Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 5, Issue 3, Jul 2016, Pages 221 - 230
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230
Copyright © 2016 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran

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Aminiyan,M., Aminiyan,F., Heydariyan,A., Sadikhani,M., 2016. The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Eurasian J Soil Sci 5(3):221 - 230. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230
Aminiyan,M.,Aminiyan,F.Heydariyan,A.,& Sadikhani,M. The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230
Aminiyan,M.,Aminiyan,F.Heydariyan,A., and ,Sadikhani,M."The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230
Aminiyan,M.,Aminiyan,F.Heydariyan,A., and ,Sadikhani,M. "The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230
MM,Aminiyan.FM,Aminiyan.A,Heydariyan.MR,Sadikhani "The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230
Aminiyan,Milad ;Aminiyan,Farzad ;Heydariyan,Amin ;Sadikhani,Mahmood The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230

How to cite

Aminiyan, M., M. Aminiyan, F., M. Heydariyan, A., M. Sadikhani, M., R.2016. The assessment of groundwater geochemistry of some wells in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 5(3): 221 - 230. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230

Author information

Milad Aminiyan , Soil Science Department, College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
Farzad Aminiyan , Civil Department, College of Engineering, Vali-e-Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran
Amin Heydariyan , Soil Science Department, College of Agriculture, Vali-e-Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran
Mahmood Sadikhani , Soil Science Department, College of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Iran

Publication information

Issue published online: 01 Jul 2016
Article first published online : 03 Mar 2016
Manuscript Accepted : 13 Feb 2016
Manuscript Received: 03 Jan 2016
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.3.221-230

Abstract

Water quality is the critical factor that influence on human health and quantity and quality of grain production in semi-humid and semi-arid area. Groundwater and irrigation water quality play important roles in main production this crop. For this purpose, 94 well water samples were taken from 25 wells and samples analyzed. The results showed that four main types of water were found: Na-Cl, K-Cl, Na-SO4, and K-SO4. It seems that most wells in terms of water quality (salinity and alkalinity) and based on Wilcox diagram have critical status. The analysis suggested that more than 87% of the well water samples have high values of EC that these values are higher than into critical limit EC value for irrigation water, which may be due to the sandy soils in this area. Most groundwater were relatively unsuitable for irrigation but it could be used by application of correct management such as removing and reducing the ion concentrations of Cl‾, SO42‾, Na+ and total hardness in groundwater and also the concentrated deep groundwater was required treatment to reduce the salinity and sodium hazard. Given that irrigation water quality in this area was relatively unsuitable for most agriculture production but pistachio tree was adapted to this area conditions. The integrated management of groundwater for irrigation is the way to solve water quality issues not only in Rafsanjan area, but also in other arid and semi-arid areas.

Keywords

Irrigation, saline, water quality, groundwater, Rafsanjan

Corresponding author

References

Behboudian, M.H., Walker, R.R., Törökfalvy, E., 1986. Effects of water stress and salinity on photosynthesis of pistachio. Scientia Horticulturae 29(3): 251-261.

Deng, X., Huang, J., Rozelle, S., Uchida, E., 2006. Cultivated land conversion and potential agricultural productivity in China. Land Use Policy 23 (4): 372–384.

Freeze, R.A., Cherry, J.A., 1979. Groundwater, Prentice Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA, 604 pp.

Goldhamer, D.A., 1995. Irrigation management. In: Pistachio Production. Ferguson, L. Beede, R., Teviotdale,B., Weinberger, G., (Eds.), Center for Fruit and Nut Research and Information, Davis, CA. pp.71–81.

Goldhamer, D.A., Phene, B.C., Beede, R., Sherlin, L., Mahan, S., Rose, D., 1987. Effects of sustained deficit irrigation on pistachio tree performance. In: Annual Report, Crop Year 1986–1987., California Pistachio Industry, Fresno, CA. pp. 61–66.

Grieve, C.M., Poss, J.A., Amrhein, C. 2006. Response of Matthiola incana to irrigation with salinity wastewaters. HortScience 41(1): 119–123.

Hosseinifard, S. J., Aminiyan, M. M. 2015. Hydrochemical characterization of groundwater quality for drinking and agricultural purposes: A case study in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Water Quality, Exposure and Health 7(4): 531-544.

Hosseinifard, S.J., Khademi, H., Kalbasi, M., 2010. Different forms of soil potassium as affected by the age of pistachio (Pistacia Vera L.) trees in Rafsanjan, Iran. Geoderma 155(3-4): 289–297.

Hosseinifard, S.J., Naghavi, H., Eghbal, M.K., Jalalian, A., 2005a. Physiochemical and mineralogical properties of selected soils in the Rafsanjan pistachio area. Iran. 4th International Symposium of Pistachios and Almonds, Tehran, Iran. p. 95.

Hosseinifard, S.J., Rezaee, H., Panahi, B., Ziaeeyan, A., 2005b. Effects of K, Fe and Zn sulfate application on leaf nutrients and nut quality of mature pistachio trees. 4th International Symposium of Pistachios and Almonds, Tehran, Iran. p. 94.

Jang, C.S., Chen, J.S., 2009. Probabilistic assessment of groundwater mixing with surface water for agricultural utilization. Journal of Hydrology 376 (1–2): 188–199.

Karaivazoglou, N.A., Papakosta, D.K., Divanidis, S., 2005. Effect of chloride in irrigation water and form of nitrogen fertilizer on Virginia (flue-cured) tobacco. Field Crops Research 92 (1): 61–74.

Khan, S.h., Tariq, R., Yuanlai, C., Blackwell, J., 2006. Can irrigation be sustainable?. Agricultural Water Management 80(1-3): 87–99.

Liu, Z., Li, Y., Li, Z., 2009. Surface water quality and land use in Wisconsin, USA - a GIS approach. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences 6 (1): 69-89.

Naor, A., 2006. Irrigation scheduling and evaluation of tree water status in deciduous orchards. Horticultural Reviews 32: 111–165.

Ribolzi, O., Cuny, J., Sengsoulichanh, P., Mousquès, C., Soulileuth, B., Pierret, A., Huon, S., Sengtaheuanghoung, O., 2011. Land use and water quality along a Mekong Tributary in Northern Lao P.D.R. Environmental Management 47(2): 291-302.

Richards, L.A., 1954. Diagnosis Improvement Saline Alkali Soils. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Handbook. No. 60. Washington DC, USA. 160p.

Ritcher, B.C., Kreitler, C.W., 1993. Geochemical techniques for identifying sources of ground-water salinization. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL, USA. 272p

Rogers, P. 1996. America's water: Federal roles and responsibilities. A Twentieth Centruy Fund Book. MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England. 229p.

Sawyer, N.N., McCarty, P.L., Parkin, G.F., 2003. Chemistry for environmental engineering and science. McGraw-Hill Education, 5th edition, New York, USA. 752p.

Wilcox, L.V., 1955. Classification and use of irrigation waters. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Circular No. 939, Washington DC, USA. 19p.

Abstract

Water quality is the critical factor that influence on human health and quantity and quality of grain production in semi-humid and semi-arid area. Groundwater and irrigation water quality play important roles in main production this crop. For this purpose, 94 well water samples were taken from 25 wells and samples analyzed. The results showed that four main types of water were found: Na-Cl, K-Cl, Na-SO4, and K-SO4. It seems that most wells in terms of water quality (salinity and alkalinity) and based on Wilcox diagram have critical status. The analysis suggested that more than 87% of the well water samples have high values of EC that these values are higher than into critical limit EC value for irrigation water, which may be due to the sandy soils in this area. Most groundwater were relatively unsuitable for irrigation but it could be used by application of correct management such as removing and reducing the ion concentrations of Cl‾, SO42‾, Na+ and total hardness in groundwater and also the concentrated deep groundwater was required treatment to reduce the salinity and sodium hazard. Given that irrigation water quality in this area was relatively unsuitable for most agriculture production but pistachio tree was adapted to this area conditions. The integrated management of groundwater for irrigation is the way to solve water quality issues not only in Rafsanjan area, but also in other arid and semi-arid areas.

Keywords: Irrigation, saline, water quality, groundwater, Rafsanjan

References

Behboudian, M.H., Walker, R.R., Törökfalvy, E., 1986. Effects of water stress and salinity on photosynthesis of pistachio. Scientia Horticulturae 29(3): 251-261.

Deng, X., Huang, J., Rozelle, S., Uchida, E., 2006. Cultivated land conversion and potential agricultural productivity in China. Land Use Policy 23 (4): 372–384.

Freeze, R.A., Cherry, J.A., 1979. Groundwater, Prentice Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA, 604 pp.

Goldhamer, D.A., 1995. Irrigation management. In: Pistachio Production. Ferguson, L. Beede, R., Teviotdale,B., Weinberger, G., (Eds.), Center for Fruit and Nut Research and Information, Davis, CA. pp.71–81.

Goldhamer, D.A., Phene, B.C., Beede, R., Sherlin, L., Mahan, S., Rose, D., 1987. Effects of sustained deficit irrigation on pistachio tree performance. In: Annual Report, Crop Year 1986–1987., California Pistachio Industry, Fresno, CA. pp. 61–66.

Grieve, C.M., Poss, J.A., Amrhein, C. 2006. Response of Matthiola incana to irrigation with salinity wastewaters. HortScience 41(1): 119–123.

Hosseinifard, S. J., Aminiyan, M. M. 2015. Hydrochemical characterization of groundwater quality for drinking and agricultural purposes: A case study in Rafsanjan plain, Iran. Water Quality, Exposure and Health 7(4): 531-544.

Hosseinifard, S.J., Khademi, H., Kalbasi, M., 2010. Different forms of soil potassium as affected by the age of pistachio (Pistacia Vera L.) trees in Rafsanjan, Iran. Geoderma 155(3-4): 289–297.

Hosseinifard, S.J., Naghavi, H., Eghbal, M.K., Jalalian, A., 2005a. Physiochemical and mineralogical properties of selected soils in the Rafsanjan pistachio area. Iran. 4th International Symposium of Pistachios and Almonds, Tehran, Iran. p. 95.

Hosseinifard, S.J., Rezaee, H., Panahi, B., Ziaeeyan, A., 2005b. Effects of K, Fe and Zn sulfate application on leaf nutrients and nut quality of mature pistachio trees. 4th International Symposium of Pistachios and Almonds, Tehran, Iran. p. 94.

Jang, C.S., Chen, J.S., 2009. Probabilistic assessment of groundwater mixing with surface water for agricultural utilization. Journal of Hydrology 376 (1–2): 188–199.

Karaivazoglou, N.A., Papakosta, D.K., Divanidis, S., 2005. Effect of chloride in irrigation water and form of nitrogen fertilizer on Virginia (flue-cured) tobacco. Field Crops Research 92 (1): 61–74.

Khan, S.h., Tariq, R., Yuanlai, C., Blackwell, J., 2006. Can irrigation be sustainable?. Agricultural Water Management 80(1-3): 87–99.

Liu, Z., Li, Y., Li, Z., 2009. Surface water quality and land use in Wisconsin, USA - a GIS approach. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences 6 (1): 69-89.

Naor, A., 2006. Irrigation scheduling and evaluation of tree water status in deciduous orchards. Horticultural Reviews 32: 111–165.

Ribolzi, O., Cuny, J., Sengsoulichanh, P., Mousquès, C., Soulileuth, B., Pierret, A., Huon, S., Sengtaheuanghoung, O., 2011. Land use and water quality along a Mekong Tributary in Northern Lao P.D.R. Environmental Management 47(2): 291-302.

Richards, L.A., 1954. Diagnosis Improvement Saline Alkali Soils. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Handbook. No. 60. Washington DC, USA. 160p.

Ritcher, B.C., Kreitler, C.W., 1993. Geochemical techniques for identifying sources of ground-water salinization. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL, USA. 272p

Rogers, P. 1996. America's water: Federal roles and responsibilities. A Twentieth Centruy Fund Book. MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England. 229p.

Sawyer, N.N., McCarty, P.L., Parkin, G.F., 2003. Chemistry for environmental engineering and science. McGraw-Hill Education, 5th edition, New York, USA. 752p.

Wilcox, L.V., 1955. Classification and use of irrigation waters. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Circular No. 939, Washington DC, USA. 19p.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science