Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 5, Issue 2, Apr 2016, Pages 132 - 138
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138
Copyright © 2016 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Influence of composted tobacco waste and farmyard manure applications on the yield and nutrient composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata)

X

Article first published online: 30 Nov 2015 | How to cite | Additional Information (Show All)

Author information | Publication information | Export Citiation (Plain Text | BibTeX | EndNote | RefMan)

CLASSICAL | APA | MLA | TURABIAN | IEEE | ISO 690

Abstract | References | Article (XML) | Article (HTML) | PDF | 266 | 1067

Delibacak,S., Ongun,A., 2016. Influence of composted tobacco waste and farmyard manure applications on the yield and nutrient composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata). Eurasian J Soil Sci 5(2):132 - 138. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138
Delibacak,S.,,& Ongun,A. Influence of composted tobacco waste and farmyard manure applications on the yield and nutrient composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata) Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138
Delibacak,S.,, and ,Ongun,A."Influence of composted tobacco waste and farmyard manure applications on the yield and nutrient composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata)" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138
Delibacak,S.,, and ,Ongun,A. "Influence of composted tobacco waste and farmyard manure applications on the yield and nutrient composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata)" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138
S,Delibacak.AR,Ongun "Influence of composted tobacco waste and farmyard manure applications on the yield and nutrient composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata)" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138
Delibacak,Sezai ;Ongun,Ali Influence of composted tobacco waste and farmyard manure applications on the yield and nutrient composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata). Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138

How to cite

Delibacak, S., Ongun, A., R.2016. Influence of composted tobacco waste and farmyard manure applications on the yield and nutrient composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata). Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 5(2): 132 - 138. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138

Author information

Sezai Delibacak , Ege University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Bornova, İzmir, Turkey
Ali Ongun , Ege University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Bornova, İzmir, Turkey

Publication information

Issue published online: 01 Apr 2016
Article first published online : 30 Nov 2015
Manuscript Accepted : 27 Nov 2015
Manuscript Received: 16 Oct 2015
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.2.132-138

Abstract

The use of organic wastes in agriculture, forestry and land reclamation has been increasingly identified as an important issue for soil fertility, soil conservation and residue disposal. Using organic wastes in agriculture helps not only to dispose these materials economi¬cally, but also reduces negative effects on the envi¬ronment. In the present study, composted tobacco waste (CTW) combined with farmyard manure (FM) at different ratios was applied to Typic Xerofluvent soil, and the influence of these amendments on the yield and nutrient composition of butter head letttuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata) were investigated. The experiment was conducted in 18 parcels in a randomized-block design with three replications at the Agriculture Faculty’s Research Farm of Ege University in Menemen plain, in the Western Anatolia Region of Turkey (38°58′35.51″-38°58′36.03″N; 27°03′84.56″-27°03′89.81″E). Organic materials were applied to the soil after composting. The treatments were (1) control, (2) 12.5 t ha-1 FM + 37.5 t ha-1 CTW, (3) 25 t ha-1 FM + 25 t ha-1 CTW, (4) 50 t ha-1FM, (5) 50 t ha-1 CTW, and (6) 37.5 t ha-1 FM + 12.5 t ha-1 CTW. The maximum yield was obtained during the 1st vegetation period (62,7 t ha-1) in the 100 % CTW application. On account of the 2nd vegetation period’s coinciding with winter and the coldness of the months December, January and February, there happened a slowdown in the lettuce yield. The highest total yield of lettuce in both vegetation periods (102.7 t ha-1) was determined in 100% CTW application parcels. The lower lettuce yields were determined in the control parcels. CTW and FM applications raised N, P, K Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Zn and Mn contents of the lettuce. According to the results obtained, it can be said that CTW can be used in agricultural fields just like FM.

Keywords

Composted tobacco waste, farmyard manure, nutrient composition, yield, lettuce

Corresponding author

References

Adediran, J.A., Mnkeni, P.N.S., Mafu, N.C., Muyima, N.Y.O., 2004. Changes in chemical properties and temperature during the composting of tobacco waste with other organic materials, and effects of resulting composts on lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.).  Biological Agriculture & Horticulture: An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems 22:101-119.

AOAC, 1990. Official methods of analysis In: Helrich K (ed) Association of official analytical chemists. Washington, DC. USA.

Baize, D., Sterckeman, T., 2001. Of the necessity of knowledge of the natural pedo-geochemical background content in the evaluation of the contamination of soils by trace elements. Science of The Total Environment 264:127–139.

Bouyoucos, G.J., 1962. A recalibration of the hydrometer method for making mechanical analysis of the soils. Agronomy Journal 54 (5):419-434.

Brito, J., Chada, I., Pinto, P., Guerrero, C., Beltrão, J., 2007. Use of the pulp of the sugarcane as soil organic amendment and its possible use as substratum. 3rd WSEAS/IASME International Conference on Energy, Environmental Ecossystems & Sustainable Development’, Crete Island, Greece, 24-26 July 2007, pp. 137-140.

Candemir, F., Gülser, C., 2010. Effects of different agricultural wastes on some soil quality indexes at clay and loamy sand fields. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 42(1): 13-28.

Cercioğlu, M., Okur, B., Delibacak, S., Ongun, A.R., 2014. Changes in physical conditions of a coarse textured soil by addition of organic wastes. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 3(1):7-12.

Darwish, O.H., Persaud, N., Martens, D.C., 1995. Effect of long-term application of animal manure on physical properties of three soils. Plant and Soil 176:289-295.

Delibacak, S., Okur, B., Ongun, A.R., 2009. Influence of treated sewage sludge applications on temporal variations of plant nutrients and heavy metals in a Typic Xerofluvent soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 83(3): 249-257.

Demir, H., Gölükçü, M., Topuz, A., Özdemir, F., Polat, E., Şahin, H., 2003. Yedikule ve iceberg tipi marul çeşitlerinin mineral madde içeriği üzerine ekolojik üretimde farklı organik gübre uygulamalarının etkisi. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 16:79-85 (in Turkish).

Doran, J.W., Parkin, T.B., 1994. Defining and assessing soil quality. In: Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environment. J.W. Doran, D.C. Coleman, D.F. Bezdicek, B.A. Stewart (Eds). Soil Science Society of America Special Publication Madison, WI: ASA-SSSA. 35, 3-21.

Drinkwater, L.E., Letourneau, D.K., Workneh, F., van Bruggen, A.H.C., Shennan, C., 1995. Fundamental differences between conventional and organic tomato agroecosystems in California. Ecological Applications 5: 1098–1112.

Gunes, A., Inal, A., Taskin, M.B., Sahin, O., Kaya, E.C., Atakol, A., 2014. Effect of phosphorus-enriched biochar and poultry manure on growth and mineral composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv.) grown in alkaline soil. Soil Use and Management 30:182-188.

Gülser, C., Candemir, F., 2012. Changes in penetration resistance of a clay field with organic waste applications. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 1(1):16-21.

IARTC, 2012. Weather Station Climate Datas of International Agricultural Research and Traning Center. Menemen, İzmir.

IFA, 1992. World fertilizer use manual. Paris: International Fertilizer Industry Association.

Jury, W.A., Gardner, W.R., Gardner, W.H., 1991. Soil Physics, 5th edition. John Wiley & Sons INC., ISBN-0-471-83108-5, New York. USA. 327 p.

Kacar, B., 1994. Chemical analysis of plant and soil: III Soil analysis. Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Education Res. & Extension Found. Publication No. 3 Ankara, Turkey. (in Turkish)

Kızılkaya, R., 2005. The role of different organic wastes on zinc bioaccumulation by earthworm Lumbricus terrestris L. (Oligochaeta) in successive Zn added soil. Ecological Engineering 25(4): 322-331.

Kızılkaya, R., 2008. Dehydrogenase activity in Lumbricus terrestris casts and surrounding soil affected by addition of different organic wastes and Zn. Bioresource Technology 99(5): 946–953.

Lindsay, W.L., Norwell, W.A., 1978. Development of DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society America Journal 42: 421-428.

Masood, S., Naz, T., Javed, M.T., Ahmed, I., Ullah, H., Iqbal, M., 2014. Effect of short-term supply of farmyard manure on maize growth and soil parameters in pot culture. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 60: 337-347.

Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., Dean, L.A., 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extracting with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circ. 939. U.S. Gov. Print. Office.

Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R. (Eds.), 1982. In: Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, 2nd ed. Agron. Monogr. 9. ASA-SSA, Madison, USA.

Roig, A., Lax, A., Costa, F., Cegarra, J., Hernandez. T., 1987. The influence of organic materials on the physical and physico-chemical properties of soil. Agriculture Mediterranean 117: 309–318.

Soil Survey Staff., 2006. Keys to soil taxonomy. 10th ed. Washington DC, USA: US Government Printing Office.

SPSS 17.0, 2008. SPSS 17.0 for Windows. Chicago, IL, SPSS Inc.

Stamatiadis, S., Werner, M. , Buchanan, M., 1999. Field assessment of soil quality as affected by compost and fertilizer application in a broccoli field (San Benito County, California). Applied Soil Ecology 12: 217-225.

Tepecik, M., Esetlili, B.C., Cicekli, M., Cobanoglu, Ö., Öztürk, B., Anac, D., 2014. Effects of conventional and organic fertilizers on plant nutrition and essential oil components of basil. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 23: 1159-1165.

Wang, J.Y., Stabnikova, O., Ivanov, V., Tay, S.T.L., Tay, J.H., 2003. Intensive aerobic bioconversion of sewage sludge and food waste into fertilizer. Waste Management Research 21: 405-415.

Abstract

The use of organic wastes in agriculture, forestry and land reclamation has been increasingly identified as an important issue for soil fertility, soil conservation and residue disposal. Using organic wastes in agriculture helps not only to dispose these materials economi­cally, but also reduces negative effects on the envi­ronment. In the present study, composted tobacco waste (CTW) combined with farmyard manure (FM) at different ratios was applied to Typic Xerofluvent soil, and the influence of these amendments on the yield and nutrient composition of butter head letttuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata) were investigated. The experiment was conducted in 18 parcels in a randomized-block design with three replications at the Agriculture Faculty’s Research Farm of Ege University in Menemen plain, in the Western Anatolia Region of Turkey (38°58′35.51″-38°58′36.03″N; 27°03′84.56″-27°03′89.81″E). Organic materials were applied to the soil after composting. The treatments were (1) control, (2) 12.5 t ha-1 FM + 37.5 t ha-1 CTW, (3) 25 t ha-1 FM + 25 t ha-1 CTW, (4) 50 t ha-1FM, (5) 50 t ha-1 CTW, and (6) 37.5 t ha-1 FM + 12.5 t ha-1 CTW. The maximum yield was obtained during the 1st vegetation period (62,7 t ha-1) in the 100 % CTW application. On account of the 2nd vegetation period’s coinciding with winter and the coldness of the months December, January and February, there happened a slowdown in the lettuce yield. The highest total yield of lettuce in both vegetation periods (102.7 t ha-1) was determined in 100% CTW application parcels. The lower lettuce yields were determined in the control parcels. CTW and FM applications raised N, P, K Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Zn and Mn contents of the lettuce. According to the results obtained, it can be said that CTW can be used in agricultural fields just like FM.

Keywords: Composted tobacco waste, farmyard manure, nutrient composition, yield, lettuce

References

Adediran, J.A., Mnkeni, P.N.S., Mafu, N.C., Muyima, N.Y.O., 2004. Changes in chemical properties and temperature during the composting of tobacco waste with other organic materials, and effects of resulting composts on lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.).  Biological Agriculture & Horticulture: An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems 22:101-119.

AOAC, 1990. Official methods of analysis In: Helrich K (ed) Association of official analytical chemists. Washington, DC. USA.

Baize, D., Sterckeman, T., 2001. Of the necessity of knowledge of the natural pedo-geochemical background content in the evaluation of the contamination of soils by trace elements. Science of The Total Environment 264:127–139.

Bouyoucos, G.J., 1962. A recalibration of the hydrometer method for making mechanical analysis of the soils. Agronomy Journal 54 (5):419-434.

Brito, J., Chada, I., Pinto, P., Guerrero, C., Beltrão, J., 2007. Use of the pulp of the sugarcane as soil organic amendment and its possible use as substratum. 3rd WSEAS/IASME International Conference on Energy, Environmental Ecossystems & Sustainable Development’, Crete Island, Greece, 24-26 July 2007, pp. 137-140.

Candemir, F., Gülser, C., 2010. Effects of different agricultural wastes on some soil quality indexes at clay and loamy sand fields. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 42(1): 13-28.

Cercioğlu, M., Okur, B., Delibacak, S., Ongun, A.R., 2014. Changes in physical conditions of a coarse textured soil by addition of organic wastes. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 3(1):7-12.

Darwish, O.H., Persaud, N., Martens, D.C., 1995. Effect of long-term application of animal manure on physical properties of three soils. Plant and Soil 176:289-295.

Delibacak, S., Okur, B., Ongun, A.R., 2009. Influence of treated sewage sludge applications on temporal variations of plant nutrients and heavy metals in a Typic Xerofluvent soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 83(3): 249-257.

Demir, H., Gölükçü, M., Topuz, A., Özdemir, F., Polat, E., Şahin, H., 2003. Yedikule ve iceberg tipi marul çeşitlerinin mineral madde içeriği üzerine ekolojik üretimde farklı organik gübre uygulamalarının etkisi. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 16:79-85 (in Turkish).

Doran, J.W., Parkin, T.B., 1994. Defining and assessing soil quality. In: Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environment. J.W. Doran, D.C. Coleman, D.F. Bezdicek, B.A. Stewart (Eds). Soil Science Society of America Special Publication Madison, WI: ASA-SSSA. 35, 3-21.

Drinkwater, L.E., Letourneau, D.K., Workneh, F., van Bruggen, A.H.C., Shennan, C., 1995. Fundamental differences between conventional and organic tomato agroecosystems in California. Ecological Applications 5: 1098–1112.

Gunes, A., Inal, A., Taskin, M.B., Sahin, O., Kaya, E.C., Atakol, A., 2014. Effect of phosphorus-enriched biochar and poultry manure on growth and mineral composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv.) grown in alkaline soil. Soil Use and Management 30:182-188.

Gülser, C., Candemir, F., 2012. Changes in penetration resistance of a clay field with organic waste applications. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 1(1):16-21.

IARTC, 2012. Weather Station Climate Datas of International Agricultural Research and Traning Center. Menemen, İzmir.

IFA, 1992. World fertilizer use manual. Paris: International Fertilizer Industry Association.

Jury, W.A., Gardner, W.R., Gardner, W.H., 1991. Soil Physics, 5th edition. John Wiley & Sons INC., ISBN-0-471-83108-5, New York. USA. 327 p.

Kacar, B., 1994. Chemical analysis of plant and soil: III Soil analysis. Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Education Res. & Extension Found. Publication No. 3 Ankara, Turkey. (in Turkish)

Kızılkaya, R., 2005. The role of different organic wastes on zinc bioaccumulation by earthworm Lumbricus terrestris L. (Oligochaeta) in successive Zn added soil. Ecological Engineering 25(4): 322-331.

Kızılkaya, R., 2008. Dehydrogenase activity in Lumbricus terrestris casts and surrounding soil affected by addition of different organic wastes and Zn. Bioresource Technology 99(5): 946–953.

Lindsay, W.L., Norwell, W.A., 1978. Development of DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society America Journal 42: 421-428.

Masood, S., Naz, T., Javed, M.T., Ahmed, I., Ullah, H., Iqbal, M., 2014. Effect of short-term supply of farmyard manure on maize growth and soil parameters in pot culture. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 60: 337-347.

Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., Dean, L.A., 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extracting with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circ. 939. U.S. Gov. Print. Office.

Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R. (Eds.), 1982. In: Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, 2nd ed. Agron. Monogr. 9. ASA-SSA, Madison, USA.

Roig, A., Lax, A., Costa, F., Cegarra, J., Hernandez. T., 1987. The influence of organic materials on the physical and physico-chemical properties of soil. Agriculture Mediterranean 117: 309–318.

Soil Survey Staff., 2006. Keys to soil taxonomy. 10th ed. Washington DC, USA: US Government Printing Office.

SPSS 17.0, 2008. SPSS 17.0 for Windows. Chicago, IL, SPSS Inc.

Stamatiadis, S., Werner, M. , Buchanan, M., 1999. Field assessment of soil quality as affected by compost and fertilizer application in a broccoli field (San Benito County, California). Applied Soil Ecology 12: 217-225.

Tepecik, M., Esetlili, B.C., Cicekli, M., Cobanoglu, Ö., Öztürk, B., Anac, D., 2014. Effects of conventional and organic fertilizers on plant nutrition and essential oil components of basil. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 23: 1159-1165.

Wang, J.Y., Stabnikova, O., Ivanov, V., Tay, S.T.L., Tay, J.H., 2003. Intensive aerobic bioconversion of sewage sludge and food waste into fertilizer. Waste Management Research 21: 405-415.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science