Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 7, Issue 1, Jan 2018, Pages 20 - 29
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.328531
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.328531
Copyright © 2018 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Multi-criteria approach with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process in land evaluation studies

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Dengiz,O., Usul,M., 2018. Multi-criteria approach with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process in land evaluation studies. Eurasian J Soil Sci 7(1):20 - 29. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.328531
Dengiz,O.,,& Usul,M. Multi-criteria approach with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process in land evaluation studies Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7(1):20 - 29. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.328531
Dengiz,O.,, and ,Usul,M."Multi-criteria approach with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process in land evaluation studies" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 7.1 (2018):20 - 29. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.328531
Dengiz,O.,, and ,Usul,M. "Multi-criteria approach with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process in land evaluation studies" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,7(Jan 2018):20 - 29 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.328531
O,Dengiz.M,Usul "Multi-criteria approach with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process in land evaluation studies" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.7, no.1, pp.20 - 29 (Jan 2018), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.328531
Dengiz,Orhan ;Usul,Mustafa Multi-criteria approach with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process in land evaluation studies. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2018),7.1:20 - 29. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.328531

How to cite

Dengiz, O., Usul, M., 2018. Multi-criteria approach with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process in land evaluation studies. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 7(1): 20 - 29. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.328531

Author information

Orhan Dengiz , Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Samsun, Turkey Samsun, Turkey
Mustafa Usul , Soil Fertilizer and Water Resources Centre Research Institute, Ankara, Turkey

Publication information

Article first published online : 14 Jul 2017
Manuscript Accepted : 03 Jul 2017
Manuscript Received: 14 Feb 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.328531
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.328531

Abstract

Land evaluation analysis is a prerequisite to achieving optimum utilization of the available land resources. Lack of knowledge on best combination of factors that suit production of yields has contributed to the low production. The aim of this study was to determine the most suitable areas for agricultural uses. For that reasons, in order to determine land suitability classes of the study area, multi-criteria approach was used with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process by taking into consideration of some land and soil physico-chemical characteristic such as slope, texture, depth, derange, stoniness, erosion, pH, EC, CaCO3 and organic matter. These data and land mapping unites were taken from digital detailed soil map scaled as 1:5.000. In addition, in order to was produce land suitability map GIS was program used for the study area. This study was carried out at Mahmudiye, Karaamca, Yazılı, Çiçeközü, Orhaniye and Akbıyık villages in Yenişehir district of Bursa province. Total study area is 7059 ha. 6890 ha of total study area has been used as irrigated agriculture, dry farming agriculture, pasture while, 169 ha has been used for non-agricultural activities such as settlement, road water body etc. Average annual temperature and precipitation of the study area are 16.1oC and 1039.5 mm, respectively. Finally after determination of land suitability distribution classes for the study area, it was found that 15.0% of the study area has highly (S1) and moderately (S2) while, 85% of the study area has marginally suitable and unsuitable coded as S3 and N. It was also determined some relation as compared results of linear combination technique with other hierarchy approaches such as Land Use Capability Classification and Suitability Class for Agricultural Use methods.

Keywords

Analytical hierarchy process, linear combination technique, land evaluation, land use capability cla

Corresponding author

References

Addeo, G., Guastadisegni, G.,  Pisante, M., 2001. Land and water quality for sustainable and precision farming. 1st World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, 1-5 October, 2001, Madrid, Spain.

Anonymous. 1970. Bursa İli Arazi Varlığı. Tarım ve Köyişleri Bakanlığı, Ankara, Turkey. [in Turkish]

Bhushan, N., Rai, K., 2004. Strategic decision making: Applying the analytic hierarchy process. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA. 172p.

Delgado, F.,  Lopez, R., 1998. Evaluation of soil development impact on the productivity of Venezuelan Soils. Advances in GeoEcology 31: 133-142

Dengiz, O., Bayramin, İ., Yüksel, M., 2003. Geographic information system and remote sensing based land resource assessment, land evaluation of beypazarı area soils by ILSEN method. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 27: 145-153.

Dengiz, O., Özyazıcı, M.A,  Sağlam, M., 2015. Multi-criteria assessment and geostatistical approach for determination of rice growing suitability sites in Gokirmak catchment. Paddy Water Environment 13(1): 1–10.

Dengiz, O., Sarıoğlu, F.E., 2013. Arazi Değerlendirme Çalışmalarında Parametrik Bir Yaklaşım Olan Doğrusal Kombinasyon Tekniği. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 19(2): 101-112. [in Turkish]

FAO, 1976. A framework for land evaluation: FAO Soils Bulletin No. 32, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy.  Available at [Access date: 15.02.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5310e/x5310e00.htm

FAO, 1983. Guidelines. Land evaluation for rainfed agriculture. FAO Soils Bulletin No. 52, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 15.02.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/t0412e/t0412e.pdf

FAO, 1985. Guidelines. Land evaluation for irrigated agriculture. FAO Soils Bulletin No. 55, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy.  Available at [Access date: 15.02.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5648e/x5648e00.htm

FAO, 1993. Guidelines for land-use planning. FAO Development Series 1, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 15.02.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/t0715e/t0715e00.htm

Klingebiel, A.A., Montgomery, P.H., 1966. Land Capability Classification. United States Department of Agriculture. Handbook No. 210, Washington, USA.

McRae, S.G., Burnham, C.P., 1981. Land Evaluation.  Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK. 239 p.

Mustafa, A.A., Man, S., Sahoo, R.N., Nayan, A., Manoj, K., Sarangi, A.,  Mishra, A.K., 2011. Land suitability analysis for different crops: a multi criteria decision making approach using remote sensing and GIS. Researcher 3 (12): 61-84.

Nisar Ahamed, T.R., Gopal Rao K.,  Murthy, J.S.R., 2000. GIS-based fuzzy membership model for crop-land suitability analysis. Agricultural Systems 63(2): 75-95.

Rabia, H.A, Terribile, F., 2013. Introducing a new parametric concept for land suitability assessment. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 4(1): 15-19.

Rezaei-Moghaddam, K., Karami, E., 2008. A multiple criteria evaluation of sustainable agricultural development models using AHP. Environment, Development and Sustainability 10(4): 407–426.

Saaty, T,. 1980. The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation. McGraw Hill International, New York, USA. 287p.

Saaty, T., 1993. The analytic hierarchy process: A 1993 overview. Central European Journal of Operation Research and Economics 2: 119–137.

Saaty, T., Vargas, L., 2001. Models, Methods, Concepts & Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. USA. 331p.

Senol, S., Tekes, Y., 1995 Arazi değerlendirme ve arazi kullanım planlaması amacıyla geliştirilmiş bir bilgisayar modeli. Türkiye Toprak Ilmi Dernegi. İlhan Akalan Toprak ve Çevre Sempozyumu, Cilt 1,  Ankara, Turkey. pp. 204–210. [in Turkish]

Sonmez, K., 1994.  Toprak ve Su Koruma. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları No: 169, Erzurum, Turkey. [in Turkish]

Storie, R.E., 1938. An index for rating the agricultural valuve of soils. Bulletin 556. University of California, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station Berkeley, California, USA. 46p.

Sys, C., Van Ranst,  E., Debaveye, J., 1991.  Land evaluation part I Principles in land evaluation and crop production calculations. General administration for development cooperation (GADC), Agricultural Publications No. 7, Brussels, Belgium. pp.40-80.

Vargahan, B., Shahbazi, F.,  Hajrasouli, M., 2011. Quantitative and qualitative land suitability evaluation for maize cultivation in ghobadlou region, Iran. Ozean Journal of Applied Sciences 4(1): 91-104.

Abstract

Land evaluation analysis is a prerequisite to achieving optimum utilization of the available land resources. Lack of knowledge on best combination of factors that suit production of yields has contributed to the low production. The aim of this study was to determine the most suitable areas for agricultural uses. For that reasons, in order to determine land suitability classes of the study area, multi-criteria approach was used with linear combination technique and analytical hierarchy process by taking into consideration of some land and soil physico-chemical characteristic such as slope, texture, depth, derange, stoniness, erosion, pH, EC, CaCO3 and organic matter. These data and land mapping unites were taken from digital detailed soil map scaled as 1:5.000. In addition, in order to was produce land suitability map GIS was program used for the study area. This study was carried out at Mahmudiye, Karaamca, Yazılı, Çiçeközü, Orhaniye and Akbıyık villages in Yenişehir district of Bursa province. Total study area is 7059 ha. 6890 ha of total study area has been used as irrigated agriculture, dry farming agriculture, pasture while, 169 ha has been used for non-agricultural activities such as settlement, road water body etc. Average annual temperature and precipitation of the study area are 16.1oC and 1039.5 mm, respectively. Finally after determination of land suitability distribution classes for the study area, it was found that 15.0% of the study area has highly (S1) and moderately (S2) while, 85% of the study area has marginally suitable and unsuitable coded as S3 and N. It was also determined some relation as compared results of linear combination technique with other hierarchy approaches such as Land Use Capability Classification and Suitability Class for Agricultural Use methods.

Keywords: Analytical hierarchy process, linear combination technique, land evaluation, land use capability classification.

References

Addeo, G., Guastadisegni, G.,  Pisante, M., 2001. Land and water quality for sustainable and precision farming. 1st World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, 1-5 October, 2001, Madrid, Spain.

Anonymous. 1970. Bursa İli Arazi Varlığı. Tarım ve Köyişleri Bakanlığı, Ankara, Turkey. [in Turkish]

Bhushan, N., Rai, K., 2004. Strategic decision making: Applying the analytic hierarchy process. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA. 172p.

Delgado, F.,  Lopez, R., 1998. Evaluation of soil development impact on the productivity of Venezuelan Soils. Advances in GeoEcology 31: 133-142

Dengiz, O., Bayramin, İ., Yüksel, M., 2003. Geographic information system and remote sensing based land resource assessment, land evaluation of beypazarı area soils by ILSEN method. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 27: 145-153.

Dengiz, O., Özyazıcı, M.A,  Sağlam, M., 2015. Multi-criteria assessment and geostatistical approach for determination of rice growing suitability sites in Gokirmak catchment. Paddy Water Environment 13(1): 1–10.

Dengiz, O., Sarıoğlu, F.E., 2013. Arazi Değerlendirme Çalışmalarında Parametrik Bir Yaklaşım Olan Doğrusal Kombinasyon Tekniği. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 19(2): 101-112. [in Turkish]

FAO, 1976. A framework for land evaluation: FAO Soils Bulletin No. 32, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy.  Available at [Access date: 15.02.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5310e/x5310e00.htm

FAO, 1983. Guidelines. Land evaluation for rainfed agriculture. FAO Soils Bulletin No. 52, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 15.02.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/t0412e/t0412e.pdf

FAO, 1985. Guidelines. Land evaluation for irrigated agriculture. FAO Soils Bulletin No. 55, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy.  Available at [Access date: 15.02.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5648e/x5648e00.htm

FAO, 1993. Guidelines for land-use planning. FAO Development Series 1, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available at [Access date: 15.02.2017]: http://www.fao.org/docrep/t0715e/t0715e00.htm

Klingebiel, A.A., Montgomery, P.H., 1966. Land Capability Classification. United States Department of Agriculture. Handbook No. 210, Washington, USA.

McRae, S.G., Burnham, C.P., 1981. Land Evaluation.  Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK. 239 p.

Mustafa, A.A., Man, S., Sahoo, R.N., Nayan, A., Manoj, K., Sarangi, A.,  Mishra, A.K., 2011. Land suitability analysis for different crops: a multi criteria decision making approach using remote sensing and GIS. Researcher 3 (12): 61-84.

Nisar Ahamed, T.R., Gopal Rao K.,  Murthy, J.S.R., 2000. GIS-based fuzzy membership model for crop-land suitability analysis. Agricultural Systems 63(2): 75-95.

Rabia, H.A, Terribile, F., 2013. Introducing a new parametric concept for land suitability assessment. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 4(1): 15-19.

Rezaei-Moghaddam, K., Karami, E., 2008. A multiple criteria evaluation of sustainable agricultural development models using AHP. Environment, Development and Sustainability 10(4): 407–426.

Saaty, T,. 1980. The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation. McGraw Hill International, New York, USA. 287p.

Saaty, T., 1993. The analytic hierarchy process: A 1993 overview. Central European Journal of Operation Research and Economics 2: 119–137.

Saaty, T., Vargas, L., 2001. Models, Methods, Concepts & Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. USA. 331p.

Senol, S., Tekes, Y., 1995 Arazi değerlendirme ve arazi kullanım planlaması amacıyla geliştirilmiş bir bilgisayar modeli. Türkiye Toprak Ilmi Dernegi. İlhan Akalan Toprak ve Çevre Sempozyumu, Cilt 1,  Ankara, Turkey. pp. 204–210. [in Turkish]

Sonmez, K., 1994.  Toprak ve Su Koruma. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları No: 169, Erzurum, Turkey. [in Turkish]

Storie, R.E., 1938. An index for rating the agricultural valuve of soils. Bulletin 556. University of California, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station Berkeley, California, USA. 46p.

Sys, C., Van Ranst,  E., Debaveye, J., 1991.  Land evaluation part I Principles in land evaluation and crop production calculations. General administration for development cooperation (GADC), Agricultural Publications No. 7, Brussels, Belgium. pp.40-80.

Vargahan, B., Shahbazi, F.,  Hajrasouli, M., 2011. Quantitative and qualitative land suitability evaluation for maize cultivation in ghobadlou region, Iran. Ozean Journal of Applied Sciences 4(1): 91-104.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science