Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 7, Issue 3, Jul 2018, Pages 230 - 237
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.424989
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.424989
Copyright © 2018 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Trace minerals pollution in south indian branded tea, and from the tea waste disposal sites

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Ramarajan,S., Susila,S., Tamilselvi,D., Vasanthy,M., 2018. Trace minerals pollution in south indian branded tea, and from the tea waste disposal sites. Eurasian J Soil Sci 7(3):230 - 237. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.424989
Ramarajan,S.Susila,S.Tamilselvi,D.,& Vasanthy,M. (2018). Trace minerals pollution in south indian branded tea, and from the tea waste disposal sites Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7(3):230 - 237. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.424989
Ramarajan,S.Susila,S.Tamilselvi,D., and ,Vasanthy,M. "Trace minerals pollution in south indian branded tea, and from the tea waste disposal sites" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7.3 (2018):230 - 237. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.424989
Ramarajan,S.Susila,S.Tamilselvi,D., and ,Vasanthy,M. "Trace minerals pollution in south indian branded tea, and from the tea waste disposal sites" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,7(Jul 2018):230 - 237 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.424989
S,Ramarajan.S,Susila.D,Tamilselvi.M,Vasanthy "Trace minerals pollution in south indian branded tea, and from the tea waste disposal sites" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.7, no.3, pp.230 - 237 (Jul 2018), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.424989
Ramarajan,Selvam ;Susila,Sugumar ;Tamilselvi,Duraisamy ;Vasanthy,Muthunarayanan Trace minerals pollution in south indian branded tea, and from the tea waste disposal sites. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2018),7.3:230 - 237. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.424989

How to cite

Ramarajan, S., Susila, S., Tamilselvi, D., Vasanthy, M., 2018. Trace minerals pollution in south indian branded tea, and from the tea waste disposal sites. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 7(3): 230 - 237. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.424989

Author information

Selvam Ramarajan , Department of Environmental Biotechnology, School of Environmental Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
Sugumar Susila , Department of Environmental Biotechnology, School of Environmental Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
Duraisamy Tamilselvi , Department of Environmental Biotechnology, School of Environmental Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
Muthunarayanan Vasanthy , Department of Environmental Biotechnology, School of Environmental Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India

Publication information

Article first published online : 18 May 2018
Manuscript Accepted : 14 May 2018
Manuscript Received: 05 Dec 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.424989
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.424989

Abstract

We aim to quantify heavy metals in tea powders (packed and used), tea waste disposal sites and in the soil away from the site of disposal and to isolate the bacteria from both the soil sample. Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS) analysis revealed chromium in the samples collected from Thanjavur (0.12 mg/kg) and Tiruchirappalli (4.77 mg/kg). The quantity of Copper was between 0.14 mg/kg and 0.97 mg/kg Namakkal and Erode samples respectively. We also found trace levels of other heavy metals. The spatial map distribution patterns of selected Physico-chemical parameters like pH, EC, Alkalinity, Total carbon in the disposal sites were presented. Some of the metal-intolerant strains isolated from the disposal sites became resistant. Further investigation would unravel the possible mechanism behind Chromium reduction by the selected isolates.

Keywords

Toxic metal, tea powder, AAS, spatial map, chromium, biosorption.

Corresponding author

References

Abbas, A., Edwards, C., 1989. Effects of metals on a range of Streptomyces species. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 55(8): 2030-2035.

APHA, 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (Vol. 2). American Public Health Association, Washington, USA.

Bruins, M.R., Kapil, S., Oehme, F.W., 2000. Microbial resistance to metals in the environment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 45(3): 198-207.

Demirbas, A., 2008. Heavy metal adsorption onto agro-based waste materials: A review.  Journal of Hazardous Materials  157(2-3): 220-229.

Fernández-Cáceres, P.L., Martín, M.J., Pablos, F., González, A.G., 2001. Differentiation of tea (Camellia sinensis) varieties and their geographical origin according to their metal content. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49(10): 4775-4779.

Goyal, N., Jain, S.C., Banerjee, U.C., 2003. Comparative studies on the microbial adsorption of heavy metals. Advances in Environmental Research 7(2): 311-319.

Han, W.Y., Zhao, F.J., Shi, Y.Z., Ma, L.F., Ruan, J.Y., 2006. Scale and causes of lead contamination in Chinese tea. Environmental Pollution 139(1): 125-132.

Madrid, Y.i Cámara, C., 1997. Biological substrates for metal preconcentration and speciation. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 16(1): 36-44.

Mani, D., Kumar, C., 2014. Biotechnological advances in bioremediation of heavy metals contaminated ecosystems: an overview with special reference to phytoremediation. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 11(3): 843-872.

Muntean, N., Muntean, E., Creta, C., Duda, M., 2013. Heavy metals in some commercial herbal teas. ProEnvironment 6: 591-594.

Parker, R., 2009. Plant & Soil Science: Fundamentals & Applications. Delmar Cengage Learning, New York, USA. 779p.

Sadeghi, O., Tavassoli, N., Amini, M.M., Ebrahimzadeh, H., Daei, N., 2011. Pyridine-functionalized mesoporous silica as an adsorbent material for the determination of nickel and lead in vegetables grown in close proximity by electrothermal atomic adsorption spectroscopy. Food Chemistry 127(1): 364-368.

Seenivasan, S., Manikandan, N., Muraleedharan, N.N., Selvasundaram, R., 2008. Heavy metal content of black teas from south India. Food Control 19(8): 746-749.

Shen, F.M., Chen, H.W., 2008. Element composition of tea leaves and tea infusions and its impact on health. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 80(3): 300-304.  

Singh, A., Sharma, R.K., Agrawal, M., Marshall, F.M., 2010. Risk assessment of heavy metal toxicity through contaminated vegetables from waste water irrigated area of Varanasi, India. Tropical Ecology 51(2): 375-387.

Tchounwou, P.B., Centeno, J.A., Patlolla, A.K., 2004. Arsenic toxicity, mutagenesis, and carcinogenesis–a health risk assessment and management approach. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 255(1-2): 47-55.

Tchounwou, P.B., Yedjou, C.G., Patlolla, A.K., Sutton, D.J., 2012. Heavy metal toxicity and the environment. In: Molecular, clinical and environmental toxicology, Volume 3 Environmental Toxicology. Luch, A. (Ed.).  Springer, New York, USA. pp. 133-164.

Veglio, F., Beolchini, F., 1997. Removal of metals by biosorption: a review. Hydrometallurgy 44(3): 301-316.

Wang, X.P., Ma, Y.J., Xu, Y.C., 2008. Studies on contents of arsenic, selenium, mercury and bismuth in tea samples collected from different regions by atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi= Guang pu 28(7): 1653-1657. [in Chinese]

Xin, J., Huang, B., Yang, Z., Yuan, J., Dai, H., Qiu, Q., 2010. Responses of different water spinach cultivars and their hybrid to Cd, Pb and Cd–Pb exposures. Journal of Hazardous Materials 175(1): 468-476.

Yedjou, C.G. and Tchounwou, P.B., 2006. Oxidative stress in human leukemia (HL-60), human liver carcinoma (HepG2), and human (Jurkat-T) cells exposed to arsenic trioxide. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Metal Ions in Biology and Medicine Held. Lisboa, Portugal. 21-24 May 2006. pp. 298.

Yedjou, C.G., Tchounwou, P.B., 2007. In-vitro cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of arsenic trioxide on human leukemia (HL-60) cells using the MTT and alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (Comet) assays. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 301(1-2): 123-130.

Abstract

We aim to quantify heavy metals in tea powders (packed and used), tea waste disposal sites and in the soil away from the site of disposal and to isolate the bacteria from both the soil sample. Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS) analysis revealed chromium in the samples collected from Thanjavur (0.12 mg/kg) and Tiruchirappalli (4.77 mg/kg). The quantity of Copper was between 0.14 mg/kg and 0.97 mg/kg Namakkal and Erode samples respectively. We also found trace levels of other heavy metals. The spatial map distribution patterns of selected Physico-chemical parameters like pH, EC, Alkalinity, Total carbon in the disposal sites were presented. Some of the metal-intolerant strains isolated from the disposal sites became resistant. Further investigation would unravel the possible mechanism behind Chromium reduction by the selected isolates.

Keywords: Toxic metal, tea powder, AAS, spatial map, chromium, biosorption.

References

Abbas, A., Edwards, C., 1989. Effects of metals on a range of Streptomyces species. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 55(8): 2030-2035.

APHA, 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (Vol. 2). American Public Health Association, Washington, USA.

Bruins, M.R., Kapil, S., Oehme, F.W., 2000. Microbial resistance to metals in the environment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 45(3): 198-207.

Demirbas, A., 2008. Heavy metal adsorption onto agro-based waste materials: A review.  Journal of Hazardous Materials  157(2-3): 220-229.

Fernández-Cáceres, P.L., Martín, M.J., Pablos, F., González, A.G., 2001. Differentiation of tea (Camellia sinensis) varieties and their geographical origin according to their metal content. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49(10): 4775-4779.

Goyal, N., Jain, S.C., Banerjee, U.C., 2003. Comparative studies on the microbial adsorption of heavy metals. Advances in Environmental Research 7(2): 311-319.

Han, W.Y., Zhao, F.J., Shi, Y.Z., Ma, L.F., Ruan, J.Y., 2006. Scale and causes of lead contamination in Chinese tea. Environmental Pollution 139(1): 125-132.

Madrid, Y.i Cámara, C., 1997. Biological substrates for metal preconcentration and speciation. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 16(1): 36-44.

Mani, D., Kumar, C., 2014. Biotechnological advances in bioremediation of heavy metals contaminated ecosystems: an overview with special reference to phytoremediation. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 11(3): 843-872.

Muntean, N., Muntean, E., Creta, C., Duda, M., 2013. Heavy metals in some commercial herbal teas. ProEnvironment 6: 591-594.

Parker, R., 2009. Plant & Soil Science: Fundamentals & Applications. Delmar Cengage Learning, New York, USA. 779p.

Sadeghi, O., Tavassoli, N., Amini, M.M., Ebrahimzadeh, H., Daei, N., 2011. Pyridine-functionalized mesoporous silica as an adsorbent material for the determination of nickel and lead in vegetables grown in close proximity by electrothermal atomic adsorption spectroscopy. Food Chemistry 127(1): 364-368.

Seenivasan, S., Manikandan, N., Muraleedharan, N.N., Selvasundaram, R., 2008. Heavy metal content of black teas from south India. Food Control 19(8): 746-749.

Shen, F.M., Chen, H.W., 2008. Element composition of tea leaves and tea infusions and its impact on health. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 80(3): 300-304.  

Singh, A., Sharma, R.K., Agrawal, M., Marshall, F.M., 2010. Risk assessment of heavy metal toxicity through contaminated vegetables from waste water irrigated area of Varanasi, India. Tropical Ecology 51(2): 375-387.

Tchounwou, P.B., Centeno, J.A., Patlolla, A.K., 2004. Arsenic toxicity, mutagenesis, and carcinogenesis–a health risk assessment and management approach. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 255(1-2): 47-55.

Tchounwou, P.B., Yedjou, C.G., Patlolla, A.K., Sutton, D.J., 2012. Heavy metal toxicity and the environment. In: Molecular, clinical and environmental toxicology, Volume 3 Environmental Toxicology. Luch, A. (Ed.).  Springer, New York, USA. pp. 133-164.

Veglio, F., Beolchini, F., 1997. Removal of metals by biosorption: a review. Hydrometallurgy 44(3): 301-316.

Wang, X.P., Ma, Y.J., Xu, Y.C., 2008. Studies on contents of arsenic, selenium, mercury and bismuth in tea samples collected from different regions by atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi= Guang pu 28(7): 1653-1657. [in Chinese]

Xin, J., Huang, B., Yang, Z., Yuan, J., Dai, H., Qiu, Q., 2010. Responses of different water spinach cultivars and their hybrid to Cd, Pb and Cd–Pb exposures. Journal of Hazardous Materials 175(1): 468-476.

Yedjou, C.G. and Tchounwou, P.B., 2006. Oxidative stress in human leukemia (HL-60), human liver carcinoma (HepG2), and human (Jurkat-T) cells exposed to arsenic trioxide. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Metal Ions in Biology and Medicine Held. Lisboa, Portugal. 21-24 May 2006. pp. 298.

Yedjou, C.G., Tchounwou, P.B., 2007. In-vitro cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of arsenic trioxide on human leukemia (HL-60) cells using the MTT and alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (Comet) assays. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 301(1-2): 123-130.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science