Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 1, Issue 1, Jun 2012, Pages 1 - 9

Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.2012.1.001-009
Copyright © 2012 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



Estimation of evaporation and drainage losses from two bare soils in Sri Lanka

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Aydin ,M., Vithanage,M., Mowjood ,M., Jung,Y., Yang ,J., Ok,Y., Kim,S., Dissanayake,C., 2012. Estimation of evaporation and drainage losses from two bare soils in Sri Lanka. Eurasian J Soil Sci 1(1):1 - 9.
Aydin ,M.,Vithanage,M.Mowjood ,M.Jung,Y.Yang ,J.Ok,Y.Kim,S.,& Dissanayake,C. Estimation of evaporation and drainage losses from two bare soils in Sri Lanka Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.001-009
Aydin ,M.,Vithanage,M.Mowjood ,M.Jung,Y.Yang ,J.Ok,Y.Kim,S., and ,Dissanayake,C."Estimation of evaporation and drainage losses from two bare soils in Sri Lanka" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.001-009
Aydin ,M.,Vithanage,M.Mowjood ,M.Jung,Y.Yang ,J.Ok,Y.Kim,S., and ,Dissanayake,C. "Estimation of evaporation and drainage losses from two bare soils in Sri Lanka" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.001-009
M,Aydin .M,Vithanage.MI,Mowjood .YS,Jung.J ,Yang .YS,Ok.SC,Kim.CB,Dissanayake "Estimation of evaporation and drainage losses from two bare soils in Sri Lanka" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.001-009
Aydin ,Mehmet ;Vithanage,Meththika ;Mowjood ,M. ;Jung,Yeong ;Yang ,Jae ;Ok,Yong ;Kim,Sung ;Dissanayake,C. Estimation of evaporation and drainage losses from two bare soils in Sri Lanka. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.2012.1.001-009

How to cite

Aydin , M., Vithanage, M., Mowjood , M., I. Jung, Y., S. Yang , J., . Ok, Y., S. Kim, S., C. Dissanayake, C., B.2012. Estimation of evaporation and drainage losses from two bare soils in Sri Lanka. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 1(1): 1 - 9.

Author information

Mehmet Aydin , Kangwon National University, Department of Biological Environment, Chuncheon 200-701, South Korea
Meththika Vithanage , Institute of Fundamental Studies, Chemical and Environmental Systems Modelling Research Group, Hantana Road, Kandy 20000, Sri Lanka
M. Mowjood , University of Peradeniya, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Yeong Jung , Kangwon National University, Department of Biological Environment, Chuncheon 200-701, South Korea
Jae Yang , Kangwon National University, Department of Biological Environment, Chuncheon 200-701, South Korea
Yong Ok , Kangwon National University, Department of Biological Environment, Chuncheon 200-701, South Korea
Sung Kim , Chungnam National University, Department of Bio-Environmental Chemistry, Daejeon 305-764, South Korea
C. Dissanayake , Institute of Fundamental Studies, Chemical and Environmental Systems Modelling Research Group, Hantana Road, Kandy 20000, Sri Lanka

Publication information

Issue published online: 25 Jun 2012
Article first published online : 20 Jun 2012
Manuscript Accepted : 19 Jun 2012
Manuscript Received: 11 Jun 2012

Abstract

In this study, evaporation, drainage rates and water storage of two bare soils in the east (Batticaloa) and west (Puttalam) regions of Sri Lanka, were simulated using the E-DiGOR model. Daily simulations were carried out for each of the years during the periods of 1978 to 1987 in Batticaloa and 1998 to 2007 in Puttalam using standard climate data. The soils in the locations were predominantly sandy loam and/or sandy clay loam. Grass reference evapotranspiration and potential soil evaporation were higher, whereas actual soil evaporation was lower during the dry seasons. The 10-year average annual reference evapotranspiration and potential soil evaporation were 2069.3 mm and 1814.1 mm in Batticaloa, and 1908.8 mm and 1714.5 mm in Puttalam, respectively. Aridity index (precipitation/reference evapotranspiration) was 0.685 for Batticaloa and 0.606 for Puttalam. The actual evaporation from bare soil varied between 463.1—725.0 mm in Batticaloa and 543.6—646.3 mm in Puttalam. Annual drainage rates below 150 cm soil depth ranged from 321.7 to 1581.2 mm in Batticaloa and from 346.7 to 957.0 mm in Puttalam. Soil water storage changed daily depending on the intensity and frequency of rainfall events and on evaporation rates.

Keywords

Soil-water balance, E-DiGOR model, Aridity Index, Sri Lanka

Corresponding author

References

Ács, F., 2003. A comparative analysis of transpiration and bare soil evaporation. Boundary- Layer Meteorology 109: 139–162.

Allen, R.G., Smith, M., Perrier, A., Pereira, L.S., 1994. An update for the definition of reference evapotranspiration. ICID Bulletin 43(2), 92 pp.

Aydin, M., Huwe, B., 1993. Test of a combined soil moisture/soil heat simulation model on a bare field soil in Southern Turkey. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde, 156: 441–446.

Aydin, M., 1994. Hydraulic properties and water balance of a clay soil cropped with cotton. Irrigation Science 15, 17-23.

Aydin, M., Yang, S.L., Kurt, N., Yano, T., 2005. Test of a simple model for estimating evaporation from bare soils in different environments. Ecological Modelling 182, 91–105.

Aydin, M., 2008. A model for evaporation and drainage investigations at ground of ordinary rainfed-areas. Ecological Modelling 217, 148-156.

Aydin, M., Yano, T., Evrendilek, F., Uygur, V., 2008. Implications of climate change for evaporation from bare soils in a Mediterranean environment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 140, 123-130.

Aydin, M., Kececioglu, S. F., 2010. Sensitivity analysis of evaporation module of E-DiGOR model. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 34, 497- 507.

Aydin, M., 2010. An improved simulation model for assessing the impacts of climate change on soil-water balance. 9th International Symposium on Joint Research Activities among Turkish and German Researchers, 22-27 March 2010, Antakya-Hatay, Turkey.

Aydin, M., Polat, V., 2010. A computer program for E-DiGOR model. Proceedings of International Soil Science Congress on “Management of Natural Resources to Sustain Soil Health and Quality”, R.Kizilkaya, C.Gulser, O.Dengiz (eds.), 26–28 May 2010, Samsun, Turkey. pp.9-16.

Aydin, M., Jung,Y-S., Yang, J. E., Lee, H-I., Kim, K-D., 2012. Simulation of soil hydrological components in Chuncheon over 30 years using E-DiGOR model. Annual Meeting of Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer, Jeju-South Korea, June 7-8, 2012. pp: 51-52.

Brown, R.W., Oosterhuis, D.M., 1992. Measuring plant and soil water potentials with thermocouple psychrometers: some concerns. Agronomy Journal 84, 78–86.

Denisov, Yu. M., Sergeev, A. I., Bezborodov, G. A., Bezborodov, Yu. G., 2002. Moisture evaporation from bare soils. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 16, 175–182.

Eilers, V.H.M., Carter, R.C., Rushton, K.R., 2007. A single layer soil water balance model for estimating deep drainage (potential recharge): an application to cropped land in semi-arid North-east Nigeria. Geoderma 140, 119–131.

Falge, E., Reth, S., Bruggemann, N., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Goldberg, V., Oltchev, A., Schaaf, S., Spindler, G., Stiller, B., Queck, R., Kostner, B., Bernhofer, C., 2005. Comparison of surface energy exchange models with eddy flux data in forest and grassland ecosystems of Germany. Ecological Modelling 188, 174–216.

Hanks, R. J., 1992. Applied Soil Physics: Soil Water and Temperature Applications (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag, New York, Berlin. 176 p.

Hillel, D., 1980. Applications of Soil Physics. Academic Press, New York, London 385 p.

Jackson, N.A., Wallace, J.S., 1999. Soil evaporation measurements in an agroforestry system in Kenya. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 94, 203-215.

Jayasekera, D.L., Kaluarachchi, J.J., Villholth, K.G., 2011. Groundwater stress and vulnerability in rural coastal aquifer under competing demands: A case study in Sri Lanka. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 176, 13–30

Kroes, J. G., van Dam, J. C., Huygan, J., 1999. User’s guide of SWAP version 2.0. Technical document 53, DLO WSC Report 81. Wageningen: Department of Water Resources, Agricultural University.

Kurt, N., 2011. Monitoring of Soil Water Budget Using E-DiGOR Model in Olive Producing Area (Ph.D. Thesis). Mustafa Kemal University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Hatay-Turkey. Code No:27

Onder, D., Aydin, M., Onder, S. 2009. Estimation of actual soil evaporation using E-DiGOR model in different parts of Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research 4, 505-510.

Panabokke, C.R., Pathirana, S.R.K., Wijekoon, D., 2002. Water quality of agro-wells in the coastal sand aquifer in Trincomalee District. Symposium proceedings on the Use of Groundwater for Agriculture in Sri Lanka, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, pp.85-98.

Quevedo, D.I., Frances, F., 2007. A conceptual dynamic vegetation-soil model for arid and semiarid zones. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 4, 3469–3499.

Romano, E., Giudici, M., 2007. Experimental and modeling study of the soil-atmosphere interaction and unsaturated water flow to estimate the recharge of a phreatic aquifer. Journal of Hydrological Engineering 12, 573-584.

Van Dam, J.C., Huygen, J., Wesseling, J.G., Feddes, R.A., Kabat, P., van Walsum, P.E.V., Groendijk, P., van Diepen, C. A., 1997. Theory of SWAP version 2.0. Simulation of water flow, solute transport and plant growth in the Soil-Water-Atmosphere-Plant environment. Technical Document 45, DLO Winand Staring Centre, Report 71, Dept. Water Resources, Agricultural University, Wageningen. 167 pp.

Wallace, J.S., Jackson, N.A., Ong, C.K., 1999. Modelling soil evaporation in an agroforestry system in Kenya. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 94, 189-202.

Abstract

In this study, evaporation, drainage rates and water storage of two bare soils in the east (Batticaloa) and west (Puttalam) regions of Sri Lanka, were simulated using the E-DiGOR model. Daily simulations were carried out for each of the years during the periods of 1978 to 1987 in Batticaloa and 1998 to 2007 in Puttalam using standard climate data. The soils in the locations were predominantly sandy loam and/or sandy clay loam. Grass reference evapotranspiration and potential soil evaporation were higher, whereas actual soil evaporation was lower during the dry seasons. The 10-year average annual reference evapotranspiration and potential soil evaporation were 2069.3 mm and 1814.1 mm in Batticaloa, and 1908.8 mm and 1714.5 mm in Puttalam, respectively. Aridity index (precipitation/reference evapotranspiration) was 0.685 for Batticaloa and 0.606 for Puttalam. The actual evaporation from bare soil varied between 463.1—725.0 mm in Batticaloa and 543.6—646.3 mm in Puttalam. Annual drainage rates below 150 cm soil depth ranged from 321.7 to 1581.2 mm in Batticaloa and from 346.7 to 957.0 mm in Puttalam. Soil water storage changed daily depending on the intensity and frequency of rainfall events and on evaporation rates.

Keywords: Soil-water balance, E-DiGOR model, Aridity Index, Sri Lanka

References

Ács, F., 2003. A comparative analysis of transpiration and bare soil evaporation. Boundary- Layer Meteorology 109: 139–162.

Allen, R.G., Smith, M., Perrier, A., Pereira, L.S., 1994. An update for the definition of reference evapotranspiration. ICID Bulletin 43(2), 92 pp.

Aydin, M., Huwe, B., 1993. Test of a combined soil moisture/soil heat simulation model on a bare field soil in Southern Turkey. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde, 156: 441–446.

Aydin, M., 1994. Hydraulic properties and water balance of a clay soil cropped with cotton. Irrigation Science 15, 17-23.

Aydin, M., Yang, S.L., Kurt, N., Yano, T., 2005. Test of a simple model for estimating evaporation from bare soils in different environments. Ecological Modelling 182, 91–105.

Aydin, M., 2008. A model for evaporation and drainage investigations at ground of ordinary rainfed-areas. Ecological Modelling 217, 148-156.

Aydin, M., Yano, T., Evrendilek, F., Uygur, V., 2008. Implications of climate change for evaporation from bare soils in a Mediterranean environment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 140, 123-130.

Aydin, M., Kececioglu, S. F., 2010. Sensitivity analysis of evaporation module of E-DiGOR model. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 34, 497- 507.

Aydin, M., 2010. An improved simulation model for assessing the impacts of climate change on soil-water balance. 9th International Symposium on Joint Research Activities among Turkish and German Researchers, 22-27 March 2010, Antakya-Hatay, Turkey.

Aydin, M., Polat, V., 2010. A computer program for E-DiGOR model. Proceedings of International Soil Science Congress on “Management of Natural Resources to Sustain Soil Health and Quality”, R.Kizilkaya, C.Gulser, O.Dengiz (eds.), 26–28 May 2010, Samsun, Turkey. pp.9-16.

Aydin, M., Jung,Y-S., Yang, J. E., Lee, H-I., Kim, K-D., 2012. Simulation of soil hydrological components in Chuncheon over 30 years using E-DiGOR model. Annual Meeting of Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer, Jeju-South Korea, June 7-8, 2012. pp: 51-52.

Brown, R.W., Oosterhuis, D.M., 1992. Measuring plant and soil water potentials with thermocouple psychrometers: some concerns. Agronomy Journal 84, 78–86.

Denisov, Yu. M., Sergeev, A. I., Bezborodov, G. A., Bezborodov, Yu. G., 2002. Moisture evaporation from bare soils. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 16, 175–182.

Eilers, V.H.M., Carter, R.C., Rushton, K.R., 2007. A single layer soil water balance model for estimating deep drainage (potential recharge): an application to cropped land in semi-arid North-east Nigeria. Geoderma 140, 119–131.

Falge, E., Reth, S., Bruggemann, N., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Goldberg, V., Oltchev, A., Schaaf, S., Spindler, G., Stiller, B., Queck, R., Kostner, B., Bernhofer, C., 2005. Comparison of surface energy exchange models with eddy flux data in forest and grassland ecosystems of Germany. Ecological Modelling 188, 174–216.

Hanks, R. J., 1992. Applied Soil Physics: Soil Water and Temperature Applications (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag, New York, Berlin. 176 p.

Hillel, D., 1980. Applications of Soil Physics. Academic Press, New York, London 385 p.

Jackson, N.A., Wallace, J.S., 1999. Soil evaporation measurements in an agroforestry system in Kenya. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 94, 203-215.

Jayasekera, D.L., Kaluarachchi, J.J., Villholth, K.G., 2011. Groundwater stress and vulnerability in rural coastal aquifer under competing demands: A case study in Sri Lanka. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 176, 13–30

Kroes, J. G., van Dam, J. C., Huygan, J., 1999. User’s guide of SWAP version 2.0. Technical document 53, DLO WSC Report 81. Wageningen: Department of Water Resources, Agricultural University.

Kurt, N., 2011. Monitoring of Soil Water Budget Using E-DiGOR Model in Olive Producing Area (Ph.D. Thesis). Mustafa Kemal University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Hatay-Turkey. Code No:27

Onder, D., Aydin, M., Onder, S. 2009. Estimation of actual soil evaporation using E-DiGOR model in different parts of Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research 4, 505-510.

Panabokke, C.R., Pathirana, S.R.K., Wijekoon, D., 2002. Water quality of agro-wells in the coastal sand aquifer in Trincomalee District. Symposium proceedings on the Use of Groundwater for Agriculture in Sri Lanka, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, pp.85-98.

Quevedo, D.I., Frances, F., 2007. A conceptual dynamic vegetation-soil model for arid and semiarid zones. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 4, 3469–3499.

Romano, E., Giudici, M., 2007. Experimental and modeling study of the soil-atmosphere interaction and unsaturated water flow to estimate the recharge of a phreatic aquifer. Journal of Hydrological Engineering 12, 573-584.

Van Dam, J.C., Huygen, J., Wesseling, J.G., Feddes, R.A., Kabat, P., van Walsum, P.E.V., Groendijk, P., van Diepen, C. A., 1997. Theory of SWAP version 2.0. Simulation of water flow, solute transport and plant growth in the Soil-Water-Atmosphere-Plant environment. Technical Document 45, DLO Winand Staring Centre, Report 71, Dept. Water Resources, Agricultural University, Wageningen. 167 pp.

Wallace, J.S., Jackson, N.A., Ong, C.K., 1999. Modelling soil evaporation in an agroforestry system in Kenya. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 94, 189-202.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science