Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 4, Issue 2, Apr 2015, Pages 111 - 117
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.42200
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.42200
Copyright © 2015 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



How the sorption of benzene in soils contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons is affected by the presence of biofuels

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Carvalho,M., Vila,M., Rohden,F., Rosas,M., Dias,J., Oliva-Teles,T., Danko,A., Delerue-Matos,C., Fiuza,A., 2015. How the sorption of benzene in soils contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons is affected by the presence of biofuels. Eurasian J Soil Sci 4(2):111 - 117. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.42200
Carvalho,M.Vila,M.,Rohden,F.Rosas,M.Dias,J.Oliva-Teles,T.Danko,A.Delerue-Matos,C.,& Fiuza,A. How the sorption of benzene in soils contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons is affected by the presence of biofuels Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.42200
Carvalho,M.Vila,M.,Rohden,F.Rosas,M.Dias,J.Oliva-Teles,T.Danko,A.Delerue-Matos,C., and ,Fiuza,A."How the sorption of benzene in soils contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons is affected by the presence of biofuels" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.42200
Carvalho,M.Vila,M.,Rohden,F.Rosas,M.Dias,J.Oliva-Teles,T.Danko,A.Delerue-Matos,C., and ,Fiuza,A. "How the sorption of benzene in soils contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons is affected by the presence of biofuels" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.42200
MM,Carvalho.MC,Vila.F,Rohden.M,Rosas.J,Dias.T,Oliva-Teles.A,Danko.C,Delerue-Matos.A,Fiuza "How the sorption of benzene in soils contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons is affected by the presence of biofuels" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.42200
Carvalho,Maria ;Vila,Maria ;Rohden,Fernanda ;Rosas,Mónica ;Dias,Joana ;Oliva-Teles,Teresa ;Danko,Anthony ;Delerue-Matos,Cristina ;Fiuza,António How the sorption of benzene in soils contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons is affected by the presence of biofuels. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.42200

How to cite

Carvalho, M., M. Vila, M., C. Rohden, F., C. Rosas, M., C. Dias, J., C. Oliva-Teles, T., C. Danko, A., C. Delerue-Matos, C., C. Fiuza, A., C.2015. How the sorption of benzene in soils contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons is affected by the presence of biofuels. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 4(2): 111 - 117. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.42200

Author information

Maria Carvalho , CIGAR, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal & REQUIMTE, Institute of Engineering of Porto, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal
Maria Vila , CIGAR, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal
Fernanda Rohden , CIGAR, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal
Mónica Rosas , CIGAR, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal
Joana Dias , LEPABE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal
Teresa Oliva-Teles , REQUIMTE, Institute of Engineering of Porto, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal
Anthony Danko , CIGAR, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal
Cristina Delerue-Matos , REQUIMTE, Institute of Engineering of Porto, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal
António Fiuza , CIGAR, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal

Publication information

Issue published online: 01 Apr 2015
Article first published online : 04 Feb 2015
Manuscript Accepted : 10 Jan 2015
Manuscript Received: 11 Aug 2014
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.42200
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.42200

Abstract

The increasing use of biofuels as additives to gasoline may have potential indirect effects on the efficiency of soil remediation technologies used to remediate fuel spills. This problem has not yet been studied. Sorption is one of the controlling processes in soil remediation. The effect of biofuels on sorption and phase distribution of contaminants by different natural soils has not been reported on the literature. The present work examines how two different biofuels, n-butanol and soybean biodiesel, affect benzene sorption in two naturally occurring subsoils (granite and limestone). Sorption isotherms were made with soils deliberately contaminated with benzene, benzene and n-butanol and benzene plus biodiesel, using lab-scale reactors operated at constant temperature, each one loaded with 700 grams of wet sterilized soil. For each type of soil, five isotherms were determined corresponding to different contamination profiles. It was concluded that sorption was strongly affected by the nature of the soil. The partition of benzene into the different phases of the soil was significantly affected by the presence of biofuels. The experimental data was fitted to conventional sorption models, Freundlich, Langmuir and a second order polynomial. Model parameters were determined using a non-linear least squares (NLLS) optimization algorithm and showed a good agreement between experimental and fitted data.

Keywords

Sorption, soils, benzene, biofuels

Corresponding author

References

Albergaria, J.T., Alvim-Ferraz, M.C., Delrue-Matos, C., 2010. Estimation of pollutant partition in sandy soils with different water contents. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 171:171-180

Albergaria, J.T., Alvim-Ferraz, M.C., Delrue-Matos, C., 2012. Remediation of sandy soils contaminated with hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons by soil vapour extraction. Journal of Environmental Management 104:195-201

Cheng, H., Hu, E., Hu, Y., 2012. Impact of mineral micropores on transport and fate of organic contaminants: A review. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 129-130:80-90

Dias, J.M., Alvim-Ferraz, M.C.M., Almeida, M.F., 2008. Comparison of the performance of different homogeneous alkali catalysts during transesterification of waste and virgin oils and evaluation of biodiesel quality. Fuel 87:3572-3578.

Indumathy, J., Cupples, A.M., 2013. Effect of isobutanol on toluene biodegradation in nitrate amended, sulfate amended and methanogenic enrichment microcosms. Biodegradation 24:657-663

Kinniburgh, D.G., 1986. General purpose adsorption isotherms. Environmental Science and Technology 20(9): 895-904

Mariano, A.P., Tomasella, R.C., Di Martino, C., Maciel Filho, R., Regali Seleghim, M.H., Contiero, J., de Angelis, D.D.F., 2009. Aerobic biodegradation of butanol and gasoline blends. Biomass Bioenergy 33(9):1175–1181

Mariano, A.P., Tomasella, R.C., Di Martino, C., Morais, E.B., Maciel Filho, R., Regali Seleghim, M.H., Contiero, J., Tauk Tornisielo, S.M., de Angelis, D.D.F., 2010. Aerobic biodegradation of butanol and diesel oil blends. African Journal of Biotechnology 9(42):7094–7101

Perry, R., Green, D., 1984. Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook (6th edition), McGraw-Hill.

Schaefer, C.E., Yang, X., Pelz, D., Tsao, D.T., Streger, S.H., Steffan, R.J., 2010. Aerobic biodegradation of iso-butanol and ethanol and their relative effects on BTEX biodegradation in aquifer materials. Chemosphere 81: 1104-1110

Ugwoha, E., Andresen, J.M., 2013. Impact of soil organic matter on the sorption and phase distribution of 20% butanol-blended gasoline in the vadose zone. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering 5(9):506-514

Weber, W.J., Digiano, F.A., 1996. Process dynamics in environmental systems. John Wiley & Sons inc., New York.

Abstract
The increasing use of biofuels as additives to gasoline may have potential indirect effects on the efficiency of soil remediation technologies used to remediate fuel spills.  This problem has not yet been studied. Sorption is one of the controlling processes in soil remediation. The effect of biofuels on sorption and phase distribution of contaminants by different natural soils has not been reported on the literature. The present work examines how two different biofuels, n-butanol and soybean biodiesel, affect benzene sorption in two naturally occurring subsoils (granite and limestone). Sorption isotherms were made with soils deliberately contaminated with benzene, benzene and n-butanol and benzene plus biodiesel, using lab-scale reactors operated at constant temperature, each one loaded with 700 grams of wet sterilized soil. For each type of soil, five isotherms were determined corresponding to different contamination profiles. It was concluded that sorption was strongly affected by the nature of the soil. The partition of benzene into the different phases of the soil was significantly affected by the presence of biofuels. The experimental data was fitted to conventional sorption models, Freundlich, Langmuir and a second order polynomial. Model parameters were determined using a non-linear least squares (NLLS) optimization algorithm and showed a good agreement between experimental and fitted data.

Keywords: Sorption, soils, benzene, biofuels

References

Albergaria, J.T., Alvim-Ferraz, M.C., Delrue-Matos, C., 2010. Estimation of pollutant partition in sandy soils with different water contents. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 171:171-180

Albergaria, J.T., Alvim-Ferraz, M.C., Delrue-Matos, C., 2012. Remediation of sandy soils contaminated with hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons by soil vapour extraction. Journal of Environmental Management 104:195-201

Cheng, H., Hu, E., Hu, Y., 2012. Impact of mineral micropores on transport and fate of organic contaminants: A review. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 129-130:80-90

Dias, J.M., Alvim-Ferraz, M.C.M., Almeida, M.F., 2008. Comparison of the performance of different homogeneous alkali catalysts during transesterification of waste and virgin oils and evaluation of biodiesel quality. Fuel 87:3572-3578.

Indumathy, J., Cupples, A.M., 2013. Effect of isobutanol on toluene biodegradation in nitrate amended, sulfate amended and methanogenic enrichment microcosms. Biodegradation 24:657-663

Kinniburgh, D.G., 1986. General purpose adsorption isotherms. Environmental Science and Technology 20(9): 895-904

Mariano, A.P., Tomasella, R.C., Di Martino, C., Maciel Filho, R., Regali Seleghim, M.H., Contiero, J., de Angelis, D.D.F., 2009. Aerobic biodegradation of butanol and gasoline blends. Biomass Bioenergy 33(9):1175–1181

Mariano, A.P., Tomasella, R.C., Di Martino, C., Morais, E.B., Maciel Filho, R., Regali Seleghim, M.H., Contiero, J., Tauk Tornisielo, S.M., de Angelis, D.D.F., 2010. Aerobic biodegradation of butanol and diesel oil blends. African Journal of Biotechnology 9(42):7094–7101

Perry, R., Green, D., 1984. Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook (6th edition), McGraw-Hill.

Schaefer, C.E., Yang, X., Pelz, D., Tsao, D.T., Streger, S.H., Steffan, R.J., 2010. Aerobic biodegradation of iso-butanol and ethanol and their relative effects on BTEX biodegradation in aquifer materials. Chemosphere 81: 1104-1110

Ugwoha, E., Andresen, J.M., 2013. Impact of soil organic matter on the sorption and phase distribution of 20% butanol-blended gasoline in the vadose zone. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering 5(9):506-514

Weber, W.J., Digiano, F.A., 1996. Process dynamics in environmental systems. John Wiley & Sons inc., New York.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science