Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 1, Issue 1, Jun 2012, Pages 45 - 50

Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2012.1.045-050
Copyright © 2012 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Correlation between aggregate stability and microbiological activity in two Russian soil types

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Umer ,M., Rajab,S., 2012. Correlation between aggregate stability and microbiological activity in two Russian soil types. Eurasian J Soil Sci 1(1):45 - 50.
Umer ,M.,,& Rajab,S. Correlation between aggregate stability and microbiological activity in two Russian soil types Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.045-050
Umer ,M.,, and ,Rajab,S."Correlation between aggregate stability and microbiological activity in two Russian soil types" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.045-050
Umer ,M.,, and ,Rajab,S. "Correlation between aggregate stability and microbiological activity in two Russian soil types" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.045-050
MI,Umer .SM,Rajab "Correlation between aggregate stability and microbiological activity in two Russian soil types" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.045-050
Umer ,Mustafa ;Rajab,Shayma Correlation between aggregate stability and microbiological activity in two Russian soil types. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.045-050

How to cite

Umer , M., I. Rajab, S., M.2012. Correlation between aggregate stability and microbiological activity in two Russian soil types. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 1(1): 45 - 50.

Author information

Mustafa Umer , Duhok University, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Iraq & Russian State Agrarian University, Faculty of Soil Science, Agricultural Chemistry and Ecology, Moscow, Russia
Shayma Rajab , Duhok University, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Iraq

Publication information

Issue published online: 25 Jun 2012
Article first published online : 18 Jun 2012
Manuscript Accepted : 06 May 2012
Manuscript Received: 08 Sep 2012

Abstract

Two Russian soil type, soddy-podzolic soil from Vladimerskaya region and dark-gray forest soil from Korskya region were taken .some microbiological parameters were assyed as basal respiration, substrate induced respiration, microbial biomass, microbial metabolic coefficient and correlated with soil aggregate stability concerning soil organic matter ,soil texture and soil bulk density. The result shown a positive correlation between all microbiological parameters with soil aggregate stability at this rank, microbial metabolic coefficient > microbial biomass = substrate induced respiration > basal respiration. Microbiological parameters and soil aggregate stability in dark-gray forest soil are greater than soddy-podzolic soil except basal respiration as a result of high organic content in this soil as will as the biomass as a percent of soil total organic matter. aggregate disintegration coefficient of dark-gray forest soil is 0.0028 with R2 0.927 and need 85 rain drop (equivalent to an energy of 83385 J Kg-1) greater than soddy-podzolic which had disintegration coefficient 0.0039 with R2 0.849 and needed only 40 rain drop (equivalent to an energy of 39240 J Kg-1).

Keywords

Substrate induced respiration, basal respiration, biomass, aggregate stability, soil organic matter

Corresponding author

References

Allison, L.E. 1965. Organic carbon. In. C. A Black et al. (ed). Method of soil analysis. Part 2. Agronomy. 9: 1367-1378. Am. Soc. of Agron. Madison. WI.

Anderson, J.P.E., Domsch, K.H., 1978.Physiological method for the quantitative measurement of microbial biomass in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 10, 215-221.

Angers, D.A., Recous, S., Anita, C., 1997. Fate of carbon and nitrogen in water-stable aggregates during decomposition of 13C, 15N-labelled wheat straw in situ. European Journal of Soil Science 48, 295–300.

Aspiras, R.B., Allen, O.N., Harris, R.F., Chester, G., 1971. The role of microorganisms in the stabilization of soil aggregates. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 3, 347–353

Barajas Aceves, M., Grace, C., Ansorena, J., Dendooven, L., Brookes, P.C., 1999. Soil microbial biomass and organic C in a gradient of zinc concentrations around a spoil tipmine. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31, 867–876

Beare, M.H., Cabrera, M.L., Hendrix, P.F., Coleman, C.D., 1994. Aggregate-protected and unprotected pools of organic matter in conventional and no-tillage soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 57, 392–399

Besnard, E., Chenu, C., Balesdent, J., Puget, P. & Arrouays, D. 1996.Fate of particulate organic matter in soil aggregates during cultivation. European Journal of Soil Science 47, 495–503.

Canton, Y., Solé-Benet, A., Asensio, C., Chamizo, S., Puigdefabregas, J., 2009. Aggregate stability in range sandy loam soil relation ships with runoff and erosion. Catena 77, 192–199.

Chen, Z., Pawluk, S., Juma. N.G., 1998. Impact of variations ingranular structure on carbon sequestration in tow Alberta Mollisols. In: R Lal (ed). Soil Process and Carbon Cycle. Adv. Soil Sci. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp.225-243.

Dighton, J., Kooistra, M., 1993. Measurement of proliferation and biomass of fungal hyphae and roots. Geoderma 56,317–330

Dinel, H., Levesque, M., Mehuys, G.R., 1991. Effects of long chain aliphatic compounds on the aggregate stability of a lacustrine silty clay. Soil Science 131, 228–239.

Domsch, K.H., Beck, T.H., Anderson, J.P.E., Söderström, B., Parkinson, D., Trolldenier, G., 1979. A comparison of methods for soil microbial population and biomass studies. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde 142, 520-533.

Goldberg, S., Suarez, D.L., Glaubig, R.A., 1988. Factors affecting clay dispersion and aggregate stability of arid-zone soils. Soil Science 146, 317–325.

Hattori, T. 1988. Soil aggregates in microhabitats of microorganisms. Report of the Institute for Agricultural Research of Tohoku University 37, 23–36.

Haynes, R.J., Francis, G.S., 1993. Changes in microbial biomass C, soil carbohydrate composition and aggregate stability induced by growth of selected crop and forage species under fi eld conditions. Journal of Soil Science 44, 665–675.

Imeson, A. C. and M. Vis. 1984. Assessing soil aggregate stability by water-drop impacts and ultrasonic dispersion. Geoderma 34, 185-200.

Kemper, W.D., Koch, E.J., 1966. Aggregate stability of soils from western United States and Canada. USDA-ARS Techical Bulletin. Vol. 1355. U.S. Goverment Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Klute, A., Dirksen, C., 1968. Method of Soil Analysis. Part 1, Physical and mineralogical methods, In: Arnold, K., (ed), SSSA Madison Wisconsin USA. pp. 687-734,

Machulla, G., 2003. Soil microbial indicators and their environmental significance. Journal of Soils and Sediments 3, 229.

Oades, J.M., Waters, A.G., 1991. Aggregate hierarchy in soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 29, 815–828.

Piccolo, A., Mbagwu, J.S.C., 1999. Role of hydrophobic components of soil organic matter in soil aggregate stability. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63, 1801–1810.

Powlson, D.S., Brookes, P.C., Christensen, B.T., 1987. Measurement of soil microbial biomass provides an early indication of changes in total soil organic matter due to straw incorporation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19, 159–164.

Reid, J.B., Goss, J.M., 1981. Effects of living roots of different plant species on the aggregatestability of two arable soils. Journal of Soil Science 52, 521–541.

Rillig, M.C,, Wright, S.F., Eviner, V.T., 2002 The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and glomalin in soil aggregation: comparing effects of five plant species. Plant Soil 238, 325–333.

Sexstone, A.J., Revsbech, N.P., Parkin, T.B., Tiedje, J.M. ,1985. Direct measurement of oxygen profiles and denitrification rates in soil aggregates. Soil Science Society of America Journal 49, 645–651.

Tisdall, J.M., Oades, J.M., 1982. Organic matter and water stable aggregates in soils. Journal of Soil Science 33,141–163.

Yoder, R.E., 1936. A direct method of aggregate analysis of soil sand and the study of the physical nature of erosion losses. Journal of American Society of Agronomy 28, 337- 351.

Abstract

Two Russian soil type, soddy-podzolic soil  from Vladimerskaya region and dark-gray forest soil from Korskya region  were taken .some microbiological parameters were assyed as basal respiration, substrate induced respiration, microbial biomass, microbial metabolic coefficient and correlated with soil aggregate stability concerning  soil organic matter ,soil texture and soil bulk density. The result shown a positive correlation between all microbiological parameters with soil aggregate stability at this rank, microbial metabolic coefficient > microbial biomass = substrate induced respiration > basal respiration. Microbiological parameters and soil aggregate stability in dark-gray forest soil are greater than soddy-podzolic soil except basal respiration as a result of high organic content in this soil as will as the biomass as a percent of soil total organic matter. aggregate disintegration coefficient of dark-gray forest soil is 0.0028 with R2 0.927  and  need 85 rain drop (equivalent to an energy of 83385 J Kg-1) greater than soddy-podzolic  which had disintegration coefficient 0.0039 with R2 0.849   and  needed only 40 rain drop (equivalent to an energy of 39240 J Kg-1).

Keywords: Substrate induced respiration, basal respiration, biomass, aggregate stability, soil
organic matter

References

Allison, L.E. 1965. Organic carbon. In. C. A Black et al. (ed). Method of soil analysis. Part 2. Agronomy. 9: 1367-1378. Am. Soc. of Agron. Madison. WI.

Anderson, J.P.E., Domsch, K.H., 1978.Physiological method for the quantitative measurement of microbial biomass in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 10, 215-221.

Angers, D.A., Recous, S., Anita, C., 1997. Fate of carbon and nitrogen in water-stable aggregates during decomposition of 13C, 15N-labelled wheat straw in situ. European Journal of Soil Science 48, 295–300.

Aspiras, R.B., Allen, O.N., Harris, R.F., Chester, G., 1971. The role of microorganisms in the stabilization of soil aggregates. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 3, 347–353

Barajas Aceves, M., Grace, C., Ansorena, J., Dendooven, L., Brookes, P.C., 1999. Soil microbial biomass and organic C in a gradient of zinc concentrations around a spoil tipmine. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31, 867–876

Beare, M.H., Cabrera, M.L., Hendrix, P.F., Coleman, C.D., 1994. Aggregate-protected and unprotected pools of organic matter in conventional and no-tillage soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 57, 392–399

Besnard, E., Chenu, C., Balesdent, J., Puget, P. & Arrouays, D. 1996.Fate of particulate organic matter in soil aggregates during cultivation. European Journal of Soil Science 47, 495–503.

Canton, Y., Solé-Benet, A., Asensio, C., Chamizo, S., Puigdefabregas, J., 2009. Aggregate stability in range sandy loam soil relation ships with runoff and erosion. Catena 77, 192–199.

Chen, Z., Pawluk, S., Juma. N.G., 1998. Impact of variations ingranular structure on carbon sequestration in tow Alberta Mollisols. In: R Lal (ed). Soil Process and Carbon Cycle. Adv. Soil Sci. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp.225-243.

Dighton, J., Kooistra, M., 1993. Measurement of proliferation and biomass of fungal hyphae and roots. Geoderma 56,317–330

Dinel, H., Levesque, M., Mehuys, G.R., 1991. Effects of long chain aliphatic compounds on the aggregate stability of a lacustrine silty clay. Soil Science 131, 228–239.

Domsch, K.H., Beck, T.H., Anderson, J.P.E., Söderström, B., Parkinson, D., Trolldenier, G., 1979. A comparison of methods for soil microbial population and biomass studies. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde 142, 520-533.

Goldberg, S., Suarez, D.L., Glaubig, R.A., 1988. Factors affecting clay dispersion and aggregate stability of arid-zone soils. Soil Science 146, 317–325.

Hattori, T. 1988. Soil aggregates in microhabitats of microorganisms. Report of the Institute for Agricultural Research of Tohoku University 37, 23–36.

Haynes, R.J., Francis, G.S., 1993. Changes in microbial biomass C, soil carbohydrate composition and aggregate stability induced by growth of selected crop and forage species under fi eld conditions. Journal of Soil Science 44, 665–675.

Imeson, A. C. and M. Vis. 1984. Assessing soil aggregate stability by water-drop impacts and ultrasonic dispersion. Geoderma 34, 185-200.

Kemper, W.D., Koch, E.J., 1966. Aggregate stability of soils from western United States and Canada. USDA-ARS Techical Bulletin. Vol. 1355. U.S. Goverment Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Klute, A., Dirksen, C., 1968. Method of Soil Analysis. Part 1, Physical and mineralogical methods, In: Arnold, K., (ed), SSSA Madison Wisconsin USA. pp. 687-734,

Machulla, G., 2003. Soil microbial indicators and their environmental significance. Journal of Soils and Sediments 3, 229.

Oades, J.M., Waters, A.G., 1991. Aggregate hierarchy in soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 29, 815–828.

Piccolo, A., Mbagwu, J.S.C., 1999. Role of hydrophobic components of soil organic matter in soil aggregate stability. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63, 1801–1810.

Powlson, D.S., Brookes, P.C., Christensen, B.T., 1987. Measurement of soil microbial biomass provides an early indication of changes in total soil organic matter due to straw incorporation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19, 159–164.

Reid, J.B., Goss, J.M., 1981. Effects of living roots of different plant species on the aggregatestability of two arable soils. Journal of Soil Science 52, 521–541.

Rillig, M.C,, Wright, S.F., Eviner, V.T., 2002 The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and glomalin in soil aggregation: comparing effects of five plant species. Plant Soil 238, 325–333.

Sexstone, A.J., Revsbech, N.P., Parkin, T.B., Tiedje, J.M. ,1985. Direct measurement of oxygen profiles and denitrification rates in soil aggregates. Soil Science Society of America Journal 49, 645–651.

Tisdall, J.M., Oades, J.M., 1982. Organic matter and water stable aggregates in soils. Journal of Soil Science 33,141–163.

Yoder, R.E., 1936. A direct method of aggregate analysis of soil sand and the study of the physical nature of erosion losses. Journal of American Society of Agronomy 28, 337- 351.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science