Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 7, Issue 1, Jan 2018, Pages 43 - 50
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.335328
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.335328
Copyright © 2018 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Local desalination treatment plant wastewater reuse and evaluation potential absorption of salts by the halophyte plants

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Kalantari,E., Hassanli,A., Ghanbarian,G., Ghaemi,A., Mousavi,S., 2018. Local desalination treatment plant wastewater reuse and evaluation potential absorption of salts by the halophyte plants. Eurasian J Soil Sci 7(1):43 - 50. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.335328
Kalantari,E.,Hassanli,A.Ghanbarian,G.Ghaemi,A.,& Mousavi,S. Local desalination treatment plant wastewater reuse and evaluation potential absorption of salts by the halophyte plants Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7(1):43 - 50. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.335328
Kalantari,E.,Hassanli,A.Ghanbarian,G.Ghaemi,A., and ,Mousavi,S."Local desalination treatment plant wastewater reuse and evaluation potential absorption of salts by the halophyte plants" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7.1 (2018):43 - 50. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.335328
Kalantari,E.,Hassanli,A.Ghanbarian,G.Ghaemi,A., and ,Mousavi,S. "Local desalination treatment plant wastewater reuse and evaluation potential absorption of salts by the halophyte plants" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,7(Jan 2018):43 - 50 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.335328
E,Kalantari.A,Hassanli.G,Ghanbarian.A,Ghaemi.S,Mousavi "Local desalination treatment plant wastewater reuse and evaluation potential absorption of salts by the halophyte plants" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.7, no.1, pp.43 - 50 (Jan 2018), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.335328
Kalantari,Elham ;Hassanli,Alimorad ;Ghanbarian,Gholam Abbas ;Ghaemi,Ali Asghar ;Mousavi,Sayed Roholla Local desalination treatment plant wastewater reuse and evaluation potential absorption of salts by the halophyte plants. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2018),7.1:43 - 50. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.335328

How to cite

Kalantari, E., Hassanli, A., Ghanbarian, G., Ghaemi, A., Mousavi, S., 2018. Local desalination treatment plant wastewater reuse and evaluation potential absorption of salts by the halophyte plants. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 7(1): 43 - 50. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.335328

Author information

Elham Kalantari , Shiraz University, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, Iran
Alimorad Hassanli , Shiraz University, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, Iran
Gholam Abbas Ghanbarian , Shiraz University, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, Iran
Ali Asghar Ghaemi , Shiraz University, Department of Water Engineering, Iran
Sayed Roholla Mousavi , Laboratory of Remote Sensing and GIS, Department of Science and Soil Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran

Publication information

Article first published online : 19 Aug 2017
Manuscript Accepted : 09 Aug 2017
Manuscript Received: 05 Apr 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.335328
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.335328

Abstract

The expansion of arid and semi-arid areas and consequently water scarcity are affected by climate change. This can influence on availability and quality of water while demands on food and water are increasing. As pressure on freshwater is increasing, utilization of saline water in a sustainable approach is inevitable. Therefore, bioremediation using salt tolerant plants that is consistent with sustainable development objectives might be an alternative and effective approach. In this study, saline wastewater from a local desalination treatment plant was utilized to irrigate four halophyte plants, including Aloevera, Tamarix aphylla, Rosmarinus officinalis and Matricaria chamomilla. A field experiment was designed and conducted in Zarrindasht, south of Iran in years 2012-2013 accordingly. Two irrigation treatments consisting of freshwater with salinity of 2.04 dS.m-1 and desalination wastewater with salinity of 5.77dSm-1 were applied. The experiment was designed as a split plot in the form of randomized complete block design (RCB) with three replications. The results of variance analysis, ANOVA, on salt concentration in Aloevera showed that there was no significant difference between the effects of two irrigation water qualities except for Na. In Rosmarinus officinalis, only the ratio of K/Na showed a significant difference. None of the examined salt elements showed a significant difference in Tamarix aphylla irrigated with both water qualities. In Matricaria chamomilla, only Mg and K/Na ratio showed a significant difference (Duncan 5%). As a result, no significant difference was observed in salt absorption by the examined plants in treatments which were irrigated by desalination wastewater and freshwater. This could be a good result that encourages the use of similar wastewater to save freshwater in a sustainable system.

Keywords

Salinity, desalination wastewater, bioremediation, irrigation with wastewater, halophytes.

Corresponding author

References

Abedi, M.J., Neyrizi, S., Ebrahimi, N., Maherani, M., Mehrdadi, N., Khaledi, H., Cheraghi, A.M., 2001. Use of brackish water in sustainable agriculture. National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, No. 69, 237p.

Aminiyan, M. M., Aminiyan, F. M., Heydariyan, A., Sadikhani, M.R., 2016. The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 5(3): 221-230.

Antcliff, A.J., Newman, H.P., Barrett, H.C., 1983. Variation in chloride accumulation in some American species of grapevine. VITIS - Journal of Grapevine Research 22(4): 357-362.

Asano, T., Pettygrove, G.S., 1987. Using reclaimed municipal wastewater for irrigation. California Agriculture 41(3):15-18.

Ashraf, M., 2004. Some important physiological selection criteria for salt tolerance in plants. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 199(5): 361-376.

Ashraf, M., Orooj, A., 2006. Salt stress effects on growth, ion accumulation and seed oil concentration in an arid zone traditional medicinal plant ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi [L.] Sprague). Journal of Arid Environments 64(2): 209-220.

Baghalian, K., Haghiry, A., Naghavi, M.R., Mohammadi, A., 2008. Effect of saline irrigation water on agronomical and phytochemical characters of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.). Scientia Horticulturae 116(4): 437–441.

Bernstein, N., Lauchli, A., Silk, W.K., 1993. Kinematics and dynamics of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) leaf development at various Na/Ca salinities (I. Elongation Growth). Plant Physiology 103(3): 1107–1114.

Epstein, E., 1972. Mineral Nutrition of Plants: Principles and Perspectives. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA. 175p.

Hassanli, A.M., Javan, M., Saadat, Y., 2008. Reuse of municipal effluent with drip irrigation and evaluation the effect on soil properties in a semi-arid area. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 144(1-3): 151-158.

Hassanli, A. M., Ebrahimizadeh, M.A., Beecham, S., 2009. The effects of irrigation methods with effluent and irrigation scheduling on water use efficiency and corn yields in an arid region. Agricultural Water Management 96(1): 93-99.

HosseiniFard, S.J., Aminiyan, M.M.,  2015.  Hydro chemical characterization of groundwater quality for drinking and agricultural purposes: A case study in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Water Quality, Exposure and Health 7(4): 531-544. 

Javadi, S.A., Barjasteh, F., Jafari, M., 2010. The effects of planting, pruning depth and Atriplex lentifomis on soil salinity in Yazd. Plant and Ecosystems 5(20): 29-41.

Kalantari, E., Hassanli, A.M., 2012. Arid and semi-arid lands management assessment using biological recovery methods and the use of unconventional water. The first National Conference on Strategies for Achieving Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment. 10-11 March 2013, Tehran, Iran.

Kalantari, E., Hassanli, A.M., Ghanbarian, Gh.A., 2015. Influence of desalination waste water on morphological measures of halophytes. International conference on sustainable development, strategies and challenges with a focus on Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Tourism. 24-25 February 2015, Tabriz, Iran.

Larcher, W.,1995. Physiological plant ecology: Ecophysiology and Stress Physiology of Functional Groups. 3rd Edition. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA. 390p.

Mahler, R.L., 2004. Nutrients plants require for growth. Iniversity of Idaho. College of Agricultural and Life Science. CIS 1124. Available at [access date: 01.05.2017]: http://www.cals.uidaho.edu/edComm/pdf/CIS/CIS1124.pdf.

Moghbeli, E., Fathollahi, S., Salari, H., Ahmadi, G., Saliqehdar, F., Safari, A., Grouh, M.S.H., 2012. Effects of salinity stress on growth and yield of Aloe Vera L. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6(16): 3272-3277.

Negahdari, S., 2012. The effect of sodium salts and cadmium on medicinal plant Aloe Vera in saline desert. M.Sc Thesis, Shiraz University, The Management of Desert Areas. 133p.

Patel, N.T., Gupta, A., Pandey, A.N., 2010. Salinity tolerance of Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. from Gujarat coasts of India. Aquatic Botany 93(1): 9-16.

Tester, M., Davenport, R., 2003. Na Tolerance and Na Transport in Higher plants. Annals of Botany 91(5): 503-527.

Van Reeuwijk, L.P., 2002. Procedures for soil analysis. Technical Paper 9. 6th Edition. International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC) & Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The expansion of arid and semi-arid areas and consequently water scarcity are affected by climate change. This can influence on availability and quality of water while demands on food and water are increasing. As pressure on freshwater is increasing, utilization of saline water in a sustainable approach is inevitable. Therefore, bioremediation using salt tolerant plants that is consistent with sustainable development objectives might be an alternative and effective approach. In this study, saline wastewater from a local desalination treatment plant was utilized to irrigate four halophyte plants, including Aloevera, Tamarix aphylla, Rosmarinus officinalis and Matricaria chamomilla. A field experiment was designed and conducted in Zarrindasht, south of Iran in years 2012-2013 accordingly. Two irrigation treatments consisting of freshwater with salinity of 2.04 dS.m-1 and desalination wastewater with salinity of 5.77dSm-1 were applied. The experiment was designed as a split plot in the form of randomized complete block design (RCB) with three replications. The results of variance analysis, ANOVA, on salt concentration in Aloevera showed that there was no significant difference between the effects of two irrigation water qualities except for Na. In Rosmarinus officinalis, only the ratio of K/Na showed a significant difference. None of the examined salt elements showed a significant difference in Tamarix aphylla irrigated with both water qualities. In Matricaria chamomilla, only Mg and K/Na ratio showed a significant difference (Duncan 5%). As a result, no significant difference was observed in salt absorption by the examined plants in treatments which were irrigated by desalination wastewater and freshwater. This could be a good result that encourages the use of similar wastewater to save freshwater in a sustainable system.

Keywords: Salinity, desalination wastewater, bioremediation, irrigation with wastewater, halophytes.

References

Abedi, M.J., Neyrizi, S., Ebrahimi, N., Maherani, M., Mehrdadi, N., Khaledi, H., Cheraghi, A.M., 2001. Use of brackish water in sustainable agriculture. National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, No. 69, 237p.

Aminiyan, M. M., Aminiyan, F. M., Heydariyan, A., Sadikhani, M.R., 2016. The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 5(3): 221-230.

Antcliff, A.J., Newman, H.P., Barrett, H.C., 1983. Variation in chloride accumulation in some American species of grapevine. VITIS - Journal of Grapevine Research 22(4): 357-362.

Asano, T., Pettygrove, G.S., 1987. Using reclaimed municipal wastewater for irrigation. California Agriculture 41(3):15-18.

Ashraf, M., 2004. Some important physiological selection criteria for salt tolerance in plants. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 199(5): 361-376.

Ashraf, M., Orooj, A., 2006. Salt stress effects on growth, ion accumulation and seed oil concentration in an arid zone traditional medicinal plant ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi [L.] Sprague). Journal of Arid Environments 64(2): 209-220.

Baghalian, K., Haghiry, A., Naghavi, M.R., Mohammadi, A., 2008. Effect of saline irrigation water on agronomical and phytochemical characters of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.). Scientia Horticulturae 116(4): 437–441.

Bernstein, N., Lauchli, A., Silk, W.K., 1993. Kinematics and dynamics of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) leaf development at various Na/Ca salinities (I. Elongation Growth). Plant Physiology 103(3): 1107–1114.

Epstein, E., 1972. Mineral Nutrition of Plants: Principles and Perspectives. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA. 175p.

Hassanli, A.M., Javan, M., Saadat, Y., 2008. Reuse of municipal effluent with drip irrigation and evaluation the effect on soil properties in a semi-arid area. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 144(1-3): 151-158.

Hassanli, A. M., Ebrahimizadeh, M.A., Beecham, S., 2009. The effects of irrigation methods with effluent and irrigation scheduling on water use efficiency and corn yields in an arid region. Agricultural Water Management 96(1): 93-99.

HosseiniFard, S.J., Aminiyan, M.M.,  2015.  Hydro chemical characterization of groundwater quality for drinking and agricultural purposes: A case study in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Water Quality, Exposure and Health 7(4): 531-544. 

Javadi, S.A., Barjasteh, F., Jafari, M., 2010. The effects of planting, pruning depth and Atriplex lentifomis on soil salinity in Yazd. Plant and Ecosystems 5(20): 29-41.

Kalantari, E., Hassanli, A.M., 2012. Arid and semi-arid lands management assessment using biological recovery methods and the use of unconventional water. The first National Conference on Strategies for Achieving Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment. 10-11 March 2013, Tehran, Iran.

Kalantari, E., Hassanli, A.M., Ghanbarian, Gh.A., 2015. Influence of desalination waste water on morphological measures of halophytes. International conference on sustainable development, strategies and challenges with a focus on Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Tourism. 24-25 February 2015, Tabriz, Iran.

Larcher, W.,1995. Physiological plant ecology: Ecophysiology and Stress Physiology of Functional Groups. 3rd Edition. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA. 390p.

Mahler, R.L., 2004. Nutrients plants require for growth. Iniversity of Idaho. College of Agricultural and Life Science. CIS 1124. Available at [access date: 01.05.2017]: http://www.cals.uidaho.edu/edComm/pdf/CIS/CIS1124.pdf.

Moghbeli, E., Fathollahi, S., Salari, H., Ahmadi, G., Saliqehdar, F., Safari, A., Grouh, M.S.H., 2012. Effects of salinity stress on growth and yield of Aloe Vera L. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6(16): 3272-3277.

Negahdari, S., 2012. The effect of sodium salts and cadmium on medicinal plant Aloe Vera in saline desert. M.Sc Thesis, Shiraz University, The Management of Desert Areas. 133p.

Patel, N.T., Gupta, A., Pandey, A.N., 2010. Salinity tolerance of Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. from Gujarat coasts of India. Aquatic Botany 93(1): 9-16.

Tester, M., Davenport, R., 2003. Na Tolerance and Na Transport in Higher plants. Annals of Botany 91(5): 503-527.

Van Reeuwijk, L.P., 2002. Procedures for soil analysis. Technical Paper 9. 6th Edition. International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC) & Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Wageningen, The Netherlands.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science