Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 7, Issue 2, Apr 2018, Pages 121 - 132
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.376250
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.376250
Copyright © 2018 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Amending triple superphosphate with chicken litter biochar improves phosphorus availability

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Asap,A., Haruna,A., Majid,N., Ali,M., 2018. Amending triple superphosphate with chicken litter biochar improves phosphorus availability. Eurasian J Soil Sci 7(2):121 - 132. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.376250
Asap,A.Haruna,A.,Majid,N.,& Ali,M. Amending triple superphosphate with chicken litter biochar improves phosphorus availability Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7(2):121 - 132. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.376250
Asap,A.Haruna,A.,Majid,N., and ,Ali,M."Amending triple superphosphate with chicken litter biochar improves phosphorus availability" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7.2 (2018):121 - 132. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.376250
Asap,A.Haruna,A.,Majid,N., and ,Ali,M. "Amending triple superphosphate with chicken litter biochar improves phosphorus availability" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,7(Apr 2018):121 - 132 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.376250
A,Asap.A,Haruna.N,Majid.M,Ali "Amending triple superphosphate with chicken litter biochar improves phosphorus availability" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.7, no.2, pp.121 - 132 (Apr 2018), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.376250
Asap,Audrey ;Haruna,Ahmed Osumanu ;Majid,Nik Muhamad Ab. ;Ali,Maru Amending triple superphosphate with chicken litter biochar improves phosphorus availability. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2018),7.2:121 - 132. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.376250

How to cite

Asap, A., Haruna, A., Majid, N., Ali, M., 2018. Amending triple superphosphate with chicken litter biochar improves phosphorus availability. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 7(2): 121 - 132. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.376250

Author information

Audrey Asap , Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus, Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia
Ahmed Osumanu Haruna , Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus, Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia & Borneo Eco-Science Research Centre, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus, Bintulu, arawak, Mal
Nik Muhamad Ab. Majid , Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Maru Ali , Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Publication information

Article first published online : 03 Dec 2017
Manuscript Accepted : 18 Sep 2017
Manuscript Received: 09 Jul 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.376250
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.376250

Abstract

The reaction of H2PO42- and HPO4- with Al and Fe in acid soils to form a precipitate reduces P availability. Chicken litter biochar has been used to improve soil P availability for maize production but with limited information on optimum rates of biochar and Triple Superphosphate (TSP) to increase P availability. This study determined the optimum amount of chicken litter biochar and TSP that could increase P availability. Different rates of chicken litter biochar and TSP were evaluated in an incubation study for 30, 60, and 90 days. Selected soil chemical properties before and after incubation were determined using standard procedures. Soil pH, total P, available P, and water soluble P increased in treatments with 75% and 50% biochar. Total acidity, exchangeable Al3+, and Fe2+ were significantly reduced by the chicken litter biochar. The chicken litter biochar also increased soil CEC and exchangeable cations (K, Ca, Mg and Na). The use of 75% and 50% of 5 t ha-1 biochar with 25% TSP of the existing recommendation can be used to increase P availability whilst minimizing soil Al and Fe content. This rates can be used to optimize chicken litter biochar and TSP use in acid soils for crop production especially maize and short term vegetables.

Keywords

Incubation period, interaction, optimization, phosphorus fertilizers, phosphorus fixation, tropical

Corresponding author

References

Adnan, A., Mavinic, D.S., Koch, F.A., 2003. Pilot-scale study of phosphorus recovery through struvite crystallization- examining to process feasibility. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science 2(5): 315-324.

Bernas, B., 1968. New method for decomposition and comprehensive analysis of silicates by atomic absorption spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 40(11): 1682-1686.

Bouyoucos, G.J., 1962. Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils. Agronomy Journal 54(5): 464-465.

Bremner, J.M., 1965. Total Nitrogen. In: Method of Soil Analysis, Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Black, C.A. et al. (Eds.) American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 1149-1178.

Ch’ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., 2014a. Improving phosphorus availability in an acid soil using organic amendments produced from agroindustrial wastes. The Scientific World Journal Article ID 506356.

Ch’ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., 2014b. Biochar and compost influence the phosphorus availability, nutrients uptake, and growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in tropical acid soil. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 51(4): 797-806.

Ch'ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., 2016a. Improving phosphorus availability, nutrient uptake and dry matter production of Zea mays L. on a tropical acid soil using poultry manure biochar and pineapple leaves compost. Experimental Agriculture 52(3): 447-465.

Ch'ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., 2016b. Minimizing phosphorus sorption and leaching in a tropical acid soil using Egypt rock phosphate with organic amendments. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 99(2): 176-185.

Ch'ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., Jalloh, M.B., 2016c. Reducing soil phosphorus fixation to improve yield of maize on a tropical acid soil using compost and biochar derived from agro-industrial wastes. Compost Science & Utilization 25(2): 82-94.

Chefetz, B., Hatcher, P.H., Hadar, Y., Chen, Y., 1996. Chemical and biological characterization of organic matter during composting of municipal solid waste. Journal of Environmental Quality 25(4): 776-785.

Chen, Y., Clapp, C.E., Magen, H., 2004. Mechanisms of plant growth stimulation by humic substances: The role of organo-iron complexes. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 50(7): 1089-1095.

Cheng, C.H., Lehmann, J., Engelhard, M.H., 2008. Natural oxidation of black carbon in soils: Changes in molecular form and surface charge along a climosequence. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72(6): 1598-1610.

Dixon, R.K., Wisniewski, J., 1995. Global forest systems: an uncertain response to atmospheric pollutants and global climate change. Water Air Soil Pollution 85(1): 101-110.

FAO, 1980. Soil testing and plant testing as a basis of fertilizer recommendation. FAO Soils Bulletin No.38/2. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available at [access date: 09.07.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar118e/ar118e.pdf

Haynes, R.J., Mokolobate, M.S., 2001. Amelioration of Al toxicity and P deficiency in acid soils by additions of organic residues: a critical review of the phenomenon and the mechanisms involved. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 59(1): 47-63.

Jiao, Y., Whalen, J. K., & Hendershot, W. H. 2007. Phosphate sorption and release in a sandy-loam soil as influenced by fertilizer sources. Soil Science Society of America Journal 71(1): 118-124.

Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI). 1993. Jagung manis baru (new sweet corn): masmadu. MARDI, Kuala Lumpur.

Mehlich, A., 1953. Determination of P, Ca, Mg, K, Na and NH4. Short Test Methods Used in Soil Testing Division, Department of Agriculture, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. Available at [access date: 09.07.2017]: http://www.ncagr.gov/agronomi/pdffiles/mehlich53.pdf

Mkhabela, M.S., Warman, P.R., 2005. The influence of municipal solid waste compost on yield, soil phosphorus availability and uptake by two vegetable crops grown in a Pugwash sandy loam soil in Nova Scotia. Agriculture, Ecosystem & Environment 106(1): 57-67.

Murphy, J., Riley, J.P., 1962. A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta 27:31-36.

Myers, R.J.K., De Pauw, E., 1995. Strategies for the management of soil acidity. In: Plant-soil interaction at low pH: Principles and management. Date, R.A., Grundon, N.J., Rayment, G.E., Probert, M.E., (Eds). Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands: pp. 729-741.

Narambuye, F.X., Haynes, R.J., 2006. Effect of organic amendments on soil pH and Al solubility and use of laboratory indices to predict their liming effect. Soil Science 171(10): 754-763.

Peech, H.M., 1965. Hydrogen-ion Activity. In: Method of Soil Analysis, Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Black, C.A. et al. (Eds.) American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp 914 – 926.

Rahman, Z.A., Gikonyo, E., Silek, B., Goh, K.J., Soltangheis, A., 2014. Evaluation of phosphate rock sources and rate of application on oil palm yield grown on peat soils of Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Agronomy 13 (1): 12-22.

Rowell, D., 1994. Soil Science: Methods and Applications. Longman Group UK Limited, UK. 350p.

SAS, 2011. SAS/STAT Software. SAS Institute, (2nd ed.) Cary, NC.16. Cary, NC, USA

Soil Survey Staff, 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 12th edition. USDA-NRCS (United States Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service), USA. 360p. Available at [access date: 09.07.2017]:  https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/PA_NRCSConsumption/download?cid=stelprdb1252094&ext=pdf

Sparling, G.P., McLay, C.D.A., Tang, C., Raphael, C., 1999. Effect of short-term legume residue decomposition on soil acidity. Australian Journal of Soil Research 37(3): 561-573.

Tan, K.H., 2005. Soil Sampling, Preparation and Analysis, (2nd edition), CRC Press, USA. 672p.

Abstract

The reaction of H2PO42- and HPO4- with Al and Fe in acid soils to form a precipitate reduces P availability. Chicken litter biochar has been used to improve soil P availability for maize production but with limited information on optimum rates of biochar and Triple Superphosphate (TSP) to increase P availability. This study determined the optimum amount of chicken litter biochar and TSP that could increase P availability. Different rates of chicken litter biochar and TSP were evaluated in an incubation study for 30, 60, and 90 days. Selected soil chemical properties before and after incubation were determined using standard procedures. Soil pH, total P, available P, and water soluble P increased in treatments with 75% and 50% biochar. Total acidity, exchangeable Al3+, and Fe2+ were significantly reduced by the chicken litter biochar. The chicken litter biochar also increased soil CEC and exchangeable cations (K, Ca, Mg and Na). The use of 75% and 50% of 5 t ha-1 biochar with 25% TSP of the existing recommendation can be used to increase P availability whilst minimizing soil Al and Fe content. This rates can be used to optimize chicken litter biochar and TSP use in acid soils for crop production especially maize and short term vegetables.

Keywords: Incubation period, interaction, optimization, phosphorus fertilizers, phosphorus fixation, tropical acid soils.

References

Adnan, A., Mavinic, D.S., Koch, F.A., 2003. Pilot-scale study of phosphorus recovery through struvite crystallization- examining to process feasibility. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science 2(5): 315-324.

Bernas, B., 1968. New method for decomposition and comprehensive analysis of silicates by atomic absorption spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 40(11): 1682-1686.

Bouyoucos, G.J., 1962. Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils. Agronomy Journal 54(5): 464-465.

Bremner, J.M., 1965. Total Nitrogen. In: Method of Soil Analysis, Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Black, C.A. et al. (Eds.) American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 1149-1178.

Ch’ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., 2014a. Improving phosphorus availability in an acid soil using organic amendments produced from agroindustrial wastes. The Scientific World Journal Article ID 506356.

Ch’ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., 2014b. Biochar and compost influence the phosphorus availability, nutrients uptake, and growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in tropical acid soil. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 51(4): 797-806.

Ch'ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., 2016a. Improving phosphorus availability, nutrient uptake and dry matter production of Zea mays L. on a tropical acid soil using poultry manure biochar and pineapple leaves compost. Experimental Agriculture 52(3): 447-465.

Ch'ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., 2016b. Minimizing phosphorus sorption and leaching in a tropical acid soil using Egypt rock phosphate with organic amendments. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 99(2): 176-185.

Ch'ng, H.Y., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.A., Jalloh, M.B., 2016c. Reducing soil phosphorus fixation to improve yield of maize on a tropical acid soil using compost and biochar derived from agro-industrial wastes. Compost Science & Utilization 25(2): 82-94.

Chefetz, B., Hatcher, P.H., Hadar, Y., Chen, Y., 1996. Chemical and biological characterization of organic matter during composting of municipal solid waste. Journal of Environmental Quality 25(4): 776-785.

Chen, Y., Clapp, C.E., Magen, H., 2004. Mechanisms of plant growth stimulation by humic substances: The role of organo-iron complexes. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 50(7): 1089-1095.

Cheng, C.H., Lehmann, J., Engelhard, M.H., 2008. Natural oxidation of black carbon in soils: Changes in molecular form and surface charge along a climosequence. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72(6): 1598-1610.

Dixon, R.K., Wisniewski, J., 1995. Global forest systems: an uncertain response to atmospheric pollutants and global climate change. Water Air Soil Pollution 85(1): 101-110.

FAO, 1980. Soil testing and plant testing as a basis of fertilizer recommendation. FAO Soils Bulletin No.38/2. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available at [access date: 09.07.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar118e/ar118e.pdf

Haynes, R.J., Mokolobate, M.S., 2001. Amelioration of Al toxicity and P deficiency in acid soils by additions of organic residues: a critical review of the phenomenon and the mechanisms involved. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 59(1): 47-63.

Jiao, Y., Whalen, J. K., & Hendershot, W. H. 2007. Phosphate sorption and release in a sandy-loam soil as influenced by fertilizer sources. Soil Science Society of America Journal 71(1): 118-124.

Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI). 1993. Jagung manis baru (new sweet corn): masmadu. MARDI, Kuala Lumpur.

Mehlich, A., 1953. Determination of P, Ca, Mg, K, Na and NH4. Short Test Methods Used in Soil Testing Division, Department of Agriculture, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. Available at [access date: 09.07.2017]: http://www.ncagr.gov/agronomi/pdffiles/mehlich53.pdf

Mkhabela, M.S., Warman, P.R., 2005. The influence of municipal solid waste compost on yield, soil phosphorus availability and uptake by two vegetable crops grown in a Pugwash sandy loam soil in Nova Scotia. Agriculture, Ecosystem & Environment 106(1): 57-67.

Murphy, J., Riley, J.P., 1962. A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta 27:31-36.

Myers, R.J.K., De Pauw, E., 1995. Strategies for the management of soil acidity. In: Plant-soil interaction at low pH: Principles and management. Date, R.A., Grundon, N.J., Rayment, G.E., Probert, M.E., (Eds). Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands: pp. 729-741.

Narambuye, F.X., Haynes, R.J., 2006. Effect of organic amendments on soil pH and Al solubility and use of laboratory indices to predict their liming effect. Soil Science 171(10): 754-763.

Peech, H.M., 1965. Hydrogen-ion Activity. In: Method of Soil Analysis, Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Black, C.A. et al. (Eds.) American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp 914 – 926.

Rahman, Z.A., Gikonyo, E., Silek, B., Goh, K.J., Soltangheis, A., 2014. Evaluation of phosphate rock sources and rate of application on oil palm yield grown on peat soils of Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Agronomy 13 (1): 12-22.

Rowell, D., 1994. Soil Science: Methods and Applications. Longman Group UK Limited, UK. 350p.

SAS, 2011. SAS/STAT Software. SAS Institute, (2nd ed.) Cary, NC.16. Cary, NC, USA

Soil Survey Staff, 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 12th edition. USDA-NRCS (United States Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service), USA. 360p. Available at [access date: 09.07.2017]:  https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/PA_NRCSConsumption/download?cid=stelprdb1252094&ext=pdf

Sparling, G.P., McLay, C.D.A., Tang, C., Raphael, C., 1999. Effect of short-term legume residue decomposition on soil acidity. Australian Journal of Soil Research 37(3): 561-573.

Tan, K.H., 2005. Soil Sampling, Preparation and Analysis, (2nd edition), CRC Press, USA. 672p.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science