Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 1, Issue 2, Sep 2012, Pages 81 - 86

Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2012.2.081-086
Copyright © 2012 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Wind erosion control of soils using polymeric materials

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Movahedan,M., Abbasi,N., Keramati,M., 2012. Wind erosion control of soils using polymeric materials. Eurasian J Soil Sci 1(2):81 - 86.
Movahedan,M.,Abbasi,N.,& Keramati,M. Wind erosion control of soils using polymeric materials Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.2.081-086
Movahedan,M.,Abbasi,N., and ,Keramati,M."Wind erosion control of soils using polymeric materials" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.2.081-086
Movahedan,M.,Abbasi,N., and ,Keramati,M. "Wind erosion control of soils using polymeric materials" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.2.081-086
M,Movahedan.N,Abbasi.M,Keramati "Wind erosion control of soils using polymeric materials" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.2.081-086
Movahedan,Mohammad ;Abbasi,Nader ;Keramati,Majid Wind erosion control of soils using polymeric materials. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.2.081-086

How to cite

Movahedan, M., Abbasi, N., Keramati, M., 2012. Wind erosion control of soils using polymeric materials. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 1(2): 81 - 86.

Author information

Mohammad Movahedan , Agricultural Engineering Reasearch Institute, Karaj, Iran
Nader Abbasi , Agricultural Engineering Reasearch Institute, Karaj, Iran
Majid Keramati , Agricultural and Environmental Research Centre of Quazvin, Iran

Publication information

Issue published online: 25 Sep 2012
Article first published online : 07 Sep 2012
Manuscript Accepted : 03 Aug 2012
Manuscript Received: 25 Oct 2011

Abstract

Wind erosion of soils is one of the most important problems in environment and agriculture which could affects several fields. Agricultural lands, water reservoires, irrigation canals, drains and etc. may be affected by wind erosion and suspended particles. As a result wind erosion control needs attention in arid and semi-arid regions. In recent years, some polymeric materials have been used for improvement of structural stability, increasing aggregate stability and soil stabilization, though kind of polymer, quantity of polymer, field efficiency and durability and environmental impacts are some important parameters which should be taken into consideration. In this study, a Polyvinil Acetate-based polymer was used to treat different soils. Then polymer-added soil samples were investigated experimentally in a wind tunnel to verify the effecte of polymer on wind erosion control of the soils and the results were compared with water treated soil samples. The results of wind tunnel experiments with a maximum 26 m/s wind velocity showed that there was a significat difference between the erosion of polymer treated and water treated soil samples. Application of 25g/m2 polymer to Aeolian sands reduced the erosion of Aeolian sands samples to zero related to water treated samples. For silty and calyey soils treated by polymer, the wind erosion reduced minimum 90% in relation to water treated samples.

Keywords

Polymer, wind erosion, wind tunnel, aolian sand

Corresponding author

References

Bryan, R.B., 1968, The development, use and efficiency of indices of soil erodibility, Geoderma 2, 5-26.

Chepil, W.S., Woodruff, N.P. 1963. The physics of wind erosion and its control. Advances in Agronomy 15, 211-302.

Ekhtessasi, M.R., 1991. Design and fabrication of wind erosion meter. Iranian Res. Organization for Sci. and Tech. Report, 15p. (In Persian)

Ekhtesasi, M.R., Ahmdi, H., 1996. Introducing of new methods for wind erosion estimation: IRTIFR and indirect measurement using Wind Erosion Meter and regional analysis of wind velocity and duration. 2nd National Conference on Desertification and Desertification Control Methods, 23-24 Aug., Kerman, Iran.

Hadjiev, A., Hadjiev, P. ,2003. On some methods for surface erosion control on tailings ponds and waste fly-ash piles. 50 years Uni. of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski”, Annual, vol. 46, part 22, Mining and Mineral Processing, Sofia.185-187.

Hagen, L.J., Lyles, L., 1985. Amount and nutrient content of particles produced by soil aggregate abrasion. In: Proc. of the National Symposium on Erosion and Soil Productivity 8-(85): 1 17- 129.

He, J.J., Cai, O.G., Tang, Z.J., 2008. Wind tunnel experimental study on the effect of PAM on soil wind erosion control, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 145, 185–193.

Hoover, J.M., 1987. Dust control on construction sites, Arizona Department of Transportation, Report No. FHWA-AZ,86-807. 65p.

Kenneth, N., Nwankwo, P.E., 2001. Polyacrylamide as a soil stabilizer for erosion control. Wisconsin department of transportation. Report No. W1, 06-98.

Lian-You, L., Shang-Yu G., Pei- Jun S., Xiao-Yan L., and Zhi-Bao, D., 2003. Wind tunnel measurements of adobe abrasion by blown sand: profile characteristics in relation to wind velocity and sand flux, Journal of Arid Environments 53(3), 351-363.

Pope, A., Harper, J, J., 1966. Low speed wind tunnel testing, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Rathakrishnan, E., 2007. Measurement, instrumentation, and experiments in fluids. CRC Press. 492p.

Refahi, H., 2004, Wind erosion and its control. Tehran University, Iran, 320p.

Siddiqi, R.A., Moore, J.C., 1981, Polymer stabilization of sandy soils for erosion control, Transportation Research Record No. 827, General Soils Problems. 30-34.

SPSS, Release 16.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Telysheva, G., Shulga, G., 1995. Silicon-containing polycomplexes for protection against wind erosion of sandy soil. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 62(4), 221-227.

Wallace, A., Wallace, G.A., Abouzamzam, A.M., 1986. Amelioration of sodic soils with polymers . Soil Science Society America Journal 141, 359-362.

Abstract

Wind erosion of soils is one of the most important problems in environment and agriculture which could affects several fields. Agricultural lands, water reservoires, irrigation canals, drains and etc. may be affected by wind erosion and suspended particles. As a result wind erosion control needs attention in arid and semi-arid regions. In recent years, some polymeric materials have been used for improvement of structural stability, increasing aggregate stability and soil stabilization, though kind of polymer, quantity of polymer, field efficiency and durability and environmental impacts are some important parameters which should be taken into consideration. In this study, a Polyvinil Acetate-based polymer was used to treat different soils. Then polymer-added soil samples were investigated experimentally in a wind tunnel to verify the effecte of  polymer on wind erosion control of the soils and the results were compared with water treated soil samples. The results of wind tunnel experiments with a maximum 26 m/s wind velocity showed that there was a significat difference between the erosion of polymer treated and water treated soil samples. Application of 25g/m2 polymer to Aeolian sands reduced the erosion of Aeolian sands samples to zero related to water treated samples. For silty and calyey soils treated by polymer, the wind erosion reduced minimum 90% in relation to water treated samples.

Keywords: Polymer, wind erosion, wind tunnel, aolian sand

References

Bryan, R.B., 1968, The development, use and efficiency of indices of soil erodibility, Geoderma 2, 5-26.

Chepil, W.S., Woodruff, N.P. 1963. The physics of wind erosion and its control. Advances in Agronomy 15, 211-302.

Ekhtessasi, M.R., 1991. Design and fabrication of wind erosion meter. Iranian Res. Organization for Sci. and Tech. Report, 15p. (In Persian)

Ekhtesasi, M.R., Ahmdi, H., 1996. Introducing of new methods for wind erosion estimation: IRTIFR and indirect measurement using Wind Erosion Meter and regional analysis of wind velocity and duration. 2nd National Conference on Desertification and Desertification Control Methods, 23-24 Aug., Kerman, Iran.

Hadjiev, A., Hadjiev, P. ,2003. On some methods for surface erosion control on tailings ponds and waste fly-ash piles. 50 years Uni. of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski”, Annual, vol. 46, part 22, Mining and Mineral Processing, Sofia.185-187.

Hagen, L.J., Lyles, L., 1985. Amount and nutrient content of particles produced by soil aggregate abrasion. In: Proc. of the National Symposium on Erosion and Soil Productivity 8-(85): 1 17- 129.

He, J.J., Cai, O.G., Tang, Z.J., 2008. Wind tunnel experimental study on the effect of PAM on soil wind erosion control, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 145, 185–193.

Hoover, J.M., 1987. Dust control on construction sites, Arizona Department of Transportation, Report No. FHWA-AZ,86-807. 65p.

Kenneth, N., Nwankwo, P.E., 2001. Polyacrylamide as a soil stabilizer for erosion control. Wisconsin department of transportation. Report No. W1, 06-98.

Lian-You, L., Shang-Yu G., Pei- Jun S., Xiao-Yan L., and Zhi-Bao, D., 2003. Wind tunnel measurements of adobe abrasion by blown sand: profile characteristics in relation to wind velocity and sand flux, Journal of Arid Environments 53(3), 351-363.

Pope, A., Harper, J, J., 1966. Low speed wind tunnel testing, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Rathakrishnan, E., 2007. Measurement, instrumentation, and experiments in fluids. CRC Press. 492p.

Refahi, H., 2004, Wind erosion and its control. Tehran University, Iran, 320p.

Siddiqi, R.A., Moore, J.C., 1981, Polymer stabilization of sandy soils for erosion control, Transportation Research Record No. 827, General Soils Problems. 30-34.

SPSS, Release 16.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Telysheva, G., Shulga, G., 1995. Silicon-containing polycomplexes for protection against wind erosion of sandy soil. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 62(4), 221-227.

Wallace, A., Wallace, G.A., Abouzamzam, A.M., 1986. Amelioration of sodic soils with polymers . Soil Science Society America Journal 141, 359-362.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science