Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 7, Issue 2, Apr 2018, Pages 103 - 108
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.340719
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.340719
Copyright © 2018 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Soil carbon, nitrogen and texture dynamics at root zone and between plants in Riverine plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis

X

Article first published online: 29 Sep 2017 | How to cite | Additional Information (Show All)

Author information | Publication information | Export Citiation (Plain Text | BibTeX | EndNote | RefMan)

CLASSICAL | APA | MLA | TURABIAN | IEEE | ISO 690

Abstract | References | Article (XML) | Article (HTML) | PDF | 86 | 325

Mandal,R., Dutta,I., Jha,P., 2018. Soil carbon, nitrogen and texture dynamics at root zone and between plants in Riverine plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis. Eurasian J Soil Sci 7(2):103 - 108. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.340719
Mandal,R.,Dutta,I.,& Jha,P. Soil carbon, nitrogen and texture dynamics at root zone and between plants in Riverine plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7(2):103 - 108. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.340719
Mandal,R.,Dutta,I., and ,Jha,P."Soil carbon, nitrogen and texture dynamics at root zone and between plants in Riverine plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7.2 (2018):103 - 108. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.340719
Mandal,R.,Dutta,I., and ,Jha,P. "Soil carbon, nitrogen and texture dynamics at root zone and between plants in Riverine plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,7(Apr 2018):103 - 108 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.340719
R,Mandal.I,Dutta.P,Jha "Soil carbon, nitrogen and texture dynamics at root zone and between plants in Riverine plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.7, no.2, pp.103 - 108 (Apr 2018), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.340719
Mandal,Ram Asheshwar ;Dutta,Ishwar Chandra ;Jha,Pramod Kumar Soil carbon, nitrogen and texture dynamics at root zone and between plants in Riverine plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2018),7.2:103 - 108. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.340719

How to cite

Mandal, R., Dutta, I., Jha, P., 2018. Soil carbon, nitrogen and texture dynamics at root zone and between plants in Riverine plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 7(2): 103 - 108. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.340719

Author information

Ram Asheshwar Mandal , Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal Kirtipur, Nepal
Ishwar Chandra Dutta , Tribhuvan University Service Commission, Kirtipur, Nepal
Pramod Kumar Jha , Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal

Publication information

Article first published online : 29 Sep 2017
Manuscript Accepted : 18 Sep 2017
Manuscript Received: 01 Jul 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.340719
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.340719

Abstract

This research was objectively carried out to assess the dynamic of carbon, nitrogen and texture at root zone and location between plants. The plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis of Pragati community forest, Mahottari district, Nepal was selected for this study which was done in 2011. The stratified random sampling was applied to collect soil samples. Altogether 320 soil samples were collected from 0-10, 10-30, 30-60 and 60-90 cm depths. The result showed that soil carbon was about 8.16 t ha-1 at root zone which was only 7.56 t ha-1 at location between plants at 0-10cm depth in Phyllanthus emblica stratum. The soil carbon was the least nearly 2.08 t ha-1 at root zone which was 1.59 t ha-1 at location between plants in Eucalyptus camaldulensis stratum. The carbon percentage was the highest about 1.35% at root zone of Phyllanthus emblica stratum. However, the C/N ratio was the highest about 69:1 at location between plants of Dalbergia sissoo stratum. The texture of soil was loamy sand at root zone in Phyllanthus emblica, Acacia catechu and Dalbergia sissoo plantations while it was sandy at both root zone and between plants of Eucalyptus plantation. Plantations have significant effect on soil carbon and nitrogen at 95% confidence level.

Keywords

Root zone, plants carbon, nitrogen, soil texture

Corresponding author

References

Aderogba, K., Oredipe, M., Oderinde, S., Afelumo T. 2012. Challenges of poor drainage systems and floods in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education 2(3): 412–427.

Anderson, J.M., Ingram, J.S.I., 1993.  Tropical soil biology and fertility: A handbook of methods. 2nd edition. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 221p.

Aston, A.R., 1979. Rainfall interception by eight small trees. Journal of Hydrology 42(3-4): 383-396.

Buttle, J.M., Allen, D.M., Caissie, D., Davison, B., Masaki, H., Peters, D.L., Pomeroy, J.W., Simonovic, S., St-Hilaire, A., Whitfield, P.H., 2016. Flood processes in Canada: Regional and special aspects. Canadian Water Resources Journal 41(1-2): 7-30.

Davidson, H., 2014. Solomon Islands flash floods kill at least 21 people. The Guardian. Available at [access date: 02.07.2017]: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/07/solomon-islands-flash-floods-kill-at-least-19-people

Dawud, S.M., Vesterdal, L., Raulund-Rasmussen, K., 2017. Mixed-species effects on soil C and N stocks, C/N ratio and pH using a transboundary approachin adjacent common garden douglas-fir and beech stands. Forests 8(4): 95.

De Baets, S., Poesen, J., Knapen, A., Barberá, G. G., and Navarro, J. A., 2007: Root characteristics of representative Mediterranean plant species and their erosion-reducing potential during concentrated runoff. Plant and Soil 294(1-2): 169–183.

Doran, J.W., Zeiss, M.R., 2000. Soil health and sustainability: managing the biotic component of soil quality. Applied Soil Ecology 15(1): 3–11.

Du, H., Zeng, F., Peng, W., Wang, K., Zhang, H., Liu, L., Song, T., 2015. Carbon storage in a Eucalyptus plantation chronosequence in Southern China. Forests 6(6): 1763-1778.

Durán Zuazo, V.H., Rodríguez Pleguezuelo, C.R., 2008. Soil-erosion and runoff prevention by plant covers. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 28(1): 65–86.

Hofstede, R.G.M., Groenendijk, J.P., Coppus, R., Fehse, J.C., Sevink, J., 2002. Impact of pine plantations on soils and vegetation in the Ecuadorian high andes. Mountain Research and Development 22(2):159–167.

Holder, C.D., Gibbes, C., 2017. Influence of leaf and canopy characteristics on rainfall interception and urban hydrology. Hydrological Sciences Journal 62(2): 182-190.

IPCC, 2006. Good practice guidance for national greenhouse gas inventories. Chapter 4: Agriculture, Forestry, And Other Land Uses (AFOLU). Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland.

Karlen, D.L., Andrews, S.S., Doran, J.W.,  2001. Soil quality: Current concepts and applications. Advances in Agronomy 74: 1-40.

Karoshi, V.R., Nadagoudar, B.S., 2012. Forest plantations for climate change mitigation –reviewing estimates of net primary productivity in forest plantations. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 67(1): 157-162.

Kjeldahl, J. 1883. Neue Methode zur Bestimmung des Stickstoffs in organischen Körpern. Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie 22(1): 366-383.

Kooch,Y., Zoghi, Z., 2015. Comparison of soil fertility of Acer insigne, Quercus castaneifolia, and Pinus brutia stands in the Hyrcanian forests of Iran. Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology ( 5 ) : 899-905.

Kothari, C.R., 2004. Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques. New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, New Delhi, India. 284p.

Kundzewicz, Z.W., Kanae, S., Seneviratne, S.I., Handmer, J., Nicholls, N., Peduzzi, P., Mechler, R., Bouwer, L.M., Arnell, N., Mach, K., Muir-Wood, R., Brakenridge, G.R., Kron, W., Benito, G., Honda, Y., Takahashi, K., Sherstyukov, B., 2013. Flood risk and climate change: global and regional perspectives. Hydrological Sciences Journal 59(1): 1-28.

Li, Y., Chen, Y., Wang, X., Niu, Y., Lian, J. 2017. Improvements in soil carbon and nitrogen capacities after shrub planting to stabilize sand dunes in China’s Horqin Sandy Land. Sustainability 9(4): 662.  

Matsui, N., Meepol, W., Chukwamdee, J.C., 2015. Soil organic carbon in Mangrove ecosystems with different vegetation and sedimentological conditions.  Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 3(4): 1404-1424.

MoHA, 2015. Nepal Disaster Report. 2015. Ministry of Home Affairs. Government of Nepal. 66p. Available at [access date: 02.07.2017]:  http://www.drrportal.gov.np/uploads/document/329.pdf

MoI, 2014. Report on Jure Landslide, Mankha VDC, Sindhupalchowk District. Ministry of Home Affairs. Government of Nepal. 29p. Available at [access date: 02.07.2017]:  http://www.sabo-int.org/case/2014_aug_nepal.pdf

Preti, F., Giadrossich, F., 2009. Root reinforcement and slope bioengineering stabilization by Spanish Broom (Spartium junceum L.). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 13: 1713–1726.

Ramuje, K., Rao, B.N.M., 2014. Hudhud cyclone – A severe disaster in Visakhapatnam. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology 39(16): 156-163.

Ross, D.S., Bailey, S.W., Lawrence, G.B., Shanley, J.B., Fredriksen, G., Jamison, A.E., Brousseau, P.A. 2011. Near-surface soil carbon, Carbon/Nitrogen ratio, and tree species are tightly linked across Northeastern United States watersheds. Forest Science 57(6): 460-469.

Stokes, A., Atger, C., Bengough, A.G., Fourcaud, T., Sidle, R.C. 2009. Desirable plant root traits for protecting natural and engineered slopes against landslides. Plant and Soil 324(1-2): 1–30.

Swangjang, K., 2015. Soil carbon and nitrogen ratio in different land use. International Conference on Advances in Environment Research 87: 36-40.

Takezawa, M., Gotoh, H., Suzuki, K., Kakehi, Y., Yamamoto, T., 2014. Assessment of the flood disaster management plans for the medical services in Tokyo and Fukuoka, Japan. Risk Analysis 47(1): 1-12.

Thien, S.J., 1979. A flow diagram for teaching texture by feel analysis. Journal of Agronomic Education 8(1):54-55.

van den Honert, R.C.,  McAneney, J., 2011. The 2011 brisbane floods: Causes, impacts and implications. Water 3(4): 1149-1173.

Winner, L., 2009. Applied Statistical Methods. Department of Statistics University of Florida, USA.  Available at [access date: 02.07.2017]: http://www.stat.ufl.edu/~winner/statnotescomp/appstat.pdf

Wu, H.B., Guo, Z.T., Peng, C.H., 2001. Changes in terrestrial carbon storage with global climate changes since the last interglacial. Quaternary Sciences 21: 366-376.

Abstract

This research was objectively carried out to assess the dynamic of carbon, nitrogen and texture at root zone and location between plants. The plantation of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Phyllanthus emblica and Eucalyptus camaldulensis of Pragati community forest, Mahottari district, Nepal was selected for this study which was done in 2011. The stratified random sampling was applied to collect soil samples. Altogether 320 soil samples were collected from 0-10, 10-30, 30-60 and 60-90 cm depths. The result showed that soil carbon was about 8.16 t ha-1 at root zone which was only 7.56 t ha-1 at location between plants at 0-10cm depth in Phyllanthus emblica stratum. The soil carbon was the least nearly 2.08 t ha-1 at root zone which was 1.59 t ha-1 at location between plants in Eucalyptus camaldulensis stratum. The carbon percentage was the highest about 1.35% at root zone of Phyllanthus emblica stratum. However, the C/N ratio was the highest about 69:1 at location between plants of Dalbergia sissoo stratum. The texture of soil was loamy sand at root zone in Phyllanthus emblica, Acacia catechu and Dalbergia sissoo plantations while it was sandy at both root zone and between plants of Eucalyptus plantation. Plantations have significant effect on soil carbon and nitrogen at 95% confidence level.

Keywords: Root zone, plants carbon, nitrogen, soil texture.

References

Aderogba, K., Oredipe, M., Oderinde, S., Afelumo T. 2012. Challenges of poor drainage systems and floods in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education 2(3): 412–427.

Anderson, J.M., Ingram, J.S.I., 1993.  Tropical soil biology and fertility: A handbook of methods. 2nd edition. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 221p.

Aston, A.R., 1979. Rainfall interception by eight small trees. Journal of Hydrology 42(3-4): 383-396.

Buttle, J.M., Allen, D.M., Caissie, D., Davison, B., Masaki, H., Peters, D.L., Pomeroy, J.W., Simonovic, S., St-Hilaire, A., Whitfield, P.H., 2016. Flood processes in Canada: Regional and special aspects. Canadian Water Resources Journal 41(1-2): 7-30.

Davidson, H., 2014. Solomon Islands flash floods kill at least 21 people. The Guardian. Available at [access date: 02.07.2017]: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/07/solomon-islands-flash-floods-kill-at-least-19-people

Dawud, S.M., Vesterdal, L., Raulund-Rasmussen, K., 2017. Mixed-species effects on soil C and N stocks, C/N ratio and pH using a transboundary approachin adjacent common garden douglas-fir and beech stands. Forests 8(4): 95.

De Baets, S., Poesen, J., Knapen, A., Barberá, G. G., and Navarro, J. A., 2007: Root characteristics of representative Mediterranean plant species and their erosion-reducing potential during concentrated runoff. Plant and Soil 294(1-2): 169–183.

Doran, J.W., Zeiss, M.R., 2000. Soil health and sustainability: managing the biotic component of soil quality. Applied Soil Ecology 15(1): 3–11.

Du, H., Zeng, F., Peng, W., Wang, K., Zhang, H., Liu, L., Song, T., 2015. Carbon storage in a Eucalyptus plantation chronosequence in Southern China. Forests 6(6): 1763-1778.

Durán Zuazo, V.H., Rodríguez Pleguezuelo, C.R., 2008. Soil-erosion and runoff prevention by plant covers. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 28(1): 65–86.

Hofstede, R.G.M., Groenendijk, J.P., Coppus, R., Fehse, J.C., Sevink, J., 2002. Impact of pine plantations on soils and vegetation in the Ecuadorian high andes. Mountain Research and Development 22(2):159–167.

Holder, C.D., Gibbes, C., 2017. Influence of leaf and canopy characteristics on rainfall interception and urban hydrology. Hydrological Sciences Journal 62(2): 182-190.

IPCC, 2006. Good practice guidance for national greenhouse gas inventories. Chapter 4: Agriculture, Forestry, And Other Land Uses (AFOLU). Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland.

Karlen, D.L., Andrews, S.S., Doran, J.W.,  2001. Soil quality: Current concepts and applications. Advances in Agronomy 74: 1-40.

Karoshi, V.R., Nadagoudar, B.S., 2012. Forest plantations for climate change mitigation –reviewing estimates of net primary productivity in forest plantations. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 67(1): 157-162.

Kjeldahl, J. 1883. Neue Methode zur Bestimmung des Stickstoffs in organischen Körpern. Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie 22(1): 366-383.

Kooch,Y., Zoghi, Z., 2015. Comparison of soil fertility of Acer insigne, Quercus castaneifolia, and Pinus brutia stands in the Hyrcanian forests of Iran. Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology ( 5 ) : 899-905.

Kothari, C.R., 2004. Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques. New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, New Delhi, India. 284p.

Kundzewicz, Z.W., Kanae, S., Seneviratne, S.I., Handmer, J., Nicholls, N., Peduzzi, P., Mechler, R., Bouwer, L.M., Arnell, N., Mach, K., Muir-Wood, R., Brakenridge, G.R., Kron, W., Benito, G., Honda, Y., Takahashi, K., Sherstyukov, B., 2013. Flood risk and climate change: global and regional perspectives. Hydrological Sciences Journal 59(1): 1-28.

Li, Y., Chen, Y., Wang, X., Niu, Y., Lian, J. 2017. Improvements in soil carbon and nitrogen capacities after shrub planting to stabilize sand dunes in China’s Horqin Sandy Land. Sustainability 9(4): 662.  

Matsui, N., Meepol, W., Chukwamdee, J.C., 2015. Soil organic carbon in Mangrove ecosystems with different vegetation and sedimentological conditions.  Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 3(4): 1404-1424.

MoHA, 2015. Nepal Disaster Report. 2015. Ministry of Home Affairs. Government of Nepal. 66p. Available at [access date: 02.07.2017]:  http://www.drrportal.gov.np/uploads/document/329.pdf

MoI, 2014. Report on Jure Landslide, Mankha VDC, Sindhupalchowk District. Ministry of Home Affairs. Government of Nepal. 29p. Available at [access date: 02.07.2017]:  http://www.sabo-int.org/case/2014_aug_nepal.pdf

Preti, F., Giadrossich, F., 2009. Root reinforcement and slope bioengineering stabilization by Spanish Broom (Spartium junceum L.). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 13: 1713–1726.

Ramuje, K., Rao, B.N.M., 2014. Hudhud cyclone – A severe disaster in Visakhapatnam. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology 39(16): 156-163.

Ross, D.S., Bailey, S.W., Lawrence, G.B., Shanley, J.B., Fredriksen, G., Jamison, A.E., Brousseau, P.A. 2011. Near-surface soil carbon, Carbon/Nitrogen ratio, and tree species are tightly linked across Northeastern United States watersheds. Forest Science 57(6): 460-469.

Stokes, A., Atger, C., Bengough, A.G., Fourcaud, T., Sidle, R.C. 2009. Desirable plant root traits for protecting natural and engineered slopes against landslides. Plant and Soil 324(1-2): 1–30.

Swangjang, K., 2015. Soil carbon and nitrogen ratio in different land use. International Conference on Advances in Environment Research 87: 36-40.

Takezawa, M., Gotoh, H., Suzuki, K., Kakehi, Y., Yamamoto, T., 2014. Assessment of the flood disaster management plans for the medical services in Tokyo and Fukuoka, Japan. Risk Analysis 47(1): 1-12.

Thien, S.J., 1979. A flow diagram for teaching texture by feel analysis. Journal of Agronomic Education 8(1):54-55.

van den Honert, R.C.,  McAneney, J., 2011. The 2011 brisbane floods: Causes, impacts and implications. Water 3(4): 1149-1173.

Winner, L., 2009. Applied Statistical Methods. Department of Statistics University of Florida, USA.  Available at [access date: 02.07.2017]: http://www.stat.ufl.edu/~winner/statnotescomp/appstat.pdf

Wu, H.B., Guo, Z.T., Peng, C.H., 2001. Changes in terrestrial carbon storage with global climate changes since the last interglacial. Quaternary Sciences 21: 366-376.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science