ornithogenic soils of Maritim Antarctica: genesis, chemical composition, organic matter. Integrated studies of the natural environment of the Arctic and Antarctic 1(1): 170-172 [in Russian]

Beyer, L., Pingpank, K., Wriedt, G., Bölter, M., 2000. Soil formation in coastal continental Antarctica (Wilkes Land). Geoderma 95: 283-304.

Black, C.A., 1965. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Properties, Including Statistics of Measurement and Sampling, Agronomy Monograph 9.1, American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Bockheim, J.G., 2014. Antarctic soil properties and soilscapes. In: Antarctic Terrestrial Microbiology. Cowan, D.A. (Ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp.293-315.

Bockheim, J.G., 2015 Soil-Forming Factors in Antarctica. In: The Soils of Antarctica. Bockheim, J.G. (Ed.) World Soils Book Series. Springer, Cham. pp.5-20.

Bockheim, J.G., Hall, K.J., 2002. Permafrost, active-layer dynamics and periglacial environments of continental Antarctica: periglacial and permafrost research in the Southern Hemisphere. South African Journal of Science 98: 82-90.

Bulavintsev, V., Golovkin, A., Denisova, A., 1993. Snow petrel as a prospective subject of combined ecological monitoring in the Antarctic. Antarktika. Doklady komissii 31: 167-178. [in Russian]

Campbell, I. B., Claridge, G., 1987. Antarctica: Soils, weathering processes and environment. Volume 16, 1st Edition.  Elsevier. 367p.

Campbell, I.B., Claridge, G.G.C., Campbell, D.I., Balks, M.R., 1998. The Soil Environment of the Mcmurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. In: Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert: the Mcmurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Priscu J.C. (Ed.). American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. USA. pp.297-322.

Dolgikh A.V., Mergelov N.S., Abramov A.A., Lupachev A.V., Goryachkin S.V., 2015. Soils of Enderby Land. In: The Soils of Antarctica. In: Bockheim, J.G. (Ed.). World Soils Book Series. Springer, Cham. pp.45-65.

Emslie, S.D., Polito, M.J., Brasso, R., Patterson, W.P, Sun, L., 2014. Ornithogenic soils and the paleoecology of pygoscelid penguins in Antarctica. Quaternary International 352: 4-15.

Gibson, J., 2000. The environment of the Bunger Hills. Unpublished report, Australian Antarctic Division, Hobart.

Glazovskaya, M., 1958. Weathering and primary soil formation in Antarctica. Nauchnyye Doklady Vysshey Shkoly, Geologo-Geograficheskiye nauki 1: 63-76. [in Russian]

Gorban, V.A., 2015. Ecological soil physics as section of ecological soil science. Ecology and Noospherology 26: 96-105.

Goryachkin, S.V., Mergelov, N.S., Targulian, V.O., 2019. Extreme pedology: elements of theory and methodological approaches. Eurasian Soil Science 52(1): 1-13.

Heine, J.C, Speir, T.W., 1989. Ornithogenic soils of the Cape Bird Adelie penguin rookeries, Antarctica. Polar Biology 10: 89-99.

Hiller, A., Hermichen, W.D., Wand, U., 1995. Radiocarbon-dated subfossil stomach oil deposits from petrel nesting sites: novel paleoenvironmental records from continental Antarctica. Radiocarbon 37(2): 171-180.

Hopkins, D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Novis, P.M., Gregorich, E.G., Elberling, B., Greenfield, L.G., 2006. Controls on the distribution of productivity and organic resources in Antarctic Dry Valley soils. Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences 273(1602): 2687-2695.

Jackson, C.E., Saeger, Jr, C.M., 1935. Use of the pipette method in the fineness test of molding sand. Part of Journal of Research of the N. Ational Bureau of Standards 14(1): 59-65.

Janssen, B.H., 1996. Nitrogen mineralization in relation to C:N ratio and decomposability of organic materials. In: Progress in Nitrogen Cycling Studies. Van Cleemput, O., Hofman, G., Vermoesen, A. (Eds.). Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences. vol 68. Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 69-75.

Jenkinson, D.S., Powlson, D.S., 1976. The effects of biocidal treatments on metabolism in soil—V: A method for measuring soil biomass. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 8(3): 209-213.

Kachinskiy, N.A., 1958. Mechanical and micro-aggregate composition of soil, methods of its study. Academy of science USSR, Moscow. 193p. [in Russian]

Kostova, I., Apostolova, D., Filcheva, E., Klain, L., Popov, M., 2015. Geochemical composition and properties of Antarctic soil samples from Livingston Island. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski”, Part I, Geology and Geophysics 58: 107-116.

Leishman, M.R., Gibson, J.A.E, Gore, D.B., 2020. Spatial distribution of birds and terrestrial plants in Bunger Hills. Antarctic Science 32(2): 153-166.

Lepane, V., Künnis-Beres, K., Kaup, E., Sharma, B., 2018. Dissolved organic matter, nutrients, and bacteria in Antarctic soil core from Schirmacher Oasis. Journal of Soils and Sediments 18: 2715-2726.

Lou, Y., Xu, M., Chen, X., He, X., Zhao, K., 2012. Stratification of soil organic C, N and C:N ratio as affected by conservation tillage in two maize fields of China. Catena 95: 124-130.

Lupachev, A.V., Abakumov, E.V., 2013. Soils of Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica. Eurasian Soil Science 46: 994–1006.

Mergelov, N.S., 2014. Soils of wet valleys in the larsemann hills and vestfold hills oases (Princess Elizabeth land, east Antarctica). Eurasian Soil Science 47: 845-862.

Mergelov, N.S., Goryachkin, S.V., Shorkunov, I.G., Zazovskaya, E.P., Cherkinsky, A. ., 2012. Endolithic pedogenesis and rock varnish on massive crystalline rocks in East Antarctica. Eurasian Soil Science 45(10): 901-917.

Miller, A. J., Amundson, R., Burke, I., Yonker, C., 2004. The effect of climate and cultivation on soil organic C and N. Biogeochemistry 67: 57-72.

Nikitin, D. A., Semenov, M. V., 2020. Subaqual soils of Antarctica: conditions of formation and perspectives of microbiological research. Dokuchaev Soil Bulletin 102: 49-69. [in Russian]

Parnikoza, I., Abakumov, E., Dykyy, I., Pilipenko, D., Shvydun, P., Kozeretska, I., Kunakh, V., 2015. Influence of birds on the spatial distribution of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. on Galindez Island (Argentinean Islands, Coastal Antarctic). Biological Communications 1: 78-97. [in Russian]

Parnikoza, I., Dykyy, I., Ivanets, V., Kozeretska, I., Kunakh, V., Rozhok, A., Ochyra, R., Convey, P., 2012. Use of Deschampsia antarctica for nest building by the kelp gull in the Argentine Islands area (maritime Antarctica) and its possible role in plant dispersal. Polar Biology 35: 1753-1758.

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