Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 6, Issue 4, Sep 2017, Pages 307-311
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.304519
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.304519
Copyright © 2017 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Clay activity index as an indicator of soil erodibility

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Özdemir,N., Gülser,C., 2017. Clay activity index as an indicator of soil erodibility. Eurasian J Soil Sci 6(4):307-311. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.304519
Özdemir,N.,& Gülser,C. (2017). Clay activity index as an indicator of soil erodibility Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 6(4):307-311. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.304519
Özdemir,N., and ,Gülser,C. "Clay activity index as an indicator of soil erodibility" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 6.4 (2017):307-311. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.304519
Özdemir,N., and ,Gülser,C. "Clay activity index as an indicator of soil erodibility" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,6(Sep 2017):307-311 DOI : 10.18393/ejss.304519
N,Özdemir.C,Gülser "Clay activity index as an indicator of soil erodibility" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol.6, no.4, pp.307-311 (Sep 2017), DOI : 10.18393/ejss.304519
Özdemir,Nutullah ;Gülser,Coşkun Clay activity index as an indicator of soil erodibility. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, (2017),6.4:307-311. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.304519

How to cite

Özdemir, N., Gülser, C., 2017. Clay activity index as an indicator of soil erodibility. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 6(4): 307-311. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.304519

Author information

Nutullah Özdemir , Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Samsun, Turkey
Coşkun Gülser , Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 55139, Samsun, Turkey Samsun, Turkey

Publication information

Article first published online : 07 Apr 2017
Manuscript Accepted : 02 Apr 2017
Manuscript Received: 04 Jan 2017
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.304519
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.304519

Abstract

Activity index (AI) value characterizes the relationship between the plasticity index and clay content. In this study, AI value was investigated to determine whether it might be used as an indicator of soil structural stability or not. The AI values of 75 soil samples gave the significant negative correlations with their dispersion ratio (DR), soil erodibility factors (K) and erosion ratios (ER). Also, the AI values of the soils including clay and sandy clay loam textural class showed significant positive correlation with soil structural stability index (SSI). It seems that the AI value may be used as an indicator of soil structural stability.

Keywords

AI value, erosion ratio, soil erodibility, structure stability index.

Corresponding author

References

Akalan, İ., 1967. Toprak fiziksel özellikleri ve erozyon. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yıllığı 3-4: 490-503. [in Turkish].

Baumgartl, T., 2002. Atterberg Limits. Encyclopedia of Soil Science, Marcel Dekker Inc. pp: 89-93.

Black, C.A., 1965. Methods of soil analysis. Part 1 Physical and mineralogical properties, American Society of Agronomy, No:9. Madison, WI, USA.

Bryan, R.B., 1968. The development, use and efficiency of indices of soil erodibility. Geoderma 2(1): 5-25.

Demiralay, İ., 1993. Toprak fiziksel analizleri. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları No:143, Erzurum [in Turkish].

Gülser, C, Ç. Selvi, S. İç, 2009. Some mechanical properties and workability of soils in a Karadeniz Agricultural Research Institute Field. Tarım Makinaları Bilimi Dergisi 5(4): 423-428. [in Turkish].

Hillel, D., 1982. Introduction to soil physics. Academic Press Inc. New York, USA. 359p.

Hudson, N., 1995. Soil conservation. Bastford Publication, USA. 391p.

Isaaks, H.E., Sarivastava, M.R., 1989. Applied geostatistics. Oxford University Press. New York, USA. 561p.

Kacar, B., 1994. Bitki ve toprağın kimyasal analizleri III. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Eğitim, Araştırma ve Geliştirme Vakfı Yayınları No.3. Ankara. [in Turkish].

Karagül, R. 1999. Trabzon-Söğütlüdere havzasında farklı arazi kullanım şekilleri altındaki toprakların bazı özellikleri ve erozyon eğilimlerinin araştırılması. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 23: 53-68.

Klute, A. 1986. Methods of Soil Analyses. Part 1 Physical and mineralogical properties, American Society of Agronomy, No:9. Madison, WI, USA

Leo, W.M., 1963. A rapid method for estimating structural stability of soils. Soil Science 96: 342-346.

Morgan, R.P.C., 2005.  Soil erosion and conservation. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, USA. 298p.

Özdemir, N., Öztürk, E., Kop, Ö.T., Ekberli, İ., 2015. Effects of organic and inorganic amendments on soil erodibility.  Eurasian Journal of Soil Science  4(4): 266 – 271.

Özdemir, N., Aşkın, T., 1999. Ordu İli topraklarının strüktürel dayanıklılığının ve aşınıma duyarlılığının belirlenmesi üzerine bir araştırma. Karadeniz Bölgesi Tarım Sempozyumu, 4-5 Ocak 1999, Samsun, Türkiye. Bildiriler Cilt:1 p.141-151. [in Turkish].

Özdemir, N., Aşkın, T., 2003. Effects of parent material and land use on soil erodibility. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 166: 774–776.

Skempton, A.W., 1953. The colloidal activity of clays. Proceedings of Third International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Switzerland, Aug 1953, vol. 1.  pp. 57-61.

Soil Survey Staff, 1993. Soil Survey Manuel. United States Department of Agronomy, Handbook No:18, Washington, USA.

Steel, R.G.D.,  Torrie, J.H., 1980. Principle and procedures of statistics. Mc Graw-Hill Company, New York, USA. 633p.

Wischmeier, W.H., Smith, D.D., 1978. Predicting rainfall erosion loses a guide to conservation planning. United States Department of Agronomy, Agriculture Handbook No:557, Washington, USA.

Abstract

Activity index (AI) value characterizes the relationship between the plasticity index and clay content. In this study, AI value was investigated to determine whether it might be used as an indicator of soil structural stability or not. The AI values of 75 soil samples gave the significant negative correlations with their dispersion ratio (DR), soil erodibility factors (K) and erosion ratios (ER). Also, the AI values of the soils including clay and sandy clay loam textural class showed significant positive correlation with soil structural stability index (SSI). It seems that the AI value may be used as an indicator of soil structural stability.

Keywords: AI value, erosion ratio, soil erodibility, structure stability index.

References

Akalan, İ., 1967. Toprak fiziksel özellikleri ve erozyon. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yıllığı 3-4: 490-503. [in Turkish].

Baumgartl, T., 2002. Atterberg Limits. Encyclopedia of Soil Science, Marcel Dekker Inc. pp: 89-93.

Black, C.A., 1965. Methods of soil analysis. Part 1 Physical and mineralogical properties, American Society of Agronomy, No:9. Madison, WI, USA.

Bryan, R.B., 1968. The development, use and efficiency of indices of soil erodibility. Geoderma 2(1): 5-25.

Demiralay, İ., 1993. Toprak fiziksel analizleri. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları No:143, Erzurum [in Turkish].

Gülser, C, Ç. Selvi, S. İç, 2009. Some mechanical properties and workability of soils in a Karadeniz Agricultural Research Institute Field. Tarım Makinaları Bilimi Dergisi 5(4): 423-428. [in Turkish].

Hillel, D., 1982. Introduction to soil physics. Academic Press Inc. New York, USA. 359p.

Hudson, N., 1995. Soil conservation. Bastford Publication, USA. 391p.

Isaaks, H.E., Sarivastava, M.R., 1989. Applied geostatistics. Oxford University Press. New York, USA. 561p.

Kacar, B., 1994. Bitki ve toprağın kimyasal analizleri III. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Eğitim, Araştırma ve Geliştirme Vakfı Yayınları No.3. Ankara. [in Turkish].

Karagül, R. 1999. Trabzon-Söğütlüdere havzasında farklı arazi kullanım şekilleri altındaki toprakların bazı özellikleri ve erozyon eğilimlerinin araştırılması. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 23: 53-68.

Klute, A. 1986. Methods of Soil Analyses. Part 1 Physical and mineralogical properties, American Society of Agronomy, No:9. Madison, WI, USA

Leo, W.M., 1963. A rapid method for estimating structural stability of soils. Soil Science 96: 342-346.

Morgan, R.P.C., 2005.  Soil erosion and conservation. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, USA. 298p.

Özdemir, N., Öztürk, E., Kop, Ö.T., Ekberli, İ., 2015. Effects of organic and inorganic amendments on soil erodibility.  Eurasian Journal of Soil Science  4(4): 266 – 271.

Özdemir, N., Aşkın, T., 1999. Ordu İli topraklarının strüktürel dayanıklılığının ve aşınıma duyarlılığının belirlenmesi üzerine bir araştırma. Karadeniz Bölgesi Tarım Sempozyumu, 4-5 Ocak 1999, Samsun, Türkiye. Bildiriler Cilt:1 p.141-151. [in Turkish].

Özdemir, N., Aşkın, T., 2003. Effects of parent material and land use on soil erodibility. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 166: 774–776.

Skempton, A.W., 1953. The colloidal activity of clays. Proceedings of Third International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Switzerland, Aug 1953, vol. 1.  pp. 57-61.

Soil Survey Staff, 1993. Soil Survey Manuel. United States Department of Agronomy, Handbook No:18, Washington, USA.

Steel, R.G.D.,  Torrie, J.H., 1980. Principle and procedures of statistics. Mc Graw-Hill Company, New York, USA. 633p.

Wischmeier, W.H., Smith, D.D., 1978. Predicting rainfall erosion loses a guide to conservation planning. United States Department of Agronomy, Agriculture Handbook No:557, Washington, USA.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science