Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 10, Issue 2, Apr 2021, Pages 87 - 95
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.824654
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.824654
Copyright © 2021 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Assessment of ecological state of Rostov zoo soil

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Kazeev,K., Zhadobin,A., Gobarova,A., Fedorenko,A., Kolesnikov,S., 2021. Assessment of ecological state of Rostov zoo soil. Eurasian J Soil Sci 10(2):87 - 95. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.824654
Kazeev,K.,Zhadobin,A.Gobarova,A.Fedorenko,A.,& Kolesnikov,S. Assessment of ecological state of Rostov zoo soil Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10(2):87 - 95. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.824654
Kazeev,K.,Zhadobin,A.Gobarova,A.Fedorenko,A., and ,Kolesnikov,S."Assessment of ecological state of Rostov zoo soil" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 10.2 (2021):87 - 95. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.824654
Kazeev,K.,Zhadobin,A.Gobarova,A.Fedorenko,A., and ,Kolesnikov,S. "Assessment of ecological state of Rostov zoo soil" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,10(Apr 2021):87 - 95 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.824654
K,Kazeev.A,Zhadobin.A,Gobarova.A,Fedorenko.S,Kolesnikov "Assessment of ecological state of Rostov zoo soil" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.10, no.2, pp.87 - 95 (Apr 2021), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.824654
Kazeev,Kamil ;Zhadobin,Alexander ;Gobarova,Anna ;Fedorenko,Anastasia ;Kolesnikov,Sergey Assessment of ecological state of Rostov zoo soil. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2021),10.2:87 - 95. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.824654

How to cite

Kazeev, K., Zhadobin, A., Gobarova, A., Fedorenko, A., Kolesnikov, S., 2021. Assessment of ecological state of Rostov zoo soil. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 10(2): 87 - 95. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.824654

Author information

Kamil Kazeev , Southern Federal University, Academy of Biology and Biotechnology D.I. Ivanovsky, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Alexander Zhadobin , Rostov-on-Don Zoo, st. Zoological, 3, Rostov-on-Don, 344039, Russia
Anna Gobarova , Southern Federal University, Academy of Biology and Biotechnology D.I. Ivanovsky, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Anastasia Fedorenko , Southern Federal University, Academy of Biology and Biotechnology D.I. Ivanovsky, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Sergey Kolesnikov , Southern Federal University, Academy of Biology and Biotechnology D.I. Ivanovsky, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia

Publication information

Article first published online : 11 Nov 2020
Manuscript Accepted : 07 Nov 2020
Manuscript Received: 15 Jun 2020
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.824654
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.824654

Abstract

A comparative study of ecological and biological parameters of soils of the Rostov-on-Don Zoo was carried out in 2017-2020. Monitoring sites were studied in areas of various purpose: aviaries with different animals, recreation area, park area. The control plot was a relatively undisturbed park section in the territory of the zoo. Different sites revealed heterogeneity of ecological conditions and soil properties. The most significant difference was in the physical properties of soils. Density, penetration resistance, and soil structure were degraded in aviaries with large animals: rhinos, zebras, deer. Using methods of bioindication, the degree of change in the soil of aviaries was determined compared with the soil of the control plot. The abundance of nitrogen-fixing bacteria of the Azotobacter genus was reduced in the soils of aviaries with zebras, rams, rhinos and giraffe due to the artificial addition of sand to the soil for the purpose of improvement of its physical properties. The activity of soil enzymes (urease and dehydrogenases) was significantly increased in the soils of aviaries due to their contamination with animal excretory products. A particularly high increase was in urease (up to 7.4 times relative to the control soil). The main problems of the topsoil of the zoo are overconsolidation, structural degradation, organic pollution, change in biological activity. The degree of change depends on the size of aviaries, the size and activity of animals and soil amelioration aimed at regulating physical properties of the soil.

Keywords

Bioindication, biology activity, chernozem, soil health, soil quality.

Corresponding author

References

Akay, A., Sert, D., 2020. The effects of whey application on the soil biological properties and plant growth. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9(4): 349-355.

AZA, 2016. Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Available at [Access date: 17.09.2016]: https://www.aza.org/

Barrios, E., 2007. Soil biota, ecosystem services and land productivity. Ecological Economics 64(2): 269-285.

Bezuglova, O.S., Tagiverdiev, S.S., Gorbov, S.N., 2018. Physical properties of urban soils in Rostov agglomeration. Eurasian Soil Science 51(9): 1105-1110.

Bünemann, E.K., Bongiorno, G., Bai, Z., Creamer, R.E.,  De Deyn, G.,  Goede, R., Fleskens, L., Geissen, V., Kuyper, T.W., Mäder, P., Pulleman, M.,  Sukkel, W., van Groenigen, J.W., Brussaard, L. 2018. Soil quality – A critical review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 120: 105-125.

Burns, R.G., DeForest, J.L., Jürgen, M., Sinsabaugh, R.L., Stromberger, M.E., Wallenstein, M.D., Weintraub, M.N., Zoppini, A., 2013. Soil enzymes in a changing environment: Current knowledge and future directions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 58: 216-234.

Buzmakov, S.A., Kostyleva, N.V., Sorokina, T.V. 2014. About an assessment of emissions of atmosphere from future Perm zoo. Geographical Bulletin 4 (31): 67-74.

Conrad, C.C., Stanford, K., Narvaez-Bravo, C., Neumann, N.F., Munns, K., Tymensen, L., Jokinen, C., McAllister, T.A., 2018. Zoonotic fecal pathogens and antimicrobial resistance in canadian petting zoos. Microorganisms 6(3): 70.

Gorbov, S.N., Bezuglova, O.S., 2014. Specific features of organic matter in urban soils of Rostov-on-Don. Eurasian Soil Science 47 (8): 792-800.

Gorbov, S.N., Bezuglova, O.S., Varduni, T.V., Gorovtsov, A.V., Tagiverdiev, S.S., Hildebrant, Y.A., 2015. Genotoxicity and contamination of natural and anthropogenically transformed soils of the city of Rostov-on-Don with heavy metals. Eurasian Soil Science 48(12): 1383-1392.

Gustin, P.N., Kelley, D.C., 1971. A survey of zoo aviaries for the presence of Histoplasma capsulatum and Cryptococcus neoformans. Mycopathologia et mycologia applicata 45(2): 93-102.

Hillenbrand, M., Thompson, R., Wang, F., Apfelbaum, S., Teagu, R., 2019. Impacts of holistic planned grazing with bison compared to continuous grazing with cattle in South Dakota shortgrass prairie. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 279: 156-168.

Ivashchenko, K., Ananyeva, N., Vasenev, V., Sushko, S., Seleznyov, A., Kudeyarov, V., 2019. Microbial C-availability and organic matter decomposition in urban soils of megapolis depend on functional zoning. Soil & Environment 38(1): 31-41.

Karlen, D.L., Veum, K.S., Sudduth, K.A., Obrycki, J.F., Nunes, M.R. 2019. Soil Health assessment: Past accomplishments, current activities, and future opportunities. Soil and Tillage Research 195: 104365.

Kazeev, K.S., Kozun, Y.S., Kolesnikov, S.I., 2015. Applying an integral index to evaluate the spatial differentiation of biological properties of soils along an aridity gradient in the south of Russia. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 8 (1): 91-98.

Kazeev, K.S., Kutrovskii, M.A., Dadenko, E.V., Kolesnikov, S.I., Val'kov, V.F., 2012. The influence of carbonates in parent rocks on the biological properties of mountain soils of the Northwest Caucasus region. Eurasian Soil Science 45(3): 282-289.

Kazeev, K.Sh., Kolesnikov, S.I., Akimenko, Yu.V., Dadenko, E.V., 2016. Methods of bio-diagnostics of terrestrial ecosystems. Southern Federal University. Rostov-on-Don, Russia. 356p. [In Russian].

Kazeev, K.Sh., Odabashian, M.Yu., Trushkov, A.V., Kolesnikov, S.I., 2020. Assessment of the influence of pyrogenic factors on the biological properties of chernozems. Eurasian Soil Science 53(11): 1610-1619.

Kazeev, K.Sh., Zhadobin, A.V., Barbashev, A.I., Akimenko, Yu.V., Kolesnikov, S.I., 2018. Ecological state of the soil at the Rostov-on-Don zoo. 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology (SGEM). Conference Proceedings 18: 119-126.

Kolesnikov, S.I., Timoshenko, A.N., Kazeev, K.S., Akimenko, Y.V., Soldatov, A.V., 2019. Comparison of ecotoxicity of nickel and iron oxides and their nanoforms. Rasayan Journal of Chemistry 12(2): 549-553.

Kuznetsov V.A., Ryzhova I.M., Stoma G.V. 2019. Transformation of forest ecosystems in Moscow megapolis under recreational impacts. Eurasian Soil Science 52(5): 584-592.

Martinez-Mera, E., Torregroza, A.C., Garcia, A.V., Geronimo, L.R., 2017. Relationship between soil physicochemical characteristics and nitrogen-fixing bacteria in agricultural soils of the Atlántico department, Colombia. Soil & Environment 36(2): 174-181.

Mellelo, E., Samuilova, E.O., Denisov, T.S., Martynova, D.M., Olekhnovich, R.O., 2019. Influence of the bentonite-containing acrylic humectant composite on the soil microflora. Agronomy Research 17(4): 1960-1968.

Momirović, N., Kadović, R., Perović, V., Marjanović, M., Baumgertel, A., 2019. Spatial assessment of the areas sensitive to degradation in the rural area of the municipality Čukarica. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 7(1): 71-80.

Priekulis, J., Melece, L., Laurs, A., 2019. Most appropriate measures for reducing ammonia emissions in Latvia’s pig and poultry housing.  Agronomy Research 17(3): 797-805.

Qasim, S., Gul, S., Hussain, M., Fayyaz, S., Sarfraz, H., Gulbano A., Muhammad, R., Syed, Y., Shah, Q., 2017. Influence of grazing exclosure on vegetation biomass and soil quality. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 5(1): 62-68.

Raiesi, F., Kabiri, V., 2016. Identification of soil quality indicators for assessing the effect of different tillage practices through a soil quality index in a semi-arid environment. Ecological Indicators 71: 198-207.

Sato, C.F., Strong, C.L., Holliday, P., Florance, D., Pierson, J., Lindenmayer, D.B., 2019. Environmental and grazing management drivers of soil condition. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 276: 1-7.

Schwilch, G., Bernet, L., Fleskens, L., Giannakis, E., Leventon, J., Maranon, T., Mills, J., Short, C., Stolte, J., van Delden, H., Verzandvoort, S., 2016. Operationalizing ecosystem services for the mitigation of soil threats: a proposed framework. Ecological Indicators 67: 586-597.

Sinsabaugh, R.L., Lauber, C.L., Weintraub, M.N., Ahmed, B., Allison, S.D., Crenshaw, C., Contosta, A.R., Cusack, D., Frey, S., Gallo, M.E., Gartner, T.B.,  Hobbie, S.E., Holland, K., Keeler, B.L., Powers, J.S., Stursova, M., Takacs‐Vesbach, C., Waldrop, M.P., Wallenstein, M.D., Zak, D.R., Zeglin, L.H., 2008. Stoichiometry of soil enzyme activity at global scale. Ecology Letters 11(11): 1252-1264.

Stankevica, K., Vincevica-Gaile, Z., Klavins, M. 2019. Role of humic substances in agriculture and variability of their content in freshwater lake sapropel. Agronomy Research 17(3): 850-861.

Tao, X., Cui, J., Dai, Y., Wang, Z., Xu, X., 2016. Soil respiration responses to soil physiochemical properties in urban different green-lands: A case study in Hefei, China. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 4(3): 224-229.

Tesfay, F., Kibret, K., Gebrekirstos, A., Hadigu, K.M., 2020. Changes in selected soil properties across a chronosequence of exclosures in the central dry lowlands of Ethiopia. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9(2): 173-185.

Yertayeva, Z., Kızılkaya, R., Kaldybayev, S., Seitkali, N., Abdraimova, N., Zhamangarayeva, A.i 2019. Changes in biological soil quality indicators under saline soil condition after amelioration with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cultivation in meadow Solonchak. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(3): 189-195.

Yurkova, N.E., Yurkov, A.M., Smagin, A.V., 2009. Ecological status of soils in Moscow Zoo. Eurasian Soil Science 42(3): 342-348.

Abstract

A comparative study of ecological and biological parameters of soils of the Rostov-on-Don Zoo was carried out in 2017-2020. Monitoring sites were studied in areas of various purpose: aviaries with different animals, recreation area, park area. The control plot was a relatively undisturbed park section in the territory of the zoo. Different sites revealed heterogeneity of ecological conditions and soil properties. The most significant difference was in the physical properties of soils. Density, penetration resistance, and soil structure were degraded in aviaries with large animals: rhinos, zebras, deer. Using methods of bioindication, the degree of change in the soil of aviaries was determined compared with the soil of the control plot. The abundance of nitrogen-fixing bacteria of the Azotobacter genus was reduced in the soils of aviaries with zebras, rams, rhinos and giraffe due to the artificial addition of sand to the soil for the purpose of improvement of its physical properties. The activity of soil enzymes (urease and dehydrogenases) was significantly increased in the soils of aviaries due to their contamination with animal excretory products. A particularly high increase was in urease (up to 7.4 times relative to the control soil). The main problems of the topsoil of the zoo are overconsolidation, structural degradation, organic pollution, change in biological activity. The degree of change depends on the size of aviaries, the size and activity of animals and soil amelioration aimed at regulating physical properties of the soil.

Keywords: Bioindication, biology activity, chernozem, soil health, soil quality.

References

Akay, A., Sert, D., 2020. The effects of whey application on the soil biological properties and plant growth. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9(4): 349-355.

AZA, 2016. Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Available at [Access date: 17.09.2016]: https://www.aza.org/

Barrios, E., 2007. Soil biota, ecosystem services and land productivity. Ecological Economics 64(2): 269-285.

Bezuglova, O.S., Tagiverdiev, S.S., Gorbov, S.N., 2018. Physical properties of urban soils in Rostov agglomeration. Eurasian Soil Science 51(9): 1105-1110.

Bünemann, E.K., Bongiorno, G., Bai, Z., Creamer, R.E.,  De Deyn, G.,  Goede, R., Fleskens, L., Geissen, V., Kuyper, T.W., Mäder, P., Pulleman, M.,  Sukkel, W., van Groenigen, J.W., Brussaard, L. 2018. Soil quality – A critical review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 120: 105-125.

Burns, R.G., DeForest, J.L., Jürgen, M., Sinsabaugh, R.L., Stromberger, M.E., Wallenstein, M.D., Weintraub, M.N., Zoppini, A., 2013. Soil enzymes in a changing environment: Current knowledge and future directions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 58: 216-234.

Buzmakov, S.A., Kostyleva, N.V., Sorokina, T.V. 2014. About an assessment of emissions of atmosphere from future Perm zoo. Geographical Bulletin 4 (31): 67-74.

Conrad, C.C., Stanford, K., Narvaez-Bravo, C., Neumann, N.F., Munns, K., Tymensen, L., Jokinen, C., McAllister, T.A., 2018. Zoonotic fecal pathogens and antimicrobial resistance in canadian petting zoos. Microorganisms 6(3): 70.

Gorbov, S.N., Bezuglova, O.S., 2014. Specific features of organic matter in urban soils of Rostov-on-Don. Eurasian Soil Science 47 (8): 792-800.

Gorbov, S.N., Bezuglova, O.S., Varduni, T.V., Gorovtsov, A.V., Tagiverdiev, S.S., Hildebrant, Y.A., 2015. Genotoxicity and contamination of natural and anthropogenically transformed soils of the city of Rostov-on-Don with heavy metals. Eurasian Soil Science 48(12): 1383-1392.

Gustin, P.N., Kelley, D.C., 1971. A survey of zoo aviaries for the presence of Histoplasma capsulatum and Cryptococcus neoformans. Mycopathologia et mycologia applicata 45(2): 93-102.

Hillenbrand, M., Thompson, R., Wang, F., Apfelbaum, S., Teagu, R., 2019. Impacts of holistic planned grazing with bison compared to continuous grazing with cattle in South Dakota shortgrass prairie. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 279: 156-168.

Ivashchenko, K., Ananyeva, N., Vasenev, V., Sushko, S., Seleznyov, A., Kudeyarov, V., 2019. Microbial C-availability and organic matter decomposition in urban soils of megapolis depend on functional zoning. Soil & Environment 38(1): 31-41.

Karlen, D.L., Veum, K.S., Sudduth, K.A., Obrycki, J.F., Nunes, M.R. 2019. Soil Health assessment: Past accomplishments, current activities, and future opportunities. Soil and Tillage Research 195: 104365.

Kazeev, K.S., Kozun, Y.S., Kolesnikov, S.I., 2015. Applying an integral index to evaluate the spatial differentiation of biological properties of soils along an aridity gradient in the south of Russia. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 8 (1): 91-98.

Kazeev, K.S., Kutrovskii, M.A., Dadenko, E.V., Kolesnikov, S.I., Val'kov, V.F., 2012. The influence of carbonates in parent rocks on the biological properties of mountain soils of the Northwest Caucasus region. Eurasian Soil Science 45(3): 282-289.

Kazeev, K.Sh., Kolesnikov, S.I., Akimenko, Yu.V., Dadenko, E.V., 2016. Methods of bio-diagnostics of terrestrial ecosystems. Southern Federal University. Rostov-on-Don, Russia. 356p. [In Russian].

Kazeev, K.Sh., Odabashian, M.Yu., Trushkov, A.V., Kolesnikov, S.I., 2020. Assessment of the influence of pyrogenic factors on the biological properties of chernozems. Eurasian Soil Science 53(11): 1610-1619.

Kazeev, K.Sh., Zhadobin, A.V., Barbashev, A.I., Akimenko, Yu.V., Kolesnikov, S.I., 2018. Ecological state of the soil at the Rostov-on-Don zoo. 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology (SGEM). Conference Proceedings 18: 119-126.

Kolesnikov, S.I., Timoshenko, A.N., Kazeev, K.S., Akimenko, Y.V., Soldatov, A.V., 2019. Comparison of ecotoxicity of nickel and iron oxides and their nanoforms. Rasayan Journal of Chemistry 12(2): 549-553.

Kuznetsov V.A., Ryzhova I.M., Stoma G.V. 2019. Transformation of forest ecosystems in Moscow megapolis under recreational impacts. Eurasian Soil Science 52(5): 584-592.

Martinez-Mera, E., Torregroza, A.C., Garcia, A.V., Geronimo, L.R., 2017. Relationship between soil physicochemical characteristics and nitrogen-fixing bacteria in agricultural soils of the Atlántico department, Colombia. Soil & Environment 36(2): 174-181.

Mellelo, E., Samuilova, E.O., Denisov, T.S., Martynova, D.M., Olekhnovich, R.O., 2019. Influence of the bentonite-containing acrylic humectant composite on the soil microflora. Agronomy Research 17(4): 1960-1968.

Momirović, N., Kadović, R., Perović, V., Marjanović, M., Baumgertel, A., 2019. Spatial assessment of the areas sensitive to degradation in the rural area of the municipality Čukarica. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 7(1): 71-80.

Priekulis, J., Melece, L., Laurs, A., 2019. Most appropriate measures for reducing ammonia emissions in Latvia’s pig and poultry housing.  Agronomy Research 17(3): 797-805.

Qasim, S., Gul, S., Hussain, M., Fayyaz, S., Sarfraz, H., Gulbano A., Muhammad, R., Syed, Y., Shah, Q., 2017. Influence of grazing exclosure on vegetation biomass and soil quality. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 5(1): 62-68.

Raiesi, F., Kabiri, V., 2016. Identification of soil quality indicators for assessing the effect of different tillage practices through a soil quality index in a semi-arid environment. Ecological Indicators 71: 198-207.

Sato, C.F., Strong, C.L., Holliday, P., Florance, D., Pierson, J., Lindenmayer, D.B., 2019. Environmental and grazing management drivers of soil condition. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 276: 1-7.

Schwilch, G., Bernet, L., Fleskens, L., Giannakis, E., Leventon, J., Maranon, T., Mills, J., Short, C., Stolte, J., van Delden, H., Verzandvoort, S., 2016. Operationalizing ecosystem services for the mitigation of soil threats: a proposed framework. Ecological Indicators 67: 586-597.

Sinsabaugh, R.L., Lauber, C.L., Weintraub, M.N., Ahmed, B., Allison, S.D., Crenshaw, C., Contosta, A.R., Cusack, D., Frey, S., Gallo, M.E., Gartner, T.B.,  Hobbie, S.E., Holland, K., Keeler, B.L., Powers, J.S., Stursova, M., Takacs‐Vesbach, C., Waldrop, M.P., Wallenstein, M.D., Zak, D.R., Zeglin, L.H., 2008. Stoichiometry of soil enzyme activity at global scale. Ecology Letters 11(11): 1252-1264.

Stankevica, K., Vincevica-Gaile, Z., Klavins, M. 2019. Role of humic substances in agriculture and variability of their content in freshwater lake sapropel. Agronomy Research 17(3): 850-861.

Tao, X., Cui, J., Dai, Y., Wang, Z., Xu, X., 2016. Soil respiration responses to soil physiochemical properties in urban different green-lands: A case study in Hefei, China. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 4(3): 224-229.

Tesfay, F., Kibret, K., Gebrekirstos, A., Hadigu, K.M., 2020. Changes in selected soil properties across a chronosequence of exclosures in the central dry lowlands of Ethiopia. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 9(2): 173-185.

Yertayeva, Z., Kızılkaya, R., Kaldybayev, S., Seitkali, N., Abdraimova, N., Zhamangarayeva, A.i 2019. Changes in biological soil quality indicators under saline soil condition after amelioration with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cultivation in meadow Solonchak. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 8(3): 189-195.

Yurkova, N.E., Yurkov, A.M., Smagin, A.V., 2009. Ecological status of soils in Moscow Zoo. Eurasian Soil Science 42(3): 342-348.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science