Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 5, Issue 3, Jul 2016, Pages 166 - 171
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171
Copyright © 2016 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons

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Izadi ,M., Habashi,H., 2016. Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons. Eurasian J Soil Sci 5(3):166 - 171. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171
Izadi ,M.,,& Habashi,H. Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171
Izadi ,M.,, and ,Habashi,H."Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171
Izadi ,M.,, and ,Habashi,H. "Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171
M,Izadi .H,Habashi "Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171
Izadi ,Masomeh ;Habashi,Hashem Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171

How to cite

Izadi , M., Habashi, H., 2016. Changes in diversity, biomass and abundance of soil macrofauna, Parrotio-Carpinetum forest at organic and semi-organic horizons. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 5(3): 166 - 171. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171

Author information

Masomeh Izadi , Gorgan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Faculty of Forest Science, Gorgan, Iran
Hashem Habashi , Gorgan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Faculty of Forest Science, Gorgan, Iran

Publication information

Issue published online: 01 Jul 2016
Article first published online : 11 Jan 2016
Manuscript Accepted : 08 Jan 2016
Manuscript Received: 28 Sep 2015
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.3.166-171

Abstract

Present study evaluates diversity, abundance and biomass of soil macrofauna in organic and semi-organic horizons in Parrotia persica-Carpinus betulus forest in Shast kola area. Totally 70 sample points were randomly selected from organic and semi-organic horizons then sampling was done by a rectangle 100 cm2 area. Soil macrofauna were separated from soil samples by hand sorting and using Berlese funnel then dried at 60°C for 72h and weighted in 0.001 gr. With using taxonomic classification key, thirteen macrofauna orders were identified. Most of abundance of soil macrofauna in both soil horizons were allocated to Millipedes order. Changes in diversity, abundance and biomass of macrofauna in both soil horizons were calculated. The results showed Shannon diversity index, Simpson evenness and Margalef richness indices in semi-organic horizon were more than organic horizon. Abundance and biomass of macrofauna in semi-organic horizon were more than organic horizon.

Keywords

Macrofauna, shannon diversity, simpson evenness, Margalef richness, biomass

Corresponding author

References

Altieri, M.A., 1999. The ecological role of biodiversity in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 74(1-3): 19 – 31.

Amini, R., Rahmani, R., Habashi, H., 2011. Nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon dynamics of hornbeam leaf litter (Case study: District one, Shastkalate forest, Gorgan). Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research 19(1): 94-103.

Borror, D. J., Triplehorn, C.A., Johnson, N.F., 1989. An introduction to study of insect. Saunders Collage Publishing Co., Philadelphia, 864 p.

David, J.F., Handa, I.T., 2010. The ecology of saprophagous macroarthropods (millipedes, woodlice) in the context of global change. Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society  85(4): 881-895.

Frouz, J., Elhottová, D., Kuráž, V., Šourková, M., 2006. Effects of soil macrofauna on other soil biota and soil formation in reclaimed and unreclaimed post mining sites: Results of a field microcosm experiment. Applied Soil Ecology 33(3):308–320.

Gonglanski, K.B., Gorshkova, I.A., Karpov, A,I., Pokarzhevskii, A.D., 2008. Do boundaries of soil animal and plant communities coincide? A case study of a Mediterrranean forest in Russia. European Journal of Soil Biology 44(4):355-363.

Hasegawa, M., 2001. The relationship between the organic mather composition of a forest floor and the structure of a soil arthropod community. European Journal of Soil Boilogy 37(4): 281-284.

Hassall, M., Turner,  J.G., Rands, M.R.W., 1987. Effects of terrestrial isopods on the decompostion of woodland leaf litter . Oecologia 72(4): 597-604.

Irannejad, E.,  Rahmani, R., 2009. Evaluation of earthworm abundance and vertical distribution prttern in some  forest types of ShastKolateh. Journal of Forest and Wood Products 62(2): 145- 157.

Khodashenas, A., Koocheki, A., Rezvani Moghaddam, P., Lakzian, A., 2012. Evaluation of structural biodiversity in natural systems of arid and semiarid regions: 1- Soil characteristic and biodiversity. Journal of Natural Environment 65(2): 165-173.

Lavelle, P., Decaëns, T., Aubert, M., Barot, S., Blouin, M., Bureau, F., Margerie, P., Mora, P., Rossi, J.-P., 2006. Soil invertebrates and ecosystem services. European Journal of Soil Biology 42(S1): S3–S15.

Loranger, G., Ponge, J.F., Lavelle, P., 2003. Humus forms in two secondary semi-evergreen tropical forests. European Journal of Soil Science 54(1): 17-24.

Mathieu, J., Rossi, J.-P., Mora, P., Lavelle, P., da S. Martins, P. F.,  Rouland, C., Grimaldi, M., 2005. Recovery of Soil Macrofauna Communities after Forest Clearance in Eastern Amazonia, Brazil. Conservation Biology 19(5): 1598-1605.

Mbuthia, E.W., Shariff, J.H., Raman, A., Hodgkins, D.S., Nicol, H.I., 2012. Abundance and diversity of soil arthropods and fungi in shelterbelts integrated with pastures in the central tablelands of New South Wales, Australia. Journal of Forest Science 58(12): 560-568.

Moghimian, N., kooch, Y., 2013. The effect some of physiographic factor and soil physic- chemical features of Hornbeam forest ecosystem on earthworm biomass. Journal of wood and Forest Science and Technology 20(2): 1-21.

Nahmani, J., Capowiez, Y., Lavelle, P., 2005. Effects of mental pollution on soil macro invertebrate burrow systems. Biology and Fertility of Soils 42: 31-39.

Palacios-Vargas, J.G., Gastano-Meneses, G., Gomez-Anaya, J.A., Martinez-Yrizor, A., Mejia- Recamier, B.E., Martinez-sanchez, J., 2007. Litter and soil arthropods diversity and density in atropical dry forest ecosystem in western Mexico. Bodiversity and  Conservation 16(3): 3703-3717.

Rahmani, R., Mayvan H.Z., 2004. Diversity and assemblage structure of soil invertebrates in Beech, hornbeam and Oak-hornbeam forest type. Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 56(4): 425-436.

Rahmani, R., Sh, Mohammadnejad Kiasari., 2003. Relation Between Millipedes Abundance and Litter Nutritional Elements Composition in Afforested and Disturbed Sites (Case Study: Darabkola-Mazandaran). Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 56(3): 201-213.

Ruiz, N., Lavelle, P., Jimenez, J., 2008. Soil Macrofauna field manual: Technical Level. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations (FAO). Rome, Italy. 100p.

Sileshi, G., Mafongoya, P.L., 2006. Long-term effects of improved legume fallows on soil invertebrate macrofauna and maize yield in eastern Zambia. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 115(1-4): 69-78.

Warren, M.W.,  Zou, X., 2002. Soil Macrofanua and Litter Nutrients in three tropical tree plantation on a disturbed site in puerto Rico. Forset Ecology and Management 170(1-3): 161-171.

Xin, W.D., Yin, X.Q., Song, B., 2012. Contribution of soil fauna to litter decompsition in Songnen sandy lands in northeastern China . Journal of Arid Environments 77: 90-95.

Abstract

Present study evaluates diversity, abundance and biomass of soil macrofauna in organic and semi-organic horizons in Parrotia persica-Carpinus betulus forest in Shast kola area. Totally 70 sample points were randomly selected from organic and semi-organic horizons then sampling was done by a rectangle 100 cm2 area. Soil macrofauna were separated from soil samples by hand sorting and using Berlese funnel then dried at 60°C for 72h and weighted in 0.001 gr. With using taxonomic classification key, thirteen macrofauna orders were identified. Most of abundance of soil macrofauna in both soil horizons were allocated to Millipedes order. Changes in diversity, abundance and biomass of macrofauna in both soil horizons were calculated. The results showed Shannon diversity index, Simpson evenness and Margalef richness indices in semi-organic horizon were more than organic horizon. Abundance and biomass of macrofauna in semi-organic horizon were more than organic horizon.

Keywords: Macrofauna, shannon diversity, simpson evenness, Margalef richness, biomass

References

Altieri, M.A., 1999. The ecological role of biodiversity in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 74(1-3): 19 – 31.

Amini, R., Rahmani, R., Habashi, H., 2011. Nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon dynamics of hornbeam leaf litter (Case study: District one, Shastkalate forest, Gorgan). Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research 19(1): 94-103.

Borror, D. J., Triplehorn, C.A., Johnson, N.F., 1989. An introduction to study of insect. Saunders Collage Publishing Co., Philadelphia, 864 p.

David, J.F., Handa, I.T., 2010. The ecology of saprophagous macroarthropods (millipedes, woodlice) in the context of global change. Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society  85(4): 881-895.

Frouz, J., Elhottová, D., Kuráž, V., Šourková, M., 2006. Effects of soil macrofauna on other soil biota and soil formation in reclaimed and unreclaimed post mining sites: Results of a field microcosm experiment. Applied Soil Ecology 33(3):308–320.

Gonglanski, K.B., Gorshkova, I.A., Karpov, A,I., Pokarzhevskii, A.D., 2008. Do boundaries of soil animal and plant communities coincide? A case study of a Mediterrranean forest in Russia. European Journal of Soil Biology 44(4):355-363.

Hasegawa, M., 2001. The relationship between the organic mather composition of a forest floor and the structure of a soil arthropod community. European Journal of Soil Boilogy 37(4): 281-284.

Hassall, M., Turner,  J.G., Rands, M.R.W., 1987. Effects of terrestrial isopods on the decompostion of woodland leaf litter . Oecologia 72(4): 597-604.

Irannejad, E.,  Rahmani, R., 2009. Evaluation of earthworm abundance and vertical distribution prttern in some  forest types of ShastKolateh. Journal of Forest and Wood Products 62(2): 145- 157.

Khodashenas, A., Koocheki, A., Rezvani Moghaddam, P., Lakzian, A., 2012. Evaluation of structural biodiversity in natural systems of arid and semiarid regions: 1- Soil characteristic and biodiversity. Journal of Natural Environment 65(2): 165-173.

Lavelle, P., Decaëns, T., Aubert, M., Barot, S., Blouin, M., Bureau, F., Margerie, P., Mora, P., Rossi, J.-P., 2006. Soil invertebrates and ecosystem services. European Journal of Soil Biology 42(S1): S3–S15.

Loranger, G., Ponge, J.F., Lavelle, P., 2003. Humus forms in two secondary semi-evergreen tropical forests. European Journal of Soil Science 54(1): 17-24.

Mathieu, J., Rossi, J.-P., Mora, P., Lavelle, P., da S. Martins, P. F.,  Rouland, C., Grimaldi, M., 2005. Recovery of Soil Macrofauna Communities after Forest Clearance in Eastern Amazonia, Brazil. Conservation Biology 19(5): 1598-1605.

Mbuthia, E.W., Shariff, J.H., Raman, A., Hodgkins, D.S., Nicol, H.I., 2012. Abundance and diversity of soil arthropods and fungi in shelterbelts integrated with pastures in the central tablelands of New South Wales, Australia. Journal of Forest Science 58(12): 560-568.

Moghimian, N., kooch, Y., 2013. The effect some of physiographic factor and soil physic- chemical features of Hornbeam forest ecosystem on earthworm biomass. Journal of wood and Forest Science and Technology 20(2): 1-21.

Nahmani, J., Capowiez, Y., Lavelle, P., 2005. Effects of mental pollution on soil macro invertebrate burrow systems. Biology and Fertility of Soils 42: 31-39.

Palacios-Vargas, J.G., Gastano-Meneses, G., Gomez-Anaya, J.A., Martinez-Yrizor, A., Mejia- Recamier, B.E., Martinez-sanchez, J., 2007. Litter and soil arthropods diversity and density in atropical dry forest ecosystem in western Mexico. Bodiversity and  Conservation 16(3): 3703-3717.

Rahmani, R., Mayvan H.Z., 2004. Diversity and assemblage structure of soil invertebrates in Beech, hornbeam and Oak-hornbeam forest type. Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 56(4): 425-436.

Rahmani, R., Sh, Mohammadnejad Kiasari., 2003. Relation Between Millipedes Abundance and Litter Nutritional Elements Composition in Afforested and Disturbed Sites (Case Study: Darabkola-Mazandaran). Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 56(3): 201-213.

Ruiz, N., Lavelle, P., Jimenez, J., 2008. Soil Macrofauna field manual: Technical Level. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations (FAO). Rome, Italy. 100p.

Sileshi, G., Mafongoya, P.L., 2006. Long-term effects of improved legume fallows on soil invertebrate macrofauna and maize yield in eastern Zambia. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 115(1-4): 69-78.

Warren, M.W.,  Zou, X., 2002. Soil Macrofanua and Litter Nutrients in three tropical tree plantation on a disturbed site in puerto Rico. Forset Ecology and Management 170(1-3): 161-171.

Xin, W.D., Yin, X.Q., Song, B., 2012. Contribution of soil fauna to litter decompsition in Songnen sandy lands in northeastern China . Journal of Arid Environments 77: 90-95.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science