Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 7, Issue 1, Jan 2018, Pages 30 - 42
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.334868
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.334868
Copyright © 2018 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Understanding phosphorus status and P translocation within wheat plant in a split-root system

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Shabnam,R., Iqbal,M., 2018. Understanding phosphorus status and P translocation within wheat plant in a split-root system. Eurasian J Soil Sci 7(1):30 - 42. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.334868
Shabnam,R.,& Iqbal,M. (2018). Understanding phosphorus status and P translocation within wheat plant in a split-root system Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7(1):30 - 42. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.334868
Shabnam,R., and ,Iqbal,M. "Understanding phosphorus status and P translocation within wheat plant in a split-root system" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7.1 (2018):30 - 42. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.334868
Shabnam,R., and ,Iqbal,M. "Understanding phosphorus status and P translocation within wheat plant in a split-root system" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,7(Jan 2018):30 - 42 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.334868
R,Shabnam.M,Iqbal "Understanding phosphorus status and P translocation within wheat plant in a split-root system" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.7, no.1, pp.30 - 42 (Jan 2018), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.334868
Shabnam,Rubya ;Iqbal,Md.Toufiq Understanding phosphorus status and P translocation within wheat plant in a split-root system. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2018),7.1:30 - 42. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.334868

How to cite

Shabnam, R., Iqbal, M., 2018. Understanding phosphorus status and P translocation within wheat plant in a split-root system. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 7(1): 30 - 42. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.334868

Author information

Rubya Shabnam , Institute of Biological Sciences, Rajshahi University, Bangladesh
Md.Toufiq Iqbal , Department of Agronomy and Agriculture Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Rajshahi University, Bangladesh

Publication information

Article first published online : 16 Aug 2017
Manuscript Accepted : 07 Aug 2017
Manuscript Received: 04 Mar 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.334868
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.334868

Abstract

Plants are not uniform in their nutritional requirements, most of them survive under adverse conditions of humidity, temperature, and nutrients. Because they are genetically adapted to their habitats and even some varieties of the same species show differences in absorption, translocation, accumulation and nutrient use. This study is aimed at examining the phosphorus (P) status in the different parts of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plant and its influence on plant growth and P translocation in a split-root soil culture. KH2PO4 was used as the source of phosphorus for the different level of P application. Two recently BARI developed wheat varieties namely BARI GOM 25 and BARI GOM 26 were used as testing plants. . Result showed the growth parameter increased with the increase of P application. Likewise, P uptake by wheat plant also increases with the elevated P application. However, no significant differences were observed between wheat varieties irrespective of growth and P uptake by wheat plant. Moreover, elevated P concentrations in the shoot of wheat plants probably provide more P for shoot unloading of P and for P assimilation in the controlled roots. This phenomenon results in increased P concentrations in the roots of wheat plants that mean translocation of P in the roots. These findings indicate that the added soluble P increases the absorption of nutrients from the soil solution. So, this study concluded that the application of elevated P in split-root system is efficient both for increasing shoot development and root growth and plays significant role in thePtranslocationwithin the wheat plants.

Keywords

Phosphorus uptake, P use efficiency, P translocation, xylem, phloem

Corresponding author

References

AOAC, 1975. Official Methods of Analysis, 12th edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC, USA.

Bingham, I.J., Bengough, A.G., 2003. Morphological plasticity of wheat and barley roots in response to spatial variation in soil strength. Plant and Soil 250(2): 273-282.

Biswas, A., Alamgir, M., Haque, S.M.S., Osman, K.T., 2012. Study on soils under shifting cultivation and other land use categories in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. Journal of Forestry Research 23(2): 261-265.

Burleigh, S.H., Harrison, M.J., 1999. Thedownregulation of Mt4-like genes by phosphate fertilization occurs systemically and involves phosphate translocation to the shoots. Plant Physiology 119(1): 241–248.

Chu, W.K., Chang, S.C., 1966. Surface activity of inorganic soil phosphorus. Soil Science 101(6): 459–464.

Clarkson, D.T., Scattergood, C.B., 1982. Growth and phosphate transport in barley and tomato plants during the development of, and recovery from, phosphate stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 33(136): 865–875.

Drew, M.C., Saker, L.R., 1984. Uptake and long distance transport of phosphate, potassium and chloride in relation to internal ion concentrations in barley: evidence of non-allosteric regulation. Planta 60(6): 500–507.

Furihata, T., Suzuki, M., Sakurai, H., 1992. Kinetic characterization of two phosphate uptake systems with different affinities in suspension-cultured Catharanthusroseusprotoplasts. Plant Cell Physiology 33(8): 1151–1157.

Gee, G.W., Bauder, J.W., 1986. Particle-size analysis. In: Methods of soil analysis. Part 1- Physical and Mineralogical Methods. Klute, A., (Ed.). 2nd Edition. Agronomy Monograph 9. American Society of Agronomy (ASA) - Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, WI, USA. pp. 383–411.

Greenway, H., Gunn, A., 1966. Phosphorus retranslocation in Hordeumvulgare during early tillering. Planta 71(1): 43–67.

Gyaneshwar, P., Parekh, L.J., Archana, G., Podle, P.S., Collins, M.D., Hutson, R.A., Kumar, G.N., 1999. Involvement of a phosphate starvation inducible glucose dehydrogenase in soil phosphate solubilization by Enterobacterasburiae. FEMS Microbiology Letters 171(2): 223-229.

Hinsinger, P., 2001. Bioavailability of soil inorganic P in the rhizosphere as affected by root-induced chemical change: a review. Plant and Soil 237(2): 173-195.

Huq, S.M.I., Alam, M.D., 2005. A Handbook on analyses of soil, plant and water.BACER-DU, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. 246p.

Iqbal, T., 2014. A split-root experiment shows that translocated phosphorus does not alleviate aluminium toxicity within plant tissue. Plant and Soil 384(1): 21-36.

Iqbal, T., Sale, P., Tang, C., 2010. Phosphorus ameliorates aluminium toxicity of Al-sensitive wheat seedlings.19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil solution for a changing world. 1-6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia. Proceedings Book. pp. 92–95.

Jeschke, W.D., Kirkby, E.A., Peuke, A.D., Pate, J.S., Hartung, W., 1997. Effects of P efficiency on assimilation and transport of nitrate and phosphate in intact plants of castor bean (Ricinuscommunis L.). Journalof Experimental Botany 48(1): 75–91.

Ma, Q., Rengel, Z., 2008. Phosphorus acquisition and wheat growth are influenced by shoot phosphorus status and soil phosphorus distribution in a split-root system. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Sciences 171(2): 266-271.

Ma, Q., Rengel, Z., Siddique, K.H.M., 2011. Wheat and white lupin differ in root proliferation and phosphorus use efficiency under heterogeneous soil P supply. Crop and Pasture Science 62(6): 467-473.

Marschner, H., Römheld, V.,Cakmak, I., 1987. Root-induced changes of nutrient availability in the rhizosphere. Journal of Plant Nutrition 10(9-16): 1175–1184.

Mimura, T., Sakano, K., Shimmen, T., 1996. Studies on the distribution, re-translocation and homeostasis of inorganic phosphate in barley leaves. Plant Cell and Environment 19(3): 311–320.

Pedas, P., Husted, S., Skytte, K., Schjoerring, J.K., 2011. Elevated Phosphorus Impedes Manganese Acquisition by Barley Plants. Frontiers in Plant Science 2: 37..

Petersen, L.,1996. Soil analytical methods soil testing Management and development. Soil Resources Development Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh. pp. 1-28.

Piper, C.S.,1950. Soil and plant analysis.Adelaide University. Hassel Press, Australia. 368p.

Podder, M., Akter, M., Saifullah, A.S.M., Roy, S., 2012. Impacts of plough pan on physical and chemical properties of soil. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources 5(1): 289-294.

Schachtman, D.P., Reid, R.J., Ayling, S.M., 1998. Phosphorus uptake by plants : From soil to cell. Plant Physiology 116(2): 447–453.

Scott, B.J., Robson, A.D., 1991. The distribution of Mg, P and K in the split roots of subterranean clover. Annals of Botany 67(3): 251–256.

Shabnam, R., Iqbal, M.T., 2016a. Phosphorus use efficiency by wheat plants that grown in an acidic soil. Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology 3:18.

Shabnam, R., Iqbal, M.T., 2016b. Understanding phosphorus dynamics on wheat plant under split-root system in alkaline soil. Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology 3:19.

Shane, M.W., De Vos, M., De Roock, S., Lambers, H., 2003. Shoot P status regulates cluster-root growth and citrate exudation in Lupinusalbusgrown with a divided root system. Plant, Cell and Environment 26(2): 265–273.

Shani, U., Waisel, Y., Eshel, A., Xue, S., Ziv, G., 1993. Responses to salinity of grapevine plants with split root systems. New Phytologist 124(4): 695-701.

Shen, J., Li, H., Neumann, G.,Zhang, F., 2005. Nutrient uptake, cluster root formation and exudation of protons and citrate in Lupinusalbus as affected by localized supply of phosphorus in a split-root system. Plant Science 168(3): 292-298.

Shu, L., Shen, J., Rengel, Z., Tang, C., Zhang, F., 2005. Growth medium and phosphorus supply affect cluster root formation and citrate exudation by Lupinusalbus grown in a sand/solution split-root system. Plant and Soil 276(1): 85–94.

Soltanpour, P.N., Workman, S., 1979. Modification of the NH4HCO3-DTPA soil test to omit carbon black. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 10(11): 1411-1420.

Subbiah, B.V., Asija, G.L., 1956. A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science 25(8): 259-260.

Talboys, P.J., Healey, J.R., Withers, P.J.A., Jones, D.L., 2014. Phosphate depletion modulates auxin transport in Triticum aestivum leading to altered root branching. Journal of Experimental Botany 65(17): 5023-5032.

Tworkoski, T.J., Daw, T.W.,Glenn, D.M., 2003. Effects of a root barrier and localized fertilizer application on root growth of young peach (Prunuspersica) trees. Quarterly, Plant Growth Regulation Society of America 31: 133-142.

Ullrich-Eberius, C.I., Novacky, A., van Bel, A.J.E., 1984.Phosphateuptake in Lemnagibba G1: energetics and kinetics. Planta 161(1): 46–52.

Walkley, Black, I.A., 1934. An Examination Degtijareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37: 29-38.

Zheng, J.S., Yang, J.L., He, Y.E., Yu, X.H., Zhang, L., You, J.F., Shen, R.F., Matsumoto, H., 2005. Immobilization of aluminum with phosphorous in roots is associated with high aluminum resistance in buckwheat. Plant Physiology 138(1): 297-303.

Zhu, J., Kaeppler, S.M., Lynch, J.P., 2005. Topsoil foraging and phosphorus acquisition efficiency in maize (Zea mays).Functional Plant Biology 32(8): 749–762.

Zhu, J., Lynch, J.P., 2004.The contribution of lateral rooting to phosphorus acquisition efficiency in maize (Zea mays) seedlings. Functional Plant Biology 31(10): 949–958.

Zhu, Y., 2000. Effects of nutrient stress by split-root system on the growth and K, Ca, and Mg contents at different stages of hydroponically-grown tomato seedlings. Journal of Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 69(6): 677-683.

Abstract

Plants are not uniform in their nutritional requirements, most of them survive under adverse conditions of humidity, temperature, and nutrients. Because they are genetically adapted to their habitats and even some varieties of the same species show differences in absorption, translocation, accumulation and nutrient use. This study is aimed at examining the phosphorus (P) status in the different parts of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plant and its influence on plant growth and P translocation in a split-root soil culture. KH2PO4 was used as the source of phosphorus for the different level of P application. Two recently BARI developed wheat varieties namely BARI GOM 25 and BARI GOM 26 were used as testing plants. . Result showed the growth parameter increased with the increase of P application. Likewise, P uptake by wheat plant also increases with the elevated P application. However, no significant differences were observed between wheat varieties irrespective of growth and P uptake by wheat plant. Moreover, elevated P concentrations in the shoot of wheat plants probably provide more P for shoot unloading of P and for P assimilation in the controlled roots. This phenomenon results in increased P concentrations in the roots of wheat plants that mean translocation of P in the roots. These findings indicate that the added soluble P increases the absorption of nutrients from the soil solution. So, this study concluded that the application of elevated P in split-root system is efficient both for increasing shoot development and root growth and plays significant role in thePtranslocationwithin the wheat plants.

Keywords: Phosphorus uptake, P use efficiency, P translocation, xylem, phloem.

References

AOAC, 1975. Official Methods of Analysis, 12th edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC, USA.

Bingham, I.J., Bengough, A.G., 2003. Morphological plasticity of wheat and barley roots in response to spatial variation in soil strength. Plant and Soil 250(2): 273-282.

Biswas, A., Alamgir, M., Haque, S.M.S., Osman, K.T., 2012. Study on soils under shifting cultivation and other land use categories in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. Journal of Forestry Research 23(2): 261-265.

Burleigh, S.H., Harrison, M.J., 1999. Thedownregulation of Mt4-like genes by phosphate fertilization occurs systemically and involves phosphate translocation to the shoots. Plant Physiology 119(1): 241–248.

Chu, W.K., Chang, S.C., 1966. Surface activity of inorganic soil phosphorus. Soil Science 101(6): 459–464.

Clarkson, D.T., Scattergood, C.B., 1982. Growth and phosphate transport in barley and tomato plants during the development of, and recovery from, phosphate stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 33(136): 865–875.

Drew, M.C., Saker, L.R., 1984. Uptake and long distance transport of phosphate, potassium and chloride in relation to internal ion concentrations in barley: evidence of non-allosteric regulation. Planta 60(6): 500–507.

Furihata, T., Suzuki, M., Sakurai, H., 1992. Kinetic characterization of two phosphate uptake systems with different affinities in suspension-cultured Catharanthusroseusprotoplasts. Plant Cell Physiology 33(8): 1151–1157.

Gee, G.W., Bauder, J.W., 1986. Particle-size analysis. In: Methods of soil analysis. Part 1- Physical and Mineralogical Methods. Klute, A., (Ed.). 2nd Edition. Agronomy Monograph 9. American Society of Agronomy (ASA) - Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Madison, WI, USA. pp. 383–411.

Greenway, H., Gunn, A., 1966. Phosphorus retranslocation in Hordeumvulgare during early tillering. Planta 71(1): 43–67.

Gyaneshwar, P., Parekh, L.J., Archana, G., Podle, P.S., Collins, M.D., Hutson, R.A., Kumar, G.N., 1999. Involvement of a phosphate starvation inducible glucose dehydrogenase in soil phosphate solubilization by Enterobacterasburiae. FEMS Microbiology Letters 171(2): 223-229.

Hinsinger, P., 2001. Bioavailability of soil inorganic P in the rhizosphere as affected by root-induced chemical change: a review. Plant and Soil 237(2): 173-195.

Huq, S.M.I., Alam, M.D., 2005. A Handbook on analyses of soil, plant and water.BACER-DU, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. 246p.

Iqbal, T., 2014. A split-root experiment shows that translocated phosphorus does not alleviate aluminium toxicity within plant tissue. Plant and Soil 384(1): 21-36.

Iqbal, T., Sale, P., Tang, C., 2010. Phosphorus ameliorates aluminium toxicity of Al-sensitive wheat seedlings.19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil solution for a changing world. 1-6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia. Proceedings Book. pp. 92–95.

Jeschke, W.D., Kirkby, E.A., Peuke, A.D., Pate, J.S., Hartung, W., 1997. Effects of P efficiency on assimilation and transport of nitrate and phosphate in intact plants of castor bean (Ricinuscommunis L.). Journalof Experimental Botany 48(1): 75–91.

Ma, Q., Rengel, Z., 2008. Phosphorus acquisition and wheat growth are influenced by shoot phosphorus status and soil phosphorus distribution in a split-root system. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Sciences 171(2): 266-271.

Ma, Q., Rengel, Z., Siddique, K.H.M., 2011. Wheat and white lupin differ in root proliferation and phosphorus use efficiency under heterogeneous soil P supply. Crop and Pasture Science 62(6): 467-473.

Marschner, H., Römheld, V.,Cakmak, I., 1987. Root-induced changes of nutrient availability in the rhizosphere. Journal of Plant Nutrition 10(9-16): 1175–1184.

Mimura, T., Sakano, K., Shimmen, T., 1996. Studies on the distribution, re-translocation and homeostasis of inorganic phosphate in barley leaves. Plant Cell and Environment 19(3): 311–320.

Pedas, P., Husted, S., Skytte, K., Schjoerring, J.K., 2011. Elevated Phosphorus Impedes Manganese Acquisition by Barley Plants. Frontiers in Plant Science 2: 37..

Petersen, L.,1996. Soil analytical methods soil testing Management and development. Soil Resources Development Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh. pp. 1-28.

Piper, C.S.,1950. Soil and plant analysis.Adelaide University. Hassel Press, Australia. 368p.

Podder, M., Akter, M., Saifullah, A.S.M., Roy, S., 2012. Impacts of plough pan on physical and chemical properties of soil. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources 5(1): 289-294.

Schachtman, D.P., Reid, R.J., Ayling, S.M., 1998. Phosphorus uptake by plants : From soil to cell. Plant Physiology 116(2): 447–453.

Scott, B.J., Robson, A.D., 1991. The distribution of Mg, P and K in the split roots of subterranean clover. Annals of Botany 67(3): 251–256.

Shabnam, R., Iqbal, M.T., 2016a. Phosphorus use efficiency by wheat plants that grown in an acidic soil. Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology 3:18.

Shabnam, R., Iqbal, M.T., 2016b. Understanding phosphorus dynamics on wheat plant under split-root system in alkaline soil. Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology 3:19.

Shane, M.W., De Vos, M., De Roock, S., Lambers, H., 2003. Shoot P status regulates cluster-root growth and citrate exudation in Lupinusalbusgrown with a divided root system. Plant, Cell and Environment 26(2): 265–273.

Shani, U., Waisel, Y., Eshel, A., Xue, S., Ziv, G., 1993. Responses to salinity of grapevine plants with split root systems. New Phytologist 124(4): 695-701.

Shen, J., Li, H., Neumann, G.,Zhang, F., 2005. Nutrient uptake, cluster root formation and exudation of protons and citrate in Lupinusalbus as affected by localized supply of phosphorus in a split-root system. Plant Science 168(3): 292-298.

Shu, L., Shen, J., Rengel, Z., Tang, C., Zhang, F., 2005. Growth medium and phosphorus supply affect cluster root formation and citrate exudation by Lupinusalbus grown in a sand/solution split-root system. Plant and Soil 276(1): 85–94.

Soltanpour, P.N., Workman, S., 1979. Modification of the NH4HCO3-DTPA soil test to omit carbon black. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 10(11): 1411-1420.

Subbiah, B.V., Asija, G.L., 1956. A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science 25(8): 259-260.

Talboys, P.J., Healey, J.R., Withers, P.J.A., Jones, D.L., 2014. Phosphate depletion modulates auxin transport in Triticum aestivum leading to altered root branching. Journal of Experimental Botany 65(17): 5023-5032.

Tworkoski, T.J., Daw, T.W.,Glenn, D.M., 2003. Effects of a root barrier and localized fertilizer application on root growth of young peach (Prunuspersica) trees. Quarterly, Plant Growth Regulation Society of America 31: 133-142.

Ullrich-Eberius, C.I., Novacky, A., van Bel, A.J.E., 1984.Phosphateuptake in Lemnagibba G1: energetics and kinetics. Planta 161(1): 46–52.

Walkley, Black, I.A., 1934. An Examination Degtijareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37: 29-38.

Zheng, J.S., Yang, J.L., He, Y.E., Yu, X.H., Zhang, L., You, J.F., Shen, R.F., Matsumoto, H., 2005. Immobilization of aluminum with phosphorous in roots is associated with high aluminum resistance in buckwheat. Plant Physiology 138(1): 297-303.

Zhu, J., Kaeppler, S.M., Lynch, J.P., 2005. Topsoil foraging and phosphorus acquisition efficiency in maize (Zea mays).Functional Plant Biology 32(8): 749–762.

Zhu, J., Lynch, J.P., 2004.The contribution of lateral rooting to phosphorus acquisition efficiency in maize (Zea mays) seedlings. Functional Plant Biology 31(10): 949–958.

Zhu, Y., 2000. Effects of nutrient stress by split-root system on the growth and K, Ca, and Mg contents at different stages of hydroponically-grown tomato seedlings. Journal of Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 69(6): 677-683.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science