Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 6, Issue 4, Sep 2017, Pages 312-318
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.306535
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.306535
Copyright © 2017 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Phosphorus release dynamics under phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate in soil amendment

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Agyarko,K., Frimpong,K., Abunyewa,A., 2017. Phosphorus release dynamics under phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate in soil amendment. Eurasian J Soil Sci 6(4):312-318. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.306535
Agyarko,K.,Frimpong,K.,& Abunyewa,A. Phosphorus release dynamics under phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate in soil amendment Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 6(4):312-318. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.306535
Agyarko,K.,Frimpong,K., and ,Abunyewa,A."Phosphorus release dynamics under phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate in soil amendment" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 6.4 (2017):312-318. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.306535
Agyarko,K.,Frimpong,K., and ,Abunyewa,A. "Phosphorus release dynamics under phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate in soil amendment" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,6(Sep 2017):312-318 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.306535
K,Agyarko.KA,Frimpong.AA,Abunyewa "Phosphorus release dynamics under phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate in soil amendment" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.6, no.4, pp.312-318 (Sep 2017), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.306535
Agyarko,Kofi ;Frimpong,Kwame ;Abunyewa,Akwasi Phosphorus release dynamics under phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate in soil amendment. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2017),6.4:312-318. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.306535

How to cite

Agyarko, K., Frimpong, K., A. Abunyewa, A., A.2017. Phosphorus release dynamics under phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate in soil amendment. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 6(4): 312-318. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.306535

Author information

Kofi Agyarko , College of Agriculture Education, University of Education, Winneba, Mampong Campus, Ghana
Kwame Frimpong , Department of Soil Science, University of Cape Coast, Ghana
Akwasi Abunyewa , Department of Agroforestry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana

Publication information

Article first published online : 16 Apr 2017
Manuscript Accepted : 07 Apr 2017
Manuscript Received: 05 Jan 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.306535
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.306535

Abstract

This study was undertaken to assess the release pattern of available phosphorus in a Togo phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate soil amendment. Treatments were prepared through the combinations of soil, phosphate rock (PR) and ammonium sulphate (AS) fertilizer. The treatments were; Control, 12.5g PR, 25g PR, 12.5g PR+1g AS, 12.5g PR+2g AS, 25.0g PR+1g AS and 25.0g PR+2g AS kg-1 soil. Standard laboratory methods were used to assess pH, available phosphorus (P) and total phosphorus (P). Generally, the pH of treatments decreased to the lowest levels between the 4th and 6th weeks after amendment. The AS fertilizer treatments had significantly (p≤0.05) lower pH values than those without. Amendments with the 2gAS kg-1 soil had significantly (p≤0.05) lower mean pH values than those with the 1gAS kg-1 soil. The AS fertilizer treatments also had significantly (p ≤ 0.05) higher levels of the available P than those without. The higher the amount of the AS in the amendment, the higher the level of the available P concentration. Increase in the level of AS in the amendment also increased the mean value of the available P released. The peaks of available P released were observed between the 6th and the 8th weeks, after the lowest pH values had been attained. Decreased soil pH relatively increased the amount of phosphorus released (y = -12.47x + 111.4; R2=0.53). Addition of PR in the treatments increased the total P levels. In conclusion, combined application of AS and PR has the potential to increase soil P availability, which is beneficial to crop farmers.

Keywords

Phosphate rock, ammonium sulphate, soil amendment, pH, available phosphorus, total phosphorus.

Corresponding author

References

Agyarko, K., Abunyewa, A.A., Asiedu, A.K., Heva, E., 2016. Dissolution of rock phosphate in animal manure soil amendment and lettuce growth. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 5(2): 84-88.

Anderson, J.M., Ingram, J.S.I., 1989. Tropical soil biology and fertility: A handbook of methods. CAB International. Wallingford, UK.

Apthorp, J. N., Hedley, M. J., Tillman, R. W., 1987. The effects of nitrogen fertilizer form on the plant availability of phosphate from soil, phosphate rock and mono-calcium phosphate. Fertilizer Research 12(3):269–283.

Bationo, A., 2009. Constraints and new opportunities for achieving a green revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa through Integrated Soil Fertility Management. The Proceedings of the International Plant Nutrition Colloquium XVI. Available at [13.01.2017]: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/7hr282j2

Bolan, N. S., Hedley, M. J., 2003. Role of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur cycles in soil acidification. In: Handbook of soil acidity. Rengel, Z. (Ed.). Marcel Dekker. New York, USA. pp. 29–56.

Bray, R. H., Kurtz, L. T., 1945. Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science 59(1): 39–46.

Buresh, J. R., Smithson, P.C., 1997. Building soil phosphorus capital in Africa. In: Replenishing soil fertility in Africa. Buresh R.J.  et al. (Eds.). SSSA Special Publications 51. SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. pp.111-150.

Caravaca, F., Alguacil, M.M., Azcón, R., Dı́az, G., Roldán, A., 2004. Comparing the effectiveness of mycorrhizal inoculation and amendment with sugar beet, rock phosphate and Aspergillus niger to enhance field performance of the leguminous shrub Dorycnium pentaphyllum L. Applied Soil Ecology 25(2): 169‒180.

Chien, S.H., 1979. Dissolution of phosphate rock in acid soils as influenced by nitrogen and potassium fertilizers. Soil Science 127: 371–376.

Delvasto, P., Valverde, A., Ballester, A., Igual, J.M., Muñoz, J.A., González, F.,Blázquez, M.L., García, C., 2006. Characterization of brushite as a re-crystallization product formed during bacterial solubilization of hydroxyapatite in batch cultures. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38(9): 2645‒2654.

Dorozhkin, S.V., 2012. Dissolution mechanism of calcium apatites in acids: A review of literature. World Journal of Methodology 2(1): 1–17.

Fageria, N.K., sos Santos, A.B., Moraes, M.F., 2010. Influence of urea and ammonium sulphate on soil acidity indices in lowland rice production. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 41(13): 1565–1575.

Ferrari, S., Júnior, E.F., Grava de Godoy, L.J., Ferrari, J.V., Oliveira de Souza, W.J., Alves, E., 2015. Effects on soil chemical attributes and cotton yield from ammonium sulfate and cover crops. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy 37(1): 75-83.

Friesen, D.K., Sale, P.W.G., Blair, G.J., 1987. Long-term greenhouse evaluation of partially acidulated phosphate rock fertilizers II. Effect of cogranulation with elemental S on availability of P from two phosphate rocks. Fertilizer Research 13: 45-54.

Ghosal, P.K., Chakraborty, T., 2012. Comparative solubility study of four phosphatic fertilizers in different solvents and the effect of soil. Resources and Environment 2(4): 175-179.

Hellal, F.A., Nagumo, F., Zewainy, R.M., 2012. Influence of phospho-composting on enhancing phosphorus solubility from inactive rock phosphate.  Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 6(5): 268-276.

IPNI (International Plant Nutrition Institute), 2016. Ammonium Sulphate No. 12. USA. Available at [13.01.2017]: https://www.ipni.net/publication/nss.nsf/0/A9E141566F664341852579AF007640CF/$FILE/NSS-12%20Ammonium%20Sulfate.pdf

IITA (International Institute of Tropical Agriculture), 1985. Laboratory manual of selected methods for soil and plant analysis. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Kumari, K., Phogat, V.K., 2008. Rock phosphate: its availability and solubilization in the soil – A review. Agricultural Reviews 29 (2): 108 – 116.

Kumar, C.S., Rajeew, K., Singh, A. K., Rakesh, K., 2015. Effect of acidulated rock phosphate on growth yield attributes and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 49(6): 574-576.

Lluch, C., Olivares, J., 1979. Effect of elemental sulphur and sulphate on soil microflora. Agrochimica 23(2/3): 273-278.

Lorion, R.M., 2004. Rock phosphate, manure and compost use in Garlic and potato systems in a high Intermontane valley in Bolivia. Master Science Thesis, Washington State University, USA. Available at [13.01.2017]: http://www.dissertations.wsu.edu/thesis/summer2004/r_lorion_071404.pdf

Morris, M., Kelly, V.A., Kopicki, R.J., Byerlee, D., 2007. Fertilizer use in African Agriculture: lessons learned and good practices guide-line. World Bank, Washington, USA. 144p.

Müftüoğlu, N.M., Sarımehmet, M., 1993. Soil acidity of the tea soils of the Eastern Black Sea Region. Ege University Journal of Agricultural Faculty 30(3): 41-48.

Osman, M.A., 2015. Studies on the Possible use of Rock phosphate in Agriculture. International Journal of Chem Tech Research 8(10): 53 - 68.

Prasanna, A., Deepa, V., Murthy, P.B., Deecaraman, M., Sridhar, R., Dhandapani, P., 2011. Insoluble phosphate solubilization by bacterial strains isolated from rice rhizosphere soils from Southern India. International Journal of Soil Science 6(2): 134‒141.

Penn State Agronomy Guide, 2017. Nitrogen Fertilizers. Available at [13.01.2017]: http://extension.psu.edu/agronomy-guide/cm/sec2/sec28

Rajan, S.S.S., O'Connor, M.B., Sinclair, A.G., 1994. Partially acidulated phosphate rocks: Controlled release phosphorus fertilizers for more sustainable agriculture. Fertilizer Research 37(1): 69 -78.

Rodríguez, H., Fraga, R., Gonzalez, T., Bashan, Y., 2006. Genetics of phosphate solubilization and its potential applications for improving plant growth-promoting bacteria. Plant and Soil 287(1): 15‒21.

Rowell, D.L., 1994. Soil science: methods and applications. Longman Group Ltd., London, UK.

Ullah, B., Ullah, A., Khan, S. A., Rehaman, A. U., Khan, M. J., Khan, S. A., Irfan, M., 2012. Effect of acidulated rock phosphate on micronutrients uptake by maize. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 7(8): 638- 644.

Van den Berghe, C.H., 1996. The effect of Matongo rock phosphate and urea as compared to di-ammonium phosphate in the composting process and the yield of potatoes in the Mugamba region in Burundi. Fertilizer Research 45(1): 51-59.

Zapata, F., Roy, R.N., 2004. Use of phosphate rocks for sustainable agriculture. FAO Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin 13, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

This study was undertaken to assess the release pattern of available phosphorus in a Togo phosphate rock and ammonium sulphate soil amendment. Treatments were prepared through the combinations of soil, phosphate rock (PR) and ammonium sulphate (AS) fertilizer. The treatments were; Control, 12.5g PR, 25g PR, 12.5g PR+1g AS, 12.5g PR+2g AS, 25.0g PR+1g AS and 25.0g PR+2g AS kg-1 soil. Standard laboratory methods were used to assess pH, available phosphorus (P) and total phosphorus (P). Generally, the pH of treatments decreased to the lowest levels between the 4th and 6th weeks after amendment. The AS fertilizer treatments had significantly (p≤0.05) lower pH values than those without. Amendments with the 2gAS kg-1 soil had significantly (p≤0.05) lower mean pH values than those with the 1gAS kg-1 soil. The AS fertilizer treatments also had significantly (p ≤ 0.05) higher levels of the available P than those without. The higher the amount of the AS in the amendment, the higher the level of the available P concentration. Increase in the level of AS in the amendment also increased the mean value of the available P released. The peaks of available P released were observed between the 6th and the 8th weeks, after the lowest pH values had been attained. Decreased soil pH relatively increased the amount of phosphorus released (y = -12.47x + 111.4; R2=0.53). Addition of PR in the treatments increased the total P levels. In conclusion, combined application of AS and PR has the potential to increase soil P availability, which is beneficial to crop farmers.

Keywords: Phosphate rock, ammonium sulphate, soil amendment, pH, available phosphorus, total phosphorus.

References

Agyarko, K., Abunyewa, A.A., Asiedu, A.K., Heva, E., 2016. Dissolution of rock phosphate in animal manure soil amendment and lettuce growth. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 5(2): 84-88.

Anderson, J.M., Ingram, J.S.I., 1989. Tropical soil biology and fertility: A handbook of methods. CAB International. Wallingford, UK.

Apthorp, J. N., Hedley, M. J., Tillman, R. W., 1987. The effects of nitrogen fertilizer form on the plant availability of phosphate from soil, phosphate rock and mono-calcium phosphate. Fertilizer Research 12(3):269–283.

Bationo, A., 2009. Constraints and new opportunities for achieving a green revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa through Integrated Soil Fertility Management. The Proceedings of the International Plant Nutrition Colloquium XVI. Available at [13.01.2017]: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/7hr282j2

Bolan, N. S., Hedley, M. J., 2003. Role of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur cycles in soil acidification. In: Handbook of soil acidity. Rengel, Z. (Ed.). Marcel Dekker. New York, USA. pp. 29–56.

Bray, R. H., Kurtz, L. T., 1945. Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science 59(1): 39–46.

Buresh, J. R., Smithson, P.C., 1997. Building soil phosphorus capital in Africa. In: Replenishing soil fertility in Africa. Buresh R.J.  et al. (Eds.). SSSA Special Publications 51. SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. pp.111-150.

Caravaca, F., Alguacil, M.M., Azcón, R., Dı́az, G., Roldán, A., 2004. Comparing the effectiveness of mycorrhizal inoculation and amendment with sugar beet, rock phosphate and Aspergillus niger to enhance field performance of the leguminous shrub Dorycnium pentaphyllum L. Applied Soil Ecology 25(2): 169‒180.

Chien, S.H., 1979. Dissolution of phosphate rock in acid soils as influenced by nitrogen and potassium fertilizers. Soil Science 127: 371–376.

Delvasto, P., Valverde, A., Ballester, A., Igual, J.M., Muñoz, J.A., González, F.,Blázquez, M.L., García, C., 2006. Characterization of brushite as a re-crystallization product formed during bacterial solubilization of hydroxyapatite in batch cultures. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38(9): 2645‒2654.

Dorozhkin, S.V., 2012. Dissolution mechanism of calcium apatites in acids: A review of literature. World Journal of Methodology 2(1): 1–17.

Fageria, N.K., sos Santos, A.B., Moraes, M.F., 2010. Influence of urea and ammonium sulphate on soil acidity indices in lowland rice production. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 41(13): 1565–1575.

Ferrari, S., Júnior, E.F., Grava de Godoy, L.J., Ferrari, J.V., Oliveira de Souza, W.J., Alves, E., 2015. Effects on soil chemical attributes and cotton yield from ammonium sulfate and cover crops. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy 37(1): 75-83.

Friesen, D.K., Sale, P.W.G., Blair, G.J., 1987. Long-term greenhouse evaluation of partially acidulated phosphate rock fertilizers II. Effect of cogranulation with elemental S on availability of P from two phosphate rocks. Fertilizer Research 13: 45-54.

Ghosal, P.K., Chakraborty, T., 2012. Comparative solubility study of four phosphatic fertilizers in different solvents and the effect of soil. Resources and Environment 2(4): 175-179.

Hellal, F.A., Nagumo, F., Zewainy, R.M., 2012. Influence of phospho-composting on enhancing phosphorus solubility from inactive rock phosphate.  Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 6(5): 268-276.

IPNI (International Plant Nutrition Institute), 2016. Ammonium Sulphate No. 12. USA. Available at [13.01.2017]: https://www.ipni.net/publication/nss.nsf/0/A9E141566F664341852579AF007640CF/$FILE/NSS-12%20Ammonium%20Sulfate.pdf

IITA (International Institute of Tropical Agriculture), 1985. Laboratory manual of selected methods for soil and plant analysis. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Kumari, K., Phogat, V.K., 2008. Rock phosphate: its availability and solubilization in the soil – A review. Agricultural Reviews 29 (2): 108 – 116.

Kumar, C.S., Rajeew, K., Singh, A. K., Rakesh, K., 2015. Effect of acidulated rock phosphate on growth yield attributes and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 49(6): 574-576.

Lluch, C., Olivares, J., 1979. Effect of elemental sulphur and sulphate on soil microflora. Agrochimica 23(2/3): 273-278.

Lorion, R.M., 2004. Rock phosphate, manure and compost use in Garlic and potato systems in a high Intermontane valley in Bolivia. Master Science Thesis, Washington State University, USA. Available at [13.01.2017]: http://www.dissertations.wsu.edu/thesis/summer2004/r_lorion_071404.pdf

Morris, M., Kelly, V.A., Kopicki, R.J., Byerlee, D., 2007. Fertilizer use in African Agriculture: lessons learned and good practices guide-line. World Bank, Washington, USA. 144p.

Müftüoğlu, N.M., Sarımehmet, M., 1993. Soil acidity of the tea soils of the Eastern Black Sea Region. Ege University Journal of Agricultural Faculty 30(3): 41-48.

Osman, M.A., 2015. Studies on the Possible use of Rock phosphate in Agriculture. International Journal of Chem Tech Research 8(10): 53 - 68.

Prasanna, A., Deepa, V., Murthy, P.B., Deecaraman, M., Sridhar, R., Dhandapani, P., 2011. Insoluble phosphate solubilization by bacterial strains isolated from rice rhizosphere soils from Southern India. International Journal of Soil Science 6(2): 134‒141.

Penn State Agronomy Guide, 2017. Nitrogen Fertilizers. Available at [13.01.2017]: http://extension.psu.edu/agronomy-guide/cm/sec2/sec28

Rajan, S.S.S., O'Connor, M.B., Sinclair, A.G., 1994. Partially acidulated phosphate rocks: Controlled release phosphorus fertilizers for more sustainable agriculture. Fertilizer Research 37(1): 69 -78.

Rodríguez, H., Fraga, R., Gonzalez, T., Bashan, Y., 2006. Genetics of phosphate solubilization and its potential applications for improving plant growth-promoting bacteria. Plant and Soil 287(1): 15‒21.

Rowell, D.L., 1994. Soil science: methods and applications. Longman Group Ltd., London, UK.

Ullah, B., Ullah, A., Khan, S. A., Rehaman, A. U., Khan, M. J., Khan, S. A., Irfan, M., 2012. Effect of acidulated rock phosphate on micronutrients uptake by maize. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 7(8): 638- 644.

Van den Berghe, C.H., 1996. The effect of Matongo rock phosphate and urea as compared to di-ammonium phosphate in the composting process and the yield of potatoes in the Mugamba region in Burundi. Fertilizer Research 45(1): 51-59.

Zapata, F., Roy, R.N., 2004. Use of phosphate rocks for sustainable agriculture. FAO Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin 13, Rome, Italy.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science