Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 7, Issue 2, Apr 2018, Pages 115 - 120
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.348412
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.348412
Copyright © 2018 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Relationships between soil properties, topography and land use in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey

X

Article first published online: 01 Nov 2017 | How to cite | Additional Information (Show All)

Author information | Publication information | Export Citiation (Plain Text | BibTeX | EndNote | RefMan)

CLASSICAL | APA | MLA | TURABIAN | IEEE | ISO 690

Abstract | References | Article (XML) | Article (HTML) | PDF | 135 | 451

Karaca,S., Gülser,F., 2018. Relationships between soil properties, topography and land use in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey. Eurasian J Soil Sci 7(2):115 - 120. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.348412
Karaca,S.,,& Gülser,F. Relationships between soil properties, topography and land use in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7(2):115 - 120. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.348412
Karaca,S.,, and ,Gülser,F."Relationships between soil properties, topography and land use in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7.2 (2018):115 - 120. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.348412
Karaca,S.,, and ,Gülser,F. "Relationships between soil properties, topography and land use in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,7(Apr 2018):115 - 120 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.348412
S,Karaca.F,Gülser "Relationships between soil properties, topography and land use in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.7, no.2, pp.115 - 120 (Apr 2018), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.348412
Karaca,Siyami ;Gülser,Füsun Relationships between soil properties, topography and land use in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2018),7.2:115 - 120. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.348412

How to cite

Karaca, S., Gülser, F., 2018. Relationships between soil properties, topography and land use in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 7(2): 115 - 120. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.348412

Author information

Siyami Karaca , Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Van, Turkey Van, Turkey
Füsun Gülser , Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Van, Turkey

Publication information

Article first published online : 01 Nov 2017
Manuscript Accepted : 20 Oct 2017
Manuscript Received: 21 Jun 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.348412
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.348412

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between soil properties and different topography and land uses in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey. It has sharp and sheer slopes, and the big differences on altitude generally occur from the mountainous formations. Surface soil samples (0–20 cm) were taken from 40 different points with three different topography (backslope, footslope and terrace) and three different landuses (wheat, clover and pasture). Some of the studied soil properties (soil texture, electrical conductivity [EC], pH, lime content, organic matter content, macro and micro nutrients) changed in response to land use and topography. The clay, boron content, pH and EC values increased from the backslope to the terrace. Soil organic matter and EC values were lower in cultivated wheat and clover fields than in uncultivated pasture. The EC values had significant positive correlations with CaCO3, organic matter, K, B, Cu contents at 5% level and with Mg at 1% level statistically. The soil nutrient contents of cultivated wheat and clover fields were generally lower than the uncultivated pasture. The nutrient contents of soils in cultivated fields decreased due to nutrient uptake by crops. Soil texture, EC, pH, lime, organic matter and nutrient contents significantly varied in different topographic positions due to leaching, transporting and accumulation.

Keywords

Land use, nutrient, soil properties, topography.

Corresponding author

References

Aandahl, A.R.. 1948. The characterization of slope positions and their ınfluence on the total nitrogen content of a few Virgin soils of Western Iowa. Soil Science Society of America Journal 13: 449-454.

Barreto, R., Tsegaye, T., Coleman, T.L., Shaffer, D., Tadesse, W., 2000. Land use effect on the distribution of soil physical and chemical properties under tropical rainforests of Puerto Rico. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Taking the Pulse of the Planet: The Role of Remote Sensing in Managing the Environment. 24-28 July 2000, Honolulu Hawaii, USA.

Bhatti, A.U., Mulla, D.J., Frasier, B.E.. 1991. Estimation of soil properties and wheat yields on complex eroded hills using geostatistics and thematic mapper images. Remote Sensing of Environment 37(3): 181-191.

Birkeland, P.W., 1999. Soils and Geomorphology. 3rd Edition. Oxford University Press. New York, USA. 430p.

Black, C.A., 1965. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Properties, Including Statistics of Measurement and Sampling, Agronomy Monograph 9.1, American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Brubaker, S.C., Jones, A.J., Lewis, D.T., Frank, K., 1993. Soil properties associated with landscape positions. Soil Science Society of America Journal 57(1): 235-239.

Fu,B., Ma, K., Zhou, H., Chen, L., 1999. The effect of land use structure on the distribution of soil nutrients in the hilly area of the loess plateau, China. Chinese Science Bulletin 44(8): 732-736.

Gregorich, E.G., Anderson, D.W., 1985. Effects of cultivation and erosion on soils of four toposequences in the Canadian prairies. Geoderma 36(3-4): 343-354.

Garten, Jr. C.T., Ashwood, T.L., 2002. Landscape level differences in soil carbon and nitrogen: implications for soil carbon sequestration. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16(4): 61-1–61-14.

Gülser, C., 2004. A comparison of some physical and chemical soil quality indicators influenced by different crop species. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 7(6): 905-911.

Hontoria, C., Saa, A., Rodríguez-Murillo, J.C., 1999. Relationships between soil organic carbon and site characteristics in Peninsular Spain. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63(3): 614-621.

Kacar, B., 1994. Bitki ve Toprağın Kimyasal Analizleri III. Toprak Analizleri. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Eğitim Araştırma Ve Geliştirme Vakfı Yayınları No: 3, Ankara, Turkey. [in Turkish]

Lepsch, I.F., Menk, J.R.F., Oliveira, J.B., 1994. Carbon storage and other properties of soils under agriculture and natural vegetation in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Soil Use and Management 10(1): 34-42.

Malo, D.D., Worcester, B.K., Cassel, D.K., Matzdorf, K.D., 1974. Soil-landscape relationships in a closed drainage system. Soil Science Society of America Journal 38(5): 813-818.

Miller, P.M., Singer, M.J., Nielsen, D.R., 1988. Spatial variability of wheat yield and soil properties on complex hills. Soil Science Society of America Journal 52(4): 1133-1141.

Ovalles, F.A., Collins, M.E., 1986. Soil-landscape relationships and soil variability in north central Florida. Soil Science Society of America Journal 50(2): 401-408.

Steel, R.G.D., Tore, J.H., 1996. Principle and Procedures of Statistics. : A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Revised edition, Mc Graw-Hill Company, New York, USA. 666p.

Wang, J., Fu, B., Qiu, Y., Chen, L., 2001. Soil nutrients in relation to land use and landscape position in the semi-arid small catchment on the loess plateau in China. Journal of Arid Environment 48(4): 537-550.

Yoo, K., Amundson, R., Heimsath, A.M., Dietrich, W.E.. 2006. Spatial patterns of soil organic carbon on hillslopes: Integrating geomorphic processes and the biological C cycle. Geoderma 130(1-2): 47–65.

Young, F.J., Hammer, R.D., 2000. Soil–landform relationships on a loess-mantled upland landscape in Missouri. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64(4): 1443–1454.

Zheng, D., Hunt, Jr., E.R., Running, S.W., 1996. Comparison of available soil water capacity estimated from topography and soil series information. Landscape Ecology 11(1): 3-14.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between soil properties and different topography and land uses in the Van Lake Basin, Turkey. It has sharp and sheer slopes, and the big differences on altitude generally occur from the mountainous formations. Surface soil samples (0–20 cm) were taken from 40 different points with three different topography (backslope, footslope and terrace) and three different landuses (wheat, clover and pasture). Some of the studied soil properties (soil texture, electrical conductivity [EC], pH, lime content, organic matter content, macro and micro nutrients) changed in response to land use and topography. The clay, boron content, pH and EC values increased from the backslope to the terrace. Soil organic matter and EC values were lower in cultivated wheat and clover fields than in uncultivated pasture. The EC values had significant positive correlations with CaCO3, organic matter, K, B, Cu contents at 5% level and with Mg at 1% level statistically. The soil nutrient contents of cultivated wheat and clover fields were generally lower than the uncultivated pasture. The nutrient contents of soils in cultivated fields decreased due to nutrient uptake by crops. Soil texture, EC, pH, lime, organic matter and nutrient contents significantly varied in different topographic positions due to leaching, transporting and accumulation.

Keywords: Land use, nutrient, soil properties, topography.

References

Aandahl, A.R.. 1948. The characterization of slope positions and their ınfluence on the total nitrogen content of a few Virgin soils of Western Iowa. Soil Science Society of America Journal 13: 449-454.

Barreto, R., Tsegaye, T., Coleman, T.L., Shaffer, D., Tadesse, W., 2000. Land use effect on the distribution of soil physical and chemical properties under tropical rainforests of Puerto Rico. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Taking the Pulse of the Planet: The Role of Remote Sensing in Managing the Environment. 24-28 July 2000, Honolulu Hawaii, USA.

Bhatti, A.U., Mulla, D.J., Frasier, B.E.. 1991. Estimation of soil properties and wheat yields on complex eroded hills using geostatistics and thematic mapper images. Remote Sensing of Environment 37(3): 181-191.

Birkeland, P.W., 1999. Soils and Geomorphology. 3rd Edition. Oxford University Press. New York, USA. 430p.

Black, C.A., 1965. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Properties, Including Statistics of Measurement and Sampling, Agronomy Monograph 9.1, American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Brubaker, S.C., Jones, A.J., Lewis, D.T., Frank, K., 1993. Soil properties associated with landscape positions. Soil Science Society of America Journal 57(1): 235-239.

Fu,B., Ma, K., Zhou, H., Chen, L., 1999. The effect of land use structure on the distribution of soil nutrients in the hilly area of the loess plateau, China. Chinese Science Bulletin 44(8): 732-736.

Gregorich, E.G., Anderson, D.W., 1985. Effects of cultivation and erosion on soils of four toposequences in the Canadian prairies. Geoderma 36(3-4): 343-354.

Garten, Jr. C.T., Ashwood, T.L., 2002. Landscape level differences in soil carbon and nitrogen: implications for soil carbon sequestration. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16(4): 61-1–61-14.

Gülser, C., 2004. A comparison of some physical and chemical soil quality indicators influenced by different crop species. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 7(6): 905-911.

Hontoria, C., Saa, A., Rodríguez-Murillo, J.C., 1999. Relationships between soil organic carbon and site characteristics in Peninsular Spain. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63(3): 614-621.

Kacar, B., 1994. Bitki ve Toprağın Kimyasal Analizleri III. Toprak Analizleri. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Eğitim Araştırma Ve Geliştirme Vakfı Yayınları No: 3, Ankara, Turkey. [in Turkish]

Lepsch, I.F., Menk, J.R.F., Oliveira, J.B., 1994. Carbon storage and other properties of soils under agriculture and natural vegetation in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Soil Use and Management 10(1): 34-42.

Malo, D.D., Worcester, B.K., Cassel, D.K., Matzdorf, K.D., 1974. Soil-landscape relationships in a closed drainage system. Soil Science Society of America Journal 38(5): 813-818.

Miller, P.M., Singer, M.J., Nielsen, D.R., 1988. Spatial variability of wheat yield and soil properties on complex hills. Soil Science Society of America Journal 52(4): 1133-1141.

Ovalles, F.A., Collins, M.E., 1986. Soil-landscape relationships and soil variability in north central Florida. Soil Science Society of America Journal 50(2): 401-408.

Steel, R.G.D., Tore, J.H., 1996. Principle and Procedures of Statistics. : A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Revised edition, Mc Graw-Hill Company, New York, USA. 666p.

Wang, J., Fu, B., Qiu, Y., Chen, L., 2001. Soil nutrients in relation to land use and landscape position in the semi-arid small catchment on the loess plateau in China. Journal of Arid Environment 48(4): 537-550.

Yoo, K., Amundson, R., Heimsath, A.M., Dietrich, W.E.. 2006. Spatial patterns of soil organic carbon on hillslopes: Integrating geomorphic processes and the biological C cycle. Geoderma 130(1-2): 47–65.

Young, F.J., Hammer, R.D., 2000. Soil–landform relationships on a loess-mantled upland landscape in Missouri. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64(4): 1443–1454.

Zheng, D., Hunt, Jr., E.R., Running, S.W., 1996. Comparison of available soil water capacity estimated from topography and soil series information. Landscape Ecology 11(1): 3-14.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science