Eurasian Journal of Soil Science

Volume 4, Issue 2, Apr 2015, Pages 94 - 99
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.10435
Stable URL: http://ejss.fess.org/10.18393/ejss.10435
Copyright © 2015 The authors and Federation of Eurasian Soil Science Societies



The new volumetric approach for field measurements of rill erosion

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Sobotková,V., Dumbrovský,M., 2015. The new volumetric approach for field measurements of rill erosion. Eurasian J Soil Sci 4(2):94 - 99. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.10435
Sobotková,V.,,& Dumbrovský,M. The new volumetric approach for field measurements of rill erosion Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.10435
Sobotková,V.,, and ,Dumbrovský,M."The new volumetric approach for field measurements of rill erosion" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.10435
Sobotková,V.,, and ,Dumbrovský,M. "The new volumetric approach for field measurements of rill erosion" Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, DOI : 10.18393/ejss.10435
V,Sobotková.M,Dumbrovský "The new volumetric approach for field measurements of rill erosion" Eurasian J. Soil Sci, vol., no., pp., DOI : 10.18393/ejss.10435
Sobotková,Veronika ;Dumbrovský,Miroslav The new volumetric approach for field measurements of rill erosion. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science,. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.10435

How to cite

Sobotková, V., Dumbrovský, M., 2015. The new volumetric approach for field measurements of rill erosion. Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 4(2): 94 - 99. DOI : 10.18393/ejss.10435

Author information

Veronika Sobotková , Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Landscape Water Management, Brno, Czech Republic
Miroslav Dumbrovský , Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Landscape Water Management, Brno, Czech Republic

Publication information

Issue published online: 01 Apr 2015
Article first published online : 30 Jan 2015
Manuscript Accepted : 21 Jan 2015
Manuscript Received: 13 Jul 2014
DOI: 10.18393/ejss.10435
Stable URL: http://ejss.fesss.org/10.18393/ejss.10435

Abstract

Erosion on the agricultural soils in the Czech Republic threats seriously their production and nonproduction functions. Erosion have devastating effect on fertile topsoil of the agricultural soils, reduces the thickness of the soil profile and nutrients and humus content, deteriorate physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. At the Brno University of Technology in Czech Republic was designed and realized equipment "the soil erosion bridge", which allows the soil surface profile measurement and quantifies the volume of erosion rills, which can occur after heavy rainfall. The main objective was to develop a method for volumetric quantification of erosion rills during heavy rainfall season. Using new equipment the soil surface profile was measured directly in the field during 4 years (2007–2010). New equipment consists of three parts. The first equipment is a square frame with an inside dimension of 4 m2. The second equipment is removable profile, which serves for movement of the soil erosion bridge. The third equipment is the soil erosion bridge. The soil erosion bridge serves to volumetric quantification of rill erosion. The more effective way of data processing was developed. It was developed a software, by which it is possible the automatically transfer the rill surface profile to digital form. In the South Moravian Region in the Czech Republic was selected case study area with typical very steep sloped relief with the loess soil. The measurement was carried out on the research plots with a slope of more than 10%. More than 1300 cross sections of the soil surface profile were measured using the new type of soil erosion bridge. From these profiles it was possible to calculate the volume of the eroded soil from the research plots. The results were always in excess of 100 t.ha–1.rok–1. This is a value many times higher than the tolerated limit of soil loss in Czech Republic. Thanks to this new equipment, it is possible to quantify the soil loss from the plot threatened of water erosion. The advantage of this equipment is its using during the vegetable season when the soil surface is overgrown with vegetation and crops are higher growth.

Keywords

Soil erosion bridge, soil loss, volumetric quantification, rill erosion, field measurement

Corresponding author

References

Blaney, D.G., Warrington, G.E. 1983. Estimating soil erosion using an erosion bridge. Colorado. WSDG-TP-00008. WSDG Report. USDA Forest Services.

De Santisteban, L.M., Casalí, J., López, J. J. 2006. Assessing soil erosion rates in cultivated areas of Navarre (Spain). Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 31 (4), p. 487–506.

Holý, M., Mls, J. a Váška, J. 1982. Modelling erosion processes. Praha: ACADEMIA.

Ranger, G. E., Franklin, F. F. 1978. The 3-F erosion bridge – A new tool for measuring soil erosion. Publication No. 23. Department of Forestry, California: 7 p.

Vopravil, J. 2010a. The impact of human activity on the landscape of the Czech countryside, with emphasis on water regime and water retention in the landscape [online]. Praha: VÚMOP. [cit. 2011-05-10]. Available at:

http://www.kompostuj.cz/fileadmin/ 1_Bioodpad_a_kompostova ni/Vime_proc/vliv_cloveka_na_krajinu.pdf

Vopravil, J., Vrabcová, T., Khel, T., Novotný, I., Banýrová, J. 2010b. Development and soil degradation in conditions of expected climate changes. In Voda v krajině. Lednice: Rožnovský, J., Litschmann, T. (ed). ISBN 978-80-86690-79-7.

Štreit, T., Antal, J. 2004. Possibility to specification the volume of erosion rills in Cropland conditions. In: Veda mladých 2004. Topoľčianky, 7.–8. Nitra: Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra. pp. 187–191.

Zapletal, M., Dumbrovský, M., Kulhavý, J. 2009. Evaluation of the negative impact of soil degradation processess and possibilities for their restriction - forming bases to fulfill requirements given by the EU proposal of the Directive on soil protection. Brno. Final report for Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic no. SP/2E3/172/07.

Abstract

Erosion on the agricultural soils in the Czech Republic threats seriously their production and nonproduction functions. Erosion have devastating effect on fertile topsoil of the agricultural soils, reduces the thickness of the soil profile and nutrients and humus content, deteriorate physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. At the Brno University of Technology in Czech Republic was designed and realized equipment "the soil erosion bridge", which allows the soil surface profile measurement and quantifies the volume of erosion rills, which can occur after heavy rainfall. The main objective was to develop a method for volumetric quantification of erosion rills during heavy rainfall season. Using new equipment the soil surface profile was measured directly in the field during 4 years (2007–2010). New equipment consists of three parts. The first equipment is a square frame with an inside dimension of 4 m2. The second equipment is removable profile, which serves for movement of the soil erosion bridge. The third equipment is the soil erosion bridge. The soil erosion bridge serves to volumetric quantification of rill erosion. The more effective way of data processing was developed. It was developed a software, by which it is possible the automatically transfer the rill surface profile to digital form. In the South Moravian Region in the Czech Republic was selected case study area with typical very steep sloped relief with the loess soil. The measurement was carried out on the research plots with a slope of more than 10%.  More than 1300 cross sections of the soil surface profile were measured using the new type of soil erosion bridge. From these profiles it was possible to calculate the volume of the eroded soil from the research plots. The results were always in excess of 100 t.ha–1.rok–1. This is a value many times higher than the tolerated limit of soil loss in Czech Republic.  Thanks to this new equipment, it is possible to quantify the soil loss from the plot threatened of water erosion. The advantage of this equipment is its using during the vegetable season when the soil surface is overgrown with vegetation and crops are higher growth.

Keywords: Soil erosion bridge, soil loss, volumetric quantification, rill erosion, field measurement

References

Blaney, D.G., Warrington, G.E. 1983. Estimating soil erosion using an erosion bridge. Colorado. WSDG-TP-00008. WSDG Report. USDA Forest Services.

De Santisteban, L.M., Casalí, J., López, J. J. 2006. Assessing soil erosion rates in cultivated areas of Navarre (Spain). Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 31 (4), p. 487–506.

Holý, M., Mls, J. a Váška, J. 1982. Modelling erosion processes. Praha: ACADEMIA.

Ranger, G. E., Franklin, F. F. 1978. The 3-F erosion bridge – A new tool for measuring soil erosion. Publication No. 23. Department of Forestry, California: 7 p.

Vopravil, J. 2010a. The impact of human activity on the landscape of the Czech countryside, with emphasis on water regime and water retention in the landscape [online]. Praha: VÚMOP. [cit. 2011-05-10]. Available at:

http://www.kompostuj.cz/fileadmin/ 1_Bioodpad_a_kompostova ni/Vime_proc/vliv_cloveka_na_krajinu.pdf

Vopravil, J., Vrabcová, T., Khel, T., Novotný, I., Banýrová, J. 2010b. Development and soil degradation in conditions of expected climate changes. In Voda v krajině. Lednice: Rožnovský, J., Litschmann, T. (ed). ISBN 978-80-86690-79-7.

Štreit, T., Antal, J. 2004. Possibility to specification the volume of erosion rills in Cropland conditions. In: Veda mladých 2004. Topoľčianky, 7.–8. Nitra: Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra. pp. 187–191.

Zapletal, M., Dumbrovský, M., Kulhavý, J. 2009. Evaluation of the negative impact of soil degradation processess and possibilities for their restriction - forming bases to fulfill requirements given by the EU proposal of the Directive on soil protection. Brno. Final report for Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic no. SP/2E3/172/07.



Eurasian Journal of Soil Science