Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 5, Issue 1, Jan 2016, Pages 47 - 52
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052
Copyright © 2016 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Response of earthworm’s biomass and soil properties in different afforested type areas in the North Iran

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Radaei,M., Izadi,M., 2016. Response of earthworm’s biomass and soil properties in different afforested type areas in the North Iran. Eurasian J Soil Sci 5(1):47 - 52. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052
Radaei,M.,,& Izadi,M. Response of earthworm’s biomass and soil properties in different afforested type areas in the North Iran Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052
Radaei,M.,, and ,Izadi,M."Response of earthworm’s biomass and soil properties in different afforested type areas in the North Iran" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052
Radaei,M.,, and ,Izadi,M. "Response of earthworm’s biomass and soil properties in different afforested type areas in the North Iran" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052
M,Radaei.M,Izadi "Response of earthworm’s biomass and soil properties in different afforested type areas in the North Iran" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052
Radaei,Mahmoud ;Izadi,Masomeh Response of earthworm’s biomass and soil properties in different afforested type areas in the North Iran. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052

How to cite

Radaei, M., Izadi, M., 2016. Response of earthworm’s biomass and soil properties in different afforested type areas in the North Iran. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 5(1): 47 - 52. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052

Author information

Mahmoud Radaei , Gorgan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Gorgan, Iran
Masomeh Izadi , Gorgan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Gorgan, Iran

Publication information

Issue published online: 01 Jan 2016
Article first published online : 21 Aug 2015
Manuscript Accepted : 19 Aug 2015
Manuscript Received: 14 Mar 2015
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.2016.1.047-052

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of spruce (Picea abies), alder (Alnus subcordata), and spruce with alder and maple (Picea abies with Alnus Subcordata and Acer cappadocicum) plantations on the soil properties and earthworm’s abundance and biomass in the Lajim, north of Iran. Soil sampling with 50 × 50 cm samples to 50 cm depth in the studied stands was conducted in order to measure soil and earthworm abundance and biomass. Soil texture, C, N, pH, K, and P were measured in all samples in the laboratory. Earthworm’s abundance was measured by handpicked and dried for 48 h at 60 °C and then the biomass was measured per unit area. The results showed that the percentage of organic carbon, N, and C/N ratio reached the climax and acidity had the lowest value in spruce stand, and K was significantly higher in alder stand. The maximum and minimum abundance of earthworms was observed in alder and spruce stands, respectively. The results of this study support the effects of plantations on soil properties, earthworm abundance, and biomass.

Keywords

Alder, earthworms, plantation, soil, spruce

Corresponding author

References

Agren, G.I., Bosatta, E., Magill, A.H., 2001. Combining theory and experiment to understand effects of inorganic nitrogen on litter decomposition. Oecologia 128 (1): 94-98.

Antunes, S.C., Pereira, R., Sousa, J.P., Santas, M.C., Goncalvels, F., 2008. Spatial and temporal distribution of litter arthropods in different vegetation covers of Porto Santo Island (Madeira Archipelago, Portugal). European Journal of Soil Biology 44: 45-56.

Asadi, F., 2001. Evaluation of genetic diversity and between plant communities of different species of poplar. PhD thesis. Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. p.145

Augusto, L., Ranger, J., Binkley, D., Rothe, A., 2002. Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility. Annals of Forest Science 59: 233-253.

Brinkley, D., 1994. The influence of tree species on forest soils: Processes and patterns. In: Mead, D.J., Cornforth, I.S. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Trees and Soil Workshop. 1994. Agronomy Society of New Zealand. Special Publication 10, Lincoln Univ. Press, Canterburg NZ, pp.1-33.

Cannel, M.G.R., Dewar, R.C., 1993. The carbon Sinks provided by plantation forests and their products in Britain. Forestry 68: 35-48.

Edwards, C.A., 1994. Earthworm Ecology. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 456p.

Ghazanshahi, J., 1997. Plant and Soil Analysis. Tehran, Iran: Homa Publications. 311 p.

Irannejad, E. Rahmani, R., 2009. Evaluation of earthworm abundance and vertical distribution pattern in some forest types of Shast-Kolateh. Journal of Forest and Wood Products 62: 145–157

Jafari Haghighi M., 2003. Methods of soil sampling and analysis, Nedaye Zohi Publications, pp.236. (In Persian).

Jalilvand, H., Kooch, Y., 2012. Factors influence the distribution and abundance of earthworm communities in difference forest types (man – made and natural forests). International Journal of Green and Herbal Chemistry 1(1): 26-38.

Khanhasani, M., Sharifi, M., Tavakoli, A., 2009. Alteration in composition of understory plants in Pine plantations with different ages in Kermanshah province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research 17(2): 188-199.

Moghimian, N., Kooch, Y., 2013. The effect some of physiographic factors and soil physico-chemical features of hornbeam forest ecosystem on earthworms biomass. Journal of Wood and Forest Science and Technology 20(2): 1-21.

Nano-osi, K.M., Joann, K.W., Sazelle, B., 2008. Earthworm abundance related to soil physicochemical and microbial properties in Accra, Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural Research 3(3): 186-194.

Neirynck, J., Mirtcheva, S., Sioen, G., Lust, N., 2000. Impact of Tilia platyphyllos Scop., Fraxinus excelsior L., Acer pseudoplatanus L., Quercus robur L. and Fagus sylvatica L. on earthworm biomass and physico-chemical properties of a loamy topsoil. Forest Ecology and Management 133(3): 275-286.

Nobakht, A., Pourmajidian, M., Hojjati, S.M., Fallah, A., 2011. A comparison of soil carbon sequestration in hardwood and softwood monocultures (Case study: Dehmian forest management plan, Mazindaran). Iranian Journal of Forest 3(1), 13-23.

Rahmani, R., Saleh-Rastin, N., 2000. Abundance vertical distribution and seasonal changes in earthworm's populations of Oak-Hornbeam, Hornbeam and Beech Forest in Neka, Caspian Forests, Iran. Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 53: 37-52.

Rashid, M.I., de Goede, R.G.M., Nunez, G.AC., Brussaard, L., Lantinga, E.A., 2014. Soil pH and earthworms affect herbage nitrogen recovery from solid cattle manure in production grassland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 68: 1-8.

Razavi, S.A., 2010. Comparison of soil characteristics and biodiversity in plantations of bald cypress and Caucasian Alder (Case Study: Kludeh-Mazandaran Province). Iranian Journal of Wood & Forest Science and Technology 17(2): 41-56.

Rhoades, C., Binkley, D., 1996. Forest influencing decline in soil pH in Hawaiian Eucalyptus and Albizia plantation. Forest Ecology Management 80: 47-56.

Schoenholtz, S.H., Van Miegroet, H., Burger, J.A., 2000. A review of chemical and physical properties as indicators of forest soil quality: challenges and opportunities. Forest Ecology and Management 138(2): 335-356.

Taylor, B.R., Parkinson, D., Parson, W.F., 1989. Nitrogen and lignin content as predictors of lignin decay rates. A microcosm test. Ecology 70: 97-104.

Uchida, T., Kaneko, N., Ito, MT., Futagami, K., Sasaki, T., Sugimoto, A., 2004. Analysis of the feeding ecology of earthworms (Megascolecidae) in Japanese forests using gut content fractionation and d15 N and d13 C stable isotope natural abundances. Applied Soil Ecology 27: 153-163.

Shen, W.B., Yang, H.Q., 2008. Effects of earthworm and microbe on soil nutrients and heavy metals. Agrricultural Sciences in China 7: 599-605.

Yang, X., Chen, J., 2009. Plant litter quality influences the contribution of soil fauna to litter decomposition in humid tropical forests, southwestern China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41: 910-918.

Yugai A.N., 1980. Effect of lime tilia cordata trees on forest growing soil properties. Izvestiya Timiryazevskoi Sel'Skokhozyaistvennoi Akademii: 1-115

Zhang, K., Dang, H., Tan, S., Wang, Z., Zhang, Q., 2012. Vegetation community and soil characteristics of abandoned agricultural land and pine plantation in the Qinling Mountains, China. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 2036-2047.

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of spruce (Picea abies), alder (Alnus subcordata), and spruce with alder and maple (Picea abies with Alnus Subcordata and Acer cappadocicum) plantations on the soil properties and earthworm’s abundance and biomass in the Lajim, north of Iran. Soil sampling with 50 × 50 cm samples to 50 cm depth in the studied stands was conducted in order to measure soil and earthworm abundance and biomass. Soil texture, C, N, pH, K, and P were measured in all samples in the laboratory. Earthworm’s abundance was measured by handpicked and dried for 48 h at 60 °C and then the biomass was measured per unit area. The results showed that the percentage of organic carbon, N, and C/N ratio reached the climax and acidity had the lowest value in spruce stand, and K was significantly higher in alder stand. The maximum and minimum abundance of earthworms was observed in alder and spruce stands, respectively. The results of this study support the effects of plantations on soil properties, earthworm abundance, and biomass.

Keywords: Alder, earthworms, plantation, soil, spruce

References

Agren, G.I., Bosatta, E., Magill, A.H., 2001. Combining theory and experiment to understand effects of inorganic nitrogen on litter decomposition. Oecologia 128 (1): 94-98.

Antunes, S.C., Pereira, R., Sousa, J.P., Santas, M.C., Goncalvels, F., 2008. Spatial and temporal distribution of litter arthropods in different vegetation covers of Porto Santo Island (Madeira Archipelago, Portugal). European Journal of Soil Biology 44: 45-56.

Asadi, F., 2001. Evaluation of genetic diversity and between plant communities of different species of poplar. PhD thesis. Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. p.145

Augusto, L., Ranger, J., Binkley, D., Rothe, A., 2002. Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility. Annals of Forest Science 59: 233-253.

Brinkley, D., 1994. The influence of tree species on forest soils: Processes and patterns. In: Mead, D.J., Cornforth, I.S. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Trees and Soil Workshop. 1994. Agronomy Society of New Zealand. Special Publication 10, Lincoln Univ. Press, Canterburg NZ, pp.1-33.

Cannel, M.G.R., Dewar, R.C., 1993. The carbon Sinks provided by plantation forests and their products in Britain. Forestry 68: 35-48.

Edwards, C.A., 1994. Earthworm Ecology. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 456p.

Ghazanshahi, J., 1997. Plant and Soil Analysis. Tehran, Iran: Homa Publications. 311 p.

Irannejad, E. Rahmani, R., 2009. Evaluation of earthworm abundance and vertical distribution pattern in some forest types of Shast-Kolateh. Journal of Forest and Wood Products 62: 145–157

Jafari Haghighi M., 2003. Methods of soil sampling and analysis, Nedaye Zohi Publications, pp.236. (In Persian).

Jalilvand, H., Kooch, Y., 2012. Factors influence the distribution and abundance of earthworm communities in difference forest types (man – made and natural forests). International Journal of Green and Herbal Chemistry 1(1): 26-38.

Khanhasani, M., Sharifi, M., Tavakoli, A., 2009. Alteration in composition of understory plants in Pine plantations with different ages in Kermanshah province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research 17(2): 188-199.

Moghimian, N., Kooch, Y., 2013. The effect some of physiographic factors and soil physico-chemical features of hornbeam forest ecosystem on earthworms biomass. Journal of Wood and Forest Science and Technology 20(2): 1-21.

Nano-osi, K.M., Joann, K.W., Sazelle, B., 2008. Earthworm abundance related to soil physicochemical and microbial properties in Accra, Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural Research 3(3): 186-194.

Neirynck, J., Mirtcheva, S., Sioen, G., Lust, N., 2000. Impact of Tilia platyphyllos Scop., Fraxinus excelsior L., Acer pseudoplatanus L., Quercus robur L. and Fagus sylvatica L. on earthworm biomass and physico-chemical properties of a loamy topsoil. Forest Ecology and Management 133(3): 275-286.

Nobakht, A., Pourmajidian, M., Hojjati, S.M., Fallah, A., 2011. A comparison of soil carbon sequestration in hardwood and softwood monocultures (Case study: Dehmian forest management plan, Mazindaran). Iranian Journal of Forest 3(1), 13-23.

Rahmani, R., Saleh-Rastin, N., 2000. Abundance vertical distribution and seasonal changes in earthworm's populations of Oak-Hornbeam, Hornbeam and Beech Forest in Neka, Caspian Forests, Iran. Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 53: 37-52.

Rashid, M.I., de Goede, R.G.M., Nunez, G.AC., Brussaard, L., Lantinga, E.A., 2014. Soil pH and earthworms affect herbage nitrogen recovery from solid cattle manure in production grassland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 68: 1-8.

Razavi, S.A., 2010. Comparison of soil characteristics and biodiversity in plantations of bald cypress and Caucasian Alder (Case Study: Kludeh-Mazandaran Province). Iranian Journal of Wood & Forest Science and Technology 17(2): 41-56.

Rhoades, C., Binkley, D., 1996. Forest influencing decline in soil pH in Hawaiian Eucalyptus and Albizia plantation. Forest Ecology Management 80: 47-56.

Schoenholtz, S.H., Van Miegroet, H., Burger, J.A., 2000. A review of chemical and physical properties as indicators of forest soil quality: challenges and opportunities. Forest Ecology and Management 138(2): 335-356.

Taylor, B.R., Parkinson, D., Parson, W.F., 1989. Nitrogen and lignin content as predictors of lignin decay rates. A microcosm test. Ecology 70: 97-104.

Uchida, T., Kaneko, N., Ito, MT., Futagami, K., Sasaki, T., Sugimoto, A., 2004. Analysis of the feeding ecology of earthworms (Megascolecidae) in Japanese forests using gut content fractionation and d15 N and d13 C stable isotope natural abundances. Applied Soil Ecology 27: 153-163.

Shen, W.B., Yang, H.Q., 2008. Effects of earthworm and microbe on soil nutrients and heavy metals. Agrricultural Sciences in China 7: 599-605.

Yang, X., Chen, J., 2009. Plant litter quality influences the contribution of soil fauna to litter decomposition in humid tropical forests, southwestern China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41: 910-918.

Yugai A.N., 1980. Effect of lime tilia cordata trees on forest growing soil properties. Izvestiya Timiryazevskoi Sel'Skokhozyaistvennoi Akademii: 1-115

Zhang, K., Dang, H., Tan, S., Wang, Z., Zhang, Q., 2012. Vegetation community and soil characteristics of abandoned agricultural land and pine plantation in the Qinling Mountains, China. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 2036-2047.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science